speech-errors-as-linguistic-evidence

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Speech Errors As Linguistic Evidence

Author : Victoria A. Fromkin
ISBN : 9783110888423
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 86 MB
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To What Extent Do Speech Errors Serve As Linguistic Evidence?

Author : Lena Meyer
ISBN : 3656961654
Genre :
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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2,3, University of Cologne, language: English, abstract: Theories about speech production and its underlying rules are of increasing interest for linguistic research and have been for many years already. Errors of speech play an important role in these theories, as do errors in reading and writing. Although latter error types deliver further evidence supporting the ideas presented in this paper, the considerations gathered will, in default of space, be restricted to slips of the tongue. This error type is by Boomer's and Laver's definition: "an involuntary deviation in performance from the speaker's current phonological, grammatical or lexical intention." Further distinctions will be made in respective chapters of this paper. Each error type will be illustrated by examples found in the appendixes of Fromkin's "Speech Errors as Linguistic Evidence" (1973) and Cutler's "Slips of the Tongue and Language Production" (1982). All of the presented examples will be indented and made up in the same way: the intended sentence, phrase or word is to be found on the left, the erroneous output follows after a symbol. Where it is possible, personal observations and own examples are added.

Linguistic Evidence

Author : Stephan Kepser
ISBN : 9783110197549
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 52. 43 MB
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The renaissance of corpus linguistics and promising developments in experimental linguistic techniques in recent years have led to a remarkable revival of interest in issues of the empirical base of linguistic theory in general, and the status of different kinds of linguistic evidence in particular. Consensus is growing (a) that even so-called primary data (from introspection as well as authentic language production) are inherently complex performance data only indirectly reflecting the subject of linguistic theory, (b) that for an appropriate foundation of linguistic theories evidence from different sources such as introspective data, corpus data, data from (psycho-)linguistic experiments, historical and diachronic data, typological data, neurolinguistic data and language learning data are not only welcome but also often necessary. It is in particular by contrasting evidence from different sources with respect to particular research questions that we may gain a deeper understanding of the status and quality of the individual types of linguistic evidence on the one hand, and of their mutual relationship and respective weight on the other. The present volume is a collection of (selected) papers presented at the conference on 'Linguistic Evidence' in Tübingen 2004, which was explicitly devoted to the above issues. All of them address these issues in relation to specific linguistic research problems, thereby helping to establish a better understanding of the nature of linguistic evidence in particularly insightful ways.

Linguistic Theories Of Humor

Author : Salvatore Attardo
ISBN : 9783110219029
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26. 51 MB
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Versprechen Und Verlesen Eine Psychologisch Linguistische Studie With The Assistance Of Carl Mayer New Edition With An Introductory Article By Anne Cutler And David Fay

Author : Rudolf Meringer
ISBN : 9789027209733
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 22. 69 MB
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Versprechen und Verlesen (1895) is distinguished more by observational accuracy than by theoretical sophistication; but it is exactly this characteristic which has proved its lasting value. It is a scrupulously collected, usefully organized, and very large corpus of errors, providing material on which hypotheses can be tested and generalisations made. Others before Meringer had speculated about what speech errors might demonstrate; he was the first to attempt to find out. In this Meringer made a worthy and lasting contribution to linguistic and psychological study.This fac simile edition is preceded by an Introductory article by Anne Cutler and David Fay.

Sound Structures

Author : Marcel von den Broecke
ISBN : 9783110846270
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48. 67 MB
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Repairing The Broken Surface Of Talk

Author : Gail Jefferson
ISBN : 9780190697969
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26. 79 MB
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This book is a collection of studies of corrections and repair in conversation, by Gail Jefferson, co-founder of the field of Conversation Analysis and one of its foremost researchers. Throughout her career, Jefferson explored the almost hidden, subterranean world of the seemingly minor errors and mistakes that people make in interaction. Speech errors sometimes have an ideological significance (e.g. a defendant apparently about to refer to the police as "cops" but cutting off just in time to correct that to "officer"). Despite the virtual invisibility of these errors, such problematic moments in interaction bring into play ways of remedying and correcting errors that can have profound significance for the participants. Through these studies Jefferson reveals the delicacy, the subtlety with which moments of communication difficulties and possible miscommunications are remedied, in such a way as to minimize the damage that might otherwise be caused to the interaction. This collection represents the most distinctive, sustained, and incisive exploration of what speakers are "up to" in episodes when they correct errors in their own and one another's speech. Combining rigorous technical analysis, extraordinary methodological innovation, and acute observation, Jefferson explored what she herself referred to as the "wild side of Conversation Analysis." The coherence and depth of her research is revealed in these studies, which include four previously unpublished papers, as well as others that were published variously in less widely-distributed journals and publications. In the volume's introduction, editors Jorg Bergmann and Paul Drew provide an appraisal, for the first time, of the significance of Jefferson's stunningly inventive research into errors and their correction in conversation.

Introducing Psycholinguistics

Author : Paul Warren
ISBN : 9780521113632
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 39. 86 MB
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How humans produce and understand language is clearly introduced in this textbook for students with only a basic knowledge of linguistics. With a logical, flexible structure Introducing Psycholinguistics steps through the central topics of production and comprehension of language and the interaction between them.

Linguistic Disorders And Pathologies

Author : Gerhard Blanken
ISBN : 9783110203370
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 37. 14 MB
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This series of HANDBOOKS OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction. For "classic" linguistics there appears to be a need for a review of the state of the art which will provide a reference base for the rapid advances in research undertaken from a variety of theoretical standpoints, while in the more recent branches of communication science the handbooks will give researchers both an verview and orientation. To attain these objectives, the series will aim for a standard comparable to that of the leading handbooks in other disciplines, and to this end will strive for comprehensiveness, theoretical explicitness, reliable documentation of data and findings, and up-to-date methodology. The editors, both of the series and of the individual volumes, and the individual contributors, are committed to this aim. The languages of publication are English, German, and French. The main aim of the series is to provide an appropriate account of the state of the art in the various areas of linguistics and communication science covered by each of the various handbooks; however no inflexible pre-set limits will be imposed on the scope of each volume. The series is open-ended, and can thus take account of further developments in the field. This conception, coupled with the necessity of allowing adequate time for each volume to be prepared with the necessary care, means that there is no set time-table for the publication of the whole series. Each volume will be a self-contained work, complete in itself. The order in which the handbooks are published does not imply any rank ordering, but is determined by the way in which the series is organized; the editor of the whole series enlist a competent editor for each individual volume. Once the principal editor for a volume has been found, he or she then has a completely free hand in the choice of co-editors and contributors. The editors plan each volume independently of the others, being governed only by general formal principles. The series editor only intervene where questions of delineation between individual volumes are concerned. It is felt that this (modus operandi) is best suited to achieving the objectives of the series, namely to give a competent account of the present state of knowledge and of the perception of the problems in the area covered by each volume.

Error Analysis

Author : Bernd Spillner
ISBN : 9789027237316
Genre : Reference
File Size : 76. 77 MB
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Errors are information. In contrastive linguistics, they are thought to be caused by unconscious transfer of mother tongue structures to the system of the target language and give information about both systems. In the interlanguage hypothesis of second language acquisition, errors are indicative of the different intermediate learning levels and are useful pedagogical feedback. In both cases error analysis is an essential methodological tool for diagnosis and evaluation of the language acquisition process. Errors, too, give information in psychoanalysis (e.g., the Freudian slip), in language universal research, and in other fields of linguistics, such as linguistic change.This bibliography is intended to stimulate study into cross-language, cross-discipline and cross-theoretical, as well as for language universal, use of the numerous, but sometimes hard to come by, error analysis studies. 5398 titles covering the period 1578 up to 1990 (with work in more than 144 languages and language families) are cited, cross-referenced, and described. The subject areas covered are numerous. For example: Theoretical Linguistics (Linguistic Typology, Cognitive Linguistics), Historical Linguistics (Language Change), Applied Linguistics (e.g. Speech Disorders), Translation, Mother Tongue Acquisition, Foreign Language Learning (Negative Transfer, Intralingual and Interlingual Errors), Psychoanalysis (Slips of the Tongue), Typography, Shorthand, Clinical Linguistics and Speech Pathology, Reading Research, Automatic Error Detection, Contact Linguistics (Code-switching, Interference), etc.

Encyclopedia Of Linguistics

Author : Philipp Strazny
ISBN : 9781135455231
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 39. 70 MB
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Utilizing a historical and international approach, this valuable two-volume resource makes even the more complex linguistic issues understandable for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically arranged entries and an expansive glossary by a team of international scholars, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the varied perspectives, figures, and methodologies that make up the field.

Linguistic Theory

Author : Frederick J. Newmeyer
ISBN : 0521375819
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 73. 2 MB
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Experimental Slips And Human Error

Author : Bernard J. Baars
ISBN : 9781489911643
Genre : Psychology
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Whereas most humans spend their time trying to get things right, psycholo gists are perversely dedicated to error. Errors are extensively used to in vestigate perception, memory, and performance; some clinicians study errors like tea leaves for clues to unconscious motives; and this volume presents the work of researchers who, in an excess of perversity, actually cause people to make predictable errors in speech and action. Some reasons for this oddity are clear. Errors seem to stand at the nexus of many deep-psychological questions. The very concept of error presupposes a goal or criterion by comparison to which an error is an error; and goals bring in the foundation issues of control, motivation, and volition (Baars, 1987, 1988; Wiener, 1961). Errors serve to measure the quality of performance in learning, in expert knowledge, and in brain damage and other dysfunctional states; and by surprising us, they often call attention to phenomena we might otherwise take for granted. Errors also seem to reveal the "natural joints" in perception, language, memory, and problem solving-revealing units that may otherwise be invisible (e. g. , MacKay, 1981; Miller, 1956; Newell & Simon, 1972; Treisman & Gelade, 1980).

Slips Of The Tongue And Language Production

Author : Anne Cutler
ISBN : 9783110828306
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83. 96 MB
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Psycholinguistics

Author : Werner Deutsch
ISBN : 9783110114249
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24. 3 MB
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This handbook focuses on new theoretical challenges associated with process-oriented psycholinguistics. Speech acts are embedded in situations that may vary in a multitude of parameters. Speech production and comprehension necessarily have to be both robust and flexible. Flexibility includes that speakers vary in speed, articulation, choice of words and interaction style, depending on specific context conditions. There is need of theoretical approaches that do not exclusively stick to ideals such as grammaticality and coherence - which collapse when confronted with irregularities - but are robust enough to deal with irregularities and disruptions. The handbook describes different methods of analyzing or reconstructing variants and options of language use. The articles contain transcriptions of spontaneous speech as well as experimentally verified studies. The same holds for simulation techniques modelling partial processes and evaluating their efficiency. There are no restrictions with respect to theoretical starting points - modelling of speech acts by neuronal networks as well as rule-based knowledge of representation are both covered in the book. The languages of publication are German and English.

Rhyme Over Reason

Author : Réka Benczes
ISBN : 9781108651295
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76. 41 MB
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We are fascinated by what words sound like. This fascination also drives us to search for meaning in sound - thereby contradicting the principle of the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign. Phonesthemes, onomatopoeia or rhyming compounds all share the property of carrying meaning by virtue of what they sound like, simply because language users establish an association between form and meaning. By drawing on a wide array of examples, ranging from conventionalized words and expressions to brand names and slogans, this book offers a comprehensive account of the role that sound symbolism and rhyme/alliteration plays in English, and by doing so, advocates a more relaxed view of the category 'morpheme' that is able to incorporate less regular word-formation processes.

Linguistics The Cambridge Survey

Author : Frederick J. Newmeyer
ISBN : 0521375827
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33. 95 MB
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Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey is a comprehensive introduction to current research in all branches of the field of linguistics, from syntactic theory to ethnography of speaking, from signed language to the mental lexicon, from language acquisition to discourse analysis. Each chapter has been written by a specialist particularly distinguished in his or her field who has accepted the challenge of reviewing the current issues and future prospects in sufficient depth for the scholar and with sufficient clarity for the student. Each volume can be read independently and has a particular focus. Volume I covers the internal structure of the language faculty itself, while Volume II considers the evidence for, and the implications of, a generativist approach to language. Psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics are covered in Volume III, and Volume IV concentrates on sociolinguistics and the allied fields of anthropological linguistics and discourse and conversation analysis. Several of the chapters in the work concentrate on the interface between different aspects of linguistic theory or the boundaries between linguistic theory and other disciplines. Thus in both its scope and in its approach, the Survey is a unique and fundamental reference work. It undoubtedly fulfills the editor's aims of providing a wealth of information, insight, and ideas that will excite and challenge all readers with an interest in linguistics.

Psycholinguistics

Author : Gerry T. M. Altmann
ISBN : 0415267013
Genre : Psycholinguistics
File Size : 46. 64 MB
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Morphologie

Author : G. E. Booij
ISBN : 9783110172782
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75. 18 MB
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Morphologie ist die Lehre von den sprachlichen Formen, genauer: von den Flexionsformen und Stammen von Wortern. Somit ist sie der Teil der Grammatik, dessen Regeln auf Einheiten von hochstens Wortumfang Bezug nehmen, sowie gleichzeitig auch ein Teil des Lexikons, namlich insoweit komplexe Stamme nicht regelhaft gebildet sind. Das Handbuch informiert sowohl uber Grundbegriffe und theoretische Ansatze der Disziplin als auch uber morphologische Strukturen verschiedener Sprachen. Es hat zum Ziel, den heutigen Wissensstand der Morphologie auf allgemeinem Niveau umfassend darzustellen und an hinreichend vielen Beispielen zu illustrieren. Die grundliche Erlauterung etablierter Begriffe und gesicherter Erkenntnisse, gegebenenfalls erganzt um die unvoreingenommene Darstellung alternativer Problemlosungen, hat dabei Vorrang vor der Vorfuhrung zeitgenossischer Stromungen und neuartiger Ansatze.

Lexical Representation And Process

Author : William Marslen-Wilson
ISBN : 0262631423
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
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The 18 contributions in Lexical Representation and Process provide a coherent and well-documented frame of reference for a field of study that is becoming central to both linguistics and psycholinguistics.

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