meaning-of-syntax

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The Meaning Of Syntax

Author : D. Connor Ferris
ISBN : UOM:39015032969720
Genre : English language
File Size : 26. 65 MB
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Intended for students at both postgraduate and undergraduate level this series aims to provide a broad view of the subject difficult to obtain exclusively from academic journals and monographs. Coverage of this series will be extended to all main aspects of linguistic study, and will include work on major language families, on English and on other important languages.

Word Meaning And Syntax

Author : Stephen Wechsler
ISBN : 9780199279890
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 47. 61 MB
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This book examines the nature of the interface between word meaning and syntax, one of the most controversial and elusive issues in contemporary linguistics. It approaches the interface from both sides of the relation, and surveys a range of views on the mapping between them, with an emphasis on lexical approaches to argument structure. Stephen Wechsler begins by analysing the fundamental problem of word meaning, with discussions of vagueness and polysemy, complemented with a look at the roles of world knowledge and normative aspects of word meaning. He then surveys the argument-taking properties of verbs and other predicators, and presents key theories of lexical semantic structure. Later chapters provide a description of formal theories and frameworks for capturing the mapping from word meaning to syntactic structure, as well as arguments in favour of a lexicalist approach to argument structure. The book will interest scholars of theoretical linguistics, particularly in the fields of syntax and lexical semantics, as well as those interested in psycholinguistics and philosophy of language.

The Syntax Of Meaning And The Meaning Of Syntax

Author : Peter Kosta
ISBN : 3631671326
Genre :
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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This book provides a summary of Radical Minimalism, putting forth a neurocognitively implementable theory of grammar as I-language. Radical Minimalism tries to give a 'fully explicit' description of syntactic structures mapped into cognitive frames of thought. It focuses on the division of labor between Narrow Syntax and Meaningful Units of the sentence and also on the role of Mental Lexicon (understood as a selection of Roots and Labels), the Labeling Mechanism, and the participation of the Senso-Motoric and Conceptual-Intentional Interfaces within a Crash-proof Grammar of Human Language. The data are taken from the languages of different genetic origins and types. The book is based on the idea that language and thought are closely connected and must be studied within the physical laws of the Anti-Entropy and Dynamical Frustration theory. Peter Kosta's new book touches on an exceptional range of subjects in theoretical syntax and the philosophy of grammar, bearing ample proof of his lifelong engagement with these vital disciplines within the humanities of the 20th/21st centuries. His acute awareness of important insights and discussions in current day minimalism is evident from every page, informing his treatment of a wide diversity of problems in the morphosyntax of Slavic languages and beyond. (Jan-Wouter Zwart, University of Groningen) This book provides a breath of fresh air in linguistic theorising by combining empirically based syntactic innovations with original discussions of long-standing semantic puzzles and a revised architecture of the Faculty of Language. Foundational notions in generative theory are thoroughly revised in the light of detailed comparative analyses. This remarkable work represents the culmination of years of research on what meaning is, how it is structured, and to what extent syntax encodes meaning. (Diego Gabriel Krivochen, University of Verona)

Directival Theory Of Meaning

Author : Paweł Grabarczyk
ISBN : 9783030187835
Genre : Philosophy
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This book presents a new approach to semantics based on Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s Directival Theory of Meaning (DTM), which in effect reduces semantics of the analysed language to the combination of its syntax and pragmatics. The author argues that the DTM was forgotten because for many years philosophers didn’t have conceptual tools to appreciate its innovative nature, and that the theory was far ahead of its time. The book shows how a redesigned and modernised version of the DTM can deliver a new solution to the problem of defining linguistic meaning and that the theory can be understood as a new type of functional role semantics. The defining feature of the DTM is that it presents meaning as a product of constraints on the usage of words. According to the DTM meaning is not use, but the avoidance of misuse. Readers will see how the DTM was shelved for reasons that we don’t find so dramatic anymore, and how it contains enough original ideas and solutions to warrant developing it into a full-blown contemporary account. It is shown how many of the underlying ideas of the theory have been embraced later by philosophers and treated simply as brute facts about natural languages or even as new philosophical discoveries. Philosophers of language and researchers with an interest in how languages and the mind work will find this book a fascinating read.

Dictionary Of Modern English Grammar

Author :
ISBN : 1840223081
Genre : English language
File Size : 30. 67 MB
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This dictionary aims to help users to find the most appropriate word to use on a wide range of occasions. It is designed in particular for students, those writing reports, letters and speeches, and crossword solvers, but is also useful as a general word reference. Special features include: an alphabetical A-Z listing; numbered senses for words with more than one meaning; British and American variants; and specially marked colloquial uses.

Syntax And Meaning

Author : C. J. Labuschagne
ISBN : 9004037853
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 80. 78 MB
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Syntax

Author : Robert D. van Valin
ISBN : 0521499151
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 74. 42 MB
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An introduction to syntactic theory and analysis.

Meaning And Syntax In Spoken Mandarin

Author : Jeroen Wiedenhof
ISBN : UOM:39015037176040
Genre : Chinese language
File Size : 90. 41 MB
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Enthält chin. Zusammenf.

Introduction To English Syntax

Author : Rolf Kreyer
ISBN : 3631559615
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89. 58 MB
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This book provides an overview of basic syntactic categories, analytical methods and theoretical frameworks that are needed for a comprehensive and systematic description and analysis of the syntax of English as it is spoken and written today. It is therefore useful for students of the English language but also for teachers who are looking for an overview of traditional syntactic analysis. In addition, the book explores various related aspects, such as syntactic variation, the relation between syntax and semantics, and psycholinguistic approaches to syntax. One focus throughout is to introduce the reader to the 'art' or science of syntactic argumentation. Almost all of the examples that are found in this book are drawn from language corpora - each syntactic concept, therefore, is exemplified by authentic language data.

On The Use Meaning And Syntax Of English Preverbal Adverbs

Author : Sven Jacobson
ISBN : 9122001387
Genre : English language
File Size : 33. 79 MB
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A Critical Account Of English Syntax

Author : Keith Brown
ISBN : 0748696083
Genre : English language
File Size : 85. 88 MB
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Tackling the role of syntactic constructions in text, this textbook brings out the connections between syntactic structures and semantics/pragmatics and the function of different clausal structures in written and spoken texts. It also draws attention to variation in standard written English, to the grammatical structures and discourse devices in spoken English, and to ongoing changes in English grammar. It focuses on the concepts of descriptive grammar as extended and refined over the last fifty years. This is a practical yet flexible reference that you can return to again and again, whether it be for learning, research or teaching.

An Introduction To English Syntax

Author : Jim Miller
ISBN : NWU:35556034226134
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76. 39 MB
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In this introductory textbook, Jim Miller discusses the central concepts of syntax which are applied in a wide range of university courses, in business, in teaching and in speech therapy.

Definitions

Author : Annabel Cormack
ISBN : 0815331312
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 89 MB
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The answer to the question "How can we understand and use a definition?" provides new constraints on natural language and on the internal language in which meaning is mentally represented. Most syntax takes the sentence as the basic unit for well-formedness, but definitions force us to focus on words and phrases, and hence to focus on compositional syntax in parallel with compositional semantics. This study examines both dictionary definitions and definitions from textbooks, from the points of view of their syntax, semantics, and use for learning word meaning. The tools used throughout are Principles and Parameters syntax, Relevance theoretic pragmatics, Model theoretic semantics, and the formal theory of definitions. The analyses argue that because phrases can be understood in isolation, some standard syntactic analyses must be modified. 'NP movement' has to be reanalysed as transmission of theta roles. These ideas are then applied to a variety of adjectives which take propositional complements. The final chapter argues that for definitions to be understood, the syntax of the Language of Thought must be close to that of Natural Language in specifiable way.

Deriving Syntactic Relations

Author : John Bowers
ISBN : 9781107096752
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57. 46 MB
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This book proposes that the fundamental building blocks of syntax are relations between words rather than constituents formed from words.

The Semantics Of Syntax

Author : Denis Bouchard
ISBN : 0226067335
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 49. 55 MB
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During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels—phonological, syntactic, and semantic—and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of Syntax is an elegant and powerful analysis of the relationship between syntax and semantics. Noting that meaning is underdetermined by form even in simple cases, Denis Bouchard argues that it is impossible to build knowledge of the world into grammar and still have a describable grammar. He thus proposes simple semantic representations and simple rules to relate linguistic levels. Focusing on a class of French verbs, Bouchard shows how multiple senses can be accounted for by the assumption of a single abstract core meaning along with background information about how objects behave in the world. He demonstrates that this move simplifies the syntax at no cost to the descriptive power of the semantics. In two important final chapters, he examines the consequences of his approach for standard syntactic theories.

Word Meaning And Montague Grammar

Author : D. R. Dowty
ISBN : 9789400994737
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68. 73 MB
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The most general goal of this book is to propose and illustrate a program of research in word semantics that combines some of the methodology and results in linguistic semantics, primarily that of the generative semantics school, with the rigorously formalized syntactic and semantic framework for the analysis of natural languages developed by Richard Montague and his associates, a framework in which truth and denotation with respect to a model are taken as the fundamental semantic notions. I hope to show, both from the linguist's and the philosopher's point of view, not only why this synthesis can be undertaken but also why it will be useful to pursue it. On the one hand, the linguists' decompositions of word meanings into more primitive parts are by themselves inherently incomplete, in that they deal only in distinctions in meaning without providing an account of what mean ings really are. Not only can these analyses be made complete by a model theoretic semantics, but also such an account of these analyses renders them more exact and more readily testable than they could ever be otherwise.

Meaning And The Lexicon

Author : Ray Jackendoff
ISBN : 9780199568871
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48. 60 MB
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This book traces Ray Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture account of mind and language from origins to present. The discussion draws on linguistics, cognitive science, and philosophy, and combines depth of thought with clarity and wit. It will interest everyone concerned to know how language operates in the mind, brain, and human communication.

An Introduction To English Morphology A Textbook For Advanced University Students Of Linguistics

Author : Ali Alhaj
ISBN : 9783954898954
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32. 45 MB
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The experience of having taught English language and morphology – syntax in particular – for more than seven years convinced the author that students of linguistics and translation mostly need a solid grounding in the course of morphology and syntax. Once they have a basic understanding of these two important areas, they have little trouble mastering English language as a whole. Hence, both morphology and syntax are important parts of linguistic knowledge and constitute a component of student's mental grammar. Of Course, the more courses are required of students within their discipline, the more they can benefit from the fields inside their major. Such factors often help students develop a positive attitude towards linguistics to be sensitized to the morphological and syntactic system of the language while being exposed to both morphology and syntax, and especially in an unfamiliar area. Obviously, an introductory book such as this has several limitations. First, there are entire subbranches of morphology and syntax that are not included. In terms of content, this book delimits both its scope and audience by shedding new light on a subject the problems and obscurities of which look inexhaustible. Therefore, a book of this kind is an attempt to, on the one hand, to make morphology and syntax – which usually appear to be incredible complicated at first glance – easier and, on the other hand, keep the standard high so that even postgraduate students can benefit from it; because the author strongly believes that students learn best by “doing” exercises, and, to this end,he has added dozens of practice exercises. In general, these require more research or analysis beyond what can be accomplished within a single classroom period. These exploratory exercises can also form the basis for short papers. Therefore, the book can be of immense help not only to students of linguistics and translation, but also to professors of linguistics and translation and research supervisors as well as advisors around the globe and in the Arab world in particular.

Critical Account Of English Syntax

Author : Keith Brown
ISBN : 9780748696116
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54. 10 MB
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A descriptive and comprehensive account of English syntax and grammarTackling the role of syntactic constructions in text, this companion brings out the connections between syntactic structures and semantics/pragmatics and the function of different clausal structures in written and spoken texts. It also draws attention to variation in standard written English, to the grammatical structures and discourse devices in spoken English, and to ongoing changes in English grammar. It focuses on the concepts of descriptive grammar as extended and refined over the last fifty years.Encyclopedic format gives immediate access the most relevant topicCross-referencing allows students to follow a thread and explore the interrelationships between syntactic structuresInnovative structure of the volume enables lecturers to decide the order in which they wish to discuss topics and to prescribe readingThis is a practical yet flexible reference that you can return to again and again, whether it be for learning, research or teaching.

Discontinuous Syntax

Author : A. M. Devine
ISBN : 9780195344004
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 86. 98 MB
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The interface between syntax and meaning, both semantic and pragmatic, has emerged as perhaps the richest and most fascinating area of current linguistics theory. This study applies some of these ideas to hyperbaton, offering an original new theory with broad applications for our understanding of Greek syntax. Students of epic will find a fresh perspective on orality in Homer while the general classicist will discover a more precise and explicit framework for the analysis of textual meaning in literary research.

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