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The Cathedrals Of Pisa Siena And Florence

Author : Pietro Matracchi
ISBN : 9780429616051
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 48 MB
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The construction techniques and concepts of the cathedrals of Pisa, Siena and Florence are examined in detail, based on new data and using a methodological architectural diagnostics approach. New detailed surveys, carried out using often advanced tools, together with direct and in-depth inspections to examine all parts of the buildings, have enabled us to identify the building phases and the different construction techniques used over time. The information thereby acquired also formed the basis for a new interpretation of the archival documents. Accordingly, the problems encountered and the solutions adopted in the three cathedrals have been understood: in Pisa the construction of the elliptical dome above the rectangular crossing consisting of six thin pillars below; in Siena the design changes from the first system in the 13th century to the ‘Duomo Nuovo’, and the structural adaptations following earthquakes; the specific construction solutions adopted in Florence during the instability encountered in the construction of the large vaults of the basilican body. The comparison of the three buildings in terms of architectural and construction solutions also revealed unexpected relationships between the construction events of Siena’s Duomo Nuovo and the solutions then used in the large basilican body of Santa Maria del Fiore. The methodology employed has led to an understanding of the actual structure of the three cathedrals, an essential basis for a correct evaluation of the state of conservation of the churches for any restoration work. The book is aimed at scholars of architecture and ancient building structures, graduate and postgraduate students, and architects and engineers who plan architectural conservation and strengthening works for historical buildings.

The Cathedrals Of Pisa Siena And Florence

Author : Pietro Matracchi
ISBN : 0367174871
Genre : Building
File Size : 67. 12 MB
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Examines the construction techniques and concepts of the cathedrals of Pisa, Siena and Florence, based on new data and using a methodological architectural diagnostics approach. Aimed at scholars of architecture and ancient building structures, and architects and engineers who plan architectural conservation and for historical buildings.

Art In World History 2 Vols

Author : Hollingsworth
ISBN : 9781317476511
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 43 MB
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A guide to the establishment of the library which covers materials acquisition, the organization and usage of the library's collection to provide a variety of services and the use of automation. This book aims to instruct the librarian on managing the small library effectively.

Appreciating Italy

Author : Robert Englekirk
ISBN : 9780979616600
Genre :
File Size : 72. 90 MB
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Appreciating Italy is that rarest of travelogues that not only directs the traveler to a travel destination, but also provides a brief review of the historical evolution of the region. Unlike travel books that merely tell you what you should see, Appreciating Italy explains why you should see it, giving you background information on each city¿s history, culture, art and architecture ¿ background information that can¿t help but add another dimension to the enjoyment of your holiday. Primary destinations explored include Rome, Florence and Venice as well as the regions that surround each ¿ Naples, Pompeii, Paestum, Capri, Sorrento and the south; Tuscany, Pisa, Siena and Asissi; and the Veneto: Verona, Vicenza, Basano del Grapa, Ravenna and the Palladio Villas. Appreciating Italy provides: - itineraries for Italy and each of its region, - itineraries for each city, - walking tours of major cities, - museum tours, highlighting major works of art, - detailed descriptions of highlighted works of art, - insight into the architectural styles of Italy. Appreciating Italy will help to maximize your cultural enjoyment of an Italian adventure and yet allow you the time to enjoy the pizza, pasta, vino, gelato, and ambiance that have put Italy on every tourist¿s itinerary.

From Corbel Arches To Double Curvature Vaults

Author : Gabriele Milani
ISBN : 9783031128738
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 99 MB
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The book focuses on all typological aspects of arches and vaults within the heritage of design and construction, while bringing attention to new “green” materials, promoting a circular economy informed by limitations caused by global warming. The multidisciplinary approach involves several different competences in architecture, structural engineering, conservation and restoration, geomatics, BIM, building engineering, the technology and history of construction, graphical methods of assessment, and innovative design that utilizes non-polluting materials. After an overview of the technical and aesthetic advantages of masonry vaults, there is a review of the most up-to-date trends in historic preservation. Classic methods of static assessment and innovative building technologies are detailed. Surveying methods and data acquisition are discussed, particularly laser scanning technology and its applications in heritage masonry curved structures. Next comes the experimental static and dymanic behavior of masonry vaults, followed by a critical revision of Distinct Element innovative computerized Methods. An explanation as to how to pass from classic stability analysis to an adaptive Finite Element Method limit analysis procedure is offered. Reinterpretation of the past is then undertaken, with an eye towards emphasizing sustainability. Finally, the conclusion examines still existing gaps in knowledge and recommends avenues of future research.

Religion In Modern Europe

Author : Grace Davie
ISBN : 9780191584183
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 1 MB
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Religion in Modern Europe examines religion as a form of collective memory. This is a memory held in place by Europe's institutional churches, educational systems, and the mass media - all of which are themselves responding to rapid social and economic change. Europe's religious memory is approached in the following ways: as vicarious-a particularly European characteristic, as precarious-especially among young people, and as it is portrayed by the media. The memory may fragment, be disputed, and in extreme cases, disappear. Alternatives may emerge. The challenge for European societies is to affirm healthy mutations in religious memory and discourage others. The book also examines the increasing diversity of Europe's religious life. European Societies Series Series Editor: Colin Crouch Very few of the existing sociological texts which compare different European societies on specific topics are accessible to a broad range of scholars and students. The European Societies series will help fill this gap in the literature, and attempt to answer questions such as: Is there really such a thing as a 'European model' of society? Do the economic and political integration processes of the European Union also imply convergence in more general aspects of social life, like family or religious behaviour? What do the societies of Western Europe have in common with those further to the east? This series will cover the main social institutions, although not every author will cover the full range of European countries. As well as surveying existing knowledge in a way that will be useful to students, each book will also seek to contribute to our growing knowledge of what remains in many respects a sociologically unknown continent.

Romanesque Renaissance

Author : Konrad Adriaan Ottenheym
ISBN : 9789004446625
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 31. 10 MB
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In the renaissance also architecture from c. 800–1200 was regarded as a useful source of inspiration for contemporary building, sometimes by misinterpreting these medieval architecture as roman structures, sometimes because that era was also regarded as a glorious ‘ancient’ past.

Conservation And Restoration Of Built Heritage

Author : Salvatore D'Agostino
ISBN : 9781000426700
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 59. 5 MB
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The word conservation, when used in the context of the preservation of built heritage, implies an intrinsically complex concept that evolved over time, since it has been influenced by the perception of history throughout time. This volume emphasises why an understanding of the cultural evolution of the conservation approach must be considered a prerequisite for architects and engineers if they are to cooperate in full harmony with historic-artistic culture for the preservation of global built heritage. In particular, the volume highlights how, during the second half of the last century, the preservation process also involved engineering – the science of making practical applications of knowledge – which, for a long time, made an uncritical use of techniques and materials and devised interventions on historical heritage that were heavily invasive. The volume also devotes special attention to the problems related to seismic risk, to which Italy, Greece and Portugal are particularly prone. Problems that emerge during the crisis and reconstruction phases are dealt with in detail, as is scheduled maintenance, as this latter approach always constitutes an improvement in the performance of the monument and is the most appropriate tool for the conservation of the built heritage. Finally, the volume collects examples of building restoration with case studies of many outstanding monuments. The work will appeal to professionals and academics in the broader fields of civil engineering (both geotechnical and structural engineering), architecture, art history, the history of architecture, restoration and cultural heritage management. This book will: Provide a critical reading of the history of conservation; Discuss materials and techniques of ancient architecture; Cover seismic vulnerability and preservation of the historic integrity of the monument; Advocate an approach based on programmed maintenance; Feature numerous case histories, including St Mark’s Basilica in Venice and the complex restoration of the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris.

Southern Europe

Author : Trudy Ring
ISBN : 9781134259656
Genre : Reference
File Size : 67. 5 MB
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First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The History Of The Christian Church Complete

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : 9781465528735
Genre : Church history
File Size : 79. 54 MB
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As I appear before the public with a new edition of my Church History, I feel more than ever the difficulty and responsibility of a task which is well worthy to occupy the whole time and strength of a long life, and which carries in it its own rich reward. The true historian of Christianity is yet to come. But short as I have fallen of my own ideal, I have done my best, and shall rejoice if my efforts stimulate others to better and more enduring work. History should be written from the original sources of friend and foe, in the spirit of truth and love, "sine ira et studio," "with malice towards none, and charity for all," in clear, fresh, vigorous style, under the guidance of the twin parables of the mustard seed and leaven, as a book of life for instruction, correction, encouragement, as the best exposition and vindication of Christianity. The great and good Neander, "the father of Church History" first an Israelite without guile hoping for the Messiah, then a Platonist longing for the realization of his ideal of righteousness, last a Christian in head and heart made such a history his life-work, but before reaching the Reformation he was interrupted by sickness, and said to his faithful sister: "Hannchen, I am weary; let us go home; good night!" And thus he fell gently asleep, like a child, to awake in the land where all problems of history are solved. When, after a long interruption caused by a change of professional duties and literary labors, I returned to the favorite studies of my youth, I felt the necessity, before continuing the History to more recent times, of subjecting the first volume to a thorough revision, in order to bring it up to the present state of investigation. We live in a restless and stirring age of discovery, criticism, and reconstruction. During the thirty years which have elapsed since the publication of my separate "History of the Apostolic Church," there has been an incessant activity in this field, not only in Germany, the great workshopof critical research, but in all other Protestant countries. Almost every inch of ground has been disputed and defended with a degree of learning, acumen, and skill such as were never spent before on the solution of historical problems.

The Christian Church From The 1st To The 20th Century

Author : Philip, Schaff
ISBN :
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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Philip Schaff almost needs no introduction. He wrote one of the finest histories of the church. His work, the History of the Christian Church, has become a benchmark on the subject. In his eight volume set he covers just about every issue concerning the church from the time of the Apostles through the Reformation. He incorporates discussion of ideas and principles throughout the history of the church. In this eBook all eight volumes are present and there is also a linked table of contents for every section. We have also labeled every section and chapter so that it will be easier to navigate through the volumes. This material has been carefully compared, corrected, and amended, according to the 1910 edition of Charles Scribner's Sons. Here are the general titles of each of the volumes: Volume One THE FIRST PERIOD APOSTLIC CHRISTIANITY A.D. 1-100. Volume II SECOND PERIOD ANTE-NICENE CHRISTIANITY A.D. 100-311 (325). Volume III THIRD PERIOD THE CHURCH IN UNION WITH THE ROMAN EMPIRE FROM CONSTANTINE THE GREAT TO GREGORY THE GREAT. A.D. 311-590. Volume IV MEDIAEVAL CHRISTIANITY From Gregory I to Gregory VII A.D. 590-1073 Volume V FROM GREGORY VII. TO BONIFACE VIII. A. D. 1049-1294. Volume VI FROM BONIFACE VIII. TO MARTIN LUTHER. A.D. 1294-1517. THE SIXTH PERIOD OF CHURCH HISTORY. Volume VII HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION. 1517 - 1648. Volume VIII SECOND BOOK. THE SWISS REFORMATION. THIRD BOOK. THE REFORMATION IN FRENCH SWITZERLAND, OR THE CALVINISTIC MOVEMENT.

History Of The Christian Church

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : 9788026897736
Genre : Bibles
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"History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history which covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. The book deals with seven periods in the history of the church: The First Period of Church History – Apostolic Christianity; The Second Period of Church History – Ante-Nicene Christianity; The Third Period of Church History – The Church in Union with the Roman Empire; The Fourth Period of Church History – The Church among the Barbarians; The Fifth Period of Church History – From Gregory VII to Boniface VIII A. D. 1049–1294; The Sixth Period of Church History – From Boniface VIII to Martin Luther ; The Seventh Period of Church History – The Reformation. The Bible is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. With estimated total sales of over 5 billion copies, it is widely considered to be the most influential and best-selling book of all time. This is the "American Standard Version" (ASV) - a Bible translation into English that was completed in 1901, with the publication of the revision of the Old Testament; the revised New Testament had been released in 1900.

History Of The Christian Church Volume Vi The Middle Ages A D 1294 1517

Author :
ISBN : 9781610250450
Genre :
File Size : 61. 72 MB
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The Greatest Works Of Philip Schaff

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : EAN:4057664559388
Genre : Religion
File Size : 24. 98 MB
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Musaicum Books presents to you this meticulously edited Philip Schaff collection. This ebook has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. Content: "History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history written by Philip Schaff. In this great work Schaff covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. "The Creeds of Christendom, with a History and Critical Notes" is a three volume set in which Schaff is classifying and explaining many different statements of belief and articles of faith throughout the Christian history. He deals with the history of the creeds, starting with the Ecumenical creeds, and moving to Greek and Roman creeds, then Old Catholic Union creeds, and finally to the Evangelical creeds and Modern Protestant creeds.

The History Of Christian Church

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : EAN:8596547393771
Genre : Religion
File Size : 44. 26 MB
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"History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history written by Philip Schaff. In this great work Schaff covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. "Ecclesiastical History" of Eusebius, the bishop of Caesarea, was a 4th-century pioneer work giving a chronological account of the development of Early Christianity from the 1st century to the 4th century. The result was the first full-length historical narrative written from a Christian point of view. It was written in Koine Greek, and survives also in Latin, Syriac and Armenian manuscripts.

The Essential Writings Of Philip Schaff

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : 9788026897699
Genre : Religion
File Size : 37. 8 MB
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This carefully crafted ebook: "The Essential Writings of Philip Schaff" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. "History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history written by Philip Schaff. In this great work Schaff covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. "The Creeds of Christendom, with a History and Critical Notes" is a three volume set in which Schaff is classifying and explaining many different statements of belief and articles of faith throughout the Christian history. He deals with the history of the creeds, starting with the Ecumenical creeds, and moving to Greek and Roman creeds, then Old Catholic Union creeds, and finally to the Evangelical creeds and Modern Protestant creeds.

The Complete History Of The Christian Church With Bible

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : EAN:4064066051747
Genre : Bibles
File Size : 42. 80 MB
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This edition is an eight volume account of Christian history which covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. The book deals with seven periods in the history of the church: The First Period of Church History – Apostolic Christianity; The Second Period of Church History – Ante-Nicene Christianity; The Third Period of Church History – The Church in Union with the Roman Empire; The Fourth Period of Church History – The Church among the Barbarians; The Fifth Period of Church History – From Gregory VII to Boniface VIII A. D. 1049–1294; The Sixth Period of Church History – From Boniface VIII to Martin Luther ; The Seventh Period of Church History – The Reformation. The Bible is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. With estimated total sales of over 5 billion copies, it is widely considered to be the most influential and best-selling book of all time. This is the "American Standard Version" (ASV) - a Bible translation into English that was completed in 1901, with the publication of the revision of the Old Testament; the revised New Testament had been released in 1900.

History Of The Christian Church Ecclesiastical History

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : 9788026897750
Genre : Religion
File Size : 84. 51 MB
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"History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history written by Philip Schaff. In this great work Schaff covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. "Ecclesiastical History" of Eusebius, the bishop of Caesarea, was a 4th-century pioneer work giving a chronological account of the development of Early Christianity from the 1st century to the 4th century. The result was the first full-length historical narrative written from a Christian point of view. It was written in Koine Greek, and survives also in Latin, Syriac and Armenian manuscripts.

History Of The Christian Church Complete 8 Volumes Edition

Author : Philip Schaff
ISBN : 9788026897705
Genre : Religion
File Size : 65. 70 MB
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"History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history which covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. The book deals with seven periods in the history of the church: The First Period of Church History – Apostolic Christianity; The Second Period of Church History – Ante-Nicene Christianity; The Third Period of Church History – The Church in Union with the Roman Empire; The Fourth Period of Church History – The Church among the Barbarians; The Fifth Period of Church History – From Gregory VII to Boniface VIII A. D. 1049–1294; The Sixth Period of Church History – From Boniface VIII to Martin Luther ; The Seventh Period of Church History – The Reformation.

The Lion Companion To Church Architecture

Author : David Stancliffe
ISBN : 0745951902
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 86. 78 MB
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From the earliest establishments up through present day structures, this expansive history explores how churches have been conceived as spaces for worship throughout the centuries. Their development from the early Roman house churches through Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic structures is addressed, as are the significant changes brought about by the Reformation. Infused throughout with the spirit of the human quest for meaning and transcendence, this is a lavishly illustrated guide to the history, meanings, and messages of houses of worship.

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