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Pluralism Justice And Equality

Author : David Miller
ISBN : 9780191520952
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 87 MB
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The essays in this book by a group of leading political theorists assess and develop the central ideas of Michael Walzer's path-breaking Spheres of Justice. Is social justice a radically plural notion, with its principles determined by the different social goods that men and women allocate to one another? Is it possible to prevent the unequal distribution of money and power from distorting the allocation of other goods? If different goods are distributed by different mechanisms, what (if any) kind of social equality is possible? Are there universal principles of justice which apply regardless of context? These and other related questions are pursued in depth by the contributors. The book concludes with an important new essay by Walzer in which he reflects on the positions taken in his original book in the light of the critical appraisals presented here.

Spheres Of Justice

Author : Michael Walzer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105039352120
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 94 MB
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"The distinguished political philosopher and author of the widely acclaimed Just and Unjust Wars analyzes how society distributes not just wealth and power but other social "goods" like honor, educat"

New Perspectives On Distributive Justice

Author : Manuel Knoll
ISBN : 9783110536201
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 81 MB
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Distributive justice is one of the most discussed topics in political philosophy. Focusing on the plurality of irreconcilable conceptions of social and political justice, this book presents an array of new perspectives on the topic. Bringing together 30 original essays of well-established and young international scholars, the volume is essential reading for anyone interested in social and political justice.

Against Liberalism

Author : John Kekes
ISBN : 0801484006
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43. 36 MB
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Liberalism is doomed to failure, John Kekes argues in this penetrating criticism of its basic assumptions. Liberals favor individual autonomy, a wide plurality of choices, and equal rights and resources, seeing them as essential for good lives. They oppose such evils as selfishness, intolerance, cruelty, and greed. Yet the more autonomy, equality, and pluralism there is, Kekes contends, the greater is the scope for evil. According to Kekes, liberalism is inconsistent because the conditions liberals regard as essential for good lives actually foster the very evils liberals want to avoid, and avoiding those evils depends on conditions contrary to the ones liberals favor. Kekes argues further that the liberal conceptions of equality, justice, and pluralism require treating good and evil people with equal respect, distributing resources without regard to what recipients deserve, and restricting choices to those that conform to liberal preconceptions. All these policies are detrimental to good lives. Kekes concludes that liberalism cannot cope with the prevalence of evil, that it is vitiated by inconsistent commitments, and that--contrary to its aim--liberalism is an obstacle to good lives.

Human Rights And Legal Pluralism

Author : Yuksel Sezgin
ISBN : 9783643999054
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73. 64 MB
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Human Rights and Legal Pluralism opens with an article on how to integrate human rights into customary and religious legal systems. It then offers a special study of the issue in a "tribal" women's forum in South Rajastan, India; in customary justice in post-conflict Sierra Leone; in indigenous justice systems in Latin America; and in deep legal pluralism in South Africa. (Series: The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law - Vol. 60)

A Civil Tongue

Author : Mark Kingwell
ISBN : UOM:39015032189089
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 29 MB
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This book is about a simple but elusive goal: a vigorous public debate about how a pluralistic society should be organized. Can we address, and possibly settle, our disagreements about abortion, gender equality, public welfare programs, and taxation?

Cultural Pluralism And Dilemmas Of Justice

Author : Monique Deveaux
ISBN : 0801436826
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 18 MB
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"Monique Deveaux contends that liberal theorists fail to grant enough importance to identity and the content of cultural life in their attempts to conceive of political institutions for plural societies. She takes to task the spectrum of theories on pluralism, from weak and strong theories of tolerance through neutralist liberalism to comprehensive liberalism, and finally to arguments for deliberative politics that build on Jurgen Habermas's discourse ethics. The solution proposed here is "deliberative liberalism," which incorporates both critically reconceived principles of deliberative democracy and central liberal norms of consent and respect.".

The Challenges Of Justice In Diverse Societies

Author :
ISBN : 1138254525
Genre :
File Size : 48. 38 MB
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Pluralism And Law

Author : International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. World Congress
ISBN : 3515083278
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 67 MB
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Contents: Arend Soeteman: Introduction - Edmund Abegg: Justice and the Intrinsic Value of Humans - Caridad Velarde: Universalism in Contemporary Human Rights Theory - Marijan Pavcnik: Gleichheit als rechtlicher Kern der Gerechtigkeit, Gerechtigkeitsma�st�be und Recht - Jos� Rubio-Carracedo: Differentiated Universalization of Human Rights - Ashok Gaur: Human Rights: Dimensions and Challenges - Martin Borowski: Religious Freedom as a Fundamental Legal Right, A Rawlsian Perspective - J�rg Paul Mueller: Is freedom of conscience still a topic? - Burton M. Leiser: The Right to Immigrate and the Right to Exclude Immigrants - J.W. Harris: Rights and Resources - Libertarians and the Right to Life - Hans-Rudolf Horn: The Scope of Human and Social Rights in the Global Economic System - Isabel Trujillo P�rez: Partiality and Distributive Justice - Haig Khatchadourian: Merit as a Canon of Distributive Justice - Francesco Biondo: Conception of the person and currency of distributive justice in Van Parijs and Sen - Carlos Kohn Wacher: Hannah Arendt's Concept of Solidarity as a Criticism to Liberalism - Mikko Wennberg: Contract Law as a Response to Contract Failures: When Contracting Fails? - Hendrik Kaptein: Just Criminal Lawyers? Professional ethics and problems of punitive justice: restorative perspectives - Joan McGregor: The Law's Treatment of Rape as Expressing the Inequality of Women - David A. Reidy: The Justification of Hate Crimes Laws: The Argument from Group-Based Oppression - Alexandra George: The Problem of Property in Human Body Parts - Laura Palazzani: Person and Human Being in Bioethics and Biolaw - Jan Swanepoel: The Equality Jurisprudence Developed by South Africa's Constitutional Court since 1994 - Nikolas Roos: Fundamental Rights, European Identity and Law as a Way to Survive.

Democratic Education Stretched Thin

Author :
ISBN : 9780791480663
Genre :
File Size : 52. 60 MB
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Social Justice

Author : David Boucher
ISBN : 0415149983
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 29 MB
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A significant addition to debates on social justice, this study explores key issues such as democracy, freedom, special rights and John Stuart Mill's liberal Utilitarianism, bringing these concerns to the fore of the political agenda.

Perspectives On Social Justice

Author : David Boucher
ISBN : 9781134749522
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 90 MB
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This volume brings together leading theorists to discuss the latest thinking on social justice - a central concern of contemporary politics and political philosophy. Contributors such as Carole Pateman, Raymond Plant and Chris Brown explore: * the origins of the concept * the contributions of thinkers such as Hume, Kant and Mill * issues such as international justice, economic justice, justice and the environment and special rights. By bringing together the latest applications of theories of justice with a discussion of origins, Perspectives on Social Justice provides a helpful overview for students and specialists alike.

Complex Equality And The Court Of Justice Of The European Union

Author : Richard Lang
ISBN : 9789004354265
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 44 MB
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In Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union: Reconciling Diversity and Harmonization, Richard Lang proposes that the EU’s judges adopt Walzerian Complex Equality as a complement to their existing, and unsatisfactory, test for equality based on Aristotle.

Achieving Justice

Author : Toril Aalberg
ISBN : 9004129901
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 17 MB
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This book gives a systematic and extensive comparative analysis of public beliefs about social justice. It discuses the explations behind cross-national variations and chang over time, as well as existing welfare practices influence on the public

Principles Of Social Justice

Author : David Miller
ISBN : 9780674007147
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 55 MB
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Social justice has been the animating ideal of democratic governments throughout the twentieth century. Even those who oppose it recognize its potency. Yet the meaning of social justice remains obscure, and existing theories put forward by political philosophers to explain it have failed to capture the way people in general think about issues of social justice. This book develops a new theory. David Miller argues that principles of justice must be understood contextually, with each principle finding its natural home in a different form of human association. Because modern societies are complex, the theory of justice must be complex, too. The three primary components in Miller's scheme are the principles of desert, need, and equality. The book uses empirical research to demonstrate the central role played by these principles in popular conceptions of justice. It then offers a close analysis of each concept, defending principles of desert and need against a range of critical attacks, and exploring instances when justice requires equal distribution and when it does not. Finally, it argues that social justice understood in this way remains a viable political ideal even in a world characterized by economic globalization and political multiculturalism. Accessibly written, and drawing upon the resources of both political philosophy and the social sciences, this book will appeal to readers with interest in public policy as well as to students of politics, philosophy, and sociology.

Pluralism And Law

Author : International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. World Congress
ISBN : 3515084460
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 31 MB
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Contents Brenda M. Baker: Will Kymlicka on Minority Cultures and their Entitlements - Patricia Smith: Legal Reason, Human Rights and Plural Values - B. de Castro Cid: Some paradoxes about collective human rights - Winfried Brugger: The Common Good and Pluralism in the Modern Constitutional State - Carla M. Zoethout: Does the multicultural Society Require New Human Rights? An Appeal to the Ideal of Constitutional Democracy - Valentin Petev: Legal Ought and Moral Ought in a Pluralistic Society - John Mikhail: Islamic Rationalism and the Foundation of Human Rights - Kamal Hossain: Pluralism and the Law, Evolving legal frameworks for change in Muslim societies: some reflections - Kate McMillan: Non-indigenous minority rights in the neo-liberal state: the New Zealand experience - Agnes T. M. Schreiner: Observing the differences - Christoph Eberhard / Nidhi Gupta: Towards a Pluralist and Intercultural Approach to Law: Tackling the Challenge of Women's Rights in India - Cees Maris / Sawitri Saharso: Honour Killing: A Case for Cultural Defence? - Albie Sachs: Towards the Revitalisation of Customary Law in an Egalitarian Constitutional Democracy - Christa Rautenbach: Legal Pluralism versus Gender Equality: The South African Scenario - Marek Smolak: Lustration and Reconciliation. Polish and South African experience - Luiz Fernando Coelho: The Future of Law and the Remembrance of the Future - Stephen C. Hicks: Spirit and Law: the legal person in a post-modern, global, hi-tech world - Barry J. Rodger: Globalisation and the Depoliticisation of Competition Law - David Castle: Legal Ontology and the Conservation of Biodiversity - Keith Culver: Returning to Normal: Can Corrective Justice Be Achieved When Genetically Modified Salmon Escape and Do Damage? - Willemien du Plessis / Johan Nel: Environmental Framework Law: a strategy towards integrating pluralistic legislation - Kimmo Nuotio: Making Sense of the aeInternational' and the aeRegional' in Criminal Law and Criminal Policy.

Justice As Equality And Neutrality

Author : Alberto De Luigi
ISBN : 9781508995234
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 64 MB
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The ideal of liberal neutrality and the ideal of equality are often seen as a trade-off. If the State has to be neutral between the interests of the rich and the poor, it is supposed to not intervene redistributing resources between them. Neutrality is thus associated to the ideal of a laissez-faire free market system, while equality is generally seen as an ideal requiring State policies aiming at equal opportunity. In this book neutrality and equality are presented as compatible and complementary ideals, rather than antagonist. First, it is shown that the moral justification of neutrality ultimately relies on a particular ideal of equality called “equal respect”. Second, there are principles of justice and State policies aimed at improving equality of opportunity that can be neutrally justifiable. It is also provided a neutral justification of Rawls’ difference principle, showing even how libertarian thinkers may agree on it.

On Nationality

Author : David Miller
ISBN : 9780198280477
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 73 MB
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Nationalism is a dominating force in contemporary politics but political philosophers have been reluctant to discuss ideas of nationalism. In this book David Miller defends the principle of nationality.

Forms Of Pluralism And Democratic Constitutionalism

Author : Jean L. Cohen
ISBN : 9780231546959
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21. 64 MB
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The achievements of the democratic constitutional order have long been associated with the sovereign nation-state. Civic nationalist assumptions hold that social solidarity and social plurality are compatible, offering a path to guarantees of individual rights, social justice, and tolerance for minority voices. Yet today, challenges to the liberal-democratic sovereign nation-state are proliferating on all levels, from multinational corporations and international institutions to populist nationalisms and revanchist ethnic and religious movements. Many critics see the nation-state itself as a tool of racial and economic exclusion and repression. What other options are available for managing pluralism, fostering self-government, furthering social justice, and defending equality? In this interdisciplinary volume, a group of prominent international scholars considers alternative political formations to the nation-state and their ability to preserve and expand the achievements of democratic constitutionalism in the twenty-first century. The book considers four different principles of organization—federation, subsidiarity, status group legal pluralism, and transnational corporate autonomy—contrasts them with the unitary and centralized nation-state, and inquires into their capacity to deal with deep societal differences. In essays that examine empire, indigenous struggles, corporate institutions, forms of federalism, and the complexities of political secularism, anthropologists, historians, legal scholars, political scientists, and sociologists remind us that the sovereign nation-state is not inevitable and that multinational and federal states need not privilege a particular group. Forms of Pluralism and Democratic Constitutionalism helps us answer the crucial question of whether any of the alternatives might be better suited to core democratic principles.

Ethical Competencies For Public Leadership

Author : David Bromell
ISBN : 9783030279431
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 25 MB
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This book identifies six ethical competencies for public leadership in contexts of pluralism. While diversity in proximity generates conflict where people want and value different things, the right kind of leadership and the right kind of politics can minimise domination, humiliation, cruelty and violence. Written by a public policy advisor for fellow practitioners in politics and public life, this book applies political theory and social ethics to identify a set of competencies—being civil, diplomatic, respectful, impartial, fair and prudent—to keep ethics at the centre of a pluralist democratic politics. The six competencies are described in behavioural terms as personal resolutions. They offer valuable tools for mentoring and professional development. This book will appeal to politicians and those who advise them, and anyone who engages in or aspires to public leadership, whether in the public sector, the private sector, the community and voluntary sector or academia.

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