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The A To Z Of Descartes And Cartesian Philosophy

Author : Roger Ariew
ISBN : 9780810875821
Genre : Philosophy
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The A to Z of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy includes a chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, and cross-reference dictionary entries Descartes's writings, concepts, and findings, as well as entries on those who supported him, those who criticized him, those who corrected him, and those who together formed one of the major movements in philosophy, Cartesianism.

Descartes And The First Cartesians

Author : Roger Ariew
ISBN : 9780199563517
Genre : Philosophy
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Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach René Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as theauthority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still,what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks mirrored the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. Ariew's original account establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastictextbooks.

Cartesian Theodicy

Author : Z. Janowski
ISBN : 9789401091442
Genre : Philosophy
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Almost all interpreters of Cartesian philosophy have hitherto focused on the epistemological aspect of Descartes' thought. In his Cartesian Theodicy, Janowski demonstrates that Descartes' epistemological problems are merely rearticulations of theological questions. For example, Descartes' attempt to define the role of God in man's cognitive fallibility is a reiteration of an old argument that points out the incongruity between the existence of God and evil, and his pivotal question `whence error?' is shown here to be a rephrasing of the question `whence evil?' The answer Descartes gives in the Meditations is actually a reformulation of the answer found in St. Augustine's De Libero Arbitrio and the Confessions. The influence of St. Augustine on Descartes can also be detected in the doctrine of eternal truths which, within the context of the 17th-century debates over the question of the nature of divine freedom, caused Descartes to ally himself with the Augustinian Oratorians against the Jesuits. Both in his Cartesian Theodicy as well as his Index Augustino-Cartesian, Textes et Commentaire Janowski shows that the entire Cartesian metaphysics can - and should - be read within the context of Augustinian thought.

The A To Z Of Feminist Philosophy

Author : Catherine Villanueva Gardner
ISBN : 9780810868397
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 42 MB
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Having emerged only in the past few decades, feminist philosophy is rapidly reevaluating and reshaping most fields of philosophy, from ethics to logic and Marxism to environmentalism. It draws not only on feminist philosophers but criticizes, approves, or appropriates the work of the leading philosophers throughout history. The introduction of The A to Z of Feminist Philosophy provides a useful overview of the subject, while the chronology runs the gamut from ancient Greek to contemporary feminist philosophers. Dictionary entries cover both the central figures and ideas from the historical tradition of philosophy, as well as ideas and theories from contemporary feminist philosophy, such as epistemology and topics like abortion and sexuality. In addition to including entries on Aristotle, Plato, Descartes, Kant, Wollstonecraft, Beauvoir, and Daly, relevant aspects of other fields of philosophy, the major concepts, and prevailing interpretations and conjectures are also covered. A comprehensive bibliography allows for further reading.

Descartes And Augustine

Author : Stephen Menn
ISBN : 0521012848
Genre : Philosophy
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This book is the first systematic study of Descartes' relation to Augustine. It offers a complete re-evaluation of Descartes' philosophy, and of the philosophical ideas in Augustine that were Descartes' starting point. Descartes and Augustine will engage the attention of historians of medieval, neo-Platonic, and early modern philosophy. That Descartes was indebted to Augustine is not in itself a fresh discovery. What distinguishes Stephen Menn's book is his detailed demonstration that the key to the Meditations is Descartes' use of Augustine's method for establishing a knowledge of God and the soul independent of any theory of the physical world. This method gives Descartes an independent starting point for reconstructing the system of the sciences. Where the scholastics had tried to show that Augustine's metaphysics of God and the soul is compatible with an Aristotelian physics of matter and form, Descartes argues that they are not compatible, and that Augustinian metaphysics provides the foundation for an anti-Aristotelian mechanistic physics. Menn gives a detailed analysis of the Meditations, showing how the novel form of Descartes' argument arises from the challenge of presenting Augustine's metaphysics in a way that makes it suitable for its new foundational task. Descartes and Augustine includes a complete reading of the Meditations, a historical and philosophical introduction to Augustine's thought and to Plotinian neo-Platonism, and a discussion of the contemporary context of Descartes' earlier and later philosophical projects.

The A To Z Of Bulgaria

Author : Raymond Detrez
ISBN : PSU:000066447948
Genre : History
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Few states have fought as hard or as long for establishment as the Republic of Bulgaria. Over the centuries, Bulgarians have created their own principalities, kingdoms, and republics only to have them crushed by stronger entities, such as the Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Recently, the communist regime was largely dominated by and overly submissive to the Soviet Union. About 15 years ago, a new republic arose and began revamping the economy, reviving political life, and forging a new place in Europe. The A to Z of Bulgaria contains more than 600 cross-referenced entries on Bulgarian historical periods, places, terms, organizations, events, and personalities. The number of entries dealing with historical figures and events has increased and all of the first edition entries are updated. The newest insights of Bulgarian historiography, as practiced in Bulgaria and abroad, are also reflected. In addition, the book includes a brief introduction to Bulgarian history from the earliest times through 2005 (including the formation of the cabinet); a chronology of Bulgarian history; lists of Bulgarian political parties, administrations, and leaders; and several maps. A comprehensive bibliography facilitates further reading.

Canadian Journal Of Philosophy

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105121674738
Genre : Electronic journals
File Size : 37. 21 MB
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The Positive Philosophy

Author : Auguste Comte
ISBN : UIUC:30112069494539
Genre : Positivism
File Size : 38. 6 MB
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The Positive Philosophy Of Auguste Comte

Author : Auguste Comte
ISBN : HARVARD:32044009915117
Genre : Positivism
File Size : 61. 47 MB
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Early Modern Philosophy

Author : Robert F. McRae
ISBN : UCSC:32106007335075
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 38 MB
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Sixteen essays on epistemology, metaphysics, & history & politics, treating aspects of the writings of Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Leibniz, & Hobbes.

Augustinian Cartesian Index

Author : Zbigniew Janowski
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114381572
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 35. 33 MB
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Since the publication of Etienne Gilson’s magisterial study, La Liberté chez Descartes et la théologie, in 1913, Cartesian scholars have been trying to determine the extent of Augustine’s influence on Descartes. Zbigniew Janowski’s Augustinian-Cartesian Index brings what seems to be a definitive answer. In his Index Janowski shows page by page, in Latin and in the English translation, the passages in the Meditations that find their counterparts in the Augustinian corpus. In his meticulous commentary the author analyzes Augustine’s role in the formation and development of Descartes’s philosophy. There are also two appendixes with borrowings from Thomas Aquinas and Bacon, and a short essay on the role Bacon played in the transformation of Cartesian metaphysics.

History Of Philosophy History Of Modern Philosophy With Additions By The Translator An Appendix On English And American Philosophy By Noah Porter And An Appendix On Italian Philosophy By Vincenzo Botta

Author : Friedrich Ueberweg
ISBN : NYPL:33433022669133
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46. 80 MB
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Philosophy Of Mind A Z

Author : Marina Rakova
ISBN : 0748620958
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38. 84 MB
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GBS_insertPreviewButtonPopup('ISBN:9780748620951); A comprehensive guide to the main positions, debates, key figures and problems as well as important terms in the philosophy of mind. Philosophy of Mind A-Z contains entries on historical and contemporary key figures, explaining the importance of the longstanding debates and how the contemporary field has been shaped. It covers both traditional and current topics, and even those topics that are only beginning to emerge. It includes a wide range of philosophy of mind, from Plato and Leibniz to externalism and the frame problem, from Husserl to neural Darwinism, from mental causation to the problem of consciousness. All of these issues are explained in compact clearly written entries where difficult topics are introduced with the help of numerous examples. Philosophy of Mind A-Z is a reliable and friendly guide for anyone studying philosophy of mind or cognitive science, or simply interested in the many sides and facets of our mental life.

Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London

Author :
ISBN : CHI:60225372
Genre : Natural history
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Kantstudien

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015081713805
Genre :
File Size : 34. 22 MB
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One Hundred Philosophers

Author : Peter J. King
ISBN : UOM:39076002454150
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 41 MB
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Presents profiles of one hundred philosophers, from ancient times to the present day.

Zeitschrift F?r Philosophische Forschung

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105112955914
Genre : Philosophy
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Science Review

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B3081011
Genre :
File Size : 41. 54 MB
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Bulletin Scientifique

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112107065523
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 66 MB
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Consists of abstracts and bibliographies.

Bulletin Scientifique

Author : Savet akademija nauka SFRJ.
ISBN : UOM:39015039310100
Genre : Humanities
File Size : 27. 80 MB
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