multisensor-surveillance-systems

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Multisensor Surveillance Systems

Author : Gian Luca Foresti
ISBN : 9781461503712
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58. 48 MB
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Monitoring of public and private sites is increasingly becoming a very important and critical issue, especially after the recent flurry of terrorist attacks including the one on the Word Trade Center in September 2001. It is, therefore, imperative that effective multisensor surveillance systems be developed to protect the society from similar attacks in the future. The new generation of surveillance systems to be developed have a specific requirement: they must be able to automatically identify criminal and terrorist activity without sacrificing individual privacy to the extent possible. Privacy laws concerning monitoring and surveillance systems vary from country to country but, in general, they try to protect the privacy of their citizens. Monitoring and visual surveillance has numerous other applications. It can be employed to help invalids or handicapped and to monitor the activities of elderly people. It can be used to monitor large events such as sporting events, as well. Nowadays, monitoring is employ~d in several different contexts including transport applications, such as monitoring of railway stations and airports, dangerous environments like nuclear facilities or traffic flows on roads and bridges. The latest generation of surveillance systems mainly rely on hybrid analog-digital, or completely digital video communications and processing methods and take advantage of the greater of flexibility offered by video processing algorithms that are capable focusing a human operator's attention on a set of interesting situations.

Investigations On Multi Sensor Image System And Its Surveillance Applications

Author : Zheng Liu
ISBN : 9781599426518
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 43 MB
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This thesis investigates the issues of implementing multi-sensor imaging system for surveillance applications. Three topics for the fusion of infrared and electro-optic images are studied, i.e. registration, fusion, and evaluation. The first topic is the image registration or alignment, which is to associate corresponding pixels in multiple images to the same physical point in the scene. A trajectory-based method for registering infrared and electro-optic video sequences is proposed in this study. The initial registration parameters are derived from matching the trajectories across the consecutive video frames. Further refinement can be carried out by applying a maximum mutual information approach. The frame difference, from which the feature point is detected, is found with an image structural similarity measurement. The second topic is the implementation of pixel-level fusion. Two applications are considered in this study. Motivated by the adaptive enhancement, a modified pixel-level fusion scheme is proposed to implement the context enhancement. A visual image is first enhanced with the corresponding infrared image. Then, the enhanced image is fused with the visual image again to highlight the background features. This achieves a context enhancement most suitable for human perception. As the application of multi-sensor concealed weapon detection (CWD) is concerned, this thesis clarifies the requirements and concepts for CWD. How the CWD application can benefit from multi-sensor fusion is identified and a framework of multi-sensor CWD is proposed. A solution to synthesize a composite image from infrared and visual image is presented with experimental results. The synthesized image, on one hand provides both the information of personal identification and the suspicious region of concealed weapons; on the other hand implements the privacy protection, which appears to be an important aspect of the CWD process. The third topic is about the fusion performance assessment. In this study, the evaluation metrics are developed for reference-based assessment and blind assessment respectively. An absolute measurement of image features, namely phase congruency, is employed. Future work should include the reliability and optimization study of multiple image sensors from applications' and human perception-related perspectives. This thesis is a contribution to such research.

Multisensor Fusion

Author : Anthony K. Hyder
ISBN : 9789401005562
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 3 MB
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For some time, all branches of the military have used a wide range of sensors to provide data for many purposes, including surveillance, reconnoitring, target detection and battle damage assessment. Many nations have also attempted to utilise these sensors for civilian applications, such as crop monitoring, agricultural disease tracking, environmental diagnostics, cartography, ocean temperature profiling, urban planning, and the characterisation of the Ozone Hole above Antarctica. The recent convergence of several important technologies has made possible new, advanced, high performance, sensor based applications relying on the near-simultaneous fusion of data from an ensemble of different types of sensors. The book examines the underlying principles of sensor operation and data fusion, the techniques and technologies that enable the process, including the operation of 'fusion engines'. Fundamental theory and the enabling technologies of data fusion are presented in a systematic and accessible manner. Applications are discussed in the areas of medicine, meteorology, BDA and targeting, transportation, cartography, the environment, agriculture, and manufacturing and process control.

Networked Multisensor Decision And Estimation Fusion

Author : Yunmin Zhu
ISBN : 9781466576001
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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Due to the increased capability, reliability, robustness, and survivability of systems with multiple distributed sensors, multi-source information fusion has become a crucial technique in a growing number of areas-including sensor networks, space technology, air traffic control, military engineering, agriculture and environmental engineering, and i

Advances And Challenges In Multisensor Data And Information Processing

Author : E. Lefebvre
ISBN : 9781607502326
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70. 65 MB
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Information fusion resulting from multi-source processing, often called multisensor data fusion when sensors are the main sources of information, is a relatively young (less than 20 years) technology domain. It provides techniques and methods for: Integrating data from multiple sources and using the complementarity of this data to derive maximum information about the phenomenon being observed; Analyzing and deriving the meaning of these observations; Selecting the best course of action; and Controlling the actions. Various sensors have been designed to detect some specific phenomena, but not others. Data fusion applications can combine synergically information from many sensors, including data provided by satellites and contextual and encyclopedic knowledge, to provide enhanced ability to detect and recognize anomalies in the environment, compared with conventional means. Data fusion is an integral part of multisensor processing, but it can also be applied to fuse non-sensor information (geopolitical, intelligence, etc.) to provide decision support for a timely and effective situation and threat assessment. One special field of application for data fusion is satellite imagery, which can provide extensive information over a wide area of the electromagnetic spectrum using several types of sensors (Visible, Infra-Red (IR), Thermal IR, Radar, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR), Hyperspectral...). Satellite imagery provides the coverage rate needed to identify and monitor human activities from agricultural practices (land use, crop types identification...) to defence-related surveillance (land/sea target detection and classification). By acquiring remotely sensed imagery over earth regions that land sensors cannot access, valuable information can be gathered for the defence against terrorism. This books deals with the following research areas: Target recognition/classification and tracking; Sensor systems; Image processing; Remote sensing and remote control; Belief functions theory; and Situation assessment.

Innovations In Defence Support Systems 3

Author : Paolo Remagnino
ISBN : 9783642182778
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47. 42 MB
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This book is a continuation of our previous volumes on Innovations in Defence Support Systems. This book includes a sample of recent advances in intelligent monitoring. The contributions include: · Data fusion in modern surveillance · Distributed intelligent surveillance systems modeling for performance evaluation · Incremental learning on trajectory clustering · Pedestrian speed profiles from video sequence · System-wide tracking of individuals · A scalable approach based on normality components for intelligent surveillance · Distributed camera overlap estimation · Multi-robot team for environmental monitoring The book is directed to the security experts, engineers, scientists, students and professors who are interested in intelligent monitoring.

Aviation Weather Surveillance Systems

Author : Pravas R. Mahapatra
ISBN : UOM:39015041993273
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 84 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the science, sensors, and systems that form modern aviation weather surveillance systems. Focusing on radar-based surveillance, it presents logical, incremental detail on the fundamentals of the various disciplines involved and their complex interplay. This includes giving a background to aviation systems and control, atmospheric and meteorological aspects, weather issues in relation to aviation, and broad coverage of modern aviation weather surveillance and information systems, including detailed material on Doppler weather radar, plus new generation atmospheric sensors. "Aviation Weather Surveillance Systems" is an excellent resource for civil and military aviation professionals; electronic engineers, especially those working in radar; meteorologists; pilots; and flight crews. Copublished with the Institute of Electrical Engineers, United Kingdom.

Multi Sensor Image Fusion And Its Applications

Author : Rick S. Blum
ISBN : 9781420026986
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 16 MB
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Taking another lesson from nature, the latest advances in image processing technology seek to combine image data from several diverse types of sensors in order to obtain a more accurate view of the scene: very much the same as we rely on our five senses. Multi-Sensor Image Fusion and Its Applications is the first text dedicated to the theory and practice of the registration and fusion of image data, covering such approaches as statistical methods, color-related techniques, model-based methods, and visual information display strategies. After a review of state-of-the-art image fusion techniques, the book provides an overview of fusion algorithms and fusion performance evaluation. The following chapters explore recent progress and practical applications of the proposed techniques to solving problems in such areas as medical diagnosis, surveillance and biometric systems, remote sensing, nondestructive evaluation, blurred image restoration, and image quality assessment. Recognized leaders from industry and academia contribute the chapters, reflecting the latest research trends and providing useful algorithms to aid implementation. Supplying a 28-page full-color insert, Multi-Sensor Image Fusion and Its Applications clearly demonstrates the benefits and possibilities of this revolutionary development. It provides a solid knowledge base for applying these cutting-edge techniques to new challenges and creating future advances.

Intelligent Video Surveillance

Author : Yunqian Ma
ISBN : 9781439813300
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34. 92 MB
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From the streets of London to subway stations in New York City, hundreds of thousands of surveillance cameras ubiquitously collect hundreds of thousands of videos, often running 24/7. How can such vast volumes of video data be stored, analyzed, indexed, and searched? How can advanced video analysis and systems autonomously recognize people and detect targeted activities real-time? Collating and presenting the latest information Intelligent Video Surveillance: Systems and Technology explores these issues, from fundamentals principle to algorithmic design and system implementation. An Integrated discussion of key research and applications Written and edited by a collection of industry experts, the book presents state-of-the-art technologies and systems in intelligent video surveillance. The book integrates key research, design, and implementation themes of intelligent video surveillance systems and technology into one comprehensive reference. The chapters cover the computational principles behind the technologies and systems and include system implementation issues as well as examples of successful applications of these technologies. Builds a foundation for future developments Changing appearance caused by changing viewpoints, illumination, expression, and movement, self/cross body occlusion, modeling of cluttered background capable of efficient background subtraction for object detection, and spatial and temporal alignment of multiple cameras are just a few of the challenges that remain in further developing and refining intelligent video surveillance technology and systems. Fully illustrated with line art, tables, and photographs demonstrating the collected video and results obtained using the related algorithms, including a color plate section, the book provides a high-level blueprint for advances and insights into future directions of the field.

Principles Of Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems

Author : A. Nejat Ince
ISBN : 0792386728
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 2 MB
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Information is always required by organizations of coastal states about the movements, identities and intentions of vessels sailing in the waters of interest to them, which may be coastal waters, straits, inland waterways, rivers, lakes or open seas. This interest may stem from defense requirements or from needs for the protection of off-shore resources, enhanced search and rescue services, deterrence of smuggling, drug trafficking and other illegal activities and/or for providing vessel traffic services for safe and efficient navigation and protection of the environment. To meet these needs it is necessary to have a well designed maritime surveillance and control system capable of tracking ships and providing other types of information required by a variety of user groups ranging from port authorities, shipping companies, marine exchanges to governments and the military. Principles of Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems will be of vital interest to anyone responsible for the design, implementation or provision of a well designed maritime surveillance and control system capable of tracking ships and providing navigational and other types of information required for safe navigation and efficient commercial operation. Principles of Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems is therefore essential to a variety of user groups ranging from port authorities to shipping companies and marine exchanges as well as civil governments and the military.

Uncertainty Theories And Multisensor Data Fusion

Author : Alain Appriou
ISBN : 9781118578674
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 59 MB
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Addressing recent challenges and developments in this growing field, Multisensor Data Fusion Uncertainty Theory first discusses basic questions such as: Why and when is multiple sensor fusion necessary? How can the available measurements be characterized in such a case? What is the purpose and the specificity of information fusion processing in multiple sensor systems? Considering the different uncertainty formalisms, a set of coherent operators corresponding to the different steps of a complete fusion process is then developed, in order to meet the requirements identified in the first part of the book.

Communication Systems And Information Technology

Author : Ming Ma
ISBN : 9783642217623
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 48 MB
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This volume includes extended and revised versions of a set of selected papers from the International Conference on Electric and Electronics (EEIC 2011) , held on June 20-22 , 2011, which is jointly organized by Nanchang University, Springer, and IEEE IAS Nanchang Chapter. The objective of EEIC 2011 Volume 4 is to provide a major interdisciplinary forum for the presentation of new approaches from Communication Systems and Information Technology, to foster integration of the latest developments in scientific research. 137 related topic papers were selected into this volume. All the papers were reviewed by 2 program committee members and selected by the volume editor Prof. Ming Ma. We hope every participant can have a good opportunity to exchange their research ideas and results and to discuss the state of the art in the areas of the Communication Systems and Information Technology.

Jane S Electro Optic Systems

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015060666495
Genre : Electrooptics
File Size : 73. 68 MB
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Ubiquitous Intelligence And Computing

Author : Hai Jin
ISBN : 9783540380917
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 28 MB
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This book is the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing, UIC 2006, held in Wuhan, China. The book presents 117 revised full papers together with a keynote paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 382 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on smart objects and embedded systems; smart spaces, environments, and platforms; ad-hoc and intelligent networks; sensor networks, and more.

Principles Of Gnss Inertial And Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems Second Edition

Author : Paul D. Groves
ISBN : 9781608070053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60. 98 MB
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This newly revised and greatly expanded edition of the popular Artech House book Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems offers you a current and comprehensive understanding of satellite navigation, inertial navigation, terrestrial radio navigation, dead reckoning, and environmental feature matching . It provides both an introduction to navigation systems and an in-depth treatment of INS/GNSS and multisensor integration. The second edition offers a wealth of added and updated material, including a brand new chapter on the principles of radio positioning and a chapter devoted to important applications in the field. Other updates include expanded treatments of map matching, image-based navigation, attitude determination, acoustic positioning, pedestrian navigation, advanced GNSS techniques, and several terrestrial and short-range radio positioning technologies .. The book shows you how satellite, inertial, and other navigation technologies work, and focuses on processing chains and error sources. In addition, you get a clear introduction to coordinate frames, multi-frame kinematics, Earth models, gravity, Kalman filtering, and nonlinear filtering. Providing solutions to common integration problems, the book describes and compares different integration architectures, and explains how to model different error sources. You get a broad and penetrating overview of current technology and are brought up to speed with the latest developments in the field, including context-dependent and cooperative positioning.

Advances In Multimedia Modeling

Author : Tat-Jen Cham
ISBN : 9783540694281
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 39 MB
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The two volume set LNCS 4351 and LNCS 4352 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Multimedia Modeling Conference, MMM 2007, held in Singapore in January 2007. Based on rigorous reviewing, the program committee selected 123 carefully revised full papers of the main technical sessions and 33 revised full papers of four special sessions from a total of 392 submissions for presentation in two volumes.

Manufacturing Science And Technology Area Plan Fy 94

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 0788106414
Genre :
File Size : 72. 48 MB
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A planning document for the FY 94-99 Science & Technology program. Discusses technology for logistics & technology for test. Program descriptions for: aircraft, missiles & munitions, launch systems, C3I mission electronics, spacecraft, aerospace sustainment, manufacturing systems, & advanced manufacturing. Glossary. Charts, tables & drawings.

Multisensor Multisource Information Fusion Architectures Algorithms And Applications

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015058771786
Genre : Computer algorithms
File Size : 62. 51 MB
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Electromagnetics In A Complex World

Author : Innocenzo Pinto
ISBN : 3540202358
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 64 MB
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Provides the state of the art of modelling, simulation and calculation methods for electromagnetic fields and waves and their application.

Prediction And Recognition Of Piracy Efforts Using Collaborative Human Centric Information Systems

Author : Bossé Éloi
ISBN : 9781614992004
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35. 87 MB
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Maritime piracy is the cause of widespread international concern, and the number of pirate attacks has increased substantially in recent years. Many commercial vessels are inherently vulnerable to attack because of their size and relative slowness, and technological improvements have resulted in smaller crews on large vessels, whilst the absence of enforcement agencies in international waters has served only to make pirates more daring. Collaborative human-centric information support systems can significantly improve the ability of every nation to predict and prevent pirate attacks, or to recognize the nature and size of an

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