modelling-and-application-of-stochastic-processes

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Stochastic Models Analysis And Applications

Author : B. R. Bhat
ISBN : 8122412289
Genre : Mathematical statistics
File Size : 74. 61 MB
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The Book Presents A Systematic Exposition Of The Basic Theory And Applications Of Stochastic Models.Emphasising The Modelling Rather Than Mathematical Aspects Of Stochastic Processes, The Book Bridges The Gap Between The Theory And Applications Of These Processes.The Basic Building Blocks Of Model Construction Are Explained In A Step By Step Manner, Starting From The Simplest Model Of Random Walk And Proceeding Gradually To More Complicated Models. Several Examples Are Given Throughout The Text To Illustrate Important Analytical Properties As Well As To Provide Applications.The Book Also Includes A Detailed Chapter On Inference For Stochastic Processes. This Chapter Highlights Some Of The Recent Developments In The Subject And Explains Them Through Illustrative Examples.An Important Feature Of The Book Is The Complements And Problems Section At The End Of Each Chapter Which Presents (I) Additional Properties Of The Model, (Ii) Extensions Of The Model, And (Iii) Applications Of The Model To Different Areas.With All These Features, This Is An Invaluable Text For Post-Graduate Students Of Statistics, Mathematics And Operation Research.

Generalized Stochastic Processes

Author : Stefan Schäffler
ISBN : 9783319787688
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 86 MB
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This textbook shall serve a double purpose: first of all, it is a book about generalized stochastic processes, a very important but highly neglected part of probability theory which plays an outstanding role in noise modelling. Secondly, this textbook is a guide to noise modelling for mathematicians and engineers to foster the interdisciplinary discussion between mathematicians (to provide effective noise models) and engineers (to be familiar with the mathematical backround of noise modelling in order to handle noise models in an optimal way).Two appendices on "A Short Course in Probability Theory" and "Spectral Theory of Stochastic Processes" plus a well-choosen set of problems and solutions round this compact textbook off.

Stochastic Processes With Applications To Finance

Author : Masaaki Kijima
ISBN : 1584882247
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 87 MB
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In recent years, modeling financial uncertainty using stochastic processes has become increasingly important, but it is commonly perceived as requiring a deep mathematical background. Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance shows that this is not necessarily so. It presents the theory of discrete stochastic processes and their applications in finance in an accessible treatment that strikes a balance between the abstract and the practical. Using an approach that views sophisticated stochastic calculus as based on a simple class of discrete processes-"random walks"-the author first provides an elementary introduction to the relevant areas of real analysis and probability. He then uses random walks to explain the change of measure formula, the reflection principle, and the Kolmogorov backward equation. The Black-Scholes formula is derived as a limit of binomial model, and applications to the pricing of derivative securities are presented. Another primary focus of the book is the pricing of corporate bonds and credit derivatives, which the author explains in terms of discrete default models. By presenting important results in discrete processes and showing how to transfer those results to their continuous counterparts, Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance imparts an intuitive and practical understanding of the subject. This unique treatment is ideal both as a text for a graduate-level class and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in financial engineering, operations research, and mathematical and statistical finance.

Stochastic Processes And Models

Author : David Stirzaker
ISBN : 0198568142
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 98 MB
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An introduction to simple stochastic processes and models, this text includes numerous exercises, problems and solutions, as well as covering key concepts and tools.

Modelling And Application Of Stochastic Processes

Author : Uday B. Desai
ISBN : 0898381770
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 52 MB
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The subject of modelling and application of stochastic processes is too vast to be exhausted in a single volume. In this book, attention is focused on a small subset of this vast subject. The primary emphasis is on realization and approximation of stochastic systems. Recently there has been considerable interest in the stochastic realization problem, and hence, an attempt has been made here to collect in one place some of the more recent approaches and algorithms for solving the stochastic realiza tion problem. Various different approaches for realizing linear minimum-phase systems, linear nonminimum-phase systems, and bilinear systems are presented. These approaches range from time-domain methods to spectral-domain methods. An overview of the chapter contents briefly describes these approaches. Also, in most of these chapters special attention is given to the problem of developing numerically ef ficient algorithms for obtaining reduced-order (approximate) stochastic realizations. On the application side, chapters on use of Markov random fields for modelling and analyzing image signals, use of complementary models for the smoothing problem with missing data, and nonlinear estimation are included. Chapter 1 by Klein and Dickinson develops the nested orthogonal state space realization for ARMA processes. As suggested by the name, nested orthogonal realizations possess two key properties; (i) the state variables are orthogonal, and (ii) the system matrices for the (n + l)st order realization contain as their "upper" n-th order blocks the system matrices from the n-th order realization (nesting property).

Basics Of Applied Stochastic Processes

Author : Richard Serfozo
ISBN : 9783540893325
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 52 MB
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Stochastic processes are mathematical models of random phenomena that evolve according to prescribed dynamics. Processes commonly used in applications are Markov chains in discrete and continuous time, renewal and regenerative processes, Poisson processes, and Brownian motion. This volume gives an in-depth description of the structure and basic properties of these stochastic processes. A main focus is on equilibrium distributions, strong laws of large numbers, and ordinary and functional central limit theorems for cost and performance parameters. Although these results differ for various processes, they have a common trait of being limit theorems for processes with regenerative increments. Extensive examples and exercises show how to formulate stochastic models of systems as functions of a system’s data and dynamics, and how to represent and analyze cost and performance measures. Topics include stochastic networks, spatial and space-time Poisson processes, queueing, reversible processes, simulation, Brownian approximations, and varied Markovian models. The technical level of the volume is between that of introductory texts that focus on highlights of applied stochastic processes, and advanced texts that focus on theoretical aspects of processes.

Modeling And Analysis Of Stochastic Systems

Author : Vidyadhar G. Kulkarni
ISBN : 0412049910
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 22 MB
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This practical text aims to enable students in engineering, business, operations research, public policy, and computer science to model and analyze stochastic systems. The major classes of useful stochastic processes - discrete and continuous time Markov chains, renewal processes, regenerative processes, and Markov regenerative processes - are presented, with an emphasis on modelling real-life situations with stochastic elements and analyzing the resulting stochastic model.

An Introduction To Stochastic Modeling

Author : Mark Pinsky
ISBN : 9780123814166
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 57 MB
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Serving as the foundation for a one-semester course in stochastic processes for students familiar with elementary probability theory and calculus, Introduction to Stochastic Modeling, Fourth Edition, bridges the gap between basic probability and an intermediate level course in stochastic processes. The objectives of the text are to introduce students to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling, to illustrate the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the applied sciences, and to provide exercises in the application of simple stochastic analysis to realistic problems. New to this edition: Realistic applications from a variety of disciplines integrated throughout the text, including more biological applications Plentiful, completely updated problems Completely updated and reorganized end-of-chapter exercise sets, 250 exercises with answers New chapters of stochastic differential equations and Brownian motion and related processes Additional sections on Martingale and Poisson process Realistic applications from a variety of disciplines integrated throughout the text Extensive end of chapter exercises sets, 250 with answers Chapter 1-9 of the new edition are identical to the previous edition New! Chapter 10 - Random Evolutions New! Chapter 11- Characteristic functions and Their Applications

Stochastic Models In Operations Research

Author : Daniel P. Heyman
ISBN : 0486432599
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 78 MB
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This volume of a 2-volume set explores the central facts and ideas of stochastic processes, illustrating their use in models based on applied and theoretical investigations. Explores stochastic processes, operating characteristics of stochastic systems, and stochastic optimization. Comprehensive in its scope, this graduate-level text emphasizes the practical importance, intellectual stimulation, and mathematical elegance of stochastic models.

Numerical Modelling Of Random Processes And Fields

Author : Vitaliĭ Antonovich Ogorodnikov
ISBN : 9067641995
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 46 MB
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Computer-aided modelling is one of the most effective means of getting to the root of a natural phenomenon and of predicting the consequences of human impact on the environment. General methods of numerical modelling of random processes have been effectively developed and the area of applications has rapidly expanded in recent years. This book deals with the development and investigation of numerical methods for simulation of random processes and fields. The book opens with a description of scalar and vector-valued Gaussian models, followed by non-Gaussian models. Furthermore, issues of convergence of approximate models of random fields are studied. The last part of this book is devoted to applications of stochastic modelling, in which new application areas such as simulation of meteorological processes and fields, sea surface undulation, and stochastic structure of clouds, are presented.

An Introduction To Continuous Time Stochastic Processes

Author : Vincenzo Capasso
ISBN : 0817644288
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46. 97 MB
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This concisely written book is a rigorous and self-contained introduction to the theory of continuous-time stochastic processes. Balancing theory and applications, the authors use stochastic methods and concrete examples to model real-world problems from engineering, biomathematics, biotechnology, and finance. Suitable as a textbook for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses, the work may also be used for self-study or as a reference. The book will be of interest to students, pure and applied mathematicians, and researchers or practitioners in mathematical finance, biomathematics, physics, and engineering.

Stochastic Processes

Author : Robert G. Gallager
ISBN : 9781107435315
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 11 MB
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This definitive textbook provides a solid introduction to discrete and continuous stochastic processes, tackling a complex field in a way that instils a deep understanding of the relevant mathematical principles, and develops an intuitive grasp of the way these principles can be applied to modelling real-world systems. It includes a careful review of elementary probability and detailed coverage of Poisson, Gaussian and Markov processes with richly varied queuing applications. The theory and applications of inference, hypothesis testing, estimation, random walks, large deviations, martingales and investments are developed. Written by one of the world's leading information theorists, evolving over twenty years of graduate classroom teaching and enriched by over 300 exercises, this is an exceptional resource for anyone looking to develop their understanding of stochastic processes.

An Introduction To Stochastic Modeling

Author : Howard M. Taylor
ISBN : 9781483269276
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 15 MB
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An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling provides information pertinent to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling. This book presents the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the sciences. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of diverse types of stochastic models, which predicts a set of possible outcomes weighed by their likelihoods or probabilities. This text then provides exercises in the applications of simple stochastic analysis to appropriate problems. Other chapters consider the study of general functions of independent, identically distributed, nonnegative random variables representing the successive intervals between renewals. This book discusses as well the numerous examples of Markov branching processes that arise naturally in various scientific disciplines. The final chapter deals with queueing models, which aid the design process by predicting system performance. This book is a valuable resource for students of engineering and management science. Engineers will also find this book useful.

Stochastic Processes And Applications In Biology And Medicine Ii

Author : Marius Iosifescu
ISBN : 3540062718
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 16 MB
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This volume is a revised and enlarged version of Chapter 3 of. a book with the same title, published in Romanian in 1968. The revision resulted in a new book which has been divided into two of the large amount of new material. The whole book parts because is intended to introduce mathematicians and biologists with a strong mathematical background to the study of stochastic processes and their applications in biological sciences. It is meant to serve both as a textbook and a survey of recent developments. Biology studies complex situations and therefore needs skilful methods of abstraction. Stochastic models, being both vigorous in their specification and flexible in their manipulation, are the most suitable tools for studying such situations. This circumstance deter mined the writing of this volume which represents a comprehensive cross section of modern biological problems on the theory of stochastic processes. Because of the way some specific problems have been treat ed, this volume may also be useful to research scientists in any other field of science, interested in the possibilities and results of stochastic modelling. To understand the material presented, the reader needs to be acquainted with probability theory, as given in a sound introductory course, and be capable of abstraction.

Modeling And Analysis Of Stochastic Systems Third Edition

Author : Vidyadhar G. Kulkarni
ISBN : 9781498756723
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 57 MB
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Building on the author’s more than 35 years of teaching experience, Modeling and Analysis of Stochastic Systems, Third Edition, covers the most important classes of stochastic processes used in the modeling of diverse systems. For each class of stochastic process, the text includes its definition, characterization, applications, transient and limiting behavior, first passage times, and cost/reward models. The third edition has been updated with several new applications, including the Google search algorithm in discrete time Markov chains, several examples from health care and finance in continuous time Markov chains, and square root staffing rule in Queuing models. More than 50 new exercises have been added to enhance its use as a course text or for self-study. The sequence of chapters and exercises has been maintained between editions, to enable those now teaching from the second edition to use the third edition. Rather than offer special tricks that work in specific problems, this book provides thorough coverage of general tools that enable the solution and analysis of stochastic models. After mastering the material in the text, readers will be well-equipped to build and analyze useful stochastic models for real-life situations.

Stochastic Processes And Applications

Author : Grigorios A. Pavliotis
ISBN : 9781493913237
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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This book presents various results and techniques from the theory of stochastic processes that are useful in the study of stochastic problems in the natural sciences. The main focus is analytical methods, although numerical methods and statistical inference methodologies for studying diffusion processes are also presented. The goal is the development of techniques that are applicable to a wide variety of stochastic models that appear in physics, chemistry and other natural sciences. Applications such as stochastic resonance, Brownian motion in periodic potentials and Brownian motors are studied and the connection between diffusion processes and time-dependent statistical mechanics is elucidated. The book contains a large number of illustrations, examples, and exercises. It will be useful for graduate-level courses on stochastic processes for students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering. Many of the topics covered in this book (reversible diffusions, convergence to equilibrium for diffusion processes, inference methods for stochastic differential equations, derivation of the generalized Langevin equation, exit time problems) cannot be easily found in textbook form and will be useful to both researchers and students interested in the applications of stochastic processes.

Stochastic Models With Applications To Genetics Cancers Aids And Other Biomedical Systems

Author : W. Y. Tan
ISBN : 9810248695
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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This book presents a systematic treatment of Markov chains, diffusion processes and state space models, as well as alternative approaches to Markov chains through stochastic difference equations and stochastic differential equations. It illustrates how these processes and approaches are applied to many problems in genetics, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and other biomedical systems.One feature of the book is that it describes the basic MCMC (Markov chain and Monte Carlo) procedures and illustrates how to use the Gibbs sampling method and the multilevel Gibbs sampling method to solve many problems in genetics, carcinogenesis, AIDS and other biomedical systems.As another feature, the book develops many state space models for many genetic problems, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and HIV pathogenesis. It shows in detail how to use the multilevel Gibbs sampling method to estimate (or predict) simultaneously the state variables and the unknown parameters in cancer chemotherapy, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and HIV pathogenesis. As a matter of fact, this book is the first to develop many state space models for many genetic problems, carcinogenesis and other biomedical problems.

Stochastic Models Of Neural Networks

Author : Claudio Turchetti
ISBN : 1586033883
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78. 84 MB
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This book is intended to provide a treatment of the theory and applications of Stochastic Neural Networks, that is networks able to learn random processes from experience, on the basis of recent developments on this subject. The mathematical frameworks on which the theory is founded embrace the approximation of non-random functions as well as the theory of stochastic processes. The networks so defined constitute an original and very promising model of human brain neural activity consistent with the need of learning from a stochastic environment. Moreover, the problem of speech modeling, both for synthesis and recognition, is faced as concrete and significant application in the field of artificial intelligence of the theory is presented

Introduction To Stochastic Calculus With Applications 3rd Edition

Author : Klebaner Fima C
ISBN : 9781911298670
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 34 MB
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This book presents a concise and rigorous treatment of stochastic calculus. It also gives its main applications in finance, biology and engineering. In finance, the stochastic calculus is applied to pricing options by no arbitrage. In biology, it is applied to populations' models, and in engineering it is applied to filter signal from noise. Not everything is proved, but enough proofs are given to make it a mathematically rigorous exposition.This book aims to present the theory of stochastic calculus and its applications to an audience which possesses only a basic knowledge of calculus and probability. It may be used as a textbook by graduate and advanced undergraduate students in stochastic processes, financial mathematics and engineering. It is also suitable for researchers to gain working knowledge of the subject. It contains many solved examples and exercises making it suitable for self study.In the book many of the concepts are introduced through worked-out examples, eventually leading to a complete, rigorous statement of the general result, and either a complete proof, a partial proof or a reference. Using such structure, the text will provide a mathematically literate reader with rapid introduction to the subject and its advanced applications. The book covers models in mathematical finance, biology and engineering. For mathematicians, this book can be used as a first text on stochastic calculus or as a companion to more rigorous texts by a way of examples and exercises./a

Stochastic Processes Modeling And Simulation

Author : D N Shanbhag
ISBN : 0444500138
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 3 MB
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This sequel to volume 19 of Handbook on Statistics on Stochastic Processes: Modelling and Simulation is concerned mainly with the theme of reviewing and, in some cases, unifying with new ideas the different lines of research and developments in stochastic processes of applied flavour. This volume consists of 23 chapters addressing various topics in stochastic processes. These include, among others, those on manufacturing systems, random graphs, reliability, epidemic modelling, self-similar processes, empirical processes, time series models, extreme value therapy, applications of Markov chains, modelling with Monte Carlo techniques, and stochastic processes in subjects such as engineering, telecommunications, biology, astronomy and chemistry. particular with modelling, simulation techniques and numerical methods concerned with stochastic processes. The scope of the project involving this volume as well as volume 19 is already clarified in the preface of volume 19. The present volume completes the aim of the project and should serve as an aid to students, teachers, researchers and practitioners interested in applied stochastic processes.

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