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L I Mandelstam And His School In Physics

Author : Alexander Pechenkin
ISBN : 9783030176853
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 30 MB
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This biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889–1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925 and an Academician (the highest scientific title in the USSR) in 1929, describes his contributions to both physics and technology. It also discusses the scientific community that formed around him, commonly known as the Mandelstam School. By doing so, it places Mandelstam’s life story in its cultural context: the context of German University (until 1914), the First World War, the Civil War, and the development of the Socialist Revolution (until 1925) and the young socialist country. The book considers various general issues, such as the impact of German scientific culture on Russian science; the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years; the formation of the Soviet Academy of Science, the State Academy; and the transformation of the system of higher education in the USSR during the 1920s and 1930s. Further, it reconstructs Mandelstam’s philosophy of science and his approach to the social and ethical function of science and science education based on his fundamental writings and lecture notes. This reconstruction is enhanced by extensive use of previously unpublished archive material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author. The book also discusses the biographies of Mandelstam’s friends and collaborators: German mathematician and philosopher Richard von Mises, Soviet Communist Party official and philosopher B.M.Hessen, Russian specialist in radio engineering N.D.Papalexy, the specialists in non-linear dynamics A.A.Andronov, S.E. Chaikin, A.A.Vitt and the plasma physicist M.A.Leontovich. This second, extended edition reconstructs the social and economic backgrounds of Mandelstam and his colleagues, describing their positions at the universities and the institutes belonging to the Academy of Science. Additionally, Mandelstam’s philosophy of science is investigated in connection with the ideological attacks that occurred after Mandelstam’s death, particularly the great mathematician A.D.Alexandrov’s criticism of Mandelstam’s operationalism.

Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam

Author : Alexander Pechenkin
ISBN : 9783319005720
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 24 MB
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This biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussing the scientific community which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstam’s life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: the impact of German scientific culture on Russian science; the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years; the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences; and transformation of the system of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The author shows that Mandelstam’s fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social and ethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author.

Brillouin Scattering Part 1

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ISBN : 9780323989305
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 67 MB
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Brillouin Scattering, Volume 109 in the Semiconductors and Semimetal series, marks the centenary of Leon Brillouin’s seminal 1922 paper which provided a detailed theory of the effect that now bears his name. Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS) is the strongest third order optical nonlinearity and plays an important role in contemporary science and applications, particularly lasers, communications, and fibre optics, as well as playing a new role in experimental physics and the life sciences. This volume provides a foundational perspective on Brillouin scattering, starting with a historical review of Brillouin scattering, the theory of SBS and the convergence between SBS and Optomechanics. We then consider SBS in several different waveguide geometries, including photonic crystal fibres, integrated optics and superfluids. • From the leading researchers in the field • Historical, theoretical, and scientific perspective. • Pedagogical

About Science Myself And Others

Author : V.L. Ginzburg
ISBN : 142003474X
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 53 MB
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In About Science, Myself and Others, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics and Editor of the review journal Physics-Uspekhi, provides an insight into modern physics, the lives and works of other prominent physicists he has known, and insight into his own life and views on physics and beyond. Divided into three parts, the book starts with a review of the key problems in contemporary physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, examining their historical development and why they pose such a challenge to today's physicists and for society. Part One also includes details of some of Professor Ginzburg's work, including superconductivity and superfluidity. Part Two encompasses several articles on the lives and works of several prominent physicists, including the author. The third part is a collection of articles that provide a personal view of the author, describing his personal views and recollections on a range of wider topics. Taken together, this collection of articles creates an enjoyable review of physics, its philosophy, and key players in its modern development in the 20th Century. Undoubtedly, it will be an enjoyable read for professional physicists and non-scientists alike.

The Nonlinear Universe

Author : Alwyn C. Scott
ISBN : 9783540341536
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 30 MB
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Written in Alwyn Scott’s inimitable style, one that readers will find both lucid and accessible, this masterwork elucidates the explosion of activity in nonlinear science in recent decades. The book explains the wide-ranging implications of nonlinear phenomena for future developments in many areas of modern science, including mathematics, physics, engineering, chemistry, biology, and neuroscience. Arguably as important as quantum theory, modern nonlinear science is essential for understanding the scientific developments of the twenty-first century.

Physicists Epoch And Personalities

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ISBN : 9789814470063
Genre :
File Size : 23. 59 MB
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Selected Papers

Author : Igor E. Tamm
ISBN : 9783642746260
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 64 MB
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I.E. Tamm is one of the great figures of 20th century physics and the mentor of the late A.D. Sakharov. Together with I.M. Frank, he received the Nobel Prize in 1958 for the explanation of the Cherenkov effect. This book contains a commented selection of his most important contributions to the physical literature and essays on his contemporaries - Mandelstam, Einstein, Landau, and Bohr - as well as his contributions to Pugwash conferences. About a third of the selections originally appeared in Russian and are, to our knowledge, for the first time now available to Western readers. This volume includes a preface by Sir Rudolf Peierls, a biography compiled by Tamm's former students, V.Ya. Frenkel and B.M. Bolotovskii, and a complete bibliography.

Progress In Physics Vol 1 2009

Author : Dmitri Rabounski
ISBN :
Genre :
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Progress in Physics has been created for publications on advanced studies in theoretical and experimental physics, including related themes from mathematics.

Physikalische Zeitschrift Der Sowjetunion

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105000722277
Genre : Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
File Size : 37. 40 MB
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History Of Wireless

Author : T. K. Sarkar
ISBN : 9780471783015
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 48 MB
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Important new insights into how various components and systemsevolved Premised on the idea that one cannot know a science withoutknowing its history, History of Wireless offers a lively newtreatment that introduces previously unacknowledged pioneers anddevelopments, setting a new standard for understanding theevolution of this important technology. Starting with the background-magnetism, electricity, light, andMaxwell's Electromagnetic Theory-this book offers new insights intothe initial theory and experimental exploration of wireless. Inaddition to the well-known contributions of Maxwell, Hertz, andMarconi, it examines work done by Heaviside, Tesla, and passionateamateurs such as the Kentucky melon farmer Nathan Stubblefield andthe unsung hero Antonio Meucci. Looking at the story frommathematical, physics, technical, and other perspectives, theclearly written text describes the development of wireless within avivid scientific milieu. History of Wireless also goes into other key areas,including: The work of J. C. Bose and J. A. Fleming German, Japanese, and Soviet contributions to physics andapplications of electromagnetic oscillations and waves Wireless telegraphic and telephonic development and attempts toachieve transatlantic wireless communications Wireless telegraphy in South Africa in the early twentiethcentury Antenna development in Japan: past and present Soviet quasi-optics at near-mm and sub-mm wavelengths The evolution of electromagnetic waveguides The history of phased array antennas Augmenting the typical, Marconi-centered approach, History ofWireless fills in the conventionally accepted story withattention to more specific, less-known discoveries and individuals,and challenges traditional assumptions about the origins and growthof wireless. This allows for a more comprehensive understanding ofhow various components and systems evolved. Written in a clear tonewith a broad scientific audience in mind, this exciting andthorough treatment is sure to become a classic in the field.

Journal Of Physics

Author : Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR.
ISBN : UOM:39015010796392
Genre : Physics
File Size : 37. 83 MB
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Nonlinear Waves 1

Author : Andrei V. Gaponov-Grekhov
ISBN : 9783642742897
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 94 MB
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Since 1972 the Schools on Nonlinear Physics in Gorky have been a meeting place for Soviet scientists working in this field. Instead of producing for the first time English proceedings it has been decided to present a good cross section of nonlinear physics in the USSR. Thus the participants at the last School were invited to provide English reviews and research papers for these two volumes (which in the years to come will be followed by the proceedings of forthcoming schools). The first volume starts with a historical overview of nonlinear dynamics from Poincaré to the present day and touches topics like attractors, nonlinear oscillators and waves, turbulence, pattern formation, and dynamics of structures in nonequilibrium dissipative media. It then deals with structures, bistabilities, instabilities, chaos, dynamics of defects in 1d systems, self-organizations, solitons, spatio-temporal structures and wave collapse in optical systems, lasers, plasmas, reaction-diffusion systems and solids.

The Road To Stockholm

Author : István Hargittai
ISBN : 9780191500183
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 72 MB
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The Nobel Prize is by far the highest recognition a scientist may receive and the only one with which the general public is familiar. Its prestige has reached improbable heights. At the same time a lot of myth surrounds the Nobel Prize, and this is compounded by the fact that people tend to view scientists with some bewilderment. This book introduces the process of selection of the laureates, discusses the ingredients for scientific discovery and for getting recognition. It reviews the decisive moments of scientific careers en route to the Nobel Prize, points to characteristic features of the laureates, the importance of mentors and venues in scientific careers and other components of success. It also covers some discoverers and discoveries for whom and for which the Nobel Prize never materialized. Whereas there is no general recipe for receiving the Nobel Prize, there are common features of successful scientific careers. The book reveals some information about the scientists' lives and careers that may guide other scientists in increasing their chances of becoming more effective and better recognized players - although it is not expected to help anyone to receive the Nobel Prize! For the general reader The Road to Stockholm reveals the human face of scientists and the human side of their endeavours. The Nobel Prize has served as inspiration for scientists and the general public for a hundred years: this book discusses its problems and celebrates its triumphs.

Einstein And Soviet Ideology

Author : Alexander Vucinich
ISBN : 080474209X
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 94 MB
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This book traces the historical trajectory of one of the most momentous confrontations in the intellectual life of the Soviet Union—the conflict between Einstein's theory of relativity and official Soviet ideology embodied in dialectical materialism. It describes how Soviet attitudes toward Einstein's theory of relativity changed again and again during the eras of Soviet history: pre-Stalin, Stalin, post-Stalin, and perestroika.

Plasma Physics Reports

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ISBN : UOM:39015058311682
Genre : Plasma (Ionized gases)
File Size : 29. 39 MB
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History Of Humanity The Twentieth Century

Author : Sigfried J. de Laet
ISBN : UOM:39015082697858
Genre : Civilization
File Size : 35. 67 MB
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Physics Uspekhi

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ISBN : UOM:39015060904011
Genre : Physics
File Size : 42. 35 MB
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Mathematical Reviews

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ISBN : UVA:X006170285
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 1 MB
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Intelligentsia Science

Author : Michael D. Gordin
ISBN : UVA:X030499722
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 62 MB
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Bibliografisch Repertorium Van De Wijsbegeerte

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105131537032
Genre : Philosophy
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