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Zapotec Science

Author : Roberto J. González
ISBN : 9780292778979
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 29 MB
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Zapotec farmers in the northern sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico, are highly successful in providing their families with abundant, nutritious food in an ecologically sustainable fashion, although the premises that guide their agricultural practices would be considered erroneous by the standards of most agronomists and botanists in the United States and Europe. In this book, Roberto González convincingly argues that in fact Zapotec agricultural and dietary theories and practices constitute a valid local science, which has had a reciprocally beneficial relationship with European and United States farming and food systems since the sixteenth century. González bases his analysis upon direct participant observation in the farms and fields of a Zapotec village. By using the ethnographic fieldwork approach, he is able to describe and analyze the rich meanings that campesino families attach to their crops, lands, and animals. González also reviews the history of maize, sugarcane, and coffee cultivation in the Zapotec region to show how campesino farmers have intelligently and scientifically adapted their farming practices to local conditions over the course of centuries. By setting his ethnographic study of the Talea de Castro community within a historical world systems perspective, he also skillfully weighs the local impact of national and global currents ranging from Spanish colonialism to the 1910 Mexican Revolution to NAFTA. At the same time, he shows how, at the turn of the twenty-first century, the sustainable practices of "traditional" subsistence agriculture are beginning to replace the failed, unsustainable techniques of modern industrial farming in some parts of the United States and Europe.

Zapotec Science

Author : Roberto Jesus Gonzalez
ISBN : UCAL:C3409661
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 85. 91 MB
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Science And Nonbelief

Author : Taner Edis
ISBN : 0313330786
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 4 MB
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Provides an overview of the complex history of the secular tradition of science and its interactions with religions and spiritual traditions

Judaism And Science

Author : Noah J. Efron
ISBN : 0313330530
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 16 MB
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Covers the history of how science fits into the theology of Judaism and covers the achievements of Jews in scientific endeavors

Catholicism And Science

Author : Peter M.J Hess
ISBN : 9780313021954
Genre : Religion
File Size : 85. 71 MB
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When most people think about Catholicism and science, they will automatically think of one of the famous events in the history of science - the condemnation of Galileo by the Roman Catholic Church. But the interaction of Catholics with science has been - and is - far more complex and positive than that depicted in the legend of the Galileo affair. Understanding the natural world has always been a strength of Catholic thought and research - from the great theologians of the Middle Ages to the present day - and science has been a hallmark of Catholic education for centuries. Catholicism and Science, a volume in the Greenwood Guides to Science and Religion series, covers all aspects of the relationship of science and the Church: How Catholics interacted with the profound changes in the physical sciences (natural philosophy) and biological sciences (natural history) during the Scientific Revolution; how Catholic scientists reacted to the theory of evolution and their attempts to make evolution compatible with Catholic theology; and the implications of Roman Catholic doctrinal and moral teachings for neuroscientific research, and for investigation into genetics and cloning. The volume includes primary source documents, a glossary and timeline of important events, and an annotated bibliography of the most useful works for further research

Science And Religion 1450 1900

Author : Richard Olson
ISBN : 0313326940
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 36 MB
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Analyzes the many ways in which science and religion have interacted from the beginning of the Scientific Revolution to the present day, offering a chronology, primary source documents, and an annotated bibliography.

Science And Religion 400 B C To A D 1550

Author : Edward Grant
ISBN : 0313328587
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66. 49 MB
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Explores the relationship between science and religion during the Middle Ages and argues that theologians did not discourage science, but embraced it, which ultimately led to the Scientific Revolution.

Liberal Protestantism And Science

Author : Leslie A. Muray
ISBN : 9780313065385
Genre : Religion
File Size : 22. 29 MB
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Addresses the mainline protestant acceptance of the scientific worldview

Culture And Dignity

Author : Laura Nader
ISBN : 9781118319024
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 53 MB
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In Culture and Dignity - Dialogues between the Middle East and the West, renowned cultural anthropologist Laura Nader examines the historical and ethnographic roots of the complex relationship between the East and the West, revealing how cultural differences can lead to violence or a more peaceful co-existence. Outlines an anthropology for the 21st century that focuses on the myriad connections between peoples—especially the critical intercultural dialogues between the cultures of the East and the West Takes an historical and ethnographic approach to studying the intermingling of Arab peoples and the West. Demonstrates how cultural exchange between the East and West is a two-way process Presents an anthropological perspective on issues such as religious fundamentalism, the lives of women and children, notions of violence and order

Seeds Science And Struggle

Author : Abby Kinchy
ISBN : 9780262517744
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 70 MB
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An examination of how advocates for alternative agriculture confront “science-based” regulation of genetically engineered crops. Genetic engineering has a wide range of cultural, economic, and ethical implications, yet it has become almost an article of faith that regulatory decisions about biotechnology be based only on evidence of specific quantifiable risks; to consider anything else is said to “politicize” regulation. In this study of social protest against genetically engineered food, Abby Kinchy turns the conventional argument on its head. Rather than consider politicization of the regulatory system, she takes a close look at the scientization of public debate about the “contamination” of crops resulting from pollen drift and seed mixing. Advocates of alternative agriculture confront the scientization of this debate by calling on international experts, carrying out their own research, questioning regulatory science in court, building alternative markets, and demanding that their governments consider the social and economic impacts of the new technologies. Kinchy focuses on social conflicts over canola in Canada and maize in Mexico, drawing out their linkages to the global food system and international environmental governance. The book ultimately demonstrates the shortcomings of dominant models of scientific risk governance, which marginalize alternative visions of rural livelihoods and sustainable food production.


Author : E. N. Anderson
ISBN : 9781118015865
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 9 MB
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The single comprehensive treatment of the field, from the leading members of the Society of Ethnobiology The field of ethnobiology—the study of relationships between particular ethnic groups and their native plants and animals—has grown very rapidly in recent years, spawning numerous subfields. Ethnobiological research has produced a wide range of medicines, natural products, and new crops, as well as striking insights into human cognition, language, and environmental management behavior from prehistory to the present. This is the single authoritative source on ethnobiology, covering all aspects of the field as it is currently defined. Featuring contributions from experienced scholars and sanctioned by the Society of Ethnobiology, this concise, readable volume provides extensive coverage of ethical issues and practices as well as archaeological, ethnological, and linguistic approaches. Emphasizing basic principles and methodology, this unique textbook offers a balanced treatment of all the major subfields within ethnobiology, allowing students to begin guided research in any related area—from archaeoethnozoology to ethnomycology to agroecology. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to each topic, is written by a leading specialist in the specific area addressed, and comes with a full bibliography citing major works in the area. All chapters cover recent research, and many are new in approach; most chapters present unpublished or very recently published new research. Featured are clear, distinctive treatments of areas such as ethnozoology, linguistic ethnobiology, traditional education, ethnoecology, and indigenous perspectives. Methodology and ethical action are also covered up to current practice. Ethnobiology is a specialized textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students; it is suitable for advanced-level ethnobotany, ethnobiology, cultural and political ecology, and archaeologically related courses. Research institutes will also find this work valuable, as will any reader with an interest in ethnobiological fields.

Science And Religion 1450 1900

Author : Richard G. Olson
ISBN : 0801884004
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 35. 8 MB
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Galileo. Newton. Darwin. These giants are remembered for their great contributions to science. Often forgotten, however, is the profound influence that Christianity had on their lives and work. This study explores the many ways in which religion—its ideas, attitudes, practices, and institutions—interacted with science from the beginnings of the Scientific Revolution to the end of the nineteenth century. Both scientists and persons of faith sometimes characterize the relationship between science and religion as confrontational. Historian Richard G. Olson finds instead that the interactions between science and religion in Western Christendom have been complex, often mutually supportive, even transformative. This book explores those interactions by focusing on a sequence of major religious and intellectual movements—from Christian Humanist efforts to turn science from a primarily contemplative exercise to an activity aimed at improving the quality of human life, to the widely varied Christian responses to Darwinian ideas in both Europe and North America during the second half of the nineteenth century.

The Nature And Status Of Ethnobotany 2nd Ed

Author : Richard I. Ford
ISBN : 9780915703388
Genre : Nature
File Size : 78. 90 MB
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Excavations At Cerro Tilcajete

Author : Christina Elson
ISBN : 9780915703661
Genre :
File Size : 47. 63 MB
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Sustainable Development

Author : Paul Sillitoe
ISBN : 9781782383727
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 6 MB
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With growing evidence of unsustainable use of the world's resources, such as hydrocarbon reserves, and related environmental pollution, as in alarming climate change predictions, sustainable development is arguably the prominent issue of the 21st century. This volume gives a wide ranging introduction focusing on the arid Gulf region, where the challenges of sustainable development are starkly evident. The Gulf relies on non-renewable oil and gas exports to supply the world's insatiable CO2 emitting energy demands, and has built unsustainable conurbations with water supplies dependent on energy hungry desalination plants and deep aquifers pumped beyond natural replenishment rates. Sustainable Development has an interdisciplinary focus, bringing together university faculty and government personnel from the Gulf, Europe, and North America -- including social and natural scientists, environmentalists and economists, architects and planners -- to discuss topics such as sustainable natural resource use and urbanization, industrial and technological development, economy and politics, history and geography.


Author : Gary Backhaus
ISBN : 0739114506
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 31 MB
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This volume's concept, 'ecoscape, ' has been formed for the purpose of comprehending the spatial configuration (geography) of an ecosystem. Using this method, the contributors place emphasis not on things, but on the spatial patternings of relations and interrelations. Through the related notion of economy, conceptualized as the management of the ecoscape, contributors investigate ethical problems and value choices in light of the way that we are contextualized in the world. By envisioning specific environments as spatial processes of events composed of interrelated patternings, the co-editors intend to provide a fresh approach for framing the problems that beset our world

Corn Meets Maize

Author : Lauren Baker
ISBN : 9781442206519
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37. 46 MB
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Corn Meets Maize links the everyday practices of growing, cooking, and exchanging food in specific cultural, economic, and ecological contexts to broader social movements in Mexico and beyond. The local food networks Lauren E. Baker explores in Mexico are rich examples of contemporary agricultural and culinary transformations; they also reveal the impacts of neoliberal economic policies and new agricultural biotechnologies. Drawing on concrete examples of projects and people working to transform global food systems, she provides important insight into the complexities of food politics from field to fork.

By Noon Prayer

Author : Fadwa El Guindi
ISBN : 9781847884541
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84. 5 MB
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A groundbreaking anthropological analysis of Islam as experienced by Muslims, By Noon Prayer builds a conceptual model of Islam as a whole, while travelling along a comparative path of biblical, Egyptological, ethnographic, poetic, scriptural and visual materials. Grounded in long-term observation of Arabo-Islamic culture and society, the study captures the rhythm of Islam weaving through the lives of Muslim women and men. Examples of the rhythmic nature of Islam can be seen in all aspects of Muslims' everyday lives. Muslims break their Ramadan fast upon the sun setting, and they receive Ramadan by sighting the new moon. Prayer for their dead is by noon and burial is before sunset. This is space and time in Islam - moon, sun, dawn and sunset are all part of a unique and unified rhythm, interweaving the sacred and the ordinary, nature and culture in a pattern that is characteristically Islamic.

Handbook Of Culture And Migration

Author : Jeffrey H. Cohen
ISBN : 9781789903461
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 69 MB
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Capturing the important place and power role that culture plays in the decision-making process of migration, this Handbook looks at human movement outside of a vacuum; taking into account the impact of family relationships, access to resources, and security and insecurity at both the points of origin and destination.

Meals To Come

Author : Dr. Warren Belasco
ISBN : 9780520940468
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 88. 15 MB
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In this provocative and lively addition to his acclaimed writings on food, Warren Belasco takes a sweeping look at a little-explored yet timely topic: humanity's deep-rooted anxiety about the future of food. People have expressed their worries about the future of the food supply in myriad ways, and here Belasco explores a fascinating array of material ranging over two hundred years—from futuristic novels and films to world's fairs, Disney amusement parks, supermarket and restaurant architecture, organic farmers' markets, debates over genetic engineering, and more. Placing food issues in this deep historical context, he provides an innovative framework for understanding the future of food today—when new prophets warn us against complacency at the same time that new technologies offer promising solutions. But will our grandchildren's grandchildren enjoy the cornucopian bounty most of us take for granted? This first history of the future to put food at the center of the story provides an intriguing perspective on this question for anyone—from general readers to policy analysts, historians, and students of the future—who has wondered about the future of life's most basic requirement.

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