social-machines

Download Book Social Machines in PDF format. You can Read Online Social Machines here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Theory And Practice Of Social Machines

Author : Nigel Shadbolt
ISBN : 9783030108892
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 314
Read : 342

Get This Book


Social machines are a type of network connected by interactive digital devices made possible by the ubiquitous adoption of technologies such as the Internet, the smartphone, social media and the read/write World Wide Web, connecting people at scale to document situations, cooperate on tasks, exchange information, or even simply to play. Existing social processes may be scaled up, and new social processes enabled, to solve problems, augment reality, create new sources of value, and disrupt existing practice. This book considers what talents one would need to understand or build a social machine, describes the state of the art, and speculates on the future, from the perspective of the EPSRC project SOCIAM – The Theory and Practice of Social Machines. The aim is to develop a set of tools and techniques for investigating, constructing and facilitating social machines, to enable us to narrow down pragmatically what is becoming a wide space, by asking ‘when will it be valuable to use these methods on a sociotechnical system?’ The systems for which the use of these methods adds value are social machines in which there is rich person-to-person communication, and where a large proportion of the machine’s behaviour is constituted by human interaction.

Social Machines

Author : Peter Semmelhack
ISBN : 9781118637296
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 17 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 441
Read : 780

Get This Book


Companies like Facebook and Twitter have redefined socialinteraction. But what if “machines” like automobiles,bicycles, health monitors, appliances, instruments, and anythingelse you can connect to the Internet, could all become members ofyour social network, collect data you care about, and feed it backto you at just the right time? Nike+ is already doing this for yourbody, but every major industry, from healthcare to cars to homeconstruction, is now building sensors and digital connectivity intotheir next generation of products. Companies like Ford, Pepsi,Verizon, and Procter and Gamble are also using “socialmachines” to reach new markets, improve brand/marketawareness, and increase revenues. SocialMachines is the first book for business people,marketers, product developers, and technologists,explaining how this trend will change our world, how your businesswill benefit, and how to create connected products that customerslove. Explains how smart phones and tablets enable SocialMachines Describes how digital technology is being “bakedin” to the most unlikely new products—evenwheelchairs. Articulates how the “Internet of Things” isbecoming social—and why that’s the foundation forpowerful new business models In the very near future, every great new product will be social.The next stage of interaction between people and our environment isupon us.

Social Machines

Author : James Hendler
ISBN : 9781484211564
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 12 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 527
Read : 534

Get This Book


Will your next doctor be a human being—or a machine? Will you have a choice? If you do, what should you know before making it?This book introduces the reader to the pitfalls and promises of artificial intelligence (AI) in its modern incarnation and the growing trend of systems to "reach off the Web" into the real world. The convergence of AI, social networking, and modern computing is creating an historic inflection point in the partnership between human beings and machines with potentially profound impacts on the future not only of computing but of our world and species.AI experts and researchers James Hendler—co-originator of the Semantic Web (Web 3.0)—and Alice Mulvehill—developer of AI-based operational systems for DARPA, the Air Force, and NASA—explore the social implications of AI systems in the context of a close examination of the technologies that make them possible. The authors critically evaluate the utopian claims and dystopian counterclaims of AI prognosticators. Social Machines: The Coming Collision of Artificial Intelligence, Social Networking, and Humanity is your richly illustrated field guide to the future of your machine-mediated relationships with other human beings and with increasingly intelligent machines. What Readers Will Learn What the concept of a social machine is and how the activities of non-programmers are contributing to machine intelligence How modern artificial intelligence technologies, such as Watson, are evolving and how they process knowledge from both carefully produced information (such as Wikipedia and journal articles) and from big data collections The fundamentals of neuromorphic computing, knowledge graph search, and linked data, as well as the basic technology concepts that underlie networking applications such as Facebook and Twitter How the change in attitudes towards cooperative work on the Web, especially in the younger demographic, is critical to the future of Web applications Who This Book Is ForGeneral readers and technically engaged developers, entrepreneurs, and technologists interested in the threats and promises of the accelerating convergence of artificial intelligence with social networks and mobile web technologies.

Species And Machines

Author : Martyn Hudson
ISBN : 9781351615242
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 69 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 142
Read : 575

Get This Book


This book offers a re-examination of the relationship between humans and nature with a new methodology: by examining our entanglement with machines. Using central ideas of critical theory, it uncovers the suppression of nature through technology, tools and engines. It focuses on the ways in which human social forms have actively subjugated and destroyed other species in order to enhance their own social power and accumulation, leading to a new Anthropocene epoch in which human intervention is signalled in the geological record. Beginning with an account of the interactions between humans and other species, the book moves on to explore the hidden history of Marx and his obsession with machines, as well as new attempts to rethink a Marxist ecology, before proceeding to examine the manner in which technologies were used to suppress and destroy one particular species - the Whale of what we call the Cetacean Holocaust. Following this, there are analyses of the emergence of the ‘human encampments’ of the cities and the rise of mobile, locomotive cultures, and consideration of the relationship between machines of memory, and the ‘capturing’ of nature. A radical rethinking of classical social theory that develops new ways of thinking about ecological catastrophe and nature, this book will appeal to scholars of social theory and environmental sociology.

Men Machines And The Social Sciences

Author : John Hoskin Lamble
ISBN : UCAL:$B672277
Genre : Industrial sociology
File Size : 25. 98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 396
Read : 793

Get This Book



Living Machines

Author : Tony J. Prescott
ISBN : 9780199674923
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48. 26 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 834
Read : 907

Get This Book


Contemporary research in the field of robotics attempts to harness the versatility and sustainability of living organisms. By exploiting those natural principles, scientists hope to render a renewable, adaptable, and robust class of technology that can facilitate self-repairing, social, and moral--even conscious--machines. This is the realm of robotics that scientists call "the living machine." Living Machines can be divided into two entities-biomimetic systems, those that harness the principles discovered in nature and embody them in new artifacts, and biohybrid systems, which couple biological entities with synthetic ones. Living Machines: A handbook of research in biomimetic and biohybrid systems surveys this flourishing area of research. It captures the current state of play and points to the opportunities ahead, addressing such fields as self-organization and co-operativity, biologically-inspired active materials, self-assembly and self-repair, learning, memory, control architectures and self-regulation, locomotion in air, on land or in water, perception, cognition, control, and communication. In all of these areas, the potential of biomimetics is shown through the construction of a wide range of different biomimetic devices and animal-like robots. Biohybrid systems is a relatively new field, with exciting and largely unknown potential, but one that is likely to shape the future of humanity. Chapters outline current research in areas including brain-machine interfaces-where neurons are connected to microscopic sensors and actuators-and various forms of intelligent prostheses from sensory devices like artificial retinas, to life-like artificial limbs, brain implants, and virtual reality-based rehabilitation approaches. The handbook concludes by exploring the impact living machine technology will have on both society and the individual, by forcing human beings to question how we see and understand ourselves. With contributions from leading researchers drawing on ideas from science, engineering, and the humanities, this handbook will appeal to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of biomimetic and biohybrid technologies. Researchers in the areas of computational modeling and engineering, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, artificial life, biorobotics, neurorobotics, and human-machine interfaces, will find Living Machines an invaluable resource.

Money Machines

Author : Mark Coeckelbergh
ISBN : 9781317094296
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24. 59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 187
Read : 557

Get This Book


While we have become increasingly vulnerable to the ebb and flow of global finance, most of us know very little about it. This book focuses on the role of technology in global finance and reflects on the ethical and societal meaning and impact of financial information and communication technologies (ICTs). Exploring the history, metaphysics, and geography of money, algorithms, and electronic currencies, the author argues that financial ICTs contribute to impersonal, disengaged, placeless, and objectifying relations, and that in the context of globalization these 'distancing' effects render it increasingly difficult to exercise and ascribe responsibility. Caught in the currents of capital, it seems that both experts and lay people have lost control and lack sufficient knowledge of what they are doing. There is too much epistemic, social, and moral distance. At the same time, the book also shows that these electronically mediated developments do not render global finance merely 'virtual', for its technological practices remain material and place-bound, and the ethical and social vulnerabilities they create are no less real. Moreover, understood in terms of technological practices, global finance remains human through and through, and there is no technological determinism. Therefore, Money Machines also examines the ways in which contemporary techno-financial developments can be resisted or re-oriented in a morally and socially responsible direction - not without, but with technology. As such, it will appeal to philosophers and scholars across the humanities and the social sciences with interests in science and technology, finance, ethics and questions of responsibility.

Knowing Machines

Author : Donald A. MacKenzie
ISBN : 0262631881
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 810
Read : 416

Get This Book


The essays are tied together by their explorations of connections (primarily among technology, society, and knowledge) and by their general focus on modern "high" technology. They also share an emphasis on the complexity of technological formation and fixation and on the role of belief (especially self-validating belief) in technological change.

Bodies And Machines Routledge Revivals

Author : Mark Seltzer
ISBN : 9781317570929
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 67. 69 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 700
Read : 165

Get This Book


Bodies and Machines is a striking and persuasive examination of the body-machine complex and its effects on the modern American cultural imagination. Bodies and Machines, first published in 1992, explores the links between techniques of representation and social and scientific technologies of power in a wide range of realist and naturalist discourses and practices. Seltzer draws on realist and naturalist writing, such as the work of Hawthorne and Henry James, and the discourses which inform it: from scouting manuals and the programmes of systematic management to accounts of sexual biology and the rituals of consumer culture. He explores other mass-produced and mass-consumed cultural forms, including visual representations such as composite photographs, scale models, and the astonishing iconography of standardization.

Smadl The Social Machines Architecture Description Language

Author : Nascimento Leandro Marques Do
ISBN : 3659649287
Genre :
File Size : 42. 20 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 611
Read : 780

Get This Book


The term 'Social Machine' (SM) has been commonly used as a synonym for what is known as the programmable web or web 3.0, where several web-based systems make their APIs publicly available and establish connections with each other under several and complex restrictions. Some definitions of a Social Machine have already been provided and they basically support the notion of relationships between distributed entities. The type of relationship molds which services would be provided or required by each machine, and under which constraints. In order to deal with the complexity of this emerging web, we present a language that can describe networks of Social Machines, named SMADL - the Social Machine Architecture Description Language. In few words, SMADL is as a relationship-driven language which can be used to describe the interactions between any number of machines in a multitude of ways, as a means to represent real machines interacting in the real web, such as, Twitter running on top of Amazon AWS or mash-ups built upon Google Maps, and obviously, as a means to represent interactions with other social machines too.

Machines

Author : Abraham P. DeLeon
ISBN : 9781623968823
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 61 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 783
Read : 848

Get This Book


This book is about machines: those that have been actualized, fantastical imaginal machines, to those deployed as metaphorical devices to describe complex social processes. Machines argues that they transcend time and space to emerge through a variety of spaces and places, times and histories and representations. They are such an integral fabric of daily reality that their disappearance would have immediate and dire consequences for the survival of humanity. They are part and parcel to our contemporary social order. From labor to social theory, art or consciousness, literature or television, to the asylums of the 19th century, machines are a central figure; an outgrowth of affective desire that seeks to transcend organic limitations of bodies that whither, age and die. Machines takes the reader on an intellectual, artistic, and theoretical journey, weaving an interdisciplinary tale of their emergence across social, cultural and artistic boundaries. With the deep engagement of various texts, Machines offers the reader moments of escape, alternative ways to envision technology for a future yet to materialize. Machines rejects the notion that technological innovations are indeed neutral, propelling us to think differently about those “things” created under specific economic or historical paradigms. Rethinking machines provides a rupture to our current technocratic impetus, shining a critical light on possible alternatives to our current reality. Let us sit back and take a journey through Machines, holding mechanical parts as guides to possible alternative futures.

Machines That Become Us

Author : James E. Katz
ISBN : 9781351508025
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 50 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 789
Read : 259

Get This Book


Social critics and artificial intelligence experts have long prophesized that computers and robots would soon relegate humans to the dustbin of history. Many among the general population seem to have shared this fear of a dehumanized future. But how are people in the twenty-first century actually reacting to the ever-expanding array of gadgets and networks at their disposal? Is computer anxiety a significant problem, paralyzing and terrorizing millions, or are ever-proliferating numbers of gadgets being enthusiastically embraced? Machines that Become Us explores the increasingly intimate relationship between people and their personal communication technologies.In the first book of its kind, internationally recognized scholars from the United States and Europe explore this topic. Among the technologies analyzed include the Internet, personal digital assistants (PDAs), mobile phones, networked homes, smart fabrics and wearable computers, interactive location badges, and implanted monitoring devices. The authors discuss critical policy issues, such as the problems of information resource access and equity, and the recently discovered digital dropouts phenomena.The use of the word become in the book's title has three different meanings. The first suggests how people use these technologies to broaden their abilities to communicate and to represent themselves to others. Thus the technologies become extensions and representatives of the communicators. A second sense of become applies to analysis of the way these technologies become physically integrated with the user's clothing and even their bodies. Finally, contributors examine fashion aspects and uses of these technologies, that is, how they are used in ways becoming to the wearer. The conclusions of many chapters are supported by data, including ethnographic observations, attitude surveys and case studies from the United States, Britain, France, Italy, Finland, and Norway. This approach is especially valuable

Enjoying Machines

Author : Barry Brown
ISBN : 9780262028783
Genre : Computers
File Size : 77. 41 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 591
Read : 994

Get This Book


An argument that pleasure is a fundamental part of why we use technology, and a framework for understanding the relationship between pleasure and technology. The dominant feature of modern technology is not how productive it makes us, or how it has revolutionized the workplace, but how enjoyable it is. We take pleasure in our devices, from smartphones to personal computers to televisions. Whole classes of leisure activities rely on technology. How has technology become such an integral part of enjoyment? In this book, Barry Brown and Oskar Juhlin examine the relationship between pleasure and technology, investigating what pleasure and leisure are, how they have come to depend on the many forms of technology, and how we might design technology to support enjoyment. They do this by studying the experience of enjoyment, documenting such activities as computer gameplay, deer hunting, tourism, and television watching. They describe technologies that support these activities, including prototype systems that they themselves developed. Brown and Juhlin argue that pleasure is fundamentally social in nature. We learn how to enjoy ourselves from others, mastering it as a set of skills. Drawing on their own ethnographic studies and on research from economics, psychology, and philosophy, Brown and Juhlin argue that enjoyment is a key concept in understanding the social world. They propose a framework for the study of enjoyment: the empirical program of enjoyment.

Legibility In The Age Of Signs And Machines

Author :
ISBN : 9789004376175
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 79. 97 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 884
Read : 824

Get This Book


This volume reflects on what legibility entails in today’s machinic world. It asks what makes cultural expressions, from literary texts, films, artworks and museum exhibits to archives, laws and algorithms, il/legible to whom or what, and with what consequences.

The Theory And Practice Of Social Machines

Author : Nigel Shadbolt
ISBN : 3030108902
Genre : COMPUTERS
File Size : 43. 56 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 561
Read : 1262

Get This Book


Social machines are a type of network connected by interactive digital devices made possible by the ubiquitous adoption of technologies such as the Internet, the smartphone, social media and the read/write World Wide Web, connecting people at scale to document situations, cooperate on tasks, exchange information, or even simply to play. Existing social processes may be scaled up, and new social processes enabled, to solve problems, augment reality, create new sources of value, and disrupt existing practice. This book considers what talents one would need to understand or build a social machine, describes the state of the art, and speculates on the future, from the perspective of the EPSRC project SOCIAM – The Theory and Practice of Social Machines. The aim is to develop a set of tools and techniques for investigating, constructing and facilitating social machines, to enable us to narrow down pragmatically what is becoming a wide space, by asking ‘when will it be valuable to use these methods on a sociotechnical system?’ The systems for which the use of these methods adds value are social machines in which there is rich person-to-person communication, and where a large proportion of the machine’s behaviour is constituted by human interaction.

Experience Machines

Author : Mark Silcox
ISBN : 9781786600691
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66. 63 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 405
Read : 743

Get This Book


In his classic work Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick asked his readers to imagine being permanently plugged into a 'machine that would give you any experience you desired'. The authors in this volume re-evaluate the merits of Nozick’s argument, and use it to examine subsequent developments in culture and technology.

More Than Machines?

Author : Laura Voss
ISBN : 9783839455609
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 71 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 651
Read : 816

Get This Book


We know that robots are just machines. Why then do we often talk about them as if they were alive? Laura Voss explores this fascinating phenomenon, providing a rich insight into practices of animacy (and inanimacy) attribution to robot technology: from science-fiction to robotics R&D, from science communication to media discourse, and from the theoretical perspectives of STS to the cognitive sciences. Taking an interdisciplinary perspective, and backed by a wealth of empirical material, Voss shows how scientists, engineers, journalists - and everyone else - can face the challenge of robot technology appearing »a little bit alive« with a reflexive and yet pragmatic stance.

An Ecology Of Words

Author : David Michael MacMillan
ISBN : UCSD:31822005087101
Genre : Postmodernism (Literature)
File Size : 70. 99 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 971
Read : 813

Get This Book



Knowledge Machines

Author : Denise E. Murray
ISBN : 9781317897859
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50. 97 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 142
Read : 1214

Get This Book


Provides a wide-ranging survey of the sociolinguistic issues raised by the impact of information technology. The author demonstrates how and in which ways the new technologies both affect human communication and are in turn affected by the way people communicate using the technologies.

Productivity Machines

Author : Corinna Schlombs
ISBN : 9780262353724
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 81 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 499
Read : 780

Get This Book


How productivity culture and technology became emblematic of the American economic system in pre- and postwar Germany. The concept of productivity originated in a statistical measure of output per worker or per work-hour, calculated by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. A broader productivity culture emerged in 1920s America, as Henry Ford and others linked methods of mass production and consumption to high wages and low prices. These ideas were studied eagerly by a Germany in search of economic recovery after World War I, and, decades later, the Marshall Plan promoted productivity in its efforts to help post–World War II Europe rebuild. In Productivity Machines, Corinna Schlombs examines the transatlantic history of productivity technology and culture in the two decades before and after World War II. She argues for the interpretive flexibility of productivity: different groups viewed productivity differently at different times. Although it began as an objective measure, productivity came to be emblematic of the American economic system; post-World War II West Germany, however, adapted these ideas to its own political and economic values. Schlombs explains that West German unionists cast a doubtful eye on productivity's embrace of plant-level collective bargaining; unions fought for codetermination—the right to participate in corporate decisions. After describing German responses to US productivity, Schlombs offers an in-depth look at labor relations in one American company in Germany—that icon of corporate America, IBM. Finally, Schlombs considers the emergence of computer technology—seen by some as a new symbol of productivity but by others as the means to automate workers out of their jobs.

Top Download:

Best Books