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The Genome Of Homo Sapiens

Author : Bruce Stillman
ISBN : 0879697105
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 35 MB
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The Human Genome Project was completed in 2003, 50 years after the discovery of the structure of DNA and 17 years after an influential debate at the annual Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Symposium about the Project's feasibility. The 2003 Symposium was dedicated to examining what has been learned so far from the human genome sequence. This book contains over sixty contributions from the world's leaders in this field and covers genome structure and evolution, methods of data analysis, lessons from species comparison, and the application of sequence data to the understanding of disease.

Human Mitochondrial Dna And The Evolution Of Homo Sapiens

Author : Hans-Jürgen Bandelt
ISBN : 9783540317890
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 81 MB
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Mitochondrial DNA is one of the most closely explored genetic systems, because it can tell us so much about the human past. This book takes a unique perspective, presenting the disparate strands that must be tied together to exploit this system. From molecular biology to anthropology, statistics to ancient DNA, this first volume of three presents a comprehensive global picture and a critical appraisal of human mitochondrial DNA variation.

Troublesome Science

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 9780231546300
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 65 MB
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It is well established that all humans today, wherever they live, belong to one single species. Yet even many people who claim to abhor racism take for granted that human “races” have a biological reality. In Troublesome Science, Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall provide a lucid and forceful critique of how scientific tools have been misused to uphold misguided racial categorizations. DeSalle and Tattersall argue that taxonomy, the scientific classification of organisms, provides an antidote to the myth of race’s biological basis. They explain how taxonomists do their science—how to identify a species and to understand the relationships among different species and the variants within them. DeSalle and Tattersall also detail the use of genetic data to trace human origins and look at how scientists have attempted to recognize discrete populations within Homo sapiens. Troublesome Science demonstrates conclusively that modern genetic tools, when applied correctly to the study of human variety, fail to find genuine differences. While the diversity that exists within our species is a real phenomenon, it nevertheless defeats any systematic attempt to recognize discrete units within it. The stark lines that humans insist on drawing between their own groups and others are nothing but a mixture of imagination and ideology. Troublesome Science is an important call for researchers, journalists, and citizens to cast aside the belief that race has a biological meaning, for the sake of social justice and sound science alike.

Human Origins

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : UOM:39015077649856
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 24 MB
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Describes how mapping the human genome has aided paleoanthropologists in their study of ancient bones used to explore human origins, from the earliest humans--bipedal apes--up to Martin Pickford's Millennium Man.

Darwin S Dna An Illustrated Introduction To Evolutionary Philosophy

Author : Andrea Diem-Lane
ISBN : 9781329823778
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 11 MB
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This is an illustrated version (replete with black and white pictures and graphs) of Dr. Andrea Diem-Lane's book, Darwin's DNA, which has been republished in a smaller paperback version entitled The DNA of Consciousness. Explores evolutionary theory and how Darwinian natural selection can help explain why consciousness developed as a virtual simulator over time. Fully illustrated.

The Origins Of Modern Humans

Author : Fred H. Smith
ISBN : 9781118659908
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 90 MB
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This update to the award-winning The Origins of ModernHumans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence covers the mostaccepted common theories concerning the emergence of modern Homosapiens—adding fresh insight from top young scholars onthe key new discoveries of the past 25 years. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered allowsfield leaders to discuss and assess the assemblage of hominidfossil material in each region of the world during the Pleistoceneepoch. It features new fossil and molecular evidence, such as theevolutionary inferences drawn from assessments of modern humans andlarge segments of the Neandertal genome. It also addresses theimpact of digital imagery and the more sophisticated morphometricsthat have entered the analytical fray since 1984. Beginning with a thoughtful introduction by the authors onmodern human origins, the book offers such insightful chaptercontributions as: Africa: The Cradle of Modern People Crossroads of the Old World: Late Hominin Evolution in WesternAsia A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Australians Modern Human Origins in Central Europe The Makers of the Early Upper Paleolithic in WesternEurasia Neandertal Craniofacial Growth and Development and ItsRelevance for Modern Human Origins Energetics and the Origin of Modern Humans Understanding Human Cranial Variation in Light of Modern HumanOrigins The Relevance of Archaic Genomes to Modern Human Origins The Process of Modern Human Origins: The Evolutionary andDemographic Changes Giving Rise to Modern Humans The Paleobiology of Modern Human Emergence Elegant and thought provoking, The Origins of Modern Humans:Biology Reconsidered is an ideal read for students, gradstudents, and professionals in human evolution andpaleoanthropology.

The Human Genome

Author : Julia E. Richards
ISBN : 0080918654
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 20 MB
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Significant advances in our knowledge of genetics were made during the twentieth century but in the most recent decades, genetic research has dramatically increased its impact throughout society. Genetic issues are now playing a large role in health and public policy, and new knowledge in this field will continue to have significant implications for individuals and society. Written for the non-majors human genetics course, Human Genetics, 3E will increase the genetics knowledge of students who are learning about human genetics for the first time. This thorough revision of the best-selling Human Genome,2E includes entirely new chapters on forensics, stem cell biology, bioinformatics, and societal/ethical issues associated with the field. New special features boxes make connections between human genetics and human health and disease. Carefully crafted pedagogy includes chapter-opening case studies that set the stage for each chapter; concept statements interspersed throughout the chapter that keep first-time students focused on key concepts; and end-of-chapter questions and critical thinking activities. This new edition will contribute to creating a genetically literate student population that understands basic biological research, understands elements of the personal and health implications of genetics, and participates effectively in public policy issues involving genetic information . Includes topical material on forensics, disease studies, and the human genome project to engage non-specialist students Full, 4-color illustration program enhances and reinforces key concepts and themes Uniform organization of chapters includes interest boxes that focus on human health and disease, chapter-opening case studies, and concept statements to engage non-specialist readers

Who We Are And How We Got Here

Author : David Reich
ISBN : 9781101873465
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 57 MB
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A groundbreaking book about how ancient DNA has profoundly changed our understanding of human history. Geneticists like David Reich have made astounding advances in the field of genomics, which is proving to be as important as archeology, linguistics, and written records as a means to understand our ancestry. In Who We Are and How We Got Here, Reich allows readers to discover how the human genome provides not only all the information a human embryo needs to develop but also the hidden story of our species. Reich delves into how the genomic revolution is transforming our understanding of modern humans and how DNA studies reveal deep inequalities among different populations, between the sexes, and among individuals. Provocatively, Reich’s book suggests that there might very well be biological differences among human populations but that these differences are unlikely to conform to common stereotypes. Drawing upon revolutionary findings and unparalleled scientific studies, Who We Are and How We Got Here is a captivating glimpse into humankind—where we came from and what that says about our lives today.

Modern Humans

Author : Rebecca Stefoff
ISBN : 0761441875
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 32. 47 MB
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Take a step back in time to explore modern humans.

Molecular Biology Of Homo Sapiens

Author : Marcello Siniscalco
ISBN : UCAL:B4455709
Genre : Chromosomes
File Size : 35. 93 MB
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Humanimal

Author : Adam Rutherford
ISBN : 9781615195312
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 53 MB
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“Rutherford describes Humanimal as being about the paradox of how our evolutionary journey turned ‘an otherwise average ape’ into one capable of creating complex tools, art, music, science, and engineering. It’s an intriguing question, one his book sets against descriptions of the infinitely amusing strategies and antics of a dizzying array of animals.”—The New York Times Book Review Publisher’s note: Humanimal was published in the UK under the title The Book of Humans. Evolutionary theory has long established that humans are animals: Modern Homo sapiens are primates who share an ancestor with monkeys and other great apes. Our genome is 98 percent identical to a chimpanzee’s. And yet we think of ourselves as exceptional. Are we? In this original and entertaining tour of life on Earth, Adam Rutherford explores the profound paradox of the “human animal.” Looking for answers across the animal kingdom, he finds that many things once considered exclusively human are not: In Australia, raptors have been observed starting fires to scatter prey; in Zambia, a chimp named Julie even started a “fashion” of wearing grass in one ear. We aren’t the only species that communicates, makes tools, or has sex for reasons other than procreation. But we have developed a culture far more complex than any other we’ve observed. Why has that happened, and what does it say about us? Humanimal is a new evolutionary history—a synthesis of the latest research on genetics, sex, migration, and much more. It reveals what unequivocally makes us animals—and also why we are truly extraordinary.

From Apes To Cyborgs

Author : Claudio Tuniz
ISBN : 9783030365226
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 80 MB
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This book offers fascinating insights into the lives of our ancestors and investigates the dynamic processes that led to the establishment of complex human societies. It provides a holistic view of human history and social evolution by drawing on the latest evidence from a wide range of disciplines and proposes new hypotheses on the origins of human behaviour. After exploration of the encounters of Homo sapiens with other human species, diverse aspects of life in emerging societies are examined, including clothing, work, leisure, learning, diet, disease, and the role of women. Attention is drawn to the key role of self-domestication – the process of reducing natural aggression and increasing playfulness – in enabling survival. Another focus is Homo oeconomicus. The significance of symbolic thought for the emergence of surpluses in goods and services is highlighted, with analysis of how this led to private accumulation of wealth and development of the first hierarchical societies. Finally, the discussion turns to humans of the future and the potential risks posed by artificial intelligence. The aim is to unveil the deep roots of our social behaviour and how it is going to intertwine with the development of digital technologies and social networks.

Evolution And Genetics

Author : Sol 90
ISBN : 9781615358359
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 90. 54 MB
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Updated for 2013, Evolution and Genetics, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

Imperfection

Author : Telmo Pievani
ISBN : 9780262047418
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 4 MB
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In praise of imperfection: how life on our planet is a catalog of imperfections, errors, alternatives, and anomalies. In the beginning, there was imperfection, which became the source of all things. Anomalies and asymmetries caused planets to take shape from the bubbling void and sent light into darkness. Life on earth is a catalog of accidents, alternatives, and errors that turned out to work quite well. In this book, Telmo Pievani shows that life on our planet has flourished and survived not because of its perfection but despite (and perhaps because of) its imperfection. He begins his story with the disruption-filled birth of the universe and proceeds through the random DNA copying errors that fuel evolution, the transformations of advantages into handicaps by natural selection, the anatomical and functional jumble that is the human brain, and our many bodily mismatches. Along the way, Pievani tells readers about the Irish elk (incidentally, neither Irish nor elk), whose enormous antlers serve to illustrate the first two laws of imperfection; the widespread dissemination of costly or useless traits; and the neuroimperfection of the human brain—“a frozen accident of evolution that was not designed from scratch,” as Pievani calls it. He sizes up the alleged perfection of the human body, asking, for example, if everything in our bodies serves a purpose, why do we have appendixes? Why bipedalism, with the inevitable back pain that results? In this fascinating account, Pievani offers the first comprehensive explanatory theory for the ubiquity of imperfection.

The Fourth Great Transformation

Author : Don Simborg
ISBN : 9781911671299
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 70 MB
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The next stage of human evolution is upon us! The world as we know it is about to change, as we begin to prepare for the creation of a new human species. Understanding how this will occur is the basis for understanding the fourth great transformation: our creation of a new human species using artificial intelligence and genetic engineering. Until present, evolution by Darwinian natural selection has determined the emergence of all human species. That will never happen again. We, Homo sapiens, have changed that. Once again, multiple human species will co-exist as a result of our advanced tools which, already, are changing the way we live, the way we eat, the way we treat illness and the way we have children. Understanding these impacts are key to understanding our evolutionary future. The possibilities and opportunities for the humans of 2084 will be more amazing than Orwell's 1984.

Cognitive Evolution

Author : Alice Travis
ISBN : 9781581129816
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 62 MB
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In a bold, reasoned, and meticulously researched knowledge leap, Cognitive Evolution erases the demarcation between life and intelligent life, deciphers the concepts of intelligence and cognition, and moves our kind to the precipices of digitizing the anatomical gnome of reason. Cognitive Evolution suggests that the high order mental behaviors of Homo sapiens are rooted in the same biology as the moth's attraction to light, worker bees' foreknowledge of their assignments, ants' knowledge of the mechanics to execute the architectural design of an ant hill, or a female cat's instinct to open the umbilical sack after giving birth. Author Alice Travis ponders, "If we begin with what we accept to be intelligent life, at what point does life become non-intelligent?" It was the recognition that there is no such point that gave birth to Cognitive Evolution, and its groundbreaking interpretation of intelligence. Electronic ebook edition available. Click on Diesel ebooks logo to the left.

Evolution Eugenics And Transhumanism

Author : Eric Markhoff
ISBN : 9783347318441
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 93 MB
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During the nearly 4 billion years-old history of life on earth, the mechanisms of evolution were linked to natural selection and organic life. By creating artificial intelligence, humans could actually replace natural selection by intelligent design. The looming transhumanism, the resurrecting monster of eugenics and the constitution of the interface between the world of humans and the world of machines must not be surrendered to the fantasies of omnipotence of super-rich and mighty persons.

Exogenesis Hybrid Humans

Author : Bruce R. Fenton
ISBN : 9781632657602
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 84. 6 MB
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"Exogenesis is a milestone in understanding our past." —Erich von Däniken, author of Chariots of the Gods Exogenesis: the hypothesis that life originated elsewhere in the universe and was spread to Earth. Exogenesis: Hybrid Humans offers a deep dive into the strongest ever scientific evidence that supports the popular belief that Earth has been visited in prehistory, but goes even further, concluding that there is also compelling evidence of alien involvement with the human genome. The broader history of possible extraterrestrial contact is explored alongside a look at current events in the subject of alien disclosure with the result of highlighting evidence of a contact continuum that has continued since the dawn of humanity. The data brought together suggests that the next stage in human evolution may involve the manifestation of full open contact with the visitors in our lifetimes. Exogenesis: Hybrid Humans explores: An ancient sacred Aboriginal artifact Wreckage from a huge colony ship gets identified along with associated NASA studies concluding it is a material found in only one place on Earth Genetic engineering of Homo sapiens from an early hominin species is confirmed with a lengthy list of DNA anomalies only explainable by humans being an alien ‘hybrid’ creation The recent NASA sea change with certain academics calling for serious study of UFOs and other anomalous phenomena The theory that an extraterrestrial modified retrovirus was used to deliver some of the genetic information into the upgraded humans

Atlas Of Mammalian Chromosomes

Author : Stephen J. O'Brien
ISBN : 9781119418030
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 62 MB
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THE UPDATED NEW EDITION OF THE POPULAR COLLECTION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION CHROMOSOME PHOTOGRAPHS—FOR GENETICISTS, MAMMOLOGISTS, AND BIOLOGISTS INTERESTED IN COMPARATIVE GENOMICS, SYSTEMATICS, AND CHROMOSOME STRUCTURE Filled with a visually exquisite collection of the banded metaphase chromosome karyotypes from some 1,000 species of mammals, the Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes offers an unabridged compendium of the state of this genomic art form. The Atlas??contains the best karyotype produced, the common and Latin name of the species, the published citation, and identifies the contributing authors. Nearly all karyotypes are G-banded, revealing the chromosomal bar codes of homologous segments among related species. The Atlas brings together information from a range of cytogenetic literature and features high-quality karyotype images for nearly every mammal studied to date. When the Atlas was first published, only three mammals were sequenced. Today, that number is over 300. Now in its second edition, this book contains extensive revisions and major additions such as new karyotypes that employ G- and C- banding to represent euchromatin and heterochromatin genome composition, new phylogenetic trees for each order, homology segment chromosome information on published aligned chromosome painting. Summaries of the painting data for some species indicate conserved homology segments among compared species. An invaluable resource for today's comparative genomics era, this comprehensive collection of high-resolution chromosome photographs: Assembles information previously scattered throughout the cytogenetics literature in one comprehensive volume Provides chromosome information and illustrations for the karyotypes of 300 new species Addresses the mandate of the Human Genome Project to annotate the genomes of other organisms Serves as a basis for chromosome-level genome assemblies Offers a detailed summation of three decades of ZooFish (chromosome painting) Presents high-resolution photos of karyotypes that represent more than 1,000 mammal species Written for geneticists, mammalogists, and biologists, the Atlas of Mammalian Chromosomes offers a step forward for an understanding of species formation, of genome organization, and of DNA script for natural selection.

Race?

Author : Ian Tattersall
ISBN : 9781603444255
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 21 MB
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Race has provided the rationale and excuse for some of the worst atrocities in human history. Yet, according to many biologists, physical anthropologists, and geneticists, there is no valid scientific justification for the concept of race. To be more precise, although there is clearly some physical basis for the variations that underlie perceptions of race, clear boundaries among “races” remain highly elusive from a purely biological standpoint. Differences among human populations that people intuitively view as “racial” are not only superficial but are also of astonishingly recent origin. In this intriguing and highly accessible book, physical anthropologist Ian Tattersall and geneticist Rob DeSalle, both senior scholars from the American Museum of Natural History, explain what human races actually are—and are not—and place them within the wider perspective of natural diversity. They explain that the relative isolation of local populations of the newly evolved human species during the last Ice Age—when Homo sapiens was spreading across the world from an African point of origin—has now begun to reverse itself, as differentiated human populations come back into contact and interbreed. Indeed, the authors suggest that all of the variety seen outside of Africa seems to have both accumulated and started reintegrating within only the last 50,000 or 60,000 years—the blink of an eye, from an evolutionary perspective. The overarching message of Race? Debunking a Scientific Myth is that scientifically speaking, there is nothing special about racial variation within the human species. These distinctions result from the working of entirely mundane evolutionary processes, such as those encountered in other organisms.

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