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The Durand Line

Author : Azmat Hayat Khan
ISBN : UOM:39015053401439
Genre : Afghanistan
File Size : 80. 95 MB
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The History Of The Delimitation Of The Durand Line Development Of The Afghan State 1838 1898

Author : Zalmay Ahmad Gulzad
ISBN : WISC:89097146773
Genre :
File Size : 85. 91 MB
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Durand S Curse

Author : Rajiv Dogra
ISBN : 8129148641
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84. 53 MB
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Blood and fire have often blighted Afghanistan, the three Anglo-Afghan wars being among the bloodiest and the cruelest in its history. But Britain's partitioning of Afghanistan will rank as the greatest crime of the nineteenth century. That arbitrary line which Mortimer Durand drew in 1893 on a small piece of paper continues to bleed Afghanistan and hound the world. Alas, this story remained untold until now. Written in an inimitable style, Durand's Curse is the result of deep research. Fascinating details from long-buried archives of history reveal for the first time a tale of intrigue and deceit against Afghanistan. First the British and then Pakistan had taken away territory that originally belonged to Afghanistan. But the divided Pathan families refuse to accept this division even now and for the last century and over, there has been a struggle to rub out the cursed line drawn across the sand. Rajiv Dogra brings alive the wars, the tragedies and the Afghan anger against injustice in this heart-wrenching account of Afghanistan's misfortunes. This is an absolutely riveting story of the Indian sub-continent's history told by an important writer of our generation.

Balance Of Power

Author : T. V. Paul
ISBN : 9780804750172
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 31 MB
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Since the sudden disappearance of the Soviet Union, many scholars have argued that the balance of power theory is losing its relevance. This text examines this viewpoint, as well as looking at systematic factors that may hinder or favour the return of balance of power politics.

Afghanistan S Experiences

Author : Hamid Hadi M.D
ISBN : 9781524600068
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 91 MB
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Afghanistans Experiences is a sweeping analysis of the historic events and interplay between politics, religion, and terrorism in Afghanistan, the southeastern region of the country, and beyond. The author has vividly explained the origin and the rise of Taliban to powerone of the most important sources of turmoil in contemporary time. Thus, one can perceive how the dynamics of the sinister politics, religious extremism, and terrorism has culminated in avoidable brutal wars and human tragedies. Hamid Hadi has vividly described and put into political debate Afghanistans history; the implications of the Russian invasion of Afghanistan; the Americans, the Pakistanis, and Saudis role in the civil war; and the creation of the al-Qaeda that led to the 9/11 tragedy. In a unique research and analysis, the author has examined the acts of Islamic terrorists against the American people and institutions during the last 176 years and brilliantly deduced that the Russian invasion of Afghanistan was a watershed era in the formation of contemporary terrorism and that the failure of both superpowers foreign policy in Afghanistan to a great extent has resulted in growth of the terrorist network. Besides a detailed description of the 9/11 tragedy and Iraq war, Hamid Hadi has painstakingly brought the world religions and Abrahamic religions in particular into debate and discussed the reform of the Islamic faith.

Making Sense Of Pakistan

Author : Farzana Shaikh
ISBN : 9780190929114
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 41 MB
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Pakistan's transformation from supposed model of Muslim enlightenment to a state now threatened by an Islamist takeover has been remarkable. Many account for the change by pointing to Pakistan's controversial partnership with the United States since 9/11; others see it as a consequence of Pakistan's long history of authoritarian rule, which has marginalized liberal opinion and allowed the rise of a religious right. Farzana Shaikh argues the country's decline is rooted primarily in uncertainty about the meaning of Pakistan and the significance of 'being Pakistani'. This has pre-empted a consensus on the role of Islam in the public sphere and encouraged the spread of political Islam. It has also widened the gap between personal piety and public morality, corrupting the country's economic foundations and tearing apart its social fabric. More ominously still, it has given rise to a new and dangerous symbiosis between the country's powerful armed forces and Muslim extremists. Shaikh demonstrates how the ideology that constrained Indo-Muslim politics in the years leading to Partition in 1947 has left its mark, skillfully deploying insights from history to better understand Pakistan's troubled present.

India As An Organization Volume Two

Author : Dipak Basu
ISBN : 9783319533698
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 37 MB
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This book, the second of two volumes, continues the authors’ ground-breaking re-examination of India’s history and political economy. This volume describes the economic fortunes of India in the second half of the 20th century. Beginning with the reconstruction of the Planning Commission and India's hybrid model of economic planning, the authors describe the multiple shocks weathered by the system before being replaced with a fully free market model after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Chapters consider the stresses placed on India’s organisation by the shocks of the twentieth century, from its experiments with a socialist economy to its embrace of the Washington consensus in the 1980s. The impact of the invasion of China in 1962 and India’s struggle to find its feet post-partition are also given detailed analysis. The book’s unique perspective helps to shed light, for the first time, on how India’s organisational structure negotiated the country’s immense historical and cultural inheritance with the stresses of a twentieth century nation state.

The Defiant Border

Author : Elisabeth Leake
ISBN : 9781316943106
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 98 MB
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The Defiant Border explores why the Afghan-Pakistan borderlands have remained largely independent of state controls from the colonial period into the twenty-first century. This book looks at local Pashtun tribes' modes for evading first British colonial, then Pakistani, governance; the ongoing border dispute between Pakistan and Afghanistan; and continuing interest in the region from Indian, US, British, and Soviet actors. It reveals active attempts by first British, then Pakistani, agents to integrate the tribal region, ranging from development initiatives to violent suppression. The Defiant Border also considers the area's influence on relations between Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India, as well as its role in the United States' increasingly global Cold War policies. Ultimately, the book considers how a region so peripheral to major centers of power has had such an impact on political choices throughout the eras of empire, decolonization, and superpower competition, up to the so-called 'war on terror'.

The Savage Border

Author : Dr Jules Stewart
ISBN : 9780752496078
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 71 MB
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The first significant book in forty years on this territory viewed for centuries as a lawless wilderness.

The Historian 2007 12

Author :
Genre :
File Size : 77. 79 MB
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The Pashtuns

Author : Abubakar Siddique
ISBN : 9788184006254
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 55. 41 MB
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Most accounts claim that the instability gripping Afghanistan and Pakistan is either rooted in Pashtun history and culture, or finds willing hosts among Pashtun communities on both sides of the Afghanistan–Pakistan border. In The Pashtuns, Abubakar Siddique, a stout-hearted Pashtun himself, sets out to interrogate this claim. He tells a very different story: that the failure, and unwillingness, of both Afghanistan and Pakistan to absorb the Pashtuns into their state structures and to incorporate them into the economic and political fabric is central to South Asia’s problems, and a critical failure of nation- and state-building in both countries. In a voice that is both engaging and erudite, he makes clear that religious extremism is the product of these critical failures and that responsibility for this lies to a large degree with the elites of both countries. Partly an eye-witness account and partly meticulously researched scholarship, The Pashtuns describes a people whose destiny will, no doubt, shape the future of Pakistan and Afghanistan, and also the rest of the world.

Afghan Crucible

Author : Elisabeth Leake
ISBN : 9780192584861
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 20 MB
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A new global history of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan - an invasion whose consequences are still felt in Afghanistan and across the wider world. On 24 December 1979, Soviet armed forces entered Afghanistan, beginning an occupation that would last almost a decade and creating a political crisis that shook the world. To many observers, the Soviet invasion showed the lengths to which one of the world's superpowers would go to vie for supremacy in the global Cold War. The Soviet war, and parallel covert American aid to Afghan resistance fighters, would come to be a defining event of international politics in the final years of the Cold War, lingering far beyond the Soviet Union's own demise. Yet Cold War competition is only a small part of the story. Soviet troops entered a country already at war with itself. A century of debates within Afghanistan over the nature of modern nationhood culminated in a 1978 coup in which self-described Afghan communists pledged to fundamentally reshape Afghanistan. Instead what broke out was a civil war in which Afghans asserted competing models of Afghan statehood. Afghan socialists and Islamists came to the fore of this conflict in the 1980s, thanks in part to Soviet and American involvement, but they represented a broader movement for local articulations of social and political modernity that did not derive from foreign models. Afghans, in conversation with foreigners, set many of the parameters of the conflict. This sweeping history moves between centres of state in Kabul, Moscow, Islamabad, and Washington, the halls of global governance in Geneva and New York, resistance hubs in Peshawar and Panjshir, and refugee camps scattered across Pakistan's borderlands to tell a story that is much more expansive than the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan - a global history of a moment of crisis not just for Afghanistan or the Cold War but international relations and the postcolonial state.

Foreign Relations Of The United States

Author : United States. Department of State
ISBN : UOM:39015077197468
Genre : United States
File Size : 24. 19 MB
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Midnight S Borders

Author : Suchitra Vijayan
ISBN : 9781612198590
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 30 MB
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The first true people's history of modern India, told through a seven-year, 9,000-mile journey along its many contested borders Sharing borders with six countries and spanning a geography that extends from Pakistan to Myanmar, India is the world's largest democracy and second most populous country. It is also the site of the world's biggest crisis of statelessness, as it strips citizenship from hundreds of thousands of its people--especially those living in disputed border regions. Suchitra Vijayan traveled India's vast land border to explore how these populations live, and document how even places just few miles apart can feel like entirely different countries. In this stunning work of narrative reportage--featuring over 40 original photographs--we hear from those whose stories are never told: from children playing a cricket match in no-man's-land, to an elderly man living in complete darkness after sealing off his home from the floodlit border; from a woman who fought to keep a military bunker off of her land, to those living abroad who can no longer find their family history in India. With profound empathy and a novelistic eye for detail, Vijayan brings us face to face with the brutal legacy of colonialism, state violence, and government corruption. The result is a gripping, urgent dispatch from a modern India in crisis, and the full and vivid portrait of the country we've long been missing.

Geography Of India Specially For Upsc And Other Competitive Exams Of India

Author : Krishna Kumar V
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 41. 49 MB
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Description of the book Geography of India is one of the major subjects of UPSC civil services both in preliminary and main examination for General Knowledge and optional papers. This is not only useful for humanities candidates but also a large number of science background civil service aspirants. The book has also covered UPSC syllabus and the University syllabus. The successful preparation for the preliminary and mains examinations requires deep study of the relevant subjects. The questions asked in both prelims and mains are highly at application level. The content of this book was decided after a detailed analysis of previous question papers of UPSC prelims and mains exams. Before finalizing the book, feedback was taken by aspirants. The entire book is divided into 19 units as per the UPSC syllabus, each unit being dealt with in a practical manner. In addition to this each unit is supported by a large number of maps, tables, graphs, relevant and recent statistical data and key points are provided throughout the text. Lastly, the book provides previous years solved prelims questions on Geography of India from 1991 to 2021. I hope it will be more useful to the reader in making the ideas clear. This book is prepared based upon on my one and a half decade teaching experience both at university and competitive exam centers. It is a reliable, comprehensive and up to date book on the subject. It studies the availability and potential of various physical, economic and human resources of the country. The book has been written in a simple manner and it includes recent information. I hope the students and teachers get maximum benefit out of it. Contents UNIT-I-GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF INDIA UNIT-II-GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, SIZE AND EXTENT OF INDIA UNIT-III-PHYSICAL OR RELIEF FEATURES OF INDIA UNIT-IV-DRAINAGE OR RIVER SYSTEM OF INDIA UNIT-V-CLIMATE OF INDIA UNIT-VI-NATURAL VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE UNIT-VII-SOILS OF INDIA UNIT-VIII-LAND UTILIZATION IN INDIA UNIT-IX-MULTIPURPOSE RIVER VALLEY PROJECT UNIT-X-AGRICULTURE UNIT-XI- ANIMAL RESOURCES UNIT-XII -MINERAL RESOURCES UNIT-XIII -ELECTRICITY UNIT-XIV-INDUSTRIES UNIT-XV-TRANSPORT AND COMMUNUICATION UNIT-XVI-RACE, TRIBES, RELIGION, LANGUAGES IN INDIA UNIT-XVII-NATURAL HAZARDS AND DISASTERS OF INDIA UNIT-XVIII-FOREIGN TRADE UNIT-XIX-POPULATION OF INDIA PREVIOUS YEARS SOLVED PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS 1991-2021 TOPIC WISE

Waging War In Waziristan

Author : Andrew M. Roe
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215300406
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 61 MB
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A career soldier with on-the-ground experience presents a gripping history of the imperial British experience in Waziristan, a remote area of Pakistan. Distills the hard-earned British experience and offers some potentially useful lessons for the West and its current troubles in the same region--once described as the epicenter of terrorism and reputedly the hiding place of Osama bin Laden.

The History Of Afghanistan 2nd Edition

Author : Meredith L. Runion
ISBN : 9781610697781
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 7 MB
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This chronological account traces the history of Afghanistan from pre-civilization to present-day events and considers the future of democracy in Afghanistan. • Includes an additional chapter on the events of the past 10 years, covering modern Afghanistan and its people • Features Operation Neptune Spear, the Central Intelligence Agency-led operation responsible for the death of Osama bin Laden • Provides an updated timeline of key events, including those that have occurred since the first edition

Area Handbook For Pakistan

Author : Richard F. Nyrop
ISBN : UIUC:30112106622522
Genre : Pakistan
File Size : 23. 57 MB
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Tribes Of Pakistan

Author : Mansoor Bin Tahnoon Al Nahyan
ISBN : 9781527534391
Genre : Religion
File Size : 39. 90 MB
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The book is a modern take on the subject of the tribes and other socio-ethnic groups that inhabit Pakistan within the wider academic framework in the field of social sciences. While there has already been work carried out on the Pashtun and Afghan tribal territories and peoples, this text describes in detail the tribal societies of the whole of Pakistan–their origins, history, social profile and administrative structure. It also discusses these issues within the context of the areas’ geostrategic significance, historical processes, social ideology and institutional structure. The narrative promotes an understanding of the disruptive effects of external and internal factors and the distortions caused in these societies by the introduction of institutional, legal, political and social reforms which failed to take into account their deep-seated cultural sensitivities. It utilizes a wide variety of sources—both modern and old–to present a concise work on an extremely complex and detailed topic dealing with caste, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and tribal enmities and affinities. The book contains maps of the areas along with brief geo-specific descriptions to acquaint the reader with the terrain and topography of the region, which play an important role in the lives of these societies.

Apocalyptic Realm

Author : Dilip Hiro
ISBN : 9780300183665
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 23 MB
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This hard-hitting and timely book explores the roots of militant Islam in South Asia and how it has grown to become a source of profound global alarm. By meticulously tracking the rise of the jihadist movement from its initial violence in Afghanistan in 1980 to the present day, Dilip Hiro challenges conventional narratives of the roles of Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Soviet Union, the United States, and India. He warns that the Line of Control in Kashmir, where jihadists seek to incite war between nuclear-armed Pakistan and India, is today the most dangerous border in the world. Drawing on evidence from a wide variety of sources including newly released Kremlin archives and classified U.S. Embassy documents published by WikiLeaks, the author compiles the first complete and accurate history of Islamist terrorism in South Asia. He chronicles historic links between Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India and their varying degrees of destabilization at the hands of the jihadists. He also sheds unprecedented light on the close military and intelligence links that have developed between India and Israel. Finally, he outlines the ambitions of Pakistani, Afghan, and Al Qaida jihadists to establish an "apocalyptic realm" covering South, Central, and Western Asia. Compact, comprehensive, and fast paced, this book lays bare the causes of today's escalating terrorist threat, sets the historical record straight, and offers fresh strategies for defeating jihadist extremism.

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