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Polarization Remote Sensing Physics

Author : Lei Yan
ISBN : 9789811528866
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 63 MB
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This book elaborates on the physical principles of polarization remote sensing. It explains the reflective characteristics of surface objects and atmosphere separately, including theory, experiment, instrument and application. In addition, it introduces how polarization remote sensing works in advanced research programs as it can be used in aviation, astronomy, disaster risk prevention and navigation fields. This book serves as a fundamental and comprehensive reference for researchers and students.

Polarization Remote Sensing Physics

Author : Lei Yan
ISBN : 9811528853
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 8 MB
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This book elaborates on the physical principles of polarization remote sensing. It explains the reflective characteristics of surface objects and atmosphere separately, including theory, experiment, instrument and application. In addition, it introduces how polarization remote sensing works in advanced research programs as it can be used in aviation, astronomy, disaster risk prevention and navigation fields. This book serves as a fundamental and comprehensive reference for researchers and students.

Polarisation Applications In Remote Sensing

Author : Shane Cloude
ISBN : 9780199569731
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 3 MB
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This is a monograph concerning the scattering of electromagnetic waves from surfaces to generate information for the purposes of remote sensing. It combines, for the first time, a treatment of two important new ideas, namely information from the orientation or polarisation of the wave and how it can be combined with interferometry.

Polarization Spectroscopy Of Ionized Gases

Author : Sergi Kazantsev
ISBN : 9789401727082
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 8 MB
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Polarization Spectroscopy of Ionized Gases describes the physical principles of the technique and its applications to remote sensing. Transport phenomena and local anisotropies can be studied. The theoretical part of the book considers the basic phenomena of the ordering of the velocities of fast exciting charged particles. The polarization of the outer electron shells of excited atoms or molecules is described, and a variety of effects are examined in detail. An integral equation is derived which gives the intensity and polarization of emitted lines. Methods for solving the equation are analyzed. Universal spectropolarimetric remote sensing has been applied to low pressure gas discharges in the laboratory and to non-thermal processes in the solar atmosphere. For researchers interested in the remote sensing of ionized gases.

Sea Ice

Author : Mohammed Shokr
ISBN : 9781119027881
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 39 MB
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Sea Ice: Physics and Remote Sensing addresses experiences acquired mainly in Canada by researchers in the fields of ice physics and growth history in relation to its polycrystalline structure as well as ice parameters retrieval from remote sensing observations. The volume describes processes operating at the macro- and microscale (e.g., brine entrapment in sea ice, crystallographic texture of ice types, brine drainage mechanisms, etc.). The information is supported by high-quality photographs of ice thin-sections prepared from cores of different ice types, all obtained by leading experts during field experiments in the 1970s through the 1990s, using photographic cameras and scanning microscopy. In addition, this volume presents techniques to retrieve a suite of sea ice parameters (e.g. ice type, concentration, extent, thickness, surface temperature, surface deformation, etc.) from space-borne and airborne sensor data. The breadth of the material on this subject is designed to appeal to researchers and users of remote sensing data who want to develop quick familiarity with the capabilities of this technology or detailed knowledge about major techniques for retrieval of key ice parameters. Volume highlights include: Detailed crystallographic classification of natural sea ice, the key information from which information about ice growth conditions can be inferred. Many examples are presented with material to support qualitative and quantitative interpretation of the data. Methods developed for revealing microstructural characteristics of sea ice and performing forensic investigations. Data sets on radiative properties and satellite observations of sea ice, its snow cover, and surrounding open water. Methods of retrieval of ice surface features and geophysical parameters from remote sensing observations with a focus on critical issues such as the suitability of different sensors for different tasks and data synergism. Sea Ice: Physics and Remote Sensing is intended for a variety of sea ice audiences interested in different aspects of ice related to physics, geophysics, remote sensing, operational monitoring, mechanics, and cryospheric sciences.

Multi Band Polarization Imaging And Applications

Author : Yongqiang Zhao
ISBN : 9783662493731
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 45 MB
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This book introduces the optical multi-band polarization imaging theory and the utilization of the multi-band polarimetric information for detecting the camouflage object and the optical hidden marker, and enhancing the visibility in bad weather and water. The book describes systematically and in detail the basic optical polarimetry theory; provides abundant multi-band polarimetric imaging experiment data; and indicates practical evaluation methods for designing the multi-band polarization imager, for analyzing and modeling the object’s multi-band polarization characteristics, and for enhancing the vision performance in scattering media. This book shows the latest research results of multi-band polarimetric vision, especially in camouflage object detection, optical hidden marker detection and multi-band polarimetric imagery fusion. From this book, readers can get a complete understanding about multi-band polarimetric imaging and its application in different vision tasks.

Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Author : Library of Congress
ISBN : OSU:32435078789989
Genre : Subject headings, Library of Congress
File Size : 67. 71 MB
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Polarimetric Remote Sensing System Analysis

Author : Chabitha Devaraj
ISBN : OCLC:664861512
Genre : Image processing
File Size : 22. 66 MB
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"In addition to spectral information acquired by traditional multi/hyperspectral systems, passive electro optical and infrared (EO/IR) polarimetric sensors also measure the polarization response of different materials in the scene. Such an imaging modality can be useful in improving surface characterization; however, the characteristics of polarimetric systems have not been completely explored by the remote sensing community. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to advance our knowledge in polarimetric remote sensing by investigating the impact of polarization phenomenology on material discriminability. The first part of this research focuses on system validation, where the major goal was to assess the fidelity of the polarimetric images simulated using the Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Image Generation (DIRSIG) model. A theoretical framework, based on polarization vision models used for animal vision studies and industrial defect detection applications, was developed within which the major components of the polarimetric image chain were validated. In the second part of this research, a polarization physics based approach for improved material discriminability was proposed. This approach utilizes the angular variation in the polarization response to infer the physical characteristics of the observed surface by imaging the scene in three different view directions. The usefulness of the proposed approach in improving detection performance in the absence of a priori knowledge about the target geometry was demonstrated. Sensitivity analysis of the proposed system for different scene related parameters was performed to identify the imaging conditions under which the material discriminability is maximized. Furthermore, the detection performance of the proposed polarimetric system was compared to that of the hyperspectral system to identify scenarios where polarization information can be very useful in improving the target contrast."--Abstract.

Understanding Earth Observation

Author : Domenico Solimini
ISBN : 9783319256337
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 8 MB
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This volume addresses the physical foundation of remote sensing. The basic grounds are presented in close association with the kinds of environmental targets to monitor and with the observing techniques. The book aims at plugging the quite large gap between the thorough and quantitative description of electromagnetic waves interacting with the Earth's environment and the user applications of Earth observation. It is intended for scientifically literate students and professionals who plan to gain a first understanding of remote sensing data and of their information content.

Advances In Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Of Oceans

Author : Victor Raizer
ISBN : 9781498767774
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 77 MB
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This book demonstrates the capabilities of passive microwave technique for enhanced observations of ocean features, including the detection of (sub)surface events and/or disturbances while laying out the benefits and boundaries of these methods. It represents not only an introduction and complete description of the main principles of ocean microwave radiometry and imagery, but also provides guidance for further experimental studies. Furthermore, it expands the analysis of remote sensing methods, models, and techniques and focuses on a high-resolution multiband imaging observation concept. Such an advanced approach provides readers with a new level of geophysical information and data acquisition granting the opportunity to improve their expertise on advanced microwave technology, now an indispensable tool for diagnostics of ocean phenomena and disturbances.

Turkish Journal Of Physics

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4360061
Genre : Physics
File Size : 53. 76 MB
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Optically Polarized Atoms

Author : Marcis Auzinsh
ISBN : 9780199565122
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 89 MB
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This book is addressed at upper-division undergraduate and graduate students involved in research in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. It will also be useful to researchers practicing in this field. It gives an intuitive, yet sufficiently detailed and rigorous introduction to light-atom interactions with a particular emphasis on the symmetry aspects of the interaction, especially those associated with the angular momentum of atoms and light. The book comeswith a software package for a variety of atomic-physics calculations and further interactive examples that is freely downloadable from the book's web page, as well as additional materials (such aspower-point presentations) available to Instructors who adopt the text for their courses.

Springer Series In Light Scattering

Author : Alexander Kokhanovsky
ISBN : 9783030205874
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 70 MB
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This book describes recent advances in radiative transfer, atmospheric remote sensing, polarization optics of random media, and light scattering. It is a valuable resource for anyone involved in light scattering research. Providing numerous step-by-step tutorials, it allows readers to quickly learn about various aspects of theoretical and experimental light scattering media optics. The book features among others a chapter on aerosol remote sensing that helps readers to define and solve various aerosol remote sensing problems.

Introduction To The Physics And Techniques Of Remote Sensing

Author : Charles Elachi
ISBN : 9781119523086
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 59 MB
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Discover cutting edge theory and applications of modern remote sensing in geology, oceanography, atmospheric science, ionospheric studies, and more The thoroughly revised third edition of the Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing delivers a comprehensive update to the authoritative textbook, offering readers new sections on radar interferometry, radar stereo, and planetary radar. It explores new techniques in imaging spectroscopy and large optics used in Earth orbiting, planetary, and astrophysics missions. It also describes remote sensing instruments on, as well as data acquired with, the most recent Earth and space missions. Readers will benefit from the brand new and up-to-date concept examples and full-color photography, 50% of which is new to the series. You’ll learn about the basic physics of wave/matter interactions, techniques of remote sensing across the electromagnetic spectrum (from ultraviolet to microwave), and the concepts behind the remote sensing techniques used today and those planned for the future. The book also discusses the applications of remote sensing for a wide variety of earth and planetary atmosphere and surface sciences, like geology, oceanography, resource observation, atmospheric sciences, and ionospheric studies. This new edition also incorporates: A fulsome introduction to the nature and properties of electromagnetic waves An exploration of sensing solid surfaces in the visible and near infrared spectrums, as well as thermal infrared, microwave, and radio frequencies A treatment of ocean surface sensing, including ocean surface imaging and the mapping of ocean topography A discussion of the basic principles of atmospheric sensing and radiative transfer, including the radiative transfer equation Perfect for senior undergraduate and graduate students in the field of remote sensing instrument development, data analysis, and data utilization, Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing will also earn a place in the libraries of students, faculty, researchers, engineers, and practitioners in fields like aerospace, electrical engineering, and astronomy.

Ocean Wave Slope And Height Retrieval Using Airborne Polarimetric Remote Sensing

Author : Rebecca Baxter
ISBN : OCLC:867151956
Genre : Optics
File Size : 85. 22 MB
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Ocean wave heights are typically measured at select geographic locations using in situ ocean buoys. This dissertation has developed a technique to remotely measure wave heights using imagery collected from a polarimetric camera system mounted on an airborne platform, enabling measurements over large areas and in regions devoid of wave buoys. The technique exploits the polarization properties of Fresnel reflectivity at the ocean surface to calculate wave slopes. Integrating the slope field produces a measurement of significant wave height. In this dissertation, I present experimental data collection and analysis of airborne remotely sensed polarimetric imagery collected over the ocean using Areté Associates' Airborne Remote Optical Spotlight System-MultiSpectral Polarimeter, as well as modeled results of the expected radiance and polarization at the sensor. The modeling incorporates two sources of radiance/polarization: surface reflected sky radiance and scattered path radiance. The latter accounts for a significant portion of the total radiance and strongly affects the polarization state measured at the sensor. After laying the groundwork, I describe my significant wave height retrieval algorithm, apply it to the polarimetric data, and present the results. While further development and refinement of the significant wave height retrieval algorithm and testing with a more extensive data set are required, the initial results are promising for the practical application of this technique.

Cloud Optics

Author : Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
ISBN : 1402039557
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 17 MB
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Clouds affect the climate of the Earth, and they are an important factor in the weather. Therefore, their radiative properties must be understood in great detail. This book summarizes current knowledge on cloud optical properties, for example their ability to absorb, transmit, and reflect light, which depends on the clouds’ geometrical and microphysical characteristics such as sizes of droplets and crystals, their shapes, and structures. In addition, problems related to the image transfer through clouds and cloud remote sensing are addressed in this book in great detail. This book can be an important source of information on theoretical cloud optics for cloud physicists, meteorologists and optical engineers. All basic ideas of optics as related to scattering of light in clouds (e.g. Mie theory and radiative transfer) are considered in a self consistent way. Consequently, the book can also be a useful textbook to newcomers to the field.

Star

Author :
ISBN : NYPL:33433060149113
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 63. 46 MB
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Inverse Methods In Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Author : American Geophysical Union
ISBN : 9780875900971
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 3 MB
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The CD-ROM contains the code and data files for the Exercises outlined in the paper by Rayner, et at., (p. 81-106).

Polarized Light And The Mueller Matrix Approach

Author : Jose Jorge Gil Perez
ISBN : 9781315355252
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 15 MB
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An Up-to-Date Compendium on the Physics and Mathematics of Polarization Phenomena Polarized Light and the Mueller Matrix Approach thoroughly and cohesively integrates basic concepts of polarization phenomena from the dual viewpoints of the states of polarization of electromagnetic waves and the transformations of these states by the action of material media. Through selected examples, it also illustrates actual and potential applications in materials science, biology, and optics technology. The book begins with the basic concepts related to two- and three-dimensional polarization states. It next describes the nondepolarizing linear transformations of the states of polarization through the Jones and Mueller–Jones approaches. The authors then discuss the forms and properties of the Jones and Mueller matrices associated with different types of nondepolarizing media, address the foundations of the Mueller matrix, and delve more deeply into the analysis of the physical parameters associated with Mueller matrices. The authors proceed to interpret arbitrary decomposition and other interesting parallel decompositions as well as compare the powerful serial decompositions of depolarizing Mueller matrix M. They also analyze the general formalism and specific algebraic quantities and notions related to the concept of differential Mueller matrix. The book concludes with useful approaches that provide a geometric point of view on the polarization effects exhibited by different types of media. Suitable for novices and more seasoned professionals, this book covers the main aspects of polarized radiation and polarization effects of material media. It expertly combines physical and mathematical concepts with important approaches for representing media through equivalent systems composed of simple components.

Optical Remote Sensing

Author : Walter G. Egan
ISBN : 0203912837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 17 MB
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Written by a pioneer in the field, this unique volume is the only one of its kind to explore advanced concepts in the mathematical representation of polarization, descriptors, and various optical elements used in the analysis of polarization in multiple applications. The book highlights tried and proven techniques to enhance aircraft and satellite

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