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Introduction To Continuum Mechanics

Author : W Michael Lai
ISBN : 0750685603
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 25 MB
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Continuum Mechanics is a branch of physical mechanics that describes the macroscopic mechanical behavior of solid or fluid materials considered to be continuously distributed. It is fundamental to the fields of civil, mechanical, chemical and bioengineering. This time-tested text has been used for over 35 years to introduce junior and senior-level undergraduate engineering students, as well as graduate students, to the basic principles of continuum mechanics and their applications to real engineering problems. The text begins with a detailed presentation of the coordinate invariant quantity, the tensor, introduced as a linear transformation. This is then followed by the formulation of the kinematics of deformation, large as well as very small, the description of stresses and the basic laws of continuum mechanics. As applications of these laws, the behaviors of certain material idealizations (models) including the elastic, viscous and viscoelastic materials, are presented. This new edition offers expanded coverage of the subject matter both in terms of details and contents, providing greater flexibility for either a one or two-semester course in either continuum mechanics or elasticity. Although this current edition has expanded the coverage of the subject matter, it nevertheless uses the same approach as that in the earlier editions - that one can cover advanced topics in an elementary way that go from simple to complex, using a wealth of illustrative examples and problems. It is, and will remain, one of the most accessible textbooks on this challenging engineering subject. Significantly expanded coverage of elasticity in Chapter 5, including solutions of some 3-D problems based on the fundamental potential functions approach. New section at the end of Chapter 4 devoted to the integral formulation of the field equations Seven new appendices appear at the end of the relevant chapters to help make each chapter more self-contained Expanded and improved problem sets providing both intellectual challenges and engineering applications

Introduction To Continuum Mechanics

Author : W Michael Lai
ISBN : 9780080942520
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 88 MB
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Continuum Mechanics is a branch of physical mechanics that describes the macroscopic mechanical behavior of solid or fluid materials considered to be continuously distributed. It is fundamental to the fields of civil, mechanical, chemical and bioengineering. This time-tested text has been used for over 35 years to introduce junior and senior-level undergraduate engineering students, as well as graduate students, to the basic principles of continuum mechanics and their applications to real engineering problems. The text begins with a detailed presentation of the coordinate invariant quantity, the tensor, introduced as a linear transformation. This is then followed by the formulation of the kinematics of deformation, large as well as very small, the description of stresses and the basic laws of continuum mechanics. As applications of these laws, the behaviors of certain material idealizations (models) including the elastic, viscous and viscoelastic materials, are presented. This new edition offers expanded coverage of the subject matter both in terms of details and contents, providing greater flexibility for either a one or two-semester course in either continuum mechanics or elasticity. Although this current edition has expanded the coverage of the subject matter, it nevertheless uses the same approach as that in the earlier editions - that one can cover advanced topics in an elementary way that go from simple to complex, using a wealth of illustrative examples and problems. It is, and will remain, one of the most accessible textbooks on this challenging engineering subject. Significantly expanded coverage of elasticity in Chapter 5, including solutions of some 3-D problems based on the fundamental potential functions approach. New section at the end of Chapter 4 devoted to the integral formulation of the field equations Seven new appendices appear at the end of the relevant chapters to help make each chapter more self-contained Expanded and improved problem sets providing both intellectual challenges and engineering applications

Continuum Mechanics For Engineers

Author : G. Thomas Mase
ISBN : 9781482238693
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 22 MB
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A bestselling textbook in its first three editions, Continuum Mechanics for Engineers, Fourth Edition provides engineering students with a complete, concise, and accessible introduction to advanced engineering mechanics. It provides information that is useful in emerging engineering areas, such as micro-mechanics and biomechanics. Through a mastery of this volume’s contents and additional rigorous finite element training, readers will develop the mechanics foundation necessary to skillfully use modern, advanced design tools. Features: Provides a basic, understandable approach to the concepts, mathematics, and engineering applications of continuum mechanics Updated throughout, and adds a new chapter on plasticity Features an expanded coverage of fluids Includes numerous all new end-of-chapter problems With an abundance of worked examples and chapter problems, it carefully explains necessary mathematics and presents numerous illustrations, giving students and practicing professionals an excellent self-study guide to enhance their skills.

Introduction To Continuum Mechanics

Author : David Rubin
ISBN : 9780080983875
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 22 MB
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Continuum mechanics studies the response of materials to different loading conditions. The concept of tensors is introduced through the idea of linear transformation in a self-contained chapter, and the interrelation of direct notation, indicial notation and matrix operations is clearly presented. A wide range of idealized materials are considered through simple static and dynamic problems, and the book contains an abundance of illustrative examples and problems, many with solutions. Through the addition of more advanced material (solution of classical elasticity problems, constitutive equations for viscoelastic fluids, and finite deformation theory), this popular introduction to modern continuum mechanics has been fully revised to serve a dual purpose: for introductory courses in undergraduate engineering curricula, and for beginning graduate courses.

Continuum Mechanics Volume I

Author : José Merodio
ISBN : 9781848263727
Genre :
File Size : 62. 31 MB
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The main objective of continuum mechanics is to predict the response of a body that is under the action of external and/or internal influences, i.e. to capture and describe different mechanisms associated with the motion of a body that is under the action of loading. A body in continuum mechanics is considered to be matter continuously distributed in space. Hence, no attention is given to the microscopic (atomic) structure of real materials although non-classical generalized theories of continuum mechanics are able to deal with the mesoscopic structure of matter (i.e. defects, cracks, dispersive lengths, ...). Matter occupies space in time and the response of a body in continuum mechanics is restricted to the Newtonian space-time of classical mechanics in this volume. Einstein’s theory of relativity is not considered. In the classical sense, loading is considered as any action that changes the motion of the body. This includes, for instance, a change in temperature or a force applied. By introducing the concept of configurational forces a load may also be considered as a force that drives a change in the material space, for example the opening of a crack. Continuum mechanics refers to field descriptions of phenomena that are usually modeled by partial differential equations and, from a mathematical point of view, require non-standard knowledge of non-simple technicalities. One purpose in this volume has been to present the different subjects in a self-contained way for a general audience. The organization of the volume is as follows. Mathematically, to predict the response of a body it is necessary to formulate boundary value problems governed by balance laws. The theme of the volume, that is an overview of the subject, has been written with this idea in mind for beginners in the topic. Chapter 1 is an introduction to continuum mechanics based on a one-dimensional framework in which, simultaneously, a more detailed organization of the chapters of this volume is given. A one-dimensional approach to continuum mechanics in some aspects maybe misleading since the analysis is oversimplified. Nevertheless, it allows us to introduce the subject through the early basic steps of the continuum analysis for a general audience. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 are devoted to the mathematical setting of continuum analysis: kinematics, balance laws and thermodynamics, respectively. Chapters 6 and 7 are devoted to constitutive equations. Chapters 8 and 9 deal with different issues in the context of linear elastostatics and linear elastodynamics and waves, respectively, for solids. Linear Elasticity is a classical and central theory of continuum mechanics. Chapter 10 deals with fluids while chapter 11 analyzes the coupled theory of thermoelasticity. Chapter 12 deals with nonlinear elasticity and its role in the continuum framework. Chapters 13 and 14 are dedicated to different applications of solid and fluid mechanics, respectively. The rest of the chapters involve some advanced topics. Chapter 15 is dedicated to turbulence, one of the main challenges in fluid mechanics. Chapter 16 deals with electro-magneto active materials (a coupled theory). Chapter 17 deals with specific ideas of soft matter and chapter 18 deals with configurational forces. In chapter 19, constitutive equations are introduced in a general (implicit) form. Well-posedness (existence, time of existence, uniqueness, continuity) of the equations of the mechanics of continua is an important topic which involves sophisticated mathematical machinery. Chapter 20 presents different analyses related to these topics. Continuum Mechanics is an interdisciplinary subject that attracts the attention of engineers, mathematicians, physicists, etc., working in many different disciplines from a purely scientific environment to industrial applications including biology, materials science, engineering, and many other subjects.

Waves And Rays In Elastic Continua Fourth Edition

Author : Michael A Slawinski
ISBN : 9789811226427
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 41 MB
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Seismology, as a branch of mathematical physics, is an active subject of both research and development. Its reliance on computational and technological advances continuously motivates the developments of its underlying theory. The fourth edition of Waves and Rays in Elastic Continua responds to these needs.The book is both a research reference and a textbook. Its careful and explanatory style, which includes numerous exercises with detailed solutions, makes it an excellent textbook for the senior undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as for an independent study. Used in its entirety, the book could serve as a sole textbook for a year-long course in quantitative seismology. Its parts, however, are designed to be used independently for shorter courses with different emphases. The book is not limited to quantitive seismology; it can serve as a textbook for courses in mathematical physics or applied mathematics.

Additive Friction Stir Deposition

Author : Hang Z. Yu
ISBN : 9780128243954
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 13 MB
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Additive Friction Stir Deposition is a comprehensive summary of the state-of-the-art understanding on this emerging solid-state additive manufacturing technology. Sections cover additive friction stir deposition, encompassing advances in processing science, metallurgical science and innovative applications. The book presents a clear description of underlying physical phenomena, shows how the process determines the printing quality, covers resultant microstructure and properties in the as-printed state, highlights its key capabilities and limitations, and explores niche applications in repair, cladding and multi-material 3D printing. Serving as an educational and research guide, this book aims to provide a holistic picture of additive friction stir deposition-based solid-state additive manufacturing as well as a thorough comparison to conventional beam-based metal additive manufacturing, such as powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition. Provides a clear process description of additive friction stir deposition and highlights key capabilities Summarizes the current research and application of additive friction stir deposition, including material flow, microstructure evolution, repair and dissimilar material cladding Discusses future applications and areas of research for this technology

Structural Geology A Quantitative Introduction

Author : David D. Pollard
ISBN : 9781108661454
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 31 MB
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Tackling structural geology problems today requires a quantitative understanding of the underlying physical principles, and the ability to apply mathematical models to deformation processes within the Earth. Accessible yet rigorous, this unique textbook demonstrates how to approach structural geology quantitatively using calculus and mechanics, and prepares students to interface with professional geophysicists and engineers who appreciate and utilize the same tools and computational methods to solve multidisciplinary problems. Clearly explained methods are used throughout the book to quantify field data, set up mathematical models for the formation of structures, and compare model results to field observations. An extensive online package of coordinated laboratory exercises enables students to consolidate their learning and put it into practice by analyzing structural data and building insightful models. Designed for single-semester undergraduate courses, this pioneering text prepares students for graduates studies and careers as professional geoscientists.

Mathematical Modelling Of Flow Through Thin Curved Pipes With Application To Hemodynamics

Author : Arpan Ghosh
ISBN : 9789176850732
Genre :
File Size : 46. 41 MB
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The problem of mathematical modelling of incompressible flows with low velocities through narrow curvilinear pipes is addressed in this thesis. The main motivation for this modelling task is to eventually model the human circulatory system in a simple way that can facilitate the medical practitioners to efficiently diagnose any abnormality in the system. The thesis comprises of four articles. In the first article, a two-dimensional model describing the elastic behaviour of the wall of a thin, curved, exible pipe is presented. The wall is assumed to have a laminate structure consisting of several anisotropic layers of varying thickness. The width of the channel is allowed to vary along the pipe. The two-dimensional model takes the interactions of the wall with any surrounding material and the fluid flow into account and is obtained through a dimension reduction procedure. Examples of canonical shapes of pipes and their walls are provided with explicit systems of differential equations at the end. In the second article, a one-dimensional model describing the blood flow through a moderately curved, elastic blood vessel is presented. The two-dimensional model presented in the first paper is used to model the vessel wall while linearized Navier-Stokes equations are used to model the flow through the channel. Surrounding muscle tissues and presence of external forces other than gravity are taken into account. The model is again obtained via a dimension reduction procedure based on the assumption of thinness of the vessel relative to its length. Results of numerical simulations are presented to highlight the influence of different factors on the blood flow. The one-dimensional model described in the second paper is used to derive a simplified one-dimensional model of a false aneurysm which forms the subject of the third article. A false aneurysm is an accumulation of blood outside a blood vessel but confined by the surrounding muscle tissue. Numerical simulations are presented which demonstrate different characteristics associated with a false aneurysm. In the final article, a modified Reynolds equation, along with its derivation from Stokes equations through asymptotic methods, is presented. The equation governs the steady flow of a fluid with low Reynolds number through a narrow, curvilinear tube. The channel considered may have large curvature and torsion. Approximations of the velocity and the pressure of the fluid inside the channel are constructed. These approximations satisfy a modified Poiseuille equation. A justification for the approximations is provided along with a comparison with a simpler case.

Mechanics Of Continuous Media

Author : L I Sedov
ISBN : 9789814507462
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 90 MB
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This volume is written by Academician Sedov who is considered by many as the leading scientist in mechanics in the USSR. This latest fourth edition helps the reader in a relatively short time to master and acquire fully the essence of many geometrical and mechanical theories. Contents: Volume 1:Kinematics of a Deformable MediumDynamic Concepts and Dynamic Equations of Continuum MechanicsThe Closed Systems of Mechanical Equations for the Simplest Models of Continuous Media. Some Results from Tensor AnalysisBasic Thermodynamic Concepts and EquationsBasic Concepts and Equations of ElectrodynamicsOn the Formulation of Problems in Continuum MechanicsNonlinear Tensor Functions of Several Tensor ArgumentsModels of Continuous Media with Internal Degrees of FreedomVolume 2:HydrodynamicsTheory of ElasticityTheory of PlasticityIntroduction to the Plane Problems of the Theory of Elasticity and the Theory of Cracks Readership: Scientists/researchers of mechanical engineering, applied physics and theoretical physicists.

Mechanics Of Elastic Solids

Author : Rees David W A
ISBN : 9781786346186
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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This book examines the issues across the breadth of elasticity theory. Firstly, the underpinning mathematics of vectors and matrices is covered. Thereafter, the equivalence between the inidicial, symbolic and matrix notations used for tensors is illustrated in the preparation for specific types of material behaviour to be expressed, usually as a response function from which a constitutive stress-strain relation follow.Mechanics of Elastic Solids shows that the elastic response of solid materials has many forms. Metals and their alloys confirm dutifully to Hooke's law. Non-metals do not when the law connecting stress to strain is expressed in polynomial, exponential and various empirical, material specific forms. Hyper- and hypo- elasticity theories differ in that the former is restricted to its thermodynamic basis while the latter pervades many an observed response with its release from thermal restriction, but only at the risk of contravening the laws of thermodynamics.This unique compendium is suitable for a degree or diploma course in engineering and applied mathematics, as well as postgraduate and professional researchers.

Introduction To Engineering Mechanics

Author : Jenn Stroud Rossmann
ISBN : 9781482219531
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 97 MB
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Integrated Mechanics Knowledge Essential for Any EngineerIntroduction to Engineering Mechanics: A Continuum Approach, Second Edition uses continuum mechanics to showcase the connections between engineering structure and design and between solids and fluids and helps readers learn how to predict the effects of forces, stresses, and strains. T

Nonlinear Continuum Mechanics For Finite Elasticity Plasticity

Author : Koichi Hashiguchi
ISBN : 9780128194294
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 44 MB
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Nonlinear Continuum Mechanics for Finite Elasticity-Plasticity empowers readers to fully understand the constitutive equation of finite strain, an essential piece in assessing the deformation/strength of materials and safety of structures. The book starts by providing a foundational overview of continuum mechanics, elasticity and plasticity, then segues into more sophisticated topics such as multiplicative decomposition of deformation gradient tensor with the isoclinic concept and the underlying subloading surface concept. The subloading surface concept insists that the plastic strain rate is not induced suddenly at the moment when the stress reaches the yield surface but it develops continuously as the stress approaches the yield surface, which is crucially important for the precise description of cyclic loading behavior. Then, the exact formulations of the elastoplastic and viscoplastic constitutive equations based on the multiplicative decomposition are expounded in great detail. The book concludes with examples of these concepts and modeling techniques being deployed in real-world applications. Table of Contents: 1. Mathematical Basics 2. General (Curvilinear) Coordinate System 3. Description of Deformation/Rotation in Convected Coordinate System 4. Deformation/Rotation (Rate) Tensors 5. Conservation Laws and Stress Tensors 6. Hyperelastic Equations 7. Development of Elastoplastic Constitutive Equations 8. Multiplicative Decomposition of Deformation Gradient Tensor 9. Multiplicative Hyperelastic-based Plastic and Viscoplastic Constitutive Equations 10. Friction Model: Finite Sliding Theory Covers both the fundamentals of continuum mechanics and elastoplasticity while also introducing readers to more advanced topics such as the subloading surface model and the multiplicative decomposition among others Approaches finite elastoplasticity and viscoplasticty theory based on multiplicative decomposition and the subloading surface model Provides a thorough introduction to the general tensor formulation details for the embedded curvilinear coordinate system and the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient

Continuum Mechanics Through The Eighteenth And Nineteenth Centuries

Author : Gérard A. Maugin
ISBN : 9783319053745
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 87 MB
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Conceived as a series of more or less autonomous essays, the present book critically exposes the initial developments of continuum thermo-mechanics in a post Newtonian period extending from the creative works of the Bernoullis to the First World war, i.e., roughly during first the “Age of reason” and next the “Birth of the modern world”. The emphasis is rightly placed on the original contributions from the “Continental” scientists (the Bernoulli family, Euler, d’Alembert, Lagrange, Cauchy, Piola, Duhamel, Neumann, Clebsch, Kirchhoff, Helmholtz, Saint-Venant, Boussinesq, the Cosserat brothers, Caratheodory) in competition with their British peers (Green, Kelvin, Stokes, Maxwell, Rayleigh, Love,..). It underlines the main breakthroughs as well as the secondary ones. It highlights the role of scientists who left essential prints in this history of scientific ideas. The book shows how the formidable developments that blossomed in the twentieth century (and perused in a previous book of the author in the same Springer Series: “Continuum Mechanics through the Twentieth Century”, Springer 2013) found rich compost in the constructive foundational achievements of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The pre-WWI situation is well summarized by a thorough analysis of treatises (Appell, Hellinger) published at that time. English translations by the author of most critical texts in French or German are given to the benefit of the readers.

Continuum Mechanics And Linear Elasticity

Author : Ciprian D. Coman
ISBN : 9789402417715
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 77 MB
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This is an intermediate book for beginning postgraduate students and junior researchers, and offers up-to-date content on both continuum mechanics and elasticity. The material is self-contained and should provide readers sufficient working knowledge in both areas. Though the focus is primarily on vector and tensor calculus (the so-called coordinate-free approach), the more traditional index notation is used whenever it is deemed more sensible. With the increasing demand for continuum modeling in such diverse areas as mathematical biology and geology, it is imperative to have various approaches to continuum mechanics and elasticity. This book presents these subjects from an applied mathematics perspective. In particular, it extensively uses linear algebra and vector calculus to develop the fundamentals of both subjects in a way that requires minimal use of coordinates (so that beginning graduate students and junior researchers come to appreciate the power of the tensor notation).

Phase Field Modeling Of Multi Domain Evolution In Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys And Of Polycrystalline Thin Film Growth

Author : Christian Mennerich
ISBN : 9783731500094
Genre : Technology (General)
File Size : 29. 9 MB
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The phase-field method is a powerful tool in computer-aided materials science as it allows for the analysis of the time-spatial evolution of microstructures on the mesoscale. A multi-phase-field model is adopted to run numerical simulations in two different areas of scientific interest: Polycrystalline thin films growth and the ferromagnetic shape memory effect. FFT-techniques, norm conservative integration and RVE-methods are necessary to make the coupled problems numerically feasible.

Statics Of Deformable Solids

Author : Raymond L. Bisplinghoff
ISBN : 9780486789934
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 30 MB
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"Well-written, thoughtfully prepared, and profusely illustrated, this text by the prominent experts provides a full exposition of fundamentals of solid mechanics and principles of mechanics, statics, and simple statically indeterminate systems. Additional topics include strain and stress in three-dimensional solids, elementary elasticity, stress-strain relations for plastic solids, and energy principles in solid continuum. "--

Continuum Mechanics Volume Iii

Author : José Merodio
ISBN : 9781848263741
Genre :
File Size : 60. 41 MB
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The main objective of continuum mechanics is to predict the response of a body that is under the action of external and/or internal influences, i.e. to capture and describe different mechanisms associated with the motion of a body that is under the action of loading. A body in continuum mechanics is considered to be matter continuously distributed in space. Hence, no attention is given to the microscopic (atomic) structure of real materials although non-classical generalized theories of continuum mechanics are able to deal with the mesoscopic structure of matter (i.e. defects, cracks, dispersive lengths, ...). Matter occupies space in time and the response of a body in continuum mechanics is restricted to the Newtonian space-time of classical mechanics in this volume. Einstein’s theory of relativity is not considered. In the classical sense, loading is considered as any action that changes the motion of the body. This includes, for instance, a change in temperature or a force applied. By introducing the concept of configurational forces a load may also be considered as a force that drives a change in the material space, for example the opening of a crack. Continuum mechanics refers to field descriptions of phenomena that are usually modeled by partial differential equations and, from a mathematical point of view, require non-standard knowledge of non-simple technicalities. One purpose in this volume has been to present the different subjects in a self-contained way for a general audience. The organization of the volume is as follows. Mathematically, to predict the response of a body it is necessary to formulate boundary value problems governed by balance laws. The theme of the volume, that is an overview of the subject, has been written with this idea in mind for beginners in the topic. Chapter 1 is an introduction to continuum mechanics based on a one-dimensional framework in which, simultaneously, a more detailed organization of the chapters of this volume is given. A one-dimensional approach to continuum mechanics in some aspects maybe misleading since the analysis is oversimplified. Nevertheless, it allows us to introduce the subject through the early basic steps of the continuum analysis for a general audience. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 are devoted to the mathematical setting of continuum analysis: kinematics, balance laws and thermodynamics, respectively. Chapters 6 and 7 are devoted to constitutive equations. Chapters 8 and 9 deal with different issues in the context of linear elastostatics and linear elastodynamics and waves, respectively, for solids. Linear Elasticity is a classical and central theory of continuum mechanics. Chapter 10 deals with fluids while chapter 11 analyzes the coupled theory of thermoelasticity. Chapter 12 deals with nonlinear elasticity and its role in the continuum framework. Chapters 13 and 14 are dedicated to different applications of solid and fluid mechanics, respectively. The rest of the chapters involve some advanced topics. Chapter 15 is dedicated to turbulence, one of the main challenges in fluid mechanics. Chapter 16 deals with electro-magneto active materials (a coupled theory). Chapter 17 deals with specific ideas of soft matter and chapter 18 deals with configurational forces. In chapter 19, constitutive equations are introduced in a general (implicit) form. Well-posedness (existence, time of existence, uniqueness, continuity) of the equations of the mechanics of continua is an important topic which involves sophisticated mathematical machinery. Chapter 20 presents different analyses related to these topics. Continuum Mechanics is an interdisciplinary subject that attracts the attention of engineers, mathematicians, physicists, etc., working in many different disciplines from a purely scientific environment to industrial applications including biology, materials science, engineering, and many other subjects.

Continuum Mechanics

Author : Anthony James Merrill Spencer
ISBN : 0486435946
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 98 MB
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Undergraduate text opens with introductory chapters on matrix algebra, vectors and Cartesian tensors, and an analysis of deformation and stress; succeeding chapters examine laws of conservation of mass, momentum, and energy as well as the formulation of mechanical constitutive equations. 1992 edition.

Matrix Numerical And Optimization Methods In Science And Engineering

Author : Kevin W. Cassel
ISBN : 9781108787628
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 4 MB
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Address vector and matrix methods necessary in numerical methods and optimization of linear systems in engineering with this unified text. Treats the mathematical models that describe and predict the evolution of our processes and systems, and the numerical methods required to obtain approximate solutions. Explores the dynamical systems theory used to describe and characterize system behaviour, alongside the techniques used to optimize their performance. Integrates and unifies matrix and eigenfunction methods with their applications in numerical and optimization methods. Consolidating, generalizing, and unifying these topics into a single coherent subject, this practical resource is suitable for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students in engineering, physical sciences, and applied mathematics.

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