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Pagan And Christian In An Age Of Anxiety

Author : E. R. Dodds
ISBN : 0521385997
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 73 MB
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Dodds examines the personal religious attitudes and experiences common to pagans and Christians in the period between Marcus Aurelius and Constantine.

Pagan And Christian In An Age Of Anxiety

Author : E. R. Dodds
ISBN : OCLC:150811368
Genre : Christianity and other religions
File Size : 20. 23 MB
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The End Of Sacrifice

Author : Susan Emanuel
ISBN : 9781459627529
Genre :
File Size : 31. 7 MB
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The religious transformations that marked late antiquity represent an enigma that has challenged some of the West's greatest thinkers. But, according to Guy Stroumsa, the oppositions between paganism and Christianity that characterize prevailing theories have endured for too long. Instead of describing this epochal change as an evolution within the Greco - Roman world from polytheism to monotheism, he argues that the cause for this shift can be found not so much around the Mediterranean as in the Near East. The End of Sacrifice points to the role of Judaism, particularly its inventions of new religious life following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. The end of animal sacrifice gave rise to new forms of worship, with a concern for personal salvation, scriptural study, rituals like praying and fasting, and the rise of religious communities and monasticism. It is what Christianity learned from Judaism about texts, death, and, above all, sacrifice that allowed it to supersede Greco - Roman religions and, Stroumsa argues, transform religion itself. A concise and original approach to a much - studied moment in religious history, The End of Sacrifice will be heralded by all scholars of late antiquity.

The Secret History Of Dreaming

Author : Robert Moss
ISBN : 9781577316381
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 89. 69 MB
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The author of Conscious Dreaming and The Three "Only" Things poses arguments for understanding one's dreams in order to resolve past events and prepare for the future, explaining the practices of ancient dreaming cultures and the dream experiences of famous historical figures.

The Differing Uses Of Symbolic And Clinical Approaches In Practice And Theory

Author : Luigi Zoja
ISBN : 3856305041
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37. 1 MB
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Symbolic and Clinical Approaches in Theory and Practiceedited by Luigi Zoja and Robert HinshawThis handsome volume, drawn from the Ninth International Congress of Analytical Psychology in Jerusalem, contains contributions reflecting on the meaning and significance of contemporary analytical work from 25 prominent Jungian analysts from around the world. Among the authors are Alfred Ziegler and Adolph Guggenbühl-Craig from Zürich, Rafael López-Pedraza from Caracas, and Aldo Carotenuto from Rome.Also available:San Francisco 1980Money, Food, Drink and Fashion, and Analytic TrainingProceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Association for Analytical Psychology, edited by John BeebeThese proceedings from the 1980 San Francisco Congress of the IAAP have long been unavailable. Now a few last copies have been found and will be offered either singly or as a part of a package discount.From the Contents: A Contribution to Soul and Money by James Hillman; Projections: Soul and Money by Adolf Guggenbühl-Craig; The Training of Shadow and The Shadow of Training by Patricia Berry;The Hydrolith: On Drinking and Dryness in Archetypal Medicine by Alfred Ziegler; Fragmentary Vision: A Central Training Aim by Andrew Samuels; The Concealed Body Language of Anorexia Nervosa by Bani Shorter.ISBN 3-87089-304-4

Pagans And Christians

Author : Robin Lane Fox
ISBN : 9780141925851
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49. 5 MB
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How did Christianity compare and compete with the cults of the pagan gods in the Roman Empire? This scholarly work from award-winning historian, Robin Lane Fox, places Christians and pagans side by side in the context of civil life and contrasts their religious experiences, visions, cults and oracles. Leading up to the time of the first Christian emperor, Constantine, the book aims to enlarge and confirm the value of contemporary evidence, some of which has only recently been discovered.

The Germanization Of Early Medieval Christianity

Author : James C. Russell
ISBN : 9780195104660
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 89 MB
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While historians of Christianity have generally acknowledged some degree of Germanic influence in the development of early medieval Christianity, Russell goes further, arguing for a fundamental Germanic reinterpretation of Christianity. This first full-scale treatment of the subject follows a truly interdisciplinary approach, applying to the early medieval period a sociohistorical method similar to that which has already proven fruitful in explicating the history of Early Christianity and Late Antiquity. The encounter of the Germanic peoples with Christianity is studied from within the larger context of the encounter of a predominantly "world-accepting" Indo-European folk-religiosity with predominantly "world-rejecting" religious movements. While the first part of the book develops a general model of religious transformation for such encounters, the second part applies this model to the Germano-Christian scenario. Russell shows how a Christian missionary policy of temporary accommodation inadvertently contributed to a reciprocal Germanization of Christianity.

Sacred Disobedience

Author : Sharon L. Coggan
ISBN : 9781793606556
Genre : Religion
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Sacred Disobedience: A Jungian Analysis of the Saga of Pan and the Devil traces the ancient Greek God Pan, who became distorted into the image of the Devil in early Christianity. When Pan was demonized, the powerful qualities he represented became repressed, as Pan’s visage twisted into the model of the Devil. This book follows a Jungian analysis of this development. In ancient Greek religion, Pan was worshipped as an honored deity, corresponding to an inner psycho-spiritual condition in which the primitive qualities he represented were fully integrated into consciousness, and these qualities were valued and affirmed as holy. But in the era of early Christianity Pan “dies,” and the Devil is born, a twisted inflation, possibly due to an underlying repression. In the Jungian system, repressed psychic contents do not disappear, as proponents of the new order tacitly assume, but distort and grow more powerful, or “inflate,” to cripple the psyche that refuses to incorporate these split-off elements. Repressed contents will expand to explosive force as the repressed elements eventually return regressively from below. It becomes important then, to understand what qualities the primitive Goat God carried, to appreciate what was repressed in the Western psycho-spiritual system, and what subsequently needs reintegration.

Pagans And Christians In The City

Author : Steven D. Smith
ISBN : 9781467451482
Genre : Religion
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Traditionalist Christians who oppose same-sex marriage and other cultural developments in the United States wonder why they are being forced to bracket their beliefs in order to participate in public life. This situation is not new, says Steven D. Smith: Christians two thousand years ago faced very similar challenges. Picking up poet T. S. Eliot’s World War II–era thesis that the future of the West would be determined by a contest between Christianity and “modern paganism,” Smith argues in this book that today’s culture wars can be seen as a reprise of the basic antagonism that pitted pagans against Christians in the Roman Empire. Smith’s Pagans and Christians in the City looks at that historical conflict and explores how the same competing ideas continue to clash today. All of us, Smith shows, have much to learn by observing how patterns from ancient history are reemerging in today’s most controversial issues.

The Jews Among Pagans And Christians In The Roman Empire

Author : Judith Lieu
ISBN : 9781135081881
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 47 MB
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In the period of Roman domination there were communities of Jews, some still in Palestine, some dispersed in and around the Roman Empire; they had to face at first the world-wide power of the pagan Romans and later on the emergence of Christianity as an Empire-wide religion. How they coped with these dramatic changes and how they influenced the new forms of religious life that emerged in this period provide the main themes of The Jews Among Pagans and Christians. Essays by the leading scholars in the field together with the introduction by the editors, offer new approaches to understanding the role of Judaism and the pattern of religious interaction characteristic of the period.

Christianity And Paganism 350 750

Author : J. N. Hillgarth
ISBN : 0812212134
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 99 MB
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Using sermons, exorcisms, letters, biographies of the saints, inscriptions, autobiographical and legal documents—some of which are translated nowhere else—J. N. Hillgarth shows how the Christian church went about the formidable task of converting western Europe. The book covers such topics as the relationship between the Church and the Roman state, Christian attitudes toward the barbarians, and the missions to northern Europe. It documents as well the cult of relics in popular Christianity and the emergence of consciously Christian monarchies.

Ancient Mediterranean Religions

Author : John C. Stephens
ISBN : 9781443895514
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75. 20 MB
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This book offers a clear and concise historical overview of the major religious movements of the ancient Mediterranean world existing from the time of the second millennium BCE up until the fourth century CE, including both the Judeo-Christian and pagan religious traditions. Recognizing the significant role of religious institutions in human history and acknowledging the diversity of religious ideas and practices in the ancient Mediterranean world, “religion” is defined as a collection of myths, beliefs, rituals, ethical practices, social institutions and experiences related to the realm of the sacred cosmos. Without focusing too much attention on technicalities and complex vocabulary, the book provides an introductory road map for exploring the vast array of religious data permeating the ancient Mediterranean world. Through an examination of literary and archeological evidence, the book summarizes the fundamental religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Near Eastern world, including the religious traditions of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt and Israel. Turning westward, the fascinating world of ancient Greek and Roman religion is considered next. The discussion begins with a description of Minoan-Mycenaean religion, followed by a consideration of classical Roman and Greek religion. Next, the numerous religious movements that blossomed during Hellenistic-Roman times are discussed. In addition, the fundamental theological contributions of various Greco-Roman philosophical schools of thought, including Orphism, Stoicism, Pythagoreanism, Platonism and Neo-Platonism, are described. Greco-Roman philosophy functioned as a quasi-religious outlook for many, and played a decisive role in the evolution of religion in the classical and Hellenistic period. The theological speculations of the philosophers regarding the nature of God and the soul made a huge impact in religious circles during the classical and Hellenistic era. Moving forward in history from archaic and classical times to the later Hellenistic-Roman period, the old religious order of the past falls by the wayside and a new updated religious paradigm begins to develop throughout the Mediterranean world, with a greater emphasis being placed upon the religious individual and the expression of personal religious feelings. There are several important social and historical reasons for this shift in perspective and these factors are explained in the chapter focusing upon personal religion in Hellenistic times. Since the entire religious topography of the ancient Mediterranean world is rarely outlined in a single volume, this book will be a welcome addition to anyone’s library.

The Consolations Of Theology

Author : Brian S. Rosner
ISBN : 9780802860408
Genre : Religion
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This volume is a primer on the ways theology can be of practical value both to fledgling Christians and to those who've been in the faith for so long that they've lost sight of the basics. According to Brian Rosner, the great theologians in the history of the church have always found that theology affords genuine comfort in the face of life's difficulties. In The Consolations of Theology Rosner and other practical theologians present a compelling blend of biography and theology that profoundly addresses the range of human suffering. Contents and contributors: Introduction: On Consolation Gwenfair Adams Lactantius on Anger Richard Gibson Augustine on Obsession Andrew Cameron Luther on Despair Mark Thompson Kierkegaard on Anxiety Peter Bolt Bonhoeffer on Disappointment Brian Rosner C. S. Lewis on Pain Robert Banks

The Social Structure Of The Early Christian Communities

Author : Dimitris Kyrtatas
ISBN : 9781789607352
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79. 59 MB
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The Religious Dreamworld Of Apuleius Metamorphoses

Author : James Gollnick
ISBN : 9780889208032
Genre : Religion
File Size : 57. 76 MB
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Apuleius’ Metamorphoses is probably best known as the literary source for the myth of Eros and Psyche and as a primary source of information about mystery religions in the ancient world. There is another realm of the Metamorphoses which has, until now, received relatively little attention — namely, the many dreams found within it. The Religious Dreamworld of Apuleius’ Metamorphoses offers an engaging portrait of the second-century dreamworld. Recognizing the centrality of the religious function and spiritual interpretation of dreams, this book illustrates their vital importance in the ancient world and the wide variety of meanings attributed to them. James Gollnick draws deeply from historical and psychological studies and provides a historical background on the current interest in the role of dreams in psychological and spiritual transformation. This study of Apuleius’ Metamorphoses adds to an appreciation of Apuleius the dreamer and the second-century dreamworld in which he lived and wrote.

Response To The Other

Author : Robert P. Vande Kappelle
ISBN : 9781725285750
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79. 68 MB
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Human beings seek meaning and purpose. To do so, we tell stories about the past, which we call history, and stories about what will occur in the future, constructed from memory and imagination. History is not a subject we study, but one we live. History is our medium, as water is to fish. No period of antiquity is more informative and influential for Western civilization than the Greco-Roman, the period from the time of Alexander the Great to the fall of the Roman Empire, an age that saw the emergence of Judaism and Christianity--twin traditions shaped against the background of pagan dominance. The meeting between Jew and Greek, Christian and pagan, revolutionized the ancient world. It represented a crucial moment in the history of Western society, when politics, economics, culture, and religion took a new turn. In time, these separate streams mingled and merged, forming the single and ever-widening current that gave birth to modernity. Moving against the stream of religious exclusivism, this book does not seek to further the cause of one particular religious perspective, but rather to gain insight on how ancient pagans, Jews, and Christians interacted with one another. This study advances contemporary attempts at dialogue and cooperation, enabling people of differing agendas to focus their energy on finding solutions to problems plaguing our planet. Response to the Other has much to offer specialists and non-specialists alike. This work can be used as a study guide, the questions at the end of each chapter suitable for individual or group use.

The Sentences Of Sextus And The Origins Of Christian Ascetiscism

Author : Daniele Pevarello
ISBN : 3161525795
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34. 3 MB
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Daniele Pevarello analyzes the Sentences of Sextus, a second century collection of Greek aphorisms compiled by Sextus, an otherwise unknown Christian author. The specific character of Sextus' collection lies in the fact that the Sentences are a Christian rewriting of Hellenistic sayings, some of which are still preserved in pagan gnomologies and in Porphyry. Pevarello investigates the problem of continuity and discontinuity between the ascetic tendencies of the Christian compiler and aphorisms promoting self-control in his pagan sources. In particular, he shows how some aspects of the Stoic, Cynic, Platonic and Pythagorean moral traditions, such as sexual restraint, voluntary poverty, the practice of silence and of a secluded life were creatively combined with Sextus' ascetic agenda against the background of the biblical tradition. Drawing on this adoption of Hellenistic moral traditions, Pevarello shows how great a part the moral tradition of Greek paideia played in the shaping and development of self-restraint among early Christian ascetics.

Metaphysik Und Religion

Author : Irmgard Männlein-Robert
ISBN : 3598777094
Genre : Christianity and other religions
File Size : 89. 34 MB
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Die Beiträge zur Altertumskunde enthalten Monographien, Sammelbände, Editionen, Übersetzungen und Kommentare zu Themen aus den Bereichen Klassische, Mittel- und Neulateinische Philologie, Alte Geschichte, Archäologie, Antike Philosophie sowie Nachwirken der Antike bis in die Neuzeit. Dadurch leistet die Reihe einen umfassenden Beitrag zur Erschließung klassischer Literatur und zur Forschung im gesamten Gebiet der Altertumswissenschaften.

Galileo And The Conflict Between Religion And Science

Author : Gregory W. Dawes
ISBN : 9781317268895
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77. 97 MB
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For more than 30 years, historians have rejected what they call the ‘warfare thesis’ – the idea that there is an inevitable conflict between religion and science – insisting that scientists and believers can live in harmony. This book disagrees. Taking as its starting point the most famous of all such conflicts, the Galileo affair, it argues that religious and scientific communities exhibit very different attitudes to knowledge. Scripturally based religions not only claim a source of knowledge distinct from human reason. They are also bound by tradition, insist upon the certainty of their beliefs, and are resistant to radical criticism in ways in which the sciences are not. If traditionally minded believers perceive a clash between what their faith tells them and the findings of modern science, they may well do what the Church authorities did in Galileo’s time. They may attempt to close down the science, insisting that the authority of God’s word trumps that of any ‘merely human’ knowledge. Those of us who value science must take care to ensure this does not happen.

Who Were The First Christians?

Author : Thomas Arthur Robinson
ISBN : 9780190620547
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58. 1 MB
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Challenges the consensus view of the urban character of early Christianity Demonstrates that almost every scenario in reconstructing early Christian growth is mathematically improbable and in many case impossible unless a rural dimension of the Christian movement is factored in Points to the likelihood that the marginal and the rustic made up a larger part of its membership than is generally recognized.

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