# the-a-to-z-of-logic

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## The A To Z Of Logic

**Author :**Harry J. Gensler

**ISBN :**9780810875968

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**45. 81 MB

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First published in 2006 as Historical dictionary of logic in Scarecrow's Historical dictionaries of religions, philosophies, and movements series.

## Abelian Logic From A To Z

**Author :**Robert K. Meyer

**ISBN :**OCLC:230344419

**Genre :**Logic

**File Size :**38. 11 MB

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## Logic From A To Z

**Author :**John B. Bacon

**ISBN :**9781134970971

**Genre :**Philosophy

**File Size :**64. 12 MB

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First published in the most ambitious international philosophy project for a generation; the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Logic from A to Z is a unique glossary of terms used in formal logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Over 500 entries include key terms found in the study of: * Logic: Argument, Turing Machine, Variable * Set and model theory: Isomorphism, Function * Computability theory: Algorithm, Turing Machine * Plus a table of logical symbols. Extensively cross-referenced to help comprehension and add detail, Logic from A to Z provides an indispensable reference source for students of all branches of logic.

## The Many Sides Of Logic

**Author :**Walter Alexandre Carnielli

**ISBN :**STANFORD:36105215300687

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**44. 78 MB

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The ``Many Sides of Logic'' is a volume containing a selection of the papers delivered at three simultaneous events held between 11-17 May 2008 in Paraty, RJ, Brazil, continuing a tradition of three decades of Brazilian and Latin-American meetings and celebrating the 30th anniversary of an institution congenital with the mature interest for logic, epistemology and history of sciences in Brazil: CLE 30 - 30th Anniversary of the Centre for Logic, Epistemology and the History of Science at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) XV EBL -15th Brazilian Logic Conference XIV SLALM - 14th Latin-American Symposium on Mathematical Logic Several renowned logicians, philosophers and mathematicians gathered in colonial Paraty, a historic village on the Brazilian coast founded in the 17th Century and surrounded by the luscious Atlantic rain forest to deliver lectures and talks celebrating the many sides of logic: the philosophical, the mathematical, the computational, the historical, and the multiple facets therein. The topics of the joint conferences, well represented here, included philosophical and mathematical Logic and applications with emphasis on model theory and proof theory, set theory, non-classical logics and applications, history and philosophy of logic, philosophy of the formal sciences and issues on the foundations of mathematics. The events have been preceded by a Logic School planned for students and young researchers held at the UNICAMP campus in Campinas, SP.

## Paradoxes From A To Z

**Author :**Michael Clark

**ISBN :**9780415538572

**Genre :**Games

**File Size :**48. 15 MB

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Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition is the essential guide to paradoxes, and takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo, and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus' Ship, and the Prisoner's Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely solutions. This third edition is revised throughout, and adds nine new paradoxes that have important bearings in areas such as law, logic, ethics and probability. Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition is an ideal starting point for those interested not just in philosophical puzzles and conundrums, but anyone seeking to hone their thinking skills.

## The Significance Of The New Logic

**Author :**Willard Van Orman Quine

**ISBN :**9781107179028

**Genre :**Philosophy

**File Size :**80. 35 MB

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W. V. Quine was one of the most influential figures of twentieth-century American analytic philosophy. Although he wrote predominantly in English, in Brazil in 1942 he gave a series of lectures on logic and its philosophy in Portuguese, subsequently published as the book O Sentido da Nova Lógica. The book has never before been fully translated into English, and this volume is the first to make its content accessible to Anglophone philosophers. Quine would go on to develop revolutionary ideas about semantic holism and ontology, and this book provides a snapshot of his views on logic and language at a pivotal stage of his intellectual development. The volume also includes an essay on logic which Quine also published in Portuguese, together with an extensive historical-philosophical essay by Frederique Janssen-Lauret. The valuable and previously neglected works first translated in this volume will be essential for scholars of twentieth-century philosophy.

## Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming

**Author :**Luc De Raedt

**ISBN :**9783540786528

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**39. 18 MB

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This book provides an introduction to probabilistic inductive logic programming. It places emphasis on the methods based on logic programming principles and covers formalisms and systems, implementations and applications, as well as theory.

## Inductive Logic Programming

**Author :**Tamas Horváth

**ISBN :**9783540399179

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**34. 45 MB

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming, ILP 2003, held in Szeged, Hungary in September/October 2003. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. Among the topics addressed are multirelational data mining, complexity issues, theory revision, clustering, mathematical discovery, relational reinforcement learning, multirelational learning, inductive inference, description logics, grammar systems, and inductive learning.

## Handbook Of Mathematical Logic

**Author :**Amsterdam

**ISBN :**UOM:39015017282214

**Genre :**Logic, Symbolic and mathematical.

**File Size :**20. 47 MB

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## Language And Logic

**Author :**Johan van der Auwera

**ISBN :**9789027279545

**Genre :**Philosophy

**File Size :**45. 9 MB

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In this volume Van der Auwera attempts to clarify the idea that language reflects both mind and reality and to elucidate the reflection idea by turning it into the cornerstone of a linguistic theory of meaning.

## Introduction To The Basic Concepts And Problems Of Modern Logic

**Author :**G. Hasenjaeger

**ISBN :**9789401031202

**Genre :**Philosophy

**File Size :**24. 11 MB

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The field of modern logic is too extensive to be worked through by open cast mining. To open it up, we need to sink shafts and construct adits. This is the method of most text books: a systematic exposition of a number of main topics, supplemented by exercises to teach skill in the appurtenant techniques, lays a secure foundation for subsequent dis cussion of selected questions. Compared with this, the present treatment is more like a network of exploratory drillings to show that it would be worthwhile to start mining operations, or to work the existing shafts and adits, as the case may be. Within this metaphor we may also describe the inherent weakness of this conception: once a cavity is pierced, the duct's capacity will in general not be sufficient to carry away the discovered riches. But whether we are concerned with a new or an already worked mine - at any rate, the experience should stimulate us into either reviving an existing system of shafts or even, in particularly fortunate cases, designing a new ap proach.

## Temporal Logic And State Systems

**Author :**Fred Kröger

**ISBN :**9783540686354

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**30. 16 MB

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Temporal logic has developed over the last 30 years into a powerful formal setting for the specification and verification of state-based systems. Based on university lectures given by the authors, this book is a comprehensive, concise, uniform, up-to-date presentation of the theory and applications of linear and branching time temporal logic; TLA (Temporal Logic of Actions); automata theoretical connections; model checking; and related theories. All theoretical details and numerous application examples are elaborated carefully and with full formal rigor, and the book will serve as a basic source and reference for lecturers, graduate students and researchers.

## Logic Colloquium 2007

**Author :**Françoise Delon

**ISBN :**9781139488938

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**34. 99 MB

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The Annual European Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, also known as the Logic Colloquium, is among the most prestigious annual meetings in the field. The current volume, Logic Colloquium 2007, with contributions from plenary speakers and selected special session speakers, contains both expository and research papers by some of the best logicians in the world. This volume covers many areas of contemporary logic: model theory, proof theory, set theory, and computer science, as well as philosophical logic, including tutorials on cardinal arithmetic, on Pillay's conjecture, and on automatic structures. This volume will be invaluable for experts as well as those interested in an overview of central contemporary themes in mathematical logic.

## Logic Of Arithmetic

**Author :**Walter Felscher

**ISBN :**9781482283013

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**40. 25 MB

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For propositional logic it can be decided whether a formula has a deduction from a finite set of other formulas. This volume begins with a method to decide this for the quantified formulas of those fragments of arithmetic which express the properties of order-plus-successor and of order-plus-addition (Pressburger arithmetic). It makes use of an algorithm eliminating quantifiers which, in turn, is also applied to obtain consistency proofs for these fragments.

## The Eighth International Symposium On Multiple Valued Logic

**Author :**

**ISBN :**UVA:X000727775

**Genre :**Many-valued logic

**File Size :**50. 95 MB

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## A Logic And Model For The Z Standard

**Author :**Stephen M. Brien

**ISBN :**OCLC:47190842

**Genre :**Z (Computer program language)

**File Size :**88. 78 MB

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## Classical Mathematical Logic

**Author :**Richard L. Epstein

**ISBN :**9780691123004

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**64. 44 MB

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In Classical Mathematical Logic, Richard L. Epstein relates the systems of mathematical logic to their original motivations to formalize reasoning in mathematics. The book also shows how mathematical logic can be used to formalize particular systems of mathematics. It sets out the formalization not only of arithmetic, but also of group theory, field theory, and linear orderings. These lead to the formalization of the real numbers and Euclidean plane geometry. The scope and limitations of modern logic are made clear in these formalizations. The book provides detailed explanations of all proofs and the insights behind the proofs, as well as detailed and nontrivial examples and problems. The book has more than 550 exercises. It can be used in advanced undergraduate or graduate courses and for self-study and reference. Classical Mathematical Logic presents a unified treatment of material that until now has been available only by consulting many different books and research articles, written with various notation systems and axiomatizations.

## Computer Science Logic

**Author :**Anuj Dawar

**ISBN :**9783642152054

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**67. 85 MB

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Annotation. This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th International Workshop on Computer Science Logic, CSL 2010, held in Brno, Czech Republic, in August 2010. The 33 full papers presented together with 7 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. Topics covered include automated deduction and interactive theorem proving, constructive mathematics and type theory, equational logic and term rewriting, automata and games, modal and temporal logic, model checking, decision procedures, logical aspects of computational complexity, finite model theory, computational proof theory, logic programming and constraints, lambda calculus and combinatory logic, categorical logic and topological semantics, domain theory, database theory, specification, extraction and transformation of programs, logical foundations of programming paradigms, verification and program analysis, linear logic, higher-order logic, and nonmonotonic reasoning.

## A Fortiori Logic

**Author :**Avi Sion

**ISBN :**

**Genre :**Philosophy

**File Size :**49. 48 MB

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A FORTIORI LOGIC: INNOVATIONS, HISTORY AND ASSESSMENTS, by Avi Sion, is a wide-ranging and in-depth study of a fortiori reasoning, comprising a great many new theoretical insights into such argument, a history of its use and discussion from antiquity to the present day, and critical analyses of the main attempts at its elucidation. Its purpose is nothing less than to lay the foundations for a new branch of logic, and greatly develop it; and thus to once and for all dispel the many fallacious ideas circulating regarding the nature of a fortiori reasoning.

## Logic Of Mathematics

**Author :**Zofia Adamowicz

**ISBN :**0471060267

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**62. 32 MB

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A thorough, accessible, and rigorous presentation of the central theorems of mathematical logic . . . ideal for advanced students of mathematics, computer science, and logic Logic of Mathematics combines a full-scale introductory course in mathematical logic and model theory with a range of specially selected, more advanced theorems. Using a strict mathematical approach, this is the only book available that contains complete and precise proofs of all of these important theorems: * Gödel's theorems of completeness and incompleteness * The independence of Goodstein's theorem from Peano arithmetic * Tarski's theorem on real closed fields * Matiyasevich's theorem on diophantine formulas Logic of Mathematics also features: * Full coverage of model theoretical topics such as definability, compactness, ultraproducts, realization, and omission of types * Clear, concise explanations of all key concepts, from Boolean algebras to Skolem-Löwenheim constructions and other topics * Carefully chosen exercises for each chapter, plus helpful solution hints At last, here is a refreshingly clear, concise, and mathematically rigorous presentation of the basic concepts of mathematical logic-requiring only a standard familiarity with abstract algebra. Employing a strict mathematical approach that emphasizes relational structures over logical language, this carefully organized text is divided into two parts, which explain the essentials of the subject in specific and straightforward terms. Part I contains a thorough introduction to mathematical logic and model theory-including a full discussion of terms, formulas, and other fundamentals, plus detailed coverage of relational structures and Boolean algebras, Gödel's completeness theorem, models of Peano arithmetic, and much more. Part II focuses on a number of advanced theorems that are central to the field, such as Gödel's first and second theorems of incompleteness, the independence proof of Goodstein's theorem from Peano arithmetic, Tarski's theorem on real closed fields, and others. No other text contains complete and precise proofs of all of these theorems. With a solid and comprehensive program of exercises and selected solution hints, Logic of Mathematics is ideal for classroom use-the perfect textbook for advanced students of mathematics, computer science, and logic.