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Travels And Adventures 1435 1439

Author : Pero Tafur
ISBN : 0415344751
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 3 MB
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'A document of unique interest it is a picture of Europe at a most critical moment of its history, when the Continent was overwhelmed by misery, disease and unrest. A cool observer, without prejudice or excitement Tafur noted the symptoms of decay.' Sunday Times. This edition, translated and edited by Malcolm Letts, was the first complete translation of Tafur in any language.

Pero Tafur

Author : Pero Tafur
ISBN : 1593335784
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 86 MB
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"The extraordinary voyages of Pero Tafur throughout the Mediterranean basin from 1435 to 1439 abound with the expectation of discovery. This remarkable narrative derives from a single manuscript in a period before the printing press or the discovery of the New World. Tafur set out on his travels at about twenty-five years of age and made his way from his native Spain to Italy, stopping at Genoa, Rome, and Venice. Making his way around the coast of Greece he came to the Holy Land. Six chapters of his travelogue cover his explorations in the Holy Land and Egypt, from whence he made his way to Constantinople, suffering a near-fatal shipwreck along the way. After journeying through Asia Minor the adventure continues back through Italy and up through what would become Germany, the lowland countries, the Czech Republic and Austria. An introduction gives the sketchy biography of what is known of Tafur before and after his travels."--BOOK JACKET.

Literature Of Travel And Exploration R To Z Index

Author : Jennifer Speake
ISBN : 1579584403
Genre : Travel writing
File Size : 89. 26 MB
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Containing more than 600 entries, this valuable resource presents all aspects of travel writing. There are entries on places and routes (Afghanistan, Black Sea, Egypt, Gobi Desert, Hawaii, Himalayas, Italy, Northwest Passage, Samarkand, Silk Route, Timbuktu), writers (Isabella Bird, Ibn Battuta, Bruce Chatwin, Gustave Flaubert, Mary Kingsley, Walter Ralegh, Wilfrid Thesiger), methods of transport and types of journey (balloon, camel, grand tour, hunting and big game expeditions, pilgrimage, space travel and exploration), genres (buccaneer narratives, guidebooks, New World chronicles, postcards), companies and societies (East India Company, Royal Geographical Society, Society of Dilettanti), and issues and themes (censorship, exile, orientalism, and tourism). For a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample entries, and more, visit the Literature of Travel and Exploration: An Encyclopedia website.

Literature Of Travel And Exploration

Author : Jennifer Speake
ISBN : 9781135456627
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 21. 98 MB
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Containing more than 600 entries, this valuable resource presents all aspects of travel writing. There are entries on places and routes (Afghanistan, Black Sea, Egypt, Gobi Desert, Hawaii, Himalayas, Italy, Northwest Passage, Samarkand, Silk Route, Timbuktu), writers (Isabella Bird, Ibn Battuta, Bruce Chatwin, Gustave Flaubert, Mary Kingsley, Walter Ralegh, Wilfrid Thesiger), methods of transport and types of journey (balloon, camel, grand tour, hunting and big game expeditions, pilgrimage, space travel and exploration), genres (buccaneer narratives, guidebooks, New World chronicles, postcards), companies and societies (East India Company, Royal Geographical Society, Society of Dilettanti), and issues and themes (censorship, exile, orientalism, and tourism). For a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample entries, and more, visit the Literature of Travel and Exploration: An Encyclopedia website.

The Copts And The West 1439 1822

Author : Alastair Hamilton
ISBN : 9780191537189
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 59 MB
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In seventeenth-century Europe the Copts, or the Egyptian members of the Church of Alexandria, were widely believed to hold the key to an ancient wisdom and an ancient theology. Their language was thought to lead to the deciphering of the hieroglyphs and their Church to retain traces of early Christian practices as well as early Egyptian customs. Now available in paperback for the first time, this first, full-length study of the subject, discusses the attempts of Catholic missionaries to force the Church of Alexandria into union with the Church of Rome and the slow accumulation of knowledge of Coptic beliefs, undertaken by Catholics and Protestants. It ends with a survey of the study of the Coptic language in the West and of the uses to which it was put by Biblical scholars, antiquarians, theologians, and Egyptologists.

Travel In The Byzantine World

Author : Ruth Macrides
ISBN : 9781351877671
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 84 MB
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The contributions to this volume have been selected from the papers delivered at the 34th Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies at Birmingham, in April 2000. Travellers to and in the Byzantine world have long been a subject of interest but travel and communications in the medieval period have more recently attracted scholarly attention. This book is the first to bring together these two lines of enquiry. Four aspects of travel in the Byzantine world, from the sixth to the fifteenth century, are examined here: technicalities of travel on land and sea, purposes of travel, foreign visitors' perceptions of Constantinople, and the representation of the travel experience in images and in written accounts. Sources used to illuminate these four aspects include descriptions of journeys, pilot books, bilingual word lists, shipwrecks, monastic documents, but as the opening paper shows the range of such sources can be far wider than generally supposed. The contributors highlight road and travel conditions for horses and humans, types of ships and speed of sea journeys, the nature of trade in the Mediterranean, the continuity of pilgrimage to the Holy Land, attitudes toward travel. Patterns of communication in the Mediterranean are revealed through distribution of ceramic finds, letter collections, and the spread of the plague. Together, these papers make a notable contribution to our understanding both of the evidence for travel, and of the realities and perceptions of communications in the Byzantine world. Travel in the Byzantine World is volume 10 in the series published by Ashgate/Variorum on behalf of the Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies.

Critical Readings On Global Slavery

Author : Damian Alan Pargas
ISBN : 9789004346611
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 25 MB
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Critical Readings on Global Slavery offers students and researchers a rich collection of previously published works by some of the most preeminent scholars of slavery in various regions and time periods, from antiquity to the present day.

Trade Travel And Exploration In The Middle Ages

Author : John Block Friedman
ISBN : 9781135591014
Genre : Reference
File Size : 32. 35 MB
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Trade, Travel, and Exploration: An Encyclopedia is a reference book that covers the peoples, places, technologies, and intellectual concepts that contributed to trade, travel and exploration during the Middle Ages, from the years A.D. 525 to 1492.

The Book World Of Early Modern Europe

Author : Arthur der Weduwen
ISBN : 9789004518100
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 78 MB
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This collection of essays, commissioned in honour of Andrew Pettegree, presents original contributions on the Reformation, communication and the book in early modern Europe. Together, the essays reflect on Pettegree’s ground-breaking influence on these fields, and offer a comprehensive survey of the state of current scholarship.

The African Prester John And The Birth Of Ethiopian European Relations 1402 1555

Author : Matteo Salvadore
ISBN : 9781317045458
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 22 MB
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From the 14th century onward, political and religious motives led Ethiopian travelers to Mediterranean Europe. For two centuries, their ancient Christian heritage and the myth of a fabled eastern king named Prester John allowed the Ethiopians to engage the continent's secular and religious elites as peers. Meanwhile, back home the Ethiopian nobility came to welcome European visitors and at times even co-opted them by arranging mixed marriages and bestowing land rights. The protagonists of this encounter sought and discovered each other in royal palaces, monasteries, and markets throughout the Mediterranean basin, the Red Sea, and the Indian Ocean littoral, from Lisbon to Jerusalem and from Venice to Goa. Matteo Salvadore's narrative takes the reader on a voyage of reciprocal discovery that climaxed with the Portuguese intervention on the side of the Christian monarchy in the Ethiopian-Adali War. Thereafter, the arrival of the Jesuits at the Horn of Africa turned the mutually beneficial Ethiopian-European encounter into a bitter confrontation over the souls of Ethiopian Christians.

The Pantokrator Monastery In Constantinople

Author : Sofia Kotzabassi
ISBN : 9781614514602
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 10 MB
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The Monastery of Pantokrator, founded by John II Komnenos and his wife Piroska-Irene, is not only one of the most important and most impressive monastic complexes of the Komnenian age, it is also one of the few to occupy a key position in the life of Constantinople in the Palaiologan age,given that itsmortuary chapel (Heroon) was also the last resting place of many members of the latter dynasty. The first attempt to chronicle its history, based on the texts known at the time, was undertaken by G. Moravscik (1932). Interestwas rekindled by P. Gautier’s critical edition of its Typikon (1971), and more recently by restoration work on its buildings. This volume brings together a comprehensive selection of all the texts concerning or connected with the Monastery of Pantokrator, and through themit demonstratesthe Monastery’simportance and its role throughout the history of the Byzantine Empire—a role that has received insufficient attention, given that older studies have tended to focus on the 12th century. The texts cover the situation in Constantinople before the Monastery was founded, the historical and cultural context within which it was established, its Typikon (monastic formulary), the descriptions of Slav and Western travellers, the Byzantine texts (homiletic, historical, hagiographic, and poetic) relating to the Monastery and its history from the 12th to the 15th century, the Byzantine officials associated with it, and the celebration of the principal festivals in its churches. It also contains critical editions of and commentaries on the two versions of the Synaxarion of Irene Komnene, a speech referring to the Empress’s associate in the construction of the Monastery, another on the translation of the icon of St. Demetrios from the Church of St. Demetrios in Thessalonica to the Monastery of Pantokrator, an Office of the Translation of the Holy Stone, the verse Synaxarion composed for the consecration of the Monastery, and the known and unpublished poems by Byzantine poets (12th-15th c.) relating to it, as well as an extensive bibliography.

Byzantines Latins And Turks In The Eastern Mediterranean World After 1150

Author : Jonathan Harris
ISBN : 9780199641888
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 15 MB
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A detailed introduction provides a broad geopolitical context to the contributions and discusses at length the broad themes which unite the articles and which transcend traditional interpretations of the eastern Mediterranean in the later medieval period.

Pilgrimage In The Middle Ages

Author : Brett Edward Whalen
ISBN : 9781442603844
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 66 MB
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Pilgrimage inspired and shaped the distinct experiences of commoners and nobles, men and women, clergy and laity for over a thousand years. Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages: A Reader is a rich collection of primary sources for the history of Christian pilgrimage in Europe and the Mediterranean world from the fourth through the sixteenth centuries. The collection illustrates the far-reaching significance and consequences of pilgrimage for the culture, society, economics, politics, and spirituality of the Middle Ages. Brett Edward Whalen focuses on sites within Europe and beyond its borders, including the holy places of Jerusalem, and provides documents that shed light upon Eastern Christian, Jewish, and Islamic pilgrimages. The result is an innovative sourcebook that offers a window into broader trends, shifts, and transformations in the Middle Ages.

The Immortal Emperor

Author : Donald M. Nicol
ISBN : 0521894093
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 14 MB
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The first biography of the last Byzantine Emperor.

Housing The Stranger In The Mediterranean World

Author : Olivia Remie Constable
ISBN : 9781139449687
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 20 MB
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The Greek pandocheion, Arabic funduq, and Latin fundicum (fondaco) were ubiquitous in the Mediterranean sphere for nearly two millennia. These institutions were not only hostelries for traders and travelers, but also taverns, markets, warehouses, and sites for commercial taxation and regulation. In this highly original study, Professor Constable traces the complex evolution of this family of institutions from the pandocheion in Late Antiquity, to the appearance of the funduq throughout the Muslim Mediterranean following the rise of Islam. By the twelfth century, with the arrival of European merchants in Islamic markets, the funduq evolved into the fondaco. These merchant colonies facilitated trade and travel between Muslim and Christian regions. Before long, fondacos also appeared in southern European cities. This study of the diffusion of this institutional family demonstrates common economic interests and cross-cultural communications across the medieval Mediterranean world, and provides a striking contribution to our understanding of this region.

Between Saint James And Erasmus

Author : J. Van Herwaarden
ISBN : 9004129847
Genre : Religion
File Size : 22. 79 MB
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Pilgrimages, especially those to Santiago de Compostela, formed and essential part of late-medieval devotional life, but were criticized by people like Erasmus who in this book is considered from the late-medieval point of view.

The Art Of The Franciscan Order In Italy

Author : Roger Cook
ISBN : 9789047404620
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80. 77 MB
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This volume includes a collection of essays of scholars from several disciplines and focuses on the art produced for the Franciscans in Italy from the 13th to the 15th century. They contain a wide range of subject matter (fresco, panel, stained glass window) and a variety of approaches.

The Byzantine Lists

Author : Tia M. Kolbaba
ISBN : 025202558X
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 28 MB
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"The lists were written by Byzantines who believed that western Christians had fallen into heresy and impiety. Systematically addressing each fault enumerated in the lists - including the Filioque, fasting on the Sabbath, prohibiting clerical marriage, eating unclean food, and crossing themselves the wrong way - Kolbaba traces the likely explanations of the differences in custom and ritual between eastern and western Christians."--BOOK JACKET.

Tiber

Author : Bruce Ware Allen
ISBN : 9781512603347
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 94 MB
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In this rich history of Italy's Tiber River, Bruce Ware Allen charts the main currents, mythic headwaters, and hidden tributaries of one of the world's most renowned waterways. He considers life along the river, from its twin springs high in the Apennines all the way to its mouth at Ostia, and describes the people who lived along its banks and how they made the Tiber work for them. The Tiber has served as the realm of protomythic creatures and gods, a battleground for armies and navies, a livelihood for boatmen and fishermen, the subject matter of poets and painters, and the final resting place for criminals and martyrs. Tiber: Eternal River of Rome is a highly readable history and a go-to resource for information about Italy's most storied river.

The Last Centuries Of Byzantium 1261 1453

Author : Donald M. Nicol
ISBN : 0521439914
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 39 MB
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A documented narrative history of the Byzantine Empire from 1261 until its fall in 1453.

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