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Un Peacekeeping In Civil Wars

Author : Lise Morjé Howard
ISBN : 9780521881388
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 11 MB
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An in-depth 2007 analysis of the sources of success and failure in UN peacekeeping missions in civil wars.

Peacekeeping In The Midst Of War

Author : Lisa Hultman
ISBN : 9780198845577
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 79 MB
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Civil wars have caused tremendous human suffering in the last century, and the United Nations is often asked to send peacekeepers to stop ongoing violence. Yet despite being the most visible tool of international intervention, policymakers and scholars have little systematic knowledge about how well peacekeeping works. Peacekeeping in the Midst of War offers the most comprehensive analyses of peacekeeping on civil war violence to date. With unique data on different types of violence in civil wars around the world, Peacekeeping in the Midst of War offers a rigorous understanding of UN intervention by analysing both wars with and without UN peacekeeping efforts. It also directly measures the strength of UN missions in personnel capacity and constitution. Using large-n quantitative analyses, the book finds that UN peacekeeping missions with appropriately constituted force capacities mitigate violence in civil wars. The authors conclude by analyzing the broader context of UN intervention effectiveness, and conclude that peacekeeping is a more generally effective way to reduce the human suffering associated with civil war.

United Nations Peacekeeping In The Post Cold War Era

Author : John Terence O'Neill
ISBN : 0714684899
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 28 MB
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In seeking to examine whether peacekeeping fundamentally changed between the Cold War and post-Cold War periods the author concludes that most peacekeeping operations were flawed due to the failure of UN members to agree upon various matters such as achievable objectives, provision of necessary resources and unrealistic expectations.

Power In Peacekeeping

Author : Lise Howard
ISBN : 9781108471121
Genre : Law
File Size : 21. 36 MB
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Explains how peacekeeping can work effectively by employing power through verbal persuasion, financial inducement, and coercion short of offensive force.

Humanitarian Intervention And The United Nations

Author : Norrie MacQueen
ISBN : 9780748687893
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 94 MB
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A concise and analytical overview of the theoretical and moral issues raised by humanitarian intervention, relating this to the recent historical record.Divided into two parts, it will first explore the setting of contemporary humanitarian interventions i

Routledge Handbook Of Latin American Security

Author : David R. Mares
ISBN : 9781317965091
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 76 MB
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This new Handbook is a comprehensive collection of cutting-edge essays on all aspects of Latin American Security by a mix of established and emerging scholars. The Routledge Handbook of Latin American Security identifies the key contemporary topics of research and debate, taking into account that the study of Latin America’s comparative and international politics has undergone dramatic changes since the end of the Cold War, the return of democracy and the re-legitimization and re-armament of the military against the background of low-level uses of force short of war. Latin America’s security issues have become an important topic in international relations and Latin American studies. This Handbook sets a rigorous agenda for future research and is organised into five key parts: • The Evolution of Security in Latin America • Theoretical Approaches to Security in Latin America • Different 'Securities' • Contemporary Regional Security Challenges • Latin America and Contemporary International Security Challenges With a focus on contemporary challenges and the failures of regional institutions to eliminate the threat of the use of force among Latin Americans, this Handbook will be of great interest to students of Latin American politics, security studies, war and conflict studies and International Relations in general.

Recovering From Civil Conflict

Author : Edward Newman
ISBN : 9781135291907
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 24 MB
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A number of international contributors emphasize the conceptual and practical challenges facing post-conflict societies and the international community in the management of the transition from civil conflict to peaceful coexistence.

Peacekeeping Fiascoes Of The 1990s

Author : Frederick H. Fleitz
ISBN : 0275973670
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 40 MB
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Unnecessary, avoidable, and predictable, the peacekeeping disasters of the 1990s were the result of world leaders' overeagerness to employ peacekeeping troops for what in fact were belligerent purposes.

A World Beyond Borders

Author : David MacKenzie
ISBN : 9781442693692
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 80 MB
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This short and well-written overview provides essential information on the history of international organizations (IOs), with particular focus on the League of Nations, the development of the United Nations, and the UN system. Starting at the beginning of the twentieth century, when there were very few international organizations in existence, A World Beyond Borders traces the growth of IOs through to the close of the century, when there were literally thousands at the heart of the international system. Following this chronological order, the book examines how international organizations became the major legal, moral, and cultural forces that they are today, involved in all aspects of international relations including peacekeeping, disarmament, peace resolution, human rights, diplomacy, and environmentalism. This book is the first in the Canadian Historical Association / University of Toronto Press International Themes and Issues Series, which is dedicated to publishing concise, focused overviews of topics that are of international significance in the study of history.

Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon Somalia And Kosovo

Author : Ray Murphy
ISBN : 9781139463805
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 23 MB
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The concept of UN peacekeeping has had to evolve and change to meet the challenges of contemporary sources of conflict; consequently, peacekeeping operations have grown rapidly in number and complexity. This book examines a number of issues associated with contemporary multinational peace operations, and seeks to provide insights into the problems that arise in establishing and deploying such forces to meet the challenges of current conflicts. The focus of the book is three case studies (Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo), involving a comparative analysis of the traditional peacekeeping in Lebanon, the more robust peace enforcement mission in Somalia, and the international administration undertaken on behalf of the international community in Kosovo. The book analyses the lessons that may be learned from these operations in terms of mandates, command and control, use of force and the relevance of international humanitarian and human rights law to such operations.

Liberia S Civil War

Author : Adekeye Adebajo
ISBN : 1588260526
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 26 MB
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This text aims to unravel the tangled web of the conflict by addressing questions including: why did Nigeria intervene in Liberia and remain committed throughout the seven-year civil war?; and to what extent was ECOMOG's intervention shaped by Nigeria's hegemonic aspirations.

Military Implications Of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author : William Hubert Lewis
ISBN : 1428981810
Genre : International police
File Size : 34. 28 MB
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The actions by the United Nations Security Council in the matter of Iraq's attempt to annex Kuwait have lead some observers to conclude that the United Nations is now well positioned to play a consequential role in the maintenance of international order. The coalition formed to meet Iraq's aggression included thirty-seven member states from five continents. This successful action represented a significant precedent for future preventive diplomacy and collective security actions by the world body. As one senior Canadian official somewhat exuberantly observed, a powerful message has been sent: 'the United Nations, can as it was intended, safeguard world order and security.'

International Public Opinion And The Bosnia Crisis

Author : Richard Sobel
ISBN : 9780739156575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 19 MB
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International Public Opinion and the Bosnia Crisis examines—through U.S., Canadian, and European case studies—how public reaction impacted democratic governments' response to the ethnic and religious conflict in Bosnia, 1991-1997.

Sexual Exploitation And Abuse In Un Peacekeeping

Author : Kelly Neudorfer
ISBN : 9780739199619
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57. 36 MB
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While serving in United Nations peacekeeping missions, some peacekeepers sexually exploit and abuse the local population, a fact which erupted into a scandal published by many media outlets in 2005 and 2006. This book analyzes factors which may increase the risk of such behavior as well as measures the UN has taken which may have decreased the number of incidents. Using a mixed methods design, the book argues that previous analyses have been largely undertheorized—with the exception of gender theories—and turns to criminology to look at the phenomenon of so-called “Sexual Exploitation and Abuse” (SEA) in a new light. The three risk factors found to increase the likelihood of SEAs are an environment of sexual violence in the mission’s host country, the presence of internally displaced persons close to the mission, and a lack of supervised or regulated contact with the local population. In turn, the presence of an office whose purpose is to collect reports and investigate allegations, training on preventing SEAs for the incoming peacekeepers, and campaigns to empower the local population on these issues all seem to reduce the risk of sexual exploitation and abuse occurring. By using a statistical analysis followed by case studies of the UN peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and the Golan Heights, the author demonstrates the importance these factors have in the peacekeepers’ behavior on the mission, providing a solid basis upon which future policy recommendations can be made.

Massacres And Morality

Author : Alex J. Bellamy
ISBN : 9780199288427
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20. 33 MB
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Why does the mass killing of civilians persist? Why do the perpetrators often escape criticism and punishment despite violating our most deeply held moral beliefs? Is the protection of civilians from these heinous crimes strengthening or weakening? Examining dozens of episodes of mass killing perpetrated by states since the French Revolution, this book argues that the principle that civilians ought not be deliberately killed has been engaged in a protractedstruggle against a variety of 'anti-civilian ideologies' which try to justify such killing. The book argues that although civilian immunity has won the battle of ideas against these ideologies, the battleitself continues as new ideologies emerge and the practice of condemning and punishing perpetrators is uneven and inconsistent - complicated by the politics of each new situation. As a result, whilst it has become much more difficult for states to get away with mass murder, it is still not entirely impossible for them to do so.

Beyond The Emergency

Author : Jeremy Ginifer
ISBN : 0714647608
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75. 2 MB
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This volume focuses on the issue of development within the UN peace mission. It examines a number of critical issues relating to the interface between development, relief and peacekeeping, including institutional coordination, the implementation of development in the field, and the contending philosophies that sometimes underpin military and developmental approaches to human security. Not least, it poses the question of how sustainable development fits within the post-conflict space of UN peace missions.

Partial Peace Rebel Groups Inside And Outside Civil War Settlements

Author :
ISBN : 9780324114416
Genre :
File Size : 75. 50 MB
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U N Peacekeeping

Author : Leroy Weaver
ISBN : 0788141236
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30. 76 MB
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Examines lessons learned from the U.N. Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) and the U.N. Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM) to illustrate systematic issues in managing peacekeeping operations. Discusses operational problems with implementing peacekeeping and the importance of clear mandates and a solid political framework for peace. Objectives were to: describe the results of UNTAC through July 1993; study the U.N.'s capability to manage operations such as UNTAC and UNOSOM; examine peacekeeping command in the field; and examine peacekeeping mandates.

Visions Of Freedom

Author : Piero Gleijeses
ISBN : 9781469609690
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 91 MB
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During the final fifteen years of the Cold War, southern Africa underwent a period of upheaval, with dramatic twists and turns in relations between the superpowers. Americans, Cubans, Soviets, and Africans fought over the future of Angola, where tens of thousands of Cuban soldiers were stationed, and over the decolonization of Namibia, Africa's last colony. Beyond lay the great prize: South Africa. Piero Gleijeses uses archival sources, particularly from the United States, South Africa, and the closed Cuban archives, to provide an unprecedented international history of this important theater of the late Cold War. These sources all point to one conclusion: by humiliating the United States and defying the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro changed the course of history in southern Africa. It was Cuba's victory in Angola in 1988 that forced Pretoria to set Namibia free and helped break the back of apartheid South Africa. In the words of Nelson Mandela, the Cubans "destroyed the myth of the invincibility of the white oppressor . . . [and] inspired the fighting masses of South Africa."

Africa In International Politics

Author : Ian Taylor
ISBN : 0415358361
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 18 MB
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Locating Africa on the global stage, this book examines and compares external involvement in the continent, exploring the foreign policies of major states and international organizations towards Africa. The contributors work within a political economy framework in order to study how these powers have attempted to stimulate democracy, peace and prosperity in the context of neo-liberal hegemony and ask whom these attempts have benefited and failed.

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