islamic-occasionalism

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Islamic Occasionalism

Author : Majid Fakhry
ISBN : 9781134541478
Genre : Religion
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Originally published in 1958. Occasionalism is generally associated in the history of philosophy with the name of Malébranche . But long before this time, the Muslim Theologians of the ninth and tenth centuries had developed an occasionalist metaphysics of atoms and accidents. Arguing that a number of distinctively Islamic concepts such as fatalism and the surrender of personal endeavour cannot be fully understood except in the perspective of the occasionalist world view of Islam, the volume also discusses the attacks on Occasionalism made by Averroes and St. Thomas Aquinas.

Majid Fakhry Islamic Occasionalism And Its Critique By Averro?s And Aqu?nas

Author : Maǧīd Faḫrī
ISBN : OCLC:164686167
Genre :
File Size : 70. 19 MB
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Islam Causality And Freedom

Author : Özgür Koca
ISBN : 9781108496346
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69. 91 MB
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A comprehensive survey of Islamic accounts of causality and freedom from the medieval to the modern era and their contemporary relevance.

The Oxford Handbook Of Islamic Theology

Author : Professor of Islamic Intellectual History Sabine Schmidtke
ISBN : 9780199696703
Genre : Islam
File Size : 20. 18 MB
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Within the field of Islamic Studies, scientific research of Muslim theology is a comparatively young discipline. Much progress has been achieved over the past decades with respect both to discoveries of new materials and to scholarly approaches to the field. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the current state of the field. It provides a variegated picture of the state of the art and at the same time suggests new directions for future research. Part One covers the various strands of Islamic theology during the formative and early middle periods, rational as well as scripturalist. To demonstrate the continuous interaction among the various theological strands and its repercussions (during the formative and early middle period and beyond), Part Two offers a number of case studies. These focus on specific theological issues that have developed through the dilemmatic and often polemical interactions between the different theological schools and thinkers. Part Three covers Islamic theology during the later middle and early modern periods. One of the characteristics of this period is the growing amalgamation of theology with philosophy (Peripatetic and Illuminationist) and mysticism. Part Four addresses the impact of political and social developments on theology through a number of case studies: the famous mihna instituted by al-Ma'mun (r. 189/813-218/833) as well as the mihna to which Ibn 'Aqil (d. 769/1367) was subjected; the religious policy of the Almohads; as well as the shifting interpretations throughout history (particularly during Mamluk and Ottoman times) of the relation between Ash'arism and Maturidism that were often motivated by political motives. Part Five considers Islamic theological thought from the end of the early modern and during the modern period.

The World In His Hands

Author : Christopher Lee Bolt
ISBN : 9781532636615
Genre : Religion
File Size : 54. 45 MB
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From the moment we wake until the time we go to sleep, we are bombarded by the benefits of science in the practical elements of everyday life. Electricity, lights, hot showers, breakfast cereals, clothing, cars, cell phones, roads, security systems, computers, communications, traffic lights, climate control, and entertainment are just a sampling of the many benefits of science. In addition to technological advances, medicine and agriculture progress with science as well. Even educational, political, and marketing strategists invoke science to substantiate their claims. Science dominates the collective Western mindset, and we regard it with the utmost respect. Yet society remains generally religious, even though science and religion are frequently thought of as being at odds with one another. How do we reconcile the two? Christians are taught to believe that God is in control of everything, including the natural elements. But how does God relate to physical laws? Is God in control of the world, or laws of nature? Could both views be correct? This book examines the Christian doctrine of divine providence and its implications for the laws of nature and the problem of induction before contrasting secular and Islamic approaches to these same topics.

History Of Islamic Political Thought

Author : Antony Black
ISBN : 9780748688784
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 54 MB
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Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).

Islamic Humanism

Author : Lenn E. Goodman
ISBN : 9780199885008
Genre : Religion
File Size : 63. 42 MB
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This book is an attempt to explain how, in the face of increasing religious authoritarianism in medieval Islamic civilization, some Muslim thinkers continued to pursue essentially humanistic, rational, and scientific discourses in the quest for knowledge, meaning, and values. Drawing on a wide range of Islamic writings, from love poetry to history to philosophical theology, Goodman shows that medieval Islam was open to individualism, occasional secularism, skepticism, even liberalism.

Classic Issues In Islamic Philosophy And Theology Today

Author : Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
ISBN : 9789048135738
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30. 56 MB
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With some exceptions, there is not a real interest in Islamic philosophy and t- ology in Western institutions today. This largely ignored area has the potential to present enlightening insights into the development of the Western thought and to contribute to contemporary discussions in philosophy and theology in general. Scholars working in Islamic thought usually focus on its medieval background and consider it to be mainly of a historical interest and far away from the intellectual world of today. Showing its contemporary relevance is an important task by which the status of Islamic philosophy can be elevated to its proper station. By considering these points in mind, the University of Kentucky organized an international graduate student conference on Islamic philosophy and the- ogy with an emphasis on its contemporary relevance which was held between the 28th and 30th September 2007. This book emerged out of the conf- ence by adding more chapters relevant to the main theme of the book. This book presents analyses and discussions of different topics in Islamic philo- phy and theology by relating them to contemporary debates and ideas in four main areas: epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of religion and value t- ory. There are ten chapters in sum. Some of the chapters are written by graduate students and some of them by experienced scholars. Each chapter presents c- siderable insight into its relevant topic but does not represent the opinion of anybody except the author.

Islamic And Cartesian Roots Of Occasionalism

Author : Nazif Muhtaroglu
ISBN : OCLC:811060603
Genre :
File Size : 30. 10 MB
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The Words And Will Of God

Author : Francis E. Peters
ISBN : 0691114617
Genre : Religion
File Size : 26. 19 MB
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Chronicles the history and beliefs of the three great monotheistic religions--Judaism, Christianity, and Islam--and points out the similarities and differences among them.

The Kalam Cosmological Argument

Author : William L. Craig
ISBN : 9781579104382
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64. 7 MB
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Does God exist? Of the many ongoing debates to answer this question, William Craig examines one of the most controversial proofs for the existence of God; the Kalam cosmological argument. Dr. Craig provides a broad assessment of the argument in lieu of recent developments in philosophy, mathematics, science and theology.

The Monotheists Jews Christians And Muslims In Conflict And Competition Volume Ii

Author : F. E. Peters
ISBN : 069112373X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 33. 86 MB
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The world's three great monotheistic religions have spent most of their historical careers in conflict or competition with each other. And yet in fact they sprung from the same spiritual roots and have been nurtured in the same historical soil. This book--an extraordinarily comprehensive and approachable comparative introduction to these religions--seeks not so much to demonstrate the truth of this thesis as to illustrate it. Frank Peters, one of the world's foremost experts on the monotheistic faiths, takes Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and after briefly tracing the roots of each, places them side by side to show both their similarities and their differences. Volume I, The Peoples of God, tells the story of the foundation and formation of the three monotheistic communities, of their visible, historical presence. Volume II, The Words and Will of God, is devoted to their inner life, the spirit that animates and regulates them. Peters takes us to where these religions live: their scriptures, laws, institutions, and intentions; how each seeks to worship God and achieve salvation; and how they deal with their own (orthodox and heterodox) and with others (the goyim, the pagans, the infidels). Throughout, he measures--but never judges--one religion against the other. The prose is supple, the method rigorous. This is a remarkably cohesive, informative, and accessible narrative reflecting a lifetime of study by a single recognized authority in all three fields. The Monotheists is a magisterial comparison, for students and general readers as well as scholars, of the parties to one of the most troubling issues of today--the fierce, sometimes productive and often destructive, competition among the world's monotheists, the siblings called Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Time

Author : Adrian Bardon
ISBN : 9781118522059
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36. 61 MB
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A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents the broadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissioned articles - written by an international line-up of experts – provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialists alike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of time currently available The first collection to tackle the historical development of the philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporary work Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, covering history of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of the physical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished, well-established scholars and rising stars in the field

Quentin Meillassoux

Author : Graham Harman
ISBN : 9780748684878
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37. 67 MB
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Quentin Meillassoux has been described as the fastest-rising star in French philosophy since Derrida in the 1960s. In Meillassoux: Philosophy in the Making, Graham Harman takes us behind the scenes for this unique study of Meillassoux's path to philosophy

The Bibliograpical Guide To The Global History Of Philosophy

Author :
ISBN :
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The Prince And The Wolf Latour And Harman At The Lse

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 9781780990033
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 23 MB
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The Prince and the Wolf contains the transcript of a debate which took place on 5th February 2008 at the London School of Economics (LSE) between the prominent French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher Bruno Latour and the Cairo-based American philosopher Graham Harman.

History Of Islamic Philosophy

Author : Seyyed Hossein Nasr
ISBN : 0415131596
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34. 46 MB
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Islamic Philosophy has often been treated as mainly of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophy. This is volume challenges this belief. The Routledge History of Philosophy is made up entirely of essays by a distinguished list of writers. They provide detailed discussions of the most important thinkers and the key concepts in Islamic philosophy, from earliest times to the present day.

Principles Of Islamic Sociology

Author : Farid Younos
ISBN : 9781467031318
Genre : Religion
File Size : 22. 45 MB
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With the Islamic awakening in the Middle East, the “Principles of Islamic Sociology” illustrates the nuts and bolts of Islamic society with a contemporay vision that is possible within the realm of Islamic law and thinking. According to Muslim scholars, the beauty of Islamic law is that it is not stagnant. The Qur'an applies to all ages and periods. Dr Younos succefully demonstrates not only the principles of Islamic sociology as an academic discpline, but also a new thinking and vision for a Muslim society in the contemporary world. This book answers a compelling question: In what way should Muslims decide on their social exsitence in the age of globalization? Reforms within Muslim soieties is a must. The only solution is reform their socio-political system by impleminting Islamic vlaues based upon a new interpretation of Islam. “Principles of Islamic Sociology” has managed to achieve that goal.

Occasionalism Revisited

Author : Nazif Muhtaroglu
ISBN : 9948236629
Genre : Occasionalism
File Size : 66. 47 MB
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A collection of seminal essays revisiting the concept of occasionalism as to determine its historical roots and intellectual developments in Islamic and Western philosophies.

The Oxford Handbook Of Atheism

Author : Stephen Bullivant
ISBN : 9780191667404
Genre : Religion
File Size : 69. 23 MB
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Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.

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