pharmacology-of-histamine-receptors

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Pharmacology Of Histamine Receptors

Author : C. R. Ganellin
ISBN : 9781483193410
Genre : Medical
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Pharmacology of Histamine Receptors presents a summary of the pharmacology of histamine receptors. It discusses the research and developments made in the use of histamine. It addresses the biological actions of the drug in various pathological instances. Some of the topics covered in the book are the classification of histamine receptors; mepyramine and related histamine antagonists; activity relationships of drugs acting at histamine receptors; chemical structure of histamine; effects of methyl substituents in histamine; enzymes involved in histamine metabolism; and histamine in body fluids. The cellular sources of histamine in tissues and blood are fully covered. The relationship of the mast cell to basophil is discussed in detail. The text describes in depth the urinary excretion of histamine and metabolites. The pathological conditions in man are presented completely. A chapter is devoted to the fundamental properties of adenylate cyclase and its measurement. The book can provide useful information to pharmacists, doctors, chemists, students, and researchers.

Histamine Receptors Advances In Research And Application 2012 Edition

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ISBN : 9781481633260
Genre : Medical
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Histamine Receptors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Histamine Receptors in a compact format. The editors have built Histamine Receptors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Histamine Receptors in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Histamine Receptors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Histamine And Histamine Receptors In Health And Disease

Author : Yuichi Hattori
ISBN : 9783319581941
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 40 MB
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This ​book provides a comprehensive overview on current histamine and histamine receptor research in context of human health and disease and reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the field. While the editors realize that it is almost impossible to cover the field completely within the constraints of a single HEP volume, nonetheless, all important aspects will be covered in one way or the other. An overarching introductory chapter will link the individual chapters and provide an overview on the field. This chapter will also link the book to the previous HEP volume on histamine receptors and the recent HEP volume on the pharmacology of itch. Great attention will be paid to complementation of existing literature while avoiding undue duplication. The book will cover new methods for analysis of histamine and histamine metabolites, development of methods for histamine receptor analysis, signal transduction, histamine release, regulation of immune cells by histamine, histamine metabolism and associated diseases, regulation of major organ systems by histamine and development of new drugs and experimental tools for the study of histamine receptors.

The Functional Roles Of Histamine Receptors

Author : Kazuhiko Yanai
ISBN : 3031169964
Genre : Medical
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Research in the field of histamine receptors over the past 100 years went hand-in-hand with the development of modern pharmacology. Advances in histamine research led by outstanding scientists was so incisive that the clinical approach to treat allergies and gastrointestinal ailments was revolutionized. The pharmacological treatment of peptic ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux was indeed a revolution, as it ended the surgical intervention. Interest in histamine pharmacology was resurrected by the discovery of another histamine receptor, number 4, using genomics-based reverse pharmacological approaches for screening orphan GPCRs. This receptor is preferentially expressed by immune cells and its discovery raised hopes for its translational exploitation as a new therapeutic target for unmet medical needs ranging from asthma to cancer. However, several drawbacks emerged and dramatically slowed down research in the field. A better understanding of receptor intra-and interspecies heterogeneity will certainly improve and accelerate the translation of experimental data into clinical practice. Also, the plethora of data on brain histamine is hinting at a fundamental role of this system as a hub that receives internal and peripheral stimuli to allocate the necessary excitation to specific brain circuits that preside the appropriate behavioral responses. The development of new histaminergic ligands is an ongoing process that constantly provide new preclinical tools. The aim of this book is to cover the most important aspects of histamine receptor function and pharmacology in the central nervous system and to provide a comprehensive overview of the preclinical and clinical advances made in recent decades and the exciting prospects for the future. It highlights the clinical areas where there is a great need for new therapeutic approaches and where novel histaminergic agents may be useful for personalized medicine.

New Perspectives In Histamine Research

Author : H. Timmermann
ISBN : UOM:39015019873341
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
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Histamine is an intriguing compound; the same is true for the several classes of anti-histaminergic compounds. The classical anti-histamines, now known as H -antagonists have 1 been the result of intensive research in the 1950s and 1960s. The new, so-called non-sedating H1-antagonists, which became available in the 1980s, could be d'eveloped mainly due to insights into structural features causing the sedating effects of the older compounds. In the 1970s the H2-receptors became important targets for developing new anti-ulcer agents. The H2-antagonist story is a stimulating example of modern research on pharmacology and medicinal chemistry. Unknown and new properties of histamine and histaminergic systems came to the attention of the pharmacologists and medicinal chemists in the 1980s. The role of histamine as a neurotransmitter, the existence of a presynaptic receptor (H ) controlling the release of histamine 3 and other neurotransmitters, and the particular character of this receptor became important as the possibilities to design new therapeutic agents were realized. Recently, other roles of the histaminergic systems have been suggested. Is there a distinct histamine receptor involved in immunological features of histamine? Is histamine involved in the prolactin axis? Are histamine receptors intracellularly present in certain cells and what is their possible role? For these reasons it was the right time to discuss "New Perspectives in Histamine Research" during a scientific meeting. Therefore a symposium was organized as a satellite of the XIth International Congress of Pharmacology of IUPHAR in Amsterdam in 1990.

Histamine And Histamine Antagonists

Author : Börje Uvnäs
ISBN : 9783642758409
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 19 MB
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Together with the two previous volumes of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on histamine and antihistamines the present publication yields a picture of a still rapidly developing field of research. New techniques and new experimental approaches have brought us new knowledge and deeper insight into the biomedical significance of histamine, even if many questions remain to be answered about the functional and medical implications of this old biogenic amine. The present volume covers the progress in histamine research during the past two decades. A significant chapter concerns techniques for histamine determination. As the result of a consensus meeting in Munich in December 1988, a panel of eminent specialists arrived at common recommendations as to the usefulness of the available histamine assays for the most common experimental biomedical conditions. The heterogeneity of mast cells, with great differences in their reactivity to various stimuli, has become apparent, not only among species but also among the tissues of a species. New informa tion is presented about the mechanism of exocytosis. The old questions about the role of histamine in the mechanism of gastric secretion and in cardio vascular and respiratory functions have been studied with new techniques, and the role of HI and H2 receptors discussed. New observations have been made on the occurrence and possible functions of histaminergic neurons and histamine receptors in CNS where a new type of receptor, the H , seems to 3 be widely represented.

The Histamine H3 Receptor

Author : R. Leurs
ISBN : 0080534007
Genre : Medical
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In the early eighties when the H3 receptor was identified, many thought that an H3 ligand, an agonist or an antagonist, would become available as a therapeutic agent. This has not occurred. The reason for this could be the fact that many investigators consider histamine mainly, if not only, as a mediator present in for example mast cells being released during allergic events. However, it has become apparent that histamine is an important neurotransmitter. Its role in the nervous system, especially in the central part of it, is rather extensive. The H3 receptor is mainly found as a presynaptic one, both on histaminergic neurons (the auto-type) and on other neuronal systems (the hetero-type). Both the H3 agonist and the H3 antagonist cause important pharmacological effects. Several ligands have become available now, including radiolabelled analogues. In this book, the current state of affairs with regards to the medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of the H3 receptor and the several ligands available are presented by a number of experts in the field. The book presents an extended review of what has happened since the first H3 paper appeared. The editors hope that publication of this work will lead to an increase in interest of both academia and industry for the H3 receptor, especially as a target for drug development.

Receptors And Cellular Pharmacology

Author : E. Klinge
ISBN : 9781483157733
Genre : Medical
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Receptors and Cellular Pharmacology is a collection of the proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Pharmacology held in Helsinki, Finland, on July 20-25, 1975 and organized by the Finnish Pharmacological Society. The papers explore developments relating to receptors and cellular pharmacology and address a wide range of topics such as the hydrophobic properties of the neuromuscular blocking agents and the use of toxins as tools in receptor studies. Comprised of 21 chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to histamine receptors, their pharmacological taxonomy and classification, their presence in the gastric mucosa, and their applications in medicine. The discussion then turns to pharmacological investigations on cells in culture; the acetylcholine receptor of intact and cultured chicken retina cells; actions of neurotoxins on the acetylcholine receptor; and the isolation and characterization of membrane receptors. Subsequent chapters deal with cyclic nucleotides as mediators of drug action, with particular reference to the mechanism of the relaxation-promoting effects of epinephrine on the mammalian heart. This book should be of interest to pharmacologists, internists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and anesthesiologists.

Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonists Clinical Pharmacology

Author : R. E. Pounder
ISBN : 1870026969
Genre : Antihistamines
File Size : 66. 81 MB
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Histamine Receptors As Drug Targets

Author : Ekaterini Tiligada
ISBN : 1493968416
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 89 MB
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This book illustrates the current state-of-the-art in histamine research, with a focus on the appropriate methodologies to investigate the pharmacological properties and the therapeutic exploitation of HRs and their ligands. In addition, the range of techniques described provides an introduction to complementary cross-methodological disciplines beyond these fields. This multi-disciplinary approach is required to define the ‘decision gates’ that determine the development of more effective and safer therapeutic options for many forms of highly prevalent and debilitating diseases, such as asthma, dementias, dermatitis, and arthritis. Written for the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters concentrate on practical, hands-on protocols from experts in the techniques. Authoritative and thorough, Histamine Receptors as Drug Targets seeks to aid pharmacologists, biochemists, drug discovery researchers, molecular biologists, chemists, toxicologists, lab scientists, medical doctors, principle investigators, research scientists, lab directors and technicians, as well as graduate students around the world in pursuing the study of this vital scientific area.

The Histamine Receptor

Author : J. C. Schwartz
ISBN : UOM:39015022287091
Genre : Medical
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Synthesizes the latest information and research involving the pharmacochemistry, biochemical properties and neurobiological function of histamine receptors. Contains over 50 illustrations.

Biomedical Aspects Of Histamine

Author : Nancy Khardori
ISBN : 9789048193493
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75. 86 MB
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Since its identification by Sir Henry H. Dale a century ago, histamine has become one of the most important multifunctional biogenic amines in the field of biomedicine. The pharmacological effects of histamine are mediated through four types of membrane histamine receptors; H1R, H2R, H3R and H4R, which are all heptahelical G-protein-coupled receptors. It has been known to play the broadest spectrum of activities in various physiological and pathological conditions including cell proliferation, differentiation, hematopoiesis, embryonic development, regeneration, wound healing, aminergic neurotransmission and numerous brain functions, secretion of pituitary hormones, regulation of gastrointestinal and circulatory functions, cardiovascular system, as well as inflammatory reactions, modulation of the immune response, endocrine function and homeostasis, and other important areas. This book is a compendium of the current state of established and investigational literature on Histamine, its receptors and their Agonists and antagonists. It provides a comprehensive overview of histamine biology in the field of biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, immunology, allergy, neurobiology, pharmacology, microbiology and reproductive biology. The first section on Histamine biology and physiology leads into subsequent sections on enzymology, pharmacology, regulation of the immune system and cell proliferation and role in allergic and other diseases including acid peptic diseases, inflammatory diseases, autoimmune and cancer diseases, nervous system, reproductive functions and hematopoiesis. The compilation of chapters in the book presents the most recent advances in histamine research and bridges the basic and clinical aspects of histamine biology.

Histamine In Inflammation

Author : Robin Thurmond
ISBN : 9781441980564
Genre : Medical
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The year 2010 marks the centennial for the identification of histamine and the first glimpse of its many physiological functions. From these initial findings a rich tapestry of research has uncovered roles for histamine in almost every physiological process with new findings emerging every year. These diverse roles of histamine have made for fertile ground for the discovery of novel therapeutics, and these drugs have been so successful that the term “antihistamine” has entered the common lexicon. This volume is an attempt to give a snapshot in time as to the current understanding of the role of histamine in just one important therapeutic area—inflammation. The first three chapters provide some background context for the rest of the book starting out with a historical perspective by Figueroa and Shankley. Bongers et al provide an overview of the pharmacology of the four histamine receptors and the chapter by Hiroshi Ohtsu describes how histamine is synthesized as well as the insights derived from mice where this synthesis is disrupted. The next several chapters discuss disease areas where histamine is known to be involved. Chapter 4 by Thomas Taylor-Clark outlines the role of histamine in allergic rhinitis, an area were antihistamines are commonly used. This is also true for ocular allergy as discussed by Ohbayashi et al. Both of these chapters highlight aspects of these conditions that are still not well-controlled and suggest the utility of new antihistamines targeting other histamine receptors.

Histamine And H1 Receptor Antagonists In Allergic Disease

Author : F. E. R. Simons
ISBN : UOM:39015037454322
Genre : Medical
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This work provides comprehensive, up-to-date information on histamine receptors and H1-receptor antagonists, reviewing fundamental science and presenting advances in therapy. It discusses novel H1-receptor antagonists, including loratadine, cetrizine and acrivastine, and examines the role of topical H1-antagonists such as levocabastine and azelastine. The clinical scientific basis of antagonistic use is explored.

Pharmacological Studies On The Histamine H0 Receptor

Author : Elizabeth Anne Clark
ISBN : OCLC:855165714
Genre : Pharmacology
File Size : 53. 72 MB
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The Third Histamine Receptor

Author : Divya Vohora
ISBN : 0367452510
Genre :
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Reveals an Emerging Avenue of Potential Treatments for a Host of Challenging Diseases and Disorders The H3 receptor is known to play a major role in a range of CNS disorders, including those affecting cognitive functions such as ADHD and Alzheimer's disease, as well as sleep disorders, obesity, epilepsy, schizophrenia, depression, and neurodegeneration. In light of dramatic advances in research at the molecular level, supported by impressive clinical studies, optimism remains high that an H3 receptor-related drug could hit the market soon. The Third Histamine Receptor: Selective Ligands as Potential Therapeutic Agents in CNS Disorders provides a thorough grounding in advances made over the last two decades. It brings together an elite group of 30 pioneering researchers. In writing about their own work, these scientists report on the cutting-edge investigations that are now being conducted across a variety of disciplines. This text is designed to aid researchers and inform those involved in the treatment and clinical aspects of a number of histamine-related diseases. Presents Several Disease-Specific Chapters Certainly, the most comprehensive and cutting-edge volume in the field, this text includes material drawn from groundbreaking research techniques and patent literature. Put together with great thought and passion, it is written to serve as a primary resource for anyone involved with or interested in the identification and localization of H3 receptors and the ligands being developed as therapeutic agents to treat a wide range of diseases including some that were once considered intractable.

Histamine Receptors

Author : Patrizio Blandina
ISBN : 9783319403083
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 8 MB
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A comprehensive and detailed overview of the current state of preclinical research on histamine and histamine receptors. Part of the book focuses on novel approaches to the study of histamine receptors such as polymorphism, genetic linkage, and computational analysis, and on the use of new histaminergic ligands in diseases such as asthma and dermatitis. Several chapters will be devoted to the role of histamine in the control of homeostatic and behavioral responses such as the sleep-wake cycle, regulation of the blood brain barrier, food intake, alertness, itch, and memory formation and consolidation.

Studies On The Distribution And Function Of Cardiac Histamine Receptors

Author : R. W. Gristwood
ISBN : OCLC:53505252
Genre :
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H1 And H2 Histamine Receptors

Author : Guy A. Settipane
ISBN : UOM:39015014485075
Genre : Antihistamines
File Size : 81. 25 MB
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Histamine And Histamine Antagonists

Author : Börje Uvnäs
ISBN : 3540528032
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 77 MB
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Together with the two previous volumes of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on histamine and antihistamines the present publication yields a picture of a still rapidly developing field of research. New techniques and new experimental approaches have brought us new knowledge and deeper insight into the biomedical significance of histamine, even if many questions remain to be answered about the functional and medical implications of this old biogenic amine. The present volume covers the progress in histamine research during the past two decades. A significant chapter concerns techniques for histamine determination. As the result of a consensus meeting in Munich in December 1988, a panel of eminent specialists arrived at common recommendations as to the usefulness of the available histamine assays for the most common experimental biomedical conditions. The heterogeneity of mast cells, with great differences in their reactivity to various stimuli, has become apparent, not only among species but also among the tissues of a species. New informa tion is presented about the mechanism of exocytosis. The old questions about the role of histamine in the mechanism of gastric secretion and in cardio vascular and respiratory functions have been studied with new techniques, and the role of HI and H2 receptors discussed. New observations have been made on the occurrence and possible functions of histaminergic neurons and histamine receptors in CNS where a new type of receptor, the H , seems to 3 be widely represented.

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