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The Intellectual Origins Of Modernity

Author : David Ohana
ISBN : 9781351110501
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90. 53 MB
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The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.

The First Modern Jew

Author : Daniel B. Schwartz
ISBN : 9780691162140
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38. 44 MB
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Pioneering biblical critic, theorist of democracy, and legendary conflater of God and nature, Jewish philosopher Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was excommunicated by the Sephardic Jews of Amsterdam in 1656 for his "horrible heresies" and "monstrous deeds." Yet, over the past three centuries, Spinoza's rupture with traditional Jewish beliefs and practices has elevated him to a prominent place in genealogies of Jewish modernity. The First Modern Jew provides a riveting look at how Spinoza went from being one of Judaism's most notorious outcasts to one of its most celebrated, if still highly controversial, cultural icons, and a powerful and protean symbol of the first modern secular Jew. Ranging from Amsterdam to Palestine and back again to Europe, the book chronicles Spinoza's posthumous odyssey from marginalized heretic to hero, the exemplar of a whole host of Jewish identities, including cosmopolitan, nationalist, reformist, and rejectionist. Daniel Schwartz shows that in fashioning Spinoza into "the first modern Jew," generations of Jewish intellectuals--German liberals, East European maskilim, secular Zionists, and Yiddishists--have projected their own dilemmas of identity onto him, reshaping the Amsterdam thinker in their own image. The many afterlives of Spinoza are a kind of looking glass into the struggles of Jewish writers over where to draw the boundaries of Jewishness and whether a secular Jewish identity is indeed possible. Cumulatively, these afterlives offer a kaleidoscopic view of modern Jewish cultureand a vivid history of an obsession with Spinoza that continues to this day.

The Enlightenment In Iberia And Ibero America

Author : Brian Hamnett
ISBN : 9781786830470
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 82 MB
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This book discusses responses to the challenges faced by two different Iberian imperial systems in their struggle to sustain territorial integrity and economic interests in the face of international competition. During a so-called period of ‘Enlightened Despotism’, absolutist governments in Spain and Portugal sought to harness Enlightenment ideas to their policies of reform. The Iberian Enlightenment, however, did not rely exclusively on government sponsorship – it had existing foundations in sixteenth-century Spanish humanism and subsequent attempts at reform, and educated individuals in major cities frequently operated independently of government. The Enlightenment contributed greatly to the availability of potential political solutions to the urgent matter of political status, in the attempt to transform absolutist governments into constitutional systems and drawing in the process on the structures of medieval foundations, contemporary revolutions or less radical constitutional monarchies, or a combination of sources more closely aligned with Ibero-American realities.

The Genesis Of Capitalism And The Origins Of Modernity

Author : Luciano Pellicani
ISBN : UCSC:32106011545578
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 17 MB
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Creating The Intellectual

Author : Eddy U
ISBN : 9780520303690
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 88 MB
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A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. Creating the Intellectual redefines how we understand relations between intellectuals and the Chinese socialist revolution of the last century. Under the Chinese Communist Party, “the intellectual” was first and foremost a widening classification of individuals based on Marxist thought. The party turned revolutionaries and otherwise ordinary people into subjects identified as usable but untrustworthy intellectuals, an identification that profoundly affected patterns of domination, interaction, and rupture within the revolutionary enterprise. Drawing on a wide range of data, Eddy U takes the reader on a journey that examines political discourses, revolutionary strategies, rural activities, urban registrations, workplace arrangements, organized protests, and theater productions. He lays out in colorful detail the formation of new identities, forms of organization, and associations in Chinese society. The outcome is a compelling picture of the mutual constitution of the intellectual and the Chinese socialist revolution, the legacy of which still affects ways of seeing, thinking, acting, and feeling in what is now a globalized China.

War For Peace

Author : Murad Idris
ISBN : 9780190658014
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 38 MB
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Peace is a universal ideal, but its political life is a great paradox: "peace" is the opposite of war, but it also enables war. If peace is the elimination of war, then what does it mean to wage war for the sake of peace? What does peace mean when some say that they are committed to it but that their enemies do not value it? Why is it that associating peace with other ideals, like justice, friendship, security, and law, does little to distance peace from war? Although political theory has dealt extensively with most major concepts that today define "the political" it has paid relatively scant critical attention to peace, the very concept that is often said to be the major aim and ideal of humanity. In War for Peace, Murad Idris looks at the ways that peace has been treated across the writings of ten thinkers from ancient and modern political thought, from Plato to Immanuel Kant and Sayyid Qutb, to produce an original and striking account of what peace means and how it works. Idris argues that peace is parasitical in that the addition of other ideals into peace, such as law, security, and friendship, reduces it to consensus and actually facilitates war; it is provincial in that its universalized content reflects particularistic desires and fears, constructions of difference, and hierarchies within humanity; and it is polemical, in that its idealization is not only the product of antagonisms, but also enables hostility. War for Peace uncovers the basis of peace's moralities and the political functions of its idealizations, historically and into the present. This bold and ambitious book confronts readers with the impurity of peace as an ideal, and the pressing need to think beyond universal peace.

The Shape Of The New

Author : Scott L. Montgomery
ISBN : 9780691150642
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 16 MB
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This panoramic book tells the story of how revolutionary ideas from the Enlightenment about freedom, equality, evolution, and democracy have reverberated through modern history and shaped the world as we know it today. A testament to the enduring power of ideas, The Shape of the New offers unforgettable portraits of Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Charles Darwin, and Karl Marx—heirs of the Enlightenment who embodied its highest ideals about progress—and shows how their thoughts, over time and in the hands of their followers and opponents, transformed the very nature of our beliefs, institutions, economies, and politics. Yet these ideas also hold contradictions. They have been used in the service of brutal systems such as slavery and colonialism, been appropriated and twisted by monsters like Stalin and Hitler, and provoked reactions against the Enlightenment's legacy by Islamic Salafists and the Christian Religious Right. The Shape of the New argues that it is impossible to understand the ideological and political conflicts of our own time without familiarizing ourselves with the history and internal tensions of these world-changing ideas. With passion and conviction, it exhorts us to recognize the central importance of these ideas as historical forces and pillars of the Western humanistic tradition. It makes the case that to read the works of the great thinkers is to gain invaluable insights into the ideas that have shaped how we think and what we believe.

The Intellectual Origins Of The Modern Bolivian Political System 1918 1943

Author : Carlos Roy Aramayo
ISBN : 124364754X
Genre :
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This dissertation tells the story of the birth of modern politics in Bolivia. It argues that the modern Bolivian political system was founded during the 1920s and 1930s by a small group of Creole intellectuals from Cochabamba. By examining the lives, family backgrounds, and social networks of prominent writers and educators, this dissertation shows how a cadre of thinkers, motivated by personal and professional desires, invented modern Bolivian politics. The intellectuals discussed in this study, including Jose Antonio Arze, Augusto Cespedes, Jose Aguirre Gainsbourg, and Carlos Montenegro, were inspired by their personal ambitions and experiences to transform Bolivian politics. They developed alliances with important social groups, particularly the labor movement and the professionalized military, during the 1920s and 1930s. These networks created a new political consciousness in Bolivia. Using a sociological approach to the history of the intelligentsia, the project argues that the disparate, often antagonistic ideologies of Bolivian modernity originated in the experiences of the nation's leading political thinkers and their relationships with key social groups. The struggles of daily life, it demonstrates, build political consciousness; the networks assembled by collective experience create politics. After the disastrous Chaco War with Paraguay and the military socialist regimes of David Toro and German Busch, these intellectuals embodied their modern ideological positions in a variety of new parties and organizations. These included the nationalist Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR), the Marxian Partido de la Izquierda Revolucionaria (PIR), and the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario (POR). This dissertation traces the origins of these parties by examining the experiences of the political intellectuals who organized them. The ideologies and policies associated with modernity in Bolivia---particularly nationalism and socialism---still have currency today. The failure of "revolutionary," "reformist," and "populist" governments from the 1930s until the 2000s to fulfill the promises made by modern political institutions is a key reason for the success of Evo Morales' indigenista populism. Understanding the origins of the political, social, and cultural ideologies of the modern political system is thus crucial to comprehending Bolivia in the twenty-first century.

Origins Of Legislative Sovereignty And The Legislative State Modern Origins Developments And Perspectives Against The Background Of Machiavellism Book 1 Pre Modern Machiavellism ; Book 2 Modern Major Isms 17th 18th Centuries ; Book 3 Modern Major Isms 19th 20th Centuries

Author : A. London Fell
ISBN : UCAL:B4945585
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 4 MB
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Deals with the origins of state theory in early modern Europe with particular regard to concepts of public law and legislation.

Rethinking Modern European Intellectual History

Author : Darrin M. McMahon
ISBN : 9780199769247
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 39 MB
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This book is a collection of essays by leading practitioners of modern European intellectual history, reflecting on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the field. The essays each attempt to assess their respective disciplines, giving an account of their development and theoretical evolution, while also reflecting on current problems, challenges, and possibilities.

Critics Of Modernity

Author : Martin Travers
ISBN : UOM:39015055798188
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 47. 66 MB
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In cultural terms that ethos was every bit as powerful as the prevailing discourse of Modernism, bringing within its sway figures as diverse as Hermann Lons, Hans Grimm, Ernst Junger, Stefan George, Arnolt Bronnen, Ernst von Salomon, and Gottfried Benn. Disparate as they were in their aesthetic aims and priorities, these writers shared a thorough rejection of the values and institutions of the modern world, whose perceived evils they sought to remove through that most paradoxical of all political acts: a conservative revolution.

The Modernity Of English Art 1914 30

Author : David Peters Corbett
ISBN : UOM:39015047442937
Genre : Art
File Size : 81. 13 MB
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This ground-breaking book re-conceptualises the history of English painting from 1914 to the end of the 1920s. Whereas most accounts of the period have tended to see English art as marked by a tension between the native tradition and Modernism.

An Intellectual History For India

Author : Shruti Kapila
ISBN : 9780521199759
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 3 MB
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This volume addresses the power of ideas in the making of Indian political modernity. As an intermediate history of connections between South Asia and the global arena the volume raises new issues in intellectual history. It reviews the period from the emergence of constitutional liberalism in the1830s, through the swadeshi era to the writings of Tilak, Azad and Gandhi in the twentieth century. While several contributions reflect on the ideologies of nationalism, the volume seeks to rescue intellectual history from being simply a narration of the nation-state. It does not seek to create a 'canon' of political thought so much as to show how Indian concepts of state and society were redrawn in the context of emergent globalized debates about freedom, the constitution of the self and the good society in the late colonial era. In so doing the contributions here resituate an Indian intellectual history that has long been eclipsed by social and political history. These essays were originally published in a Special issue of the journal Modern Intellectual History (CUP, April 2007).

Orthodoxy Modernity And Authenticity

Author : Heather Bailey
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132247151
Genre : Literary Criticism
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Ernest Renan was one of the most renowned European intellectuals of the second half of the nineteenth century. Yet, the impact of his most popular work, Life of Jesus, has been underestimated when not altogether ignored. While commonplace now, the idea that Jesus was merely human was at one time a novelty, with significant socio-political, cultural, and religious implications. A case study in the Russian encounter with modernity, Orthodoxy, Modernity, and Authenticity: The Reception of Ernest Renan's Life of Jesus in Russia demonstrates that Renan's book has had long-lasting and broad appeal in Russia because it presents an alternative to a strictly materialist worldview on the one hand, and an Orthodox worldview on the other. Renan offered his readers the possibility to accept the tenets of modernity while still retaining both an admiration for the importance of religion in history and a sense of religious feeling or even belief in a higher religious ideal. Assessments of Renan's alternative belief system, whether positive, negative, or mixed, were often simultaneously evaluations of the moral, socio-political, and spiritual condition of European society in general and Russian society in particular. The interpretive history of Renan's Life of Jesus in Russia reveals a persistent disillusionment with a strictly materialist interpretation of history and of life.

Intellectual History

Author : Daniel R. Woolf
ISBN : WISC:89017009747
Genre : Civilization, Modern
File Size : 71. 83 MB
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Bulletin

Author : Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies
ISBN : UTEXAS:059172136759420
Genre : Hispanists
File Size : 55. 79 MB
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University Of California Union Catalog Of Monographs Cataloged By The Nine Campuses From 1963 Through 1967 Authors Titles

Author : University of California (System). Institute of Library Research
ISBN : STANFORD:36105117247515
Genre : Catalogs, Union
File Size : 78. 26 MB
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The Intellectual Revolt Against Liberal Democracy 1870 1945

Author : Jacob Leib Talmon
ISBN : UOM:39015040549324
Genre : History
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Conference held June 1990 under the auspices of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Commentary

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:31158002926953
Genre : Jews
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Intellectual Origins Of Islamic Resurgence In The Modern Arab World

Author : Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'
ISBN : 0791426645
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49. 31 MB
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Foreword Acknowledgments 1 The Context: Modern Arab Intellectual History, Themes, and Questions 2 Turath Resurgent? Arab Islamism and the Problematic of Tradition 3 Hasan al-Banna and the foundation fo the Ikhwan: Intellectual Underpinnings 4 Sayyid Qutb: The Pre-Ikhwan Phase 5 Sayyid Qutb’s Thought between 1952 and 1962: A Prelude to His Qur’anic Exegesis 6 Qur’anic Contents of Sayyid Qutb’s Thought 7 Toward an Islamic Liberation Theology: Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah and the Principles of Shi’i Resurgence 8 Islamic Revivalism: The Contemporary Debate Notes Bibliography Index

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