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Modeling Materials

Author : Ellad B. Tadmor
ISBN : 9781139500654
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 37 MB
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Material properties emerge from phenomena on scales ranging from Angstroms to millimeters, and only a multiscale treatment can provide a complete understanding. Materials researchers must therefore understand fundamental concepts and techniques from different fields, and these are presented in a comprehensive and integrated fashion for the first time in this book. Incorporating continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, atomistic simulations and multiscale techniques, the book explains many of the key theoretical ideas behind multiscale modeling. Classical topics are blended with new techniques to demonstrate the connections between different fields and highlight current research trends. Example applications drawn from modern research on the thermo-mechanical properties of crystalline solids are used as a unifying focus throughout the text. Together with its companion book, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics (Cambridge University Press, 2011), this work presents the complete fundamentals of materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.

Creative Art Activities Clay Play Dough And Modeling Materials

Author : Mary Mayesky
ISBN : 1401834760
Genre : Education
File Size : 27. 70 MB
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Learning about art has never been so much fun! This series of six books introduces children ages 2-8 to a world of creativity, self-expression and exploration through hundreds of age-appropriate activities. Each activity is written in an easy-to-follow “cookbook” format and contains a list of developmental goals so parents and teachers know what the learning focus is for each experience. Helpful Hints help things run smoothly and Variations offer options for expanding on each activity. And, the Index by Ages helps in finding projects for specific age groups.

Amorphous And Microcrystalline Silicon Solar Cells Modeling Materials And Device Technology

Author : Ruud E.I. Schropp
ISBN : 9781461556312
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 14 MB
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Amorphous silicon solar cell technology has evolved considerably since the first amorphous silicon solar cells were made at RCA Laboratories in 1974. Scien tists working in a number of laboratories worldwide have developed improved alloys based on hydrogenated amorphous silicon and microcrystalline silicon. Other scientists have developed new methods for growing these thin films while yet others have developed new photovoltaic (PV) device structures with im proved conversion efficiencies. In the last two years, several companies have constructed multi-megawatt manufacturing plants that can produce large-area, multijunction amorphous silicon PV modules. A growing number of people be lieve that thin-film photovoltaics will be integrated into buildings on a large scale in the next few decades and will be able to make a major contribution to the world's energy needs. In this book, Ruud E. I. Schropp and Miro Zeman provide an authoritative overview of the current status of thin film solar cells based on amorphous and microcrystalline silicon. They review the significant developments that have occurred during the evolution of the technology and also discuss the most im portant recent innovations in the deposition of the materials, the understanding of the physics, and the fabrication and modeling of the devices.

Modeling In Materials Processing

Author : Jonathan A. Dantzig
ISBN : 0521779235
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 49 MB
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Presenting a treatment of modeling in materials processing, integrating metallic and non-metallic materials.

Creative Art Activities Modeling Materials

Author : Mary Mayesky
ISBN : LCCN:2003017093
Genre : Art
File Size : 22. 81 MB
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Atomistic Modeling Of Materials Failure

Author : Markus J. Buehler
ISBN : 9780387764269
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 77 MB
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This is an introduction to molecular and atomistic modeling techniques applied to fracture and deformation of solids, focusing on a variety of brittle, ductile, geometrically confined and biological materials. The overview includes computational methods and techniques operating at the atomic scale, and describes how these techniques can be used to model cracks and other deformation mechanisms. The book aims to make new molecular modeling techniques available to a wider community.

Numerical Modeling In Materials Science And Engineering

Author : Michel Rappaz
ISBN : 9783642118210
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 1 MB
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Computing application to materials science is one of the fastest-growing research areas. This book introduces the concepts and methodologies related to the modeling of the complex phenomena occurring in materials processing. It is intended for undergraduate and graduate students in materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering and physics, and for engineering professionals or researchers.

Digital Modeling Of Material Appearance

Author : Julie Dorsey
ISBN : 008055671X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 61 MB
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Computer graphics systems are capable of generating stunningly realistic images of objects that have never physically existed. In order for computers to create these accurately detailed images, digital models of appearance must include robust data to give viewers a credible visual impression of the depicted materials. In particular, digital models demonstrating the nuances of how materials interact with light are essential to this capability. Digital Modeling of Material Appearance is the first comprehensive work on the digital modeling of material appearance: it explains how models from physics and engineering are combined with keen observation skills for use in computer graphics rendering. Written by the foremost experts in appearance modeling and rendering, this book is for practitioners who want a general framework for understanding material modeling tools, and also for researchers pursuing the development of new modeling techniques. The text is not a "how to" guide for a particular software system. Instead, it provides a thorough discussion of foundations and detailed coverage of key advances. Practitioners and researchers in applications such as architecture, theater, product development, cultural heritage documentation, visual simulation and training, as well as traditional digital application areas such as feature film, television, and computer games, will benefit from this much needed resource. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Julie Dorsey and Holly Rushmeier are professors in the Computer Science Department at Yale University and co-directors of the Yale Computer Graphics Group. François Sillion is a senior researcher with INRIA (Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et Automatique), and director of its Grenoble Rhône-Alpes research center. First comprehensive treatment of the digital modeling of material appearance Provides a foundation for modeling appearance, based on the physics of how light interacts with materials, how people perceive appearance, and the implications of rendering appearance on a digital computer An invaluable, one-stop resource for practitioners and researchers in a variety of fields dealing with the digital modeling of material appearance

Device And Materials Modeling In Pem Fuel Cells

Author : Stephen J. Paddison
ISBN : 0387786910
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 51 MB
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Computational studies on fuel cell-related issues are increasingly common. These studies range from engineering level models of fuel cell systems and stacks to molecular level, electronic structure calculations on the behavior of membranes and catalysts, and everything in between. This volume explores this range. It is appropriate to ask what, if anything, does this work tell us that we cannot deduce intuitively? Does the emperor have any clothes? In answering this question resolutely in the affirmative, I will also take the liberty to comment a bit on what makes the effort worthwhile to both the perpetrator(s) of the computational study (hereafter I will use the blanket terms modeler and model for both engineering and chemical physics contexts) and to the rest of the world. The requirements of utility are different in the two spheres. As with any activity, there is a range of quality of work within the modeling community. So what constitutes a useful model? What are the best practices, serving both the needs of the promulgator and consumer? Some of the key com- nents are covered below. First, let me provide a word on my ‘credentials’ for such commentary. I have participated in, and sometimes initiated, a c- tinuous series of such efforts devoted to studies of PEMFC components and cells over the past 17 years. All that participation was from the experim- tal, qualitative side of the effort.

Modeling Of Biological Materials

Author : Francesco Mollica
ISBN : 0817644113
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 54 MB
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This unique collection highlights the central role played by modeling in general, and the modeling of mechanical considerations that have an effect on living matter. The volume collects several survey papers by actively working specialists, dealing with some of the most important problems – both theoretical and practical – in biomechanics. Written in a user-friendly style, these papers clearly explain both the biomedical and mechanical backgrounds associated with complex phenomena. This book may be used in interdisciplinary introductory courses covering various biomechanical topics for graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering, and biomedicine.

Integral Materials Modeling

Author : Günter Gottstein
ISBN : 9783527610990
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 20 MB
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Adopting a holistic approach to materials simulation, this monograph covers four very important structural materials: aluminum, carbon steels, superalloys, and plastics. Following an introduction to the concept of integral modeling, the book goes on to cover a wide range of production steps and usage, including melt flow and solidification behavior, coating, shaping, thermal treatment, deep drawing, hardness and ductility, damage initiation, and deformation behavior.

Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes

Author : Manabu Iguchi
ISBN : 1441974792
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 20 MB
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Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems describes the methodology and application of physical and mathematical modeling to multi-phase flow phenomena in materials processing. The book focuses on systems involving gas-liquid interaction, the most prevalent in current metallurgical processes. The performance characteristics of these processes are largely dependent on transport phenomena. This volume covers the inherent characteristics that complicate the modeling of transport phenomena in such systems, including complex multiphase structure, intense turbulence, opacity of fluid, high temperature, coupled heat and mass transfer, chemical reactions in some cases, and poor wettability of the reactor walls. Also discussed are: solutions based on experimental and numerical modeling of bubbling jet systems, recent advances in the modeling of nanoscale multi-phase phenomena and multiphase flows in micro-scale and nano-scale channels and reactors. Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems will prove a valuable reference for researchers and engineers working in mathematical modeling and materials processing.

Modeling And Mechanics Of Granular And Porous Materials

Author : Gianfranco Capriz
ISBN : 0817642412
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 68 MB
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Soils are complex materials: they have a particulate structure and fluids can seep through pores, mechanically interacting with the solid skeleton. Moreover, at a microscopic level, the behaviour of the solid skeleton is highly unstable. External loadings are in fact taken by grain chains which are continuously destroyed and rebuilt. Many issues of modeling, even of the physical details of the phenomena, remain open, even obscure; de Gennes listed them not long ago in a critical review. However, despite physical complexities, soil mechanics has developed on the assumption that a soil can be seen as a continuum, or better yet as a medium obtained by the superposition of two and sometimes three con and the other fluids, which occupy the same portion of tinua, one solid space. Furthermore, relatively simple and robust constitutive laws were adopted to describe the stress-strain behaviour and the interaction between the solid and the fluid continua. The contrast between the intrinsic nature of soil and the simplistic engi neering approach is self-evident. When trying to describe more and more sophisticated phenomena (static liquefaction, strain localisation, cyclic mo bility, effects of diagenesis and weathering, ..... ), the nalve description of soil must be abandoned or, at least, improved. Higher order continua, incrementally non-linear laws, micromechanical considerations must be taken into account. A new world was opened, where basic mathematical questions (such as the choice of the best tools to model phenomena and the proof of the well-posedness of the consequent problems) could be addressed.

Advanced Computational Materials Modeling

Author : Miguel Vaz Junior
ISBN : 9783527632336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 30 MB
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With its discussion of strategies for modeling complex materials using new numerical techniques, mainly those based on the finite element method, this monograph covers a range of topics including computational plasticity, multi-scale formulations, optimization and parameter identification, damage mechanics and nonlinear finite elements.

Applied Computational Materials Modeling

Author : Guillermo Bozzolo
ISBN : 9780387345659
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 97 MB
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The scope of this book is to identify and emphasize the successful link between computational materials modeling as a simulation and design tool and its synergistic application to experimental research and alloy development. The book provides a more balanced perspective of the role that computational modeling can play in every day research and development efforts. Each chapter describes one or more particular computational tool and how they are best used.

Inside 3d Studio Max 3

Author : Ted Boardman
ISBN : 0735700850
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 63 MB
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Written by two of the industry's leading experts who share all of their secrets to creating top-quality models and materials. Real-world tutorials, advanced tips, and insider tricks take you beyond the basics and help you master high-end techniques. The CD-ROM is loaded with MAX and AVI files, models, materials and textures for polishing your skills with the book's tutorials.

Molecular Modeling For The Design Of Novel Performance Chemicals And Materials

Author : Beena Rai
ISBN : 9781439840795
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 8 MB
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Molecular modeling (MM) tools offer significant benefits in the design of industrial chemical plants and material processing operations. While the role of MM in biological fields is well established, in most cases MM works as an accessory in novel products/materials development rather than a tool for direct innovation. As a result, MM engineers and practitioners are often seized with the question: "How do I leverage these tools to develop novel materials or chemicals in my industry?" Molecular Modeling for the Design of Novel Performance Chemicals and Materials answers this important question via a simple and practical approach to the MM paradigm. Using case studies, it highlights the importance and usability of MM tools and techniques in various industrial applications. The book presents detailed case studies demonstrating diverse applications such as mineral processing, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, energy storage, electronic materials, paints, coatings, agrochemicals, and personal care. The book is divided into themed chapters covering a diverse range of industrial case studies, from pharmaceuticals to cement. While not going too in-depth into fundamental aspects, the book covers almost all paradigms of MM, and references are provided for further learning. The text includes more than 100 color illustrations of molecular models.

Handbook Of Materials Modeling

Author : Sidney Yip
ISBN : 9781402032868
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 65 MB
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The first reference of its kind in the rapidly emerging field of computational approachs to materials research, this is a compendium of perspective-providing and topical articles written to inform students and non-specialists of the current status and capabilities of modelling and simulation. From the standpoint of methodology, the development follows a multiscale approach with emphasis on electronic-structure, atomistic, and mesoscale methods, as well as mathematical analysis and rate processes. Basic models are treated across traditional disciplines, not only in the discussion of methods but also in chapters on crystal defects, microstructure, fluids, polymers and soft matter. Written by authors who are actively participating in the current development, this collection of 150 articles has the breadth and depth to be a major contributor toward defining the field of computational materials. In addition, there are 40 commentaries by highly respected researchers, presenting various views that should interest the future generations of the community. Subject Editors: Martin Bazant, MIT; Bruce Boghosian, Tufts University; Richard Catlow, Royal Institution; Long-Qing Chen, Pennsylvania State University; William Curtin, Brown University; Tomas Diaz de la Rubia, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Nicolas Hadjiconstantinou, MIT; Mark F. Horstemeyer, Mississippi State University; Efthimios Kaxiras, Harvard University; L. Mahadevan, Harvard University; Dimitrios Maroudas, University of Massachusetts; Nicola Marzari, MIT; Horia Metiu, University of California Santa Barbara; Gregory C. Rutledge, MIT; David J. Srolovitz, Princeton University; Bernhardt L. Trout, MIT; Dieter Wolf, Argonne National Laboratory.

Multiscale Modeling Of Heterogenous Materials

Author : Oana Cazacu
ISBN : 9781118623503
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47. 93 MB
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A material's various proprieties is based on its microscopic and nanoscale structures. This book provides an overview of recent advances in computational methods for linking phenomena in systems that span large ranges of time and spatial scales. Particular attention is given to predicting macroscopic properties based on subscale behaviors. Given the book’s extensive coverage of multi-scale methods for modeling both metallic and geologic materials, it will be an invaluable reading for graduate students, scientists, and practitioners alike.

Mathematical And Physical Modeling Of Materials Processing Operations

Author : Olusegun Johnso Ilegbusi
ISBN : 1584880171
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 84 MB
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The past few decades have brought significant advances in the computational methods and in the experimental techniques used to study transport phenomena in materials processing operations. However, the advances have been made independently and with competition between the two approaches. Mathematical models are easier and less costly to implement, but experiments are essential for verifying theoretical models. In Mathematical and Physical Modeling of Materials Processing Operations, the authors bridge the gap between mathematical modelers and experimentalists. They combine mathematical and physical modeling principles for materials processing operations simulation and use numerous examples to compare theoretical and experimental results. The modeling of transport processes is multi-disciplinary, involving concepts and principles not all of which can be associated with just one field of study. Therefore, the authors have taken care to ensure that the text is self-sustaining through the variety and breadth of topics covered. Beyond the usual topics associated with transport phenomena, the authors also include detailed discussion of numerical methods and implementation of process models, software and hardware selection and application, and representation of auxiliary relationships, including turbulence modeling, chemical kinetics, magnetohydrodynamics, and multi-phase flow. They also provide several correlations for representing the boundary conditions of fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer phenomena. Mathematical and Physical Modeling of Materials Processing Operations is ideal for introducing these tools to materials engineers and researchers. Although the book emphasizes materials, some of the topics will prove interesting and useful to researchers in other fields of chemical and mechanical engineering.

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