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The Age Of The Parthians

Author : Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis
ISBN : 9780857733085
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 98 MB
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The Parthians are a fascinating but little-known ancient civilization. In the mid-third century BCE a bold and ambitious leader called Arshak challenged Hellenic rule and led his armies to victory. The dynasty which he founded ruled over what became a mighty empire and restored the glory of Iran following the region's conquest by Alexander the Great. This imperial eastern superpower, which lasted for 400 years and stretched from the Hindu Kush to Mesopotamia, withstand the might of Rome for centuries. The Parthians were nomadic horse-warriors who left few written records, concentrating rather on a rich oral and storytelling tradition. What knowledge we have of this remarkable people derives primarily from their coinage, which mixed Hellenism with Persian influences. In this book, distinguished scholars examine - from a variety of perspectives - the origins of the Parthians, their history, religion and culture, as well as perceptions of their empire through the lens of both imperial Rome and China.

The Parthians

Author : Uwe Ellerbrock
ISBN : 9781000358483
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 53 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the history and culture of the Parthian Empire, which existed for almost 500 years from 247 BC to 224 AD. The Parthians were Rome’s great opponents in the east, but comparatively little is known about them. The Parthians focuses on the rise, expansion, flowering and decline of the Parthian Empire and covers both the wars with the Romans in the west and the nomads in the east. Sources include the small amount from the Empire itself, as well as those from outside the Parthian world, such as Greek, Roman and Chinese documents. Ellerbrock also explores the Parthian military, social history, religions, art, architecture and numismatics, all supported by a great number of images and maps. The Parthians is an invaluable resource for those studying the Ancient Near East during the period of the Parthian Empire, as well as for more general readers interested in this era.

Age Of The Parthians

Author : Edited By Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis And Sarah Stewart
ISBN : 6000009240
Genre :
File Size : 47. 68 MB
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A View Of The History And Coinage Of The Parthians

Author : John Lindsay
ISBN : NYPL:33433066628441
Genre : Coins, Parthian
File Size : 25. 28 MB
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The Parthian And Early Sasanian Empires

Author : Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis
ISBN : 9781785702082
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 70 MB
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Although much of the primary information about the Parthian period comes from coins, there has been much new research undertaken over the past few decades into wider aspects of both the Parthian and Sassanian Empires including the Arsacid Parthians, and their material culture. Despite a change of ruling dynasty, the two empires were closely connected and cannot be regarded as totally separate entities. The continuation of Parthian influence particularly into the early Sasanian period cannot be disputed. An historic lack of detailed information arose partly through the relative lack of excavated archaeological sites dating to the Parthian period in Iran and western scholars’ lack of knowledge of recent excavations and their results that are usually published in Persian, coupled with the inevitable difficulties for academic research engendered by the recent political situation in the region. Although an attempt has been made by several scholars in the west to place this important Iranian dynasty in its proper cultural context, the traditional GrecoRoman influenced approach is still prevalent. The present volume presents 15 papers covering various aspects of Parthian and early Sasanian history, material culture, linguistics and religion which demonstrate a rich surviving heritage and provide many new insights into ideology, royal genealogy, social organisation, military tactics, linguistic developments and trading contacts.

The Huns Rome And The Birth Of Europe

Author : Hyun Jin Kim
ISBN : 9781107009066
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 32 MB
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A comparative and interdisciplinary study arguing for a more sophisticated appreciation of the rise of the Hunnic Empire.

The Parthian Coinage

Author : Percy Gardner
ISBN : PRNC:32101008528885
Genre : Numismatics
File Size : 28. 4 MB
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Roman Soldier Vs Parthian Warrior

Author : Si Sheppard
ISBN : 9781472838247
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 87 MB
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In 53 BC, Roman and Parthian forces collided in a confrontation that would reshape the geopolitical map and establish a frontier between East and West that would endure for the next 700 years. From the initial clash at Carrhae through to the battle of Nisibis more than 250 years later, Roman and Parthian forces fought a series of bloody campaigns for mastery of the Fertile Crescent. As Roman forces thrust ever deeper into the East, they encountered a civilization unlike any they had crossed swords with before. Originating in the steppes of Central Asia, the Parthians ruled a federated state stretching from the Euphrates to the Indus. Although Rome's legions were masters of the battlefield in the Mediterranean, the Parthians refused to fight by the rules as Rome understood them. Harnessing the power of the composite bow and their superior manoeuvrability, the Parthians' mode of warfare focused exclusively on the horse. They inflicted a bloody defeat on the legions at Carrhae and launched their own invasion of Roman territory, countered only with great difficulty by Rome's surviving forces. The Parthians were eventually thrown out, but neither side could sustain a permanent ascendancy over the other and the conflict continued. Packed with stunning artwork, including battlescenes, maps and photographs, this title examines the conflict through the lens of three key battles, revealing a clash between two armies alien to each other not only in culture but also in their radical approaches to warfare.

Visual Style And Constructing Identity In The Hellenistic World

Author : Miguel John Versluys
ISBN : 9781108210881
Genre : History
File Size : 64. 42 MB
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Located in the small kingdom of Commagene at the upper Euphrates, the late Hellenistic monument of Nemrud Dağ (c.50 BC) has been undeservedly neglected by scholars. Qualified as a Greco-Persian hybrid instigated by a lunatic king, this fascinating project of bricolage has been written out of history. This volume redresses that imbalance, interpreting Nemrud Dağ as an attempt at canon building by Antiochos I in order to construct a dynastic ideology and social order, and proving the monument's importance for our understanding of a crucial transitional phase from Hellenistic to Roman. Hellenistic Commagene therefore holds a profound significance for a number of discussions, such as the functioning of the Hellenistic koine and the genesis of Roman 'art', Hellenism and Persianism in antiquity, dynastic propaganda and the power of images, Romanisation in the East, the contextualising of the Augustan cultural revolution, and the role of Greek culture in the Roman world.

Life Death Rhythms Of Ancient Empires Climatic Cycles Influence Rule Of Dynasties

Author : Will Slatyer
ISBN : 9781466926509
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 35 MB
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"The Life/Death Rhythms of Ancient Empires" outlines the flow of history from 3000BC to 1400AD to identify the factors that make up dominant, just, prosperous civilisations that can be described as golden cultures. These factors were found to have common features and the cultures themselves could be described in cyclical terms. This meant that the rise and fall of future dominant cultures could be roughly forecast to some degree in terms of hundreds of years. The evolution of capitalism was made possible, during and after actual warfare, by ancient priests and bankers, assisted by the invention of coinage. Capitalism was practised in the ancient world, supported at times by warfare and religion. It was vanquished for centuries by powerful weapons called irresponsible debt, and debasement of currency. The global capitalism of the twenty-first century is dependent on debt and a debased US dollar. A review of ancient history provides the basis for a glimpse into the future. This century's global temperature increase, which so excites environmentalists, can be shown to be part of a thousand year climate cycle. There well might be a human element to global warming but this just exacerbates the centuries' long cyclical pattern. Research has shown that periods of hot-dry and cold-dry climate have effects on human behaviour. Extrapolation of cycles enables forecasts of human behaviour to be made well into the new millennium. Dominant prosperous societies have occurred at roughly 200 year intervals which can suggest time-lines for societies in the present and the future A relatively irreverent history of ancient cultures, war, religion, money and debt produces cyclical analysis enabling a forecast that the USA might lose world dominance in 2040. The next volume "Life/Death Rhythms from the Capitalist Renaissance" will include economic data that will allow refined cyclical forecasts.

The Art Of The Roman Empire

Author : Jaś Elsner
ISBN : 9780191081095
Genre : Art
File Size : 67. 81 MB
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The passage from Imperial Rome to the era of late antiquity, when the Roman Empire underwent a religious conversion to Christianity, saw some of the most significant and innovative developments in Western culture. This stimulating book investigates the role of the visual arts, the great diversity of paintings, statues, luxury arts, and masonry, as both reflections and agents of those changes. Jas' Elsner's ground-breaking account discusses both Roman and early Christian art in relation to such issues as power, death, society, acculturation, and religion. By examining questions of reception, viewing, and the culture of spectacle alongside the more traditional art-historical themes of imperial patronage and stylistic change, he presents a fresh and challenging interpretation of an extraordinarily rich cultural crucible in which many fundamental developments of later European art had their origins. This second edition includes a new discussion of the Eurasian context of Roman art, an updated bibliography, and new, full colour illustrations.

The Persian Empire A Historical Encyclopedia 2 Volumes

Author : Mehrdad Kia
ISBN : 9781610693912
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 48 MB
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This well-balanced reference on ancient Persia demonstrates the region's contributions to the growth and development of human civilization from the 7th century BCE through the fall of the Persian Sasanian Empire in 651CE. • Provides coverage of major events in ancient Persian history from the formation of the Median empire in the 7th century BCE to 65 CE • Includes photographs of various historical and archeological sites dating back to various periods of ancient Persian history

Doublonthe Idea Of Iran

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:949152982
Genre :
File Size : 87. 49 MB
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And On And On The Ages Roll

Author : J. H. Bavinck
ISBN : 9781532658877
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80. 62 MB
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Scripture testifies that in the work of Jesus Christ the power of Satan, sin, and death has been broken. Yet on and on the ages roll, and wars rage, humans destroy one another and themselves, and natural evils such as earthquakes and tsunamis occur. We seem to suffer what J. H. Bavinck calls "the great delay," still awaiting Christ's final victory. In this illuminating survey of the book of Revelation, Bavinck examines the status of the church and the world in the times of the end but before the "final finish." Bavinck suggests the church is based on its mission to show the way of God and share his good news in the world. This mission occurs in a world claimed by Christ's victory, but still marked by the demonic and human hubris. Revelation is a literature that discloses the church's perennial challenges in a time claimed and won by Christ, yet still resistant to his lordship. The book peels back the veil to expose a battle not only on earth, but in the heavens, and assures the sometimes faltering church that it is not forgotten and Christ's victory is certain. Bavinck centers his account of Revelation in its chapter 12, the strange woman who is crowned and yet haunted and hunted, driven to the edge of civilization. He sees in this woman, the bearer of a child, a figure of the church that bears its child and Lord, Jesus Christ. Like the woman, the church in these times between the times, is both crowned as God's royalty and often scorned by the world.

Conflict In Ancient Greece And Rome The Definitive Political Social And Military Encyclopedia 3 Volumes

Author : Sara E. Phang
ISBN : 9781610690201
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 7 MB
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The complex role warfare played in ancient Greek and Roman civilizations is examined through coverage of key wars and battles; important leaders, armies, organizations, and weapons; and other noteworthy aspects of conflict. • Provides an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of conflict in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds that relates warfare to society, politics, economy, and culture • Examines major wars and other key conflicts; important generals and leaders; and Greek and Roman political, military, social, and cultural institutions • Presents ancillary information, including maps and illustrations; a topically arranged bibliography; sourcebooks of primary sources in translation; and lists of the most interesting "sound bites" attributed to Greek and Roman leaders in ancient times

Consummation Of The Ages Vol I

Author : Henry Epps
ISBN : 9781300126409
Genre :
File Size : 84. 22 MB
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The World Between Empires

Author : Blair Fowlkes-Childs
ISBN : 9781588396839
Genre : Art
File Size : 56. 97 MB
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The World between Empires presents a new perspective on the art and culture of the Middle East in the years 100 B.C.–A.D. 250, a time marked by the struggle for control by the Roman and Parthian Empires. For the first time, this book weaves together the cultural histories of the cities along the great incense and silk routes that connected southwestern Arabia, Nabataea, Judaea, Syria, and Mesopotamia. It captures the intricate web of influence and religious diversity that emerged in the Middle East through the exchange of goods and ideas. And for our current age, when several of the archaeological sites featured here—including Palmyra, Dura- Europos, and Hatra—have been subject to deliberate destruction and looting, it addresses the crucial subject of preserving what has been lost and contextualizes the significance of these works on a local and global scale. This essential volume features 186 objects of exceptional importance from Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. Readers are taken on a fascinating journey that explores sites of intense political and religious struggles against Roman rule as well as important religious centers and military bulwarks of the Parthian Empire. Reaching across two millennia, The World between Empires brings vividly to life how individuals and cities in ancient times defined themselves, and how these factors continue to resonate today. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 14.0px Verdana}

Art Through The Ages In Afghanistan

Author : Hamid Naweed
ISBN : 9781481742757
Genre : Art
File Size : 47. 79 MB
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Art through the Ages in Afghanistan, written in two volumes is a major work. It is the product of many years of research, including frequents visits to Kabul Museum and important archeological sites in Afghanistan, as well as visits to major museums in Europe and America housing important artifacts from Afghanistan. In completing his work Hamid Naweed has also made use of numerous interviews with Afghan and international scholars, local artist and local people living in the vicinity of historical sites. The second volume covering the art of Afghanistan from the advent of Islam through present time is expected to be published shortly after the publication of the first volume.

Revelations Of Ideology Apocalyptic Class Politics In Early Roman Palestine

Author : Anthony Keddie
ISBN : 9789004383647
Genre : Religion
File Size : 21. 24 MB
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In Revelations of Ideology, G. Anthony Keddie critically investigates the social motivations and implications of apocalyptic class rhetoric in late Second Temple Judaism, including the Jesus movement.

God S Plan Of The Ages Volume 4 King Ahaz To Messiah

Author : Paul A. Lindberg
ISBN : 9781632326843
Genre : Religion
File Size : 43. 9 MB
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Many have tried to tell Bible stories as historical fiction. But I have attempted to tell the entire story of the universe, starting with the Bible and integrating history and chronology, legend, and ancient Talmudic tradition, along with a good deal of speculation. My story begins before time, and continues past the ages of time into eternity. It is an adult work, for some of mankind's descent into depravity cannot be sanitized. But it is also a fun work, as I bounce around from our perspective up to the heavenly realms and even down into hell itself. My purpose was not just to tell the story, but also to teach wisdom and to clarify the nature and character of God. I trust each reader will grow in relationship to the God of infinite love, as I have grown in the writing. Volume Four begins with the Kingdom of Judah sinking into idolatry under young King Ahaz, son of good King Jotham, who was blind to his son's idolatry. It carries the story clear through the Assyrian conquest of northern Israel, the Babylonian conquest of Judah, the Persian Empire, the Macedonian Greek Empire, the Maccabees, and the Roman Empire, ending just before the coming of Messiah to Earth.

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