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The Microbiota In Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

Author : Martin H. Floch
ISBN : 9780128040621
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 15 MB
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The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Sleisenger And Fordtran S Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book

Author : Mark Feldman
ISBN : 9780323710947
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 50. 66 MB
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For nearly 50 years, Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease has been the go-to reference for gastroenterology and hepatology residents, fellows, physicians, and the entire GI caregiving team. Now in a fully revised 11th Edition, this two-volume masterwork brings together the knowledge and expertise of hundreds of global experts who keep you up to date with the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments for every clinical challenge you face in gastroenterology and hepatology. A logical organization, more than 1,100 full-color illustrations, and easy-to-use algorithms ensure that you'll quickly and easily find the information you need. Features new and expanded discussions of chronic hepatitis B and C, Helicobacter pylori infection, colorectal cancer prevention through screening and surveillance, biologic agents and novel small molecules to treat and prevent recurrences of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), gastrointestinal immune and autoimmune diseases, and more. Offers reliable coverage of key topics such as Barrett's esophagus, gut microbiome, enteric microbiota and probiotics, fecal microbiota transplantation, and hepatic, pancreatic, and small bowel transplantation. Provides more quick-reference algorithms that summarize clinical decision making and practical approaches to patient management. Employs a consistent, templated, format throughout for quick retrieval of information. Includes monthly updates online, as well as more than 20 procedural videos.

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions In Pathophysiology Of Human Diseases

Author : Jun Sun
ISBN : 9781493975341
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 25 MB
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Only recently have we begun to appreciate the role of microbiome in health and disease. Environmental factors and change of life style including diet significantly shape human microbiome that in turn appears to modify gut barrier function affecting nutrient & electrolyte absorption and inflammation. Approaches that can reverse the gut dysbiosis represent as reasonable and novel strategies for restoring the balance between host and microbes. In the book, we offer summary and discussion on the advances in understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of microbial host interactions in human diseases. We will not only discuss intestinal bacterial community, but also viruses, fungi and oral microbiome. Microbiome studies will facilitate diagnosis, functional studies, drug development and personalized medicine. Thus, this book will further highlight the microbiome in the context of health and disease, focusing on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes.

Liver Pathophysiology

Author : Pablo Muriel
ISBN : 9780128043219
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30. 57 MB
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Liver Pathophysiology: Therapies and Antioxidants is a complete volume on morphology, physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and treatment of liver diseases. It uses an integral approach towards the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of hepatic injury, and how their deleterious effects may be abrogated by the use of antioxidants. Written by the most prominent authors in the field, this book will be of use to basic and clinical scientists and clinicians working in the biological sciences, especially those dedicated to the study and treatment of liver pathologies. Presents the most recent advances in hepatology, with a special focus on the role of oxidative stress in liver injury. Provides in vivo and in vitro models to study human liver pathology. Explains the beneficial effects of antioxidants on liver diseases. Contains the most recent and modern treatments of hepatic pathologies, including, but not limited to, stem cells repopulation, gene therapy and liver transplantation.

Applied Pathophysiology For The Advanced Practice Nurse

Author : Lucie Dlugasch
ISBN : 9781284150452
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 11 MB
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Applied Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse is a comprehensive resource which serves as a bridge between clinical experience and the role of an APN

Metabolic Syndrome Pathophysiology

Author : Undurti N. Das
ISBN : 9780813815534
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 75 MB
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Metabolic Syndrome Pathophysiology: The Role of Essential Fatty Acids provides current research exploring the links among insulin, insulin receptors, polyunsaturated fatty acids, brain growth and disease. Specific interactions of essential fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids in brain development and several disease groups are described. The role of inflammation in disease and how fatty acids regulate low-systemic inflammation are examined and explained. Metabolic and neurologic dynamics are presented to provide a linkage between the presence of omega-3 and omega-6 and protection against diseases and conditions such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, autoimmune diseases and hypertension.

Celiac Disease An Issue Of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics E Book

Author : Benjamin Lebwohl
ISBN : 9781455747351
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 5 MB
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The Guest Editors are providing comprehensive coverage of the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and management of Celiac Disease. Their authors are top experts in the field, and they have submitted state-of-the-art reviews. Topics inlclude: Clinical presentation of Celiac Disease in Adults and Children; The Irritable Bowel Syndrome--Celiac Disease Connection; Pathophysiology of Celiac Disease; Diagnosis of Celiac Disease; Histopathology in Celiac Disease; Management of Celiac Disease; Malignancy and Mortality in Celiac Disease; Gluten Sensitivity; Video Capsule Endoscopy in Celiac Disease; Refractory Celiac Disease; Celiac Disease in the Developing World; and Dietary Assessment in Celiac Disease.

Microbial Neuro Immune Interactions And The Pathophysiology Of Ibd

Author : Mònica Aguilera
ISBN : OCLC:1154229263
Genre : Medicine
File Size : 49. 99 MB
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), encompassing Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a group of debilitating disorders affecting patient's quality of life and with unknown aetiology. The collected evidence indicates that individuals can develop IBD as a result of genetic susceptibility, a dysregulated immune response and the influence of certain environmental factors. Common symptomatology includes abdominal pain, fever and bowel diarrhoea with blood and/or mucus excretion. The location and extent of disease differ between UC and CD, affecting the mucosal layer in the colon in UC patients, whereas in CD patients, a transmural inflammation is found anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract. Factors associated with IBD pathophysiology include alterations in immune responses, characterized by an atypically T helper (Th)-2 profile in UC, and a Th1/Th17 profile in CD, modifications in epithelial barrier function and alterations in the commensal microbiota composition with blooming of specific pathobionts, for example, adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC), and with diet. Recent research has uncovered that inflammation, per se, can activate the enteric nervous system inducing neurogenic inflammation and increasing visceral sensitivity, leading to pain. Similarly, alterations in the commensal microbiota composition/ligands have also led to modifications in intestinal nociceptive markers and in visceral pain. In this chapter, we aim to review the mechanisms implicated in microbial neuro-immune axis and its potential contribution to IBD pathophysiology and symptomatology. We focus on the findings identified in animal models and in IBD patients and on the prospective translation of targeting the microbial neuro-immune axis as future therapeutic treatment for intestinal inflammatory conditions.

Pediatric Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book

Author : Robert Wyllie
ISBN : 9781437735666
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 91 MB
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Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, by Drs. Robert Wyllie and Jeffrey S. Hyams provides the comprehensive reference you need to treat GI diseases in children. Review the latest developments in the field and get up-to-date clinical information on hot topics like polyps, capsule endoscopy, and pancreatic treatments. With expert guidance from an expanded international author base and online access to 475 board-review-style questions, this latest edition is a must-have for every practicing gastroenterologist. Confirm each diagnosis by consulting a section, organized by symptoms, that presents the full range of differential diagnoses and treatment options for each specific condition. Recognize disease processes at a glance with detailed diagrams that accurately illustrate complex concepts. Stay current with advances in the field by reviewing new chapters on Polyps and Polyposis Syndromes, Capsule Endoscopy and Small Bowel Enteroscopy, Small Bowel Transplantation, IBD, Short Gut Syndrome, Steatosis and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, and Pancreatic and Islet Cell Transplants. Gain fresh global perspectives from an expanded list of expert international contributors. Sharpen your visual recognition by accessing a color-plate section that displays additional endoscopy images. Prepare for certification or recertification with 475 online board review-style questions, answers, and rationales.

Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology And Therapeutics E Book

Author : Dawn Merton Boothe
ISBN : 9781437723571
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 35 MB
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Confidently utilize the rapidly growing selection of pharmaceuticals used to treat small animals. Small Animal Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2nd Edition helps you understand both the therapeutic uses of common pharmaceuticals and the pharmacology behind them, giving you all of the information you need to design and modify dosing regimens, identify factors that cause drugs to fail, and anticipate adverse drug reactions. Comprehensive approach emphasizes the use of drugs for prevention as well as treatment. Clear, consistent organization makes it easy to find the information you need when you need it. Dosage tables help you find essential pharmaceutical information at a glance. Pharmacogenetics chapter helps you understand how to use this emerging science to find the right dose for each patient, optimizing efficiency and minimizing toxicity. Routes of administration and sample pharmaceutical calculations provide fast, efficient access to comprehensive drug administration all in one inclusive resource. Multiple chapters on Antimicrobial Drugs and Antimicrobial Therapy highlight the impact of antimicrobial resistance on current practice.

Gastrointestinal Physiology 2 E

Author : Kim E. Barrett
ISBN : 9780071774017
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 60 MB
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Annotation This is a system- and disease-based approach to the aspects of gastrointestinal pathophysiology, essential for an understanding of clinical medicine. Bridging the gap between basic science and clinical medicine, this text provides students with a solid understanding of symptom identification and the underlying disease mechanism.

Cell Tissue Injury And Cytoprotection Organoprotection In The Gastrointestinal Tract

Author : Ludmila P. Filaretova
ISBN : 9783318021837
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 56 MB
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Up-to-date reviews on the mechanisms of gastrointestinal injury and protection In recent years, there have been significant advances both in understanding the mechanisms involved in gastrointestinal mucosal injury and protection, as well as in the development of successful strategies for prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal injury. Nevertheless, many people worldwide still suffer from gastrointestinal damage. This book contains contributions by an international panel of researchers in the form of up-to-date reviews on the mechanisms of gastrointestinal injury and protection. These are complemented by papers discussing how these new findings about cell/tissue injury and cytoprotection/organoprotection can be applied to the prevention and treatment of tissue damage in the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, the publication includes a special chapter on Andre Robert, who has discovered the phenomenon of gastric cytoprotection. This publication will be of great interest for both basic and clinical researchers in gastroenterology and pharmacology, reviewing the advances made so far and pointing towards future developments.

Pathophysiology Of Disease An Introduction To Clinical Medicine 8e

Author : Gary D. Hammer
ISBN : 9781260026511
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 98 MB
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A full-color case-based review of the essentials of pathophysiology covering all major organs and systems More than 130 case studies with Q&A A Doody’s Core Title for 2019! The goal of this trusted text is to introduce you to clinical medicine by reviewing the pathophysiologic basis of 132 diseases (and associated signs and symptoms) commonly encountered in medical practice. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, have provided a concise review of relevant normal structure and function of each body system, followed by a description of the pathophysiologic mechanisms that underlie several common diseases related to that system. The accessible presentation features high-quality full-color illustrations, and numerous tables and diagrams. Each chapter of Pathophysiology of Disease concludes with a collection of case studies and questions designed to test your understanding of the pathophysiology of each clinical entity discussed. These case studies allow you to apply your knowledge to specific clinical situations. Detailed answers to each case study question are provided at the end of the book. This unique interweaving of physiological and pathological concepts will put you on the path toward thinking about signs and symptoms in terms of their pathophysiologic basis, giving you an understanding of the "why" behind illness and treatment. HERE ARE SOME OF THE MANY UPDATES AND ADDITIONS: •Twelve additional case studies, bringing the total to 132, one for each of the clinical entities discussed in the book’s 24 chapters •More than 2/3 of the chapters are enhanced and refreshed by the input of new contributors •Totally revised chapter on neoplasia •New chapter sections on urticaria, spinocerebellar ataxia, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and spondyloarthropathies •New tables summarizing adverse prognostic signs in acute pancreatitis, genetic syndromes associated with pancreatic cancer, and causes of end-stage renal disease •New diagnosis and etiologic classification of diabetes mellitus, and review of mechanisms of newest pharmacologic agents for its treatment •Updates on fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules, and thyroid disorders in pregnancy •Updated references throughout the book

Pathophysiology Of Disease An Introduction To Clinical Medicine Sixth Edition

Author : Stephen J. McPhee
ISBN : 9780071714747
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 82 MB
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NOW in full color! A complete case-based review of the essentials of pathophysiology – covering all major organs and systems 4 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "This is a great addition to the ranks of pathophysiology books for graduate students in medicine. It also is useful as a reference while on the wards as a memory jogger for basic anatomy, physiology, and pathology of common diseases. The addition of the full-color diagrammatic illustrations and tables and the expanded case studies make the e book aesthetically pleasing and easily navigable. Overall, this is a great book to have on hand for the preclinical years, clinical years, and beyond!"--Doody's Review Service This trusted text introduces you to clinical medicine by reviewing the pathophysiologic basis of the signs and symptoms of 100 diseases commonly encountered in medical practice. Each chapter first describes normal function of a major organ or organ system, then turns attention to the pathology and disordered physiology, including the role of genetics, immunology, and infection in pathogenesis. Underlying disease mechanisms are described, along with their systems, signs, and symptoms, and the way these mechanisms themselves determine the most effective treatment. This unique interweaving of physiological and pathological concepts will put you on the path towards thinking about signs and symptoms in terms of their pathologic basis, giving you an understanding of the “whys” behind both illness and treatment. Features NEW full-color presentation 111 case studies (22 new ones) provide an opportunity for you to test your understanding of the pathophysiology of each clinical entity discussed A complete chapter devoted to detailed analyses of the cases “Checkpoint” review questions appear throughout every chapter Numerous tables and diagrams encapsulate important information References for each chapter topic NEW sections in the chapters on liver disease and inflammatory rheumatic diseases and a completely rewritten chapter on male reproductive tract disorders Visit www.LangeTextbooks.com to access MP3 audio cases and other valuable resources.

Pathophysiology Of Disease An Introduction To Clinical Medicine 7 E Enhanced Ebook

Author : Gary D. Hammer
ISBN : 9780071806015
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 25 MB
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A full-color, case-based review of the essentials of pathophysiology--covering all major organs and systems The goal of this trusted text is to introduce you to clinical medicine by reviewing the pathophysiologic basis of 120 diseases (and associated signs and symptoms) commonly encountered in medical practice. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, have provided a concise review of relevant normal structure and function of each body system, followed by a description of the pathophysiologic mechanisms that underlie several common diseases related to that system. Each chapter of Pathophysiology of Disease concludes with a collection of case studies and questions designed to test your understanding of the pathophysiology of each clinical entity discussed. These case studies allow you to apply your knowledge to specific clinical situations. Detailed answers to each case study question are provided at the end of the book. This unique interweaving of physiological and pathological concepts will put you on the path toward thinking about signs and symptoms in terms of their pathophysiologic basis, giving you an understanding of the "why" behind illness and treatment. Features 120 case studies (9 new) provide an opportunity for you to test your understanding of the pathophysiology of each clinical entity discussed Checkpoint questions provide review and appear in every chapter Updates and revisions throughout this new edition reflect the latest research and developments Numerous tables and diagrams encapsulate important information Updated references for each chapter topic Pathophysiology of Disease is a true must-have resource for medical students preparing for the USMLE Step 1 exam, as well as students engaged in their clerkship studies. House officers, nurses, nurse practitioners, physicians’ assistants, and allied health practitioners will find its concise presentation and broad scope a great help in facilitating their understanding of common disease entities.

The Germ Free Animal In Biomedical Research

Author : Marie E. Coates
ISBN : UOM:39015009552780
Genre : Germfree life
File Size : 47. 21 MB
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome New Insights For The Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464975875
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40. 50 MB
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Irritable Bowel Syndrome in a concise format. The editors have built Irritable Bowel Syndrome: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Irritable Bowel Syndrome in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Disruption Of The Endogenous Microbiota Leads To The Development Of Chronic Rhinosinusitis In Mice

Author : Tobias Eulogio Rodriguez
ISBN : UOM:39015069227422
Genre :
File Size : 23. 21 MB
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Clinical Naturopathy

Author : Jon Wardle
ISBN : 9780729579261
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 99 MB
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A landmark guide to naturopathic practice in Australia – ideal for naturopaths, naturopathy students and Allied Health and medical practitioners Clinical Naturopathy: An evidence-based guide to practice details key treatment protocols and evidence-based complementary medicine interventions for use in naturopathic practice. This valuable naturopathy resource is authored by leading practitioners in the field. Its unique perspective combines clinical experience with evidence-based substantiation from rigorous medical research. Clinical Naturopathy explores key naturopathic treatments – including herbal treatments, nutritional and dietary treatments and lifestyle treatments – for common medical symptoms and conditions encountered in modern practice. Clinical Naturopathy: An evidence-based guide to practice outlines an introduction to case-taking methodology and naturopathic diagnostic techniques. It then details treatment protocols and naturopathic prescriptions to treat major health conditions within individual body systems. The textbook also offers special sections on naturopathic treatment throughout the life cycle, including paediatrics, pregnancy and aging, as well as complex health conditions like HIV, cancer and pain management. Comprehensive appendices provide additional clinically important material, such as reference levels for laboratory medical tests, nutrient food values and traditional Chinese medical diagnosis. This one-of-a-kind naturopathic reference makes essential reading for practitioners wishing to enhance practical application of their skills in a clinical setting, and advance their knowledge of evidence-based complementary medicine interventions. • addresses pre-clinical and clinical naturopathy subjects (from third year naturopathy to post-graduate level) • focuses on major medical conditions, and outlines naturopathic and integrative medical treatments • features case studies to contextualise theory into relevant clinical application • includes user-friendly clinical decision trees, tables and figures • is rigorously researched with over 4000 references

Between Pathogenicity And Commensalism

Author : Ulrich Dobrindt
ISBN : 9783642365607
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 63 MB
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This comprehensive, interdisciplinary book covers different aspects of relevant human pathogens and commensals. The ongoing development of (meta-)genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and bioinformatic analyses of pathogenic and commensal microorganisms and their host interaction provides a comprehensive introduction to the microbiological analysis of host-microbe interplay and its consequences for infection or commensalism.

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