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The Image Before The Weapon

Author : Helen M. Kinsella
ISBN : 080146126X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 64 MB
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Since at least the Middle Ages, the laws of war have distinguished between combatants and civilians under an injunction now formally known as the principle of distinction. The principle of distinction is invoked in contemporary conflicts as if there were an unmistakable and sure distinction to be made between combatant and civilian. As is so brutally evident in armed conflicts, it is precisely the distinction between civilian and combatant, upon which the protection of civilians is founded, cannot be taken as self-evident or stable. Helen M. Kinsella documents that the history of international humanitarian law itself admits the difficulty of such a distinction. In The Image before the Weapon, Kinsella explores the evolution of the concept of the civilian and how it has been applied in warfare. A series of discourses—including gender, innocence, and civilization—have shaped the legal, military, and historical understandings of the civilian and she documents how these discourses converge at particular junctures to demarcate the difference between civilian and combatant. Engaging with works on the law of war from the earliest thinkers in the Western tradition, including St. Thomas Aquinas and Christine de Pisan, to contemporary figures such as James Turner Johnson and Michael Walzer, Kinsella identifies the foundational ambiguities and inconsistencies in the principle of distinction, as well as the significant role played by Christian concepts of mercy and charity. She then turns to the definition and treatment of civilians in specific armed conflicts: the American Civil War and the U.S.-Indian wars of the nineteenth century, and the civil wars of Guatemala and El Salvador in the 1980s. Finally, she analyzes the two modern treaties most influential for the principle of distinction: the 1949 IV Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Times of War and the 1977 Protocols Additional to the 1949 Conventions, which for the first time formally defined the civilian within international law. She shows how the experiences of the two world wars, but particularly World War II, and the Algerian war of independence affected these subsequent codifications of the laws of war. As recognition grows that compliance with the principle of distinction to limit violence against civilians depends on a firmer grasp of its legal, political, and historical evolution, The Image before the Weapon is a timely intervention in debates about how best to protect civilian populations.

The Image Before The Weapon

Author : Helen Kinsella
ISBN : 0801449030
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 25 MB
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The evolution of the legal, military, and historical concept of the civilian during warfare.

The Image Before The Weapon

Author : Helen M. Kinsella
ISBN : OCLC:62585605
Genre : Combatants and noncombatants (International law)
File Size : 90. 63 MB
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Singapore Business

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0050997527
Genre : Industries
File Size : 68. 15 MB
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The Kaiten Weapon

Author : Yutaka Yokota
ISBN : WISC:89072348048
Genre : Kaiten (Torpedoes)
File Size : 78. 52 MB
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Aviation Week Space Technology

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ISBN : UCSD:31822032919615
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 35. 55 MB
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Naming Violence

Author : Mathias Thaler
ISBN : 9780231547680
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 99 MB
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Much is at stake when we choose a word for a form of violence: whether a conflict is labeled civil war or genocide, whether we refer to “enhanced interrogation techniques” or to “torture,” whether a person is called a “terrorist” or a “patriot.” Do these decisions reflect the rigorous application of commonly accepted criteria, or are they determined by power structures and partisanship? How is the language we use for violence entangled with the fight against it? In Naming Violence, Mathias Thaler articulates a novel perspective on the study of violence that demonstrates why the imagination matters for political theory. His analysis of the politics of naming charts a middle ground between moralism and realism, arguing that political theory ought to question whether our existing vocabulary enables us to properly identify, understand, and respond to violence. He explores how narrative art, thought experiments, and historical events can challenge and enlarge our existing ways of thinking about violence. Through storytelling, hypothetical situations, and genealogies, the imagination can help us see when definitions of violence need to be revisited by shedding new light on prevalent norms and uncovering the contingent history of ostensibly self-evident beliefs. Naming Violence demonstrates the importance of political theory to debates about violence across a number of different disciplines from film studies to history.

The Weapons State

Author : David Mutimer
ISBN : 1555877877
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 12 MB
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The proliferation of all kinds of weapons is a focal point for international security. This work shows how both the language used to talk about weapons proliferation and the practices adopted to respond to it serve to define the problem in ways that promote policy responses doomed to failure.

Lawyers Guns And Money

Author : Rebecca Daniels
ISBN : 0373075634
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 38. 41 MB
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Rights Watch International in Raleigh, North Carolina, offers information in opposition to anti-gun lawsuits. The organization is opposed to the use of litigation against tobacco companies, gun makers, or other lawful industries. Rights Watch International asserts that lawyers are using litigation to avoid the legislative process.

Innovation And The General Manager

Author : Clayton M. Christensen
ISBN : UCSD:31822030132518
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 3 MB
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Clay Christensen is world-renowned in the field of innovation. His book is the first general manager's instruction kit for managing innovation. It was developed from Christensen's Harvard course and it helps students and managers learn to address the issues related to managing innovation more effectively. Its first purpose is to help them understand the challenges of coordination and interoperability in innovation and to equip them with the tools to manage these complex interactions effectively. Its second purpose it to help future managers develop an intuition for sorting out symptoms from their underlying causes and to give them vicarious experience, through case studies, in resolving those root causes.

Gamescenes

Author : Matteo Bittanti
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121408095
Genre : Art
File Size : 51. 47 MB
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Illustrates artistic expressions made with an emphasis on videogames. Text in English and Italian.

Human Shields

Author : Neve Gordon
ISBN : 9780520301849
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 65 MB
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From Syrian civilians locked in iron cages to veterans joining peaceful indigenous water protectors at the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation, from Sri Lanka to Iraq and from Yemen to the United States, human beings have been used as shields for protection, coercion, or deterrence. Over the past decade, human shields have also appeared with increasing frequency in noncombat contexts such as antinuclear struggles, civil and environmental protests, and even computer games. The phenomenon, however, is by no means a new one. In Human Shields, Neve Gordon and Nicola Perugini describe how human shields have been used in key historical and contemporary moments and across geographical sites. The practice of human shielding corresponds with the history of shifting understandings of what is valued as "human": in the American Civil War and the Franco-German War, only the elite were used as shields, while in later conflicts, hundreds of thousands of women and children and people of color were placed in the crossfire as deterrents. Human Shields demonstrates how this increasing weaponization of human beings has made the position of civilians trapped in theaters of violence more precarious and their lives more expendable.

The Thompson Submachine Gun

Author : Martin Pegler
ISBN : 9781849081504
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 26 MB
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The Thompson submachine gun, or Tommy gun developed an almost iconic status during the 20th century. It had an unusual beginning, for it was developed during the dying days of World War I as a 'one-man, hand-held machine gun.' The war ended before these first prototypes could be shipped to Europe but once the M1921 Thompson formally entered production it was used by the criminals working in Chicago and New York during the 1920s. With the police increasingly outgunned they too were forced to equip themselves with the Tommy gun. It quickly came to be used in Hollywood films, and by the end of the 1930s it would have probably faded from view had history not intervened. With the entry of the US into World War II there was an urgent need to equip and arm a force of epic proportions; the Thompson submachine gun began a second career as part of the US Army. It also became the weapon of choice for the small band of British commandos as they conducted a number of daring raids against the heart of occupied Europe.

Self Control In Society Mind And Brain

Author : Ran Hassin
ISBN : 9780199741625
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 62 MB
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This book presents social, cognitive and neuroscientific approaches to the study of self-control, connecting recent work in cognitive and social psychology with recent advances in cognitive and social neuroscience. In bringing together multiple perspectives on self-control dilemmas from internationally renowned researchers in various allied disciplines, this is the first single-reference volume to illustrate the richness, depth, and breadth of the research in the new field of self control.

Nightshadow Chronicles

Author : Christopher Scott
ISBN : 9781468951523
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 26. 62 MB
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The book is set in a seemingly normal part of New York. However all is not as it seems as a object of incredible magical power is stolen. A group of warriors known as the Nightshadows are tasked with finding and retrieving the object with help from the high races. By accident Katarina, is thrust into this world after a post concert attack by something. With a chance two Nightshadows manage to save her from the attack. Purposefully given something that would make her forget. An accidental encounter a few days later, after she recognizes one her saviors at a record store. She takes an exciting and dangerous journey, into the world just beneath our own.

Laser Focus World

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822020326559
Genre : Electrooptics
File Size : 41. 27 MB
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Global electro-optic technology and markets.

A History Of Broadcasting In The United States The Image Empire

Author : Erik Barnouw
ISBN : 9780195012590
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71. 80 MB
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During the iQSo's, in a frontier atmosphere of enterprise and sharp struggle, an American television system took shape. But even as it did so, itspioneers pushed beyond American borders and became programmers to scores of other nations. In its first decade United States television was already a world phenomenon. Since American radio had for some time had international ramifications, American images and sounds were radiatingfrom transmitter towers throughout the globe. They were called entertainment or news or education but were always more. They were a reflection of a growing United States involvement in the lives of other nationsan involvement of imperial scope. The role of broadcasters in this American expansion and in the era that produced it is the subject matter of The Image Empire, the last of three volumes comprising this study.

Image Processing For Missile Guidance

Author : Thomas F. Wiener
ISBN : UCSD:31822010496362
Genre : Guided missiles
File Size : 43. 46 MB
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The Top Gun S Return

Author : Kathleen Creighton
ISBN : 1426881045
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 78. 65 MB
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Eight years ago, Jessie Bauer's life had changed forever. Now it was about to change back. For the man she had loved with all her heart and soul--the one she had finally learned to live without--was coming home to her at last. Alive and in one piece--or was he? Military pilot Tristan Bauer had spent eight years in a living hell, not sure if he was dead or alive, with only the memory of his beautiful Jessie to keep him going. Now she was in front of him, his for the taking. If only he could. Because in every way that mattered, Tristan knew the husband he'd been had died that day. And left his ghost in his place...

Catechism For Candidates For Ratings 6 Inch Gun

Author : Mark Lorin Ireland
ISBN : MSU:31293030832103
Genre : Military engineering
File Size : 87. 35 MB
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