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Innovations In The Memory System

Author : Rajeev Balasubramonian
ISBN : 9781627059695
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60. 41 MB
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This is a tour through recent and prominent works regarding new DRAM chip designs and technologies, near data processing approaches, new memory channel architectures, techniques to tolerate the overheads of refresh and fault tolerance, security attacks and mitigations, and memory scheduling. The memory system will soon be a hub for future innovation. While conventional memory systems focused primarily on high density, other memory system metrics like energy, security, and reliability are grabbing modern research headlines. With processor performance stagnating, it is also time to consider new programming models that move some application computations into the memory system. This, in turn, will lead to feature-rich memory systems with new interfaces. The past decade has seen a number of memory system innovations that point to this future where the memory system will be much more than dense rows of unintelligent bits.

Innovations In Embedded And Real Time Systems Engineering For Communication

Author : Virtanen, Seppo
ISBN : 9781466609136
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 63 MB
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"This book has collected the latest research within the field of real-time systems engineering, and will serve as a vital reference compendium for practitioners and academics"--Provided by publisher.

The Evolution Of Memory Systems

Author : Kim S. Graham
ISBN : 9780199686438
Genre :
File Size : 21. 74 MB
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Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular times and places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways-using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on the evolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations of themselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

Information Technology Management And Organizational Innovations

Author : Mehdi Khosrowpour
ISBN : 1878289357
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 29 MB
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Emerging information technologies of the past few decades are now providing organizations with new tools to develop innovative organizational concepts and applications. This book is a collection of timely research and practical papers on the subject of IT management and its role in organizational innovation.

Innovation And Small Business Volume 2

Author :
ISBN : 9788776817336
Genre :
File Size : 45. 87 MB
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Computer System Architecture

Author : P. V. S. RAO
ISBN : 8120335945
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 27 MB
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Intended as a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of engineering in Computer Science and Engineering, Information Technology, and students pursuing courses in computer applications (BCA/MCA) and computer science (B.Sc./M.Sc.), this state-of-the-art study acquaints the students with concepts and implementations in computer architectures. Though a new title, it is a completely reorganized, thoroughly revised and fully updated version of the author’s earlier book Perspectives in Computer Architecture. The text begins with a brief account of the very early history of computers and describes the von Neumann IAS type of computers; then it goes on to give a brief introduction to the subsequent advances in computer systems covering device technologies, operational aspects, system organization and applications. This is followed by an analysis of the advances and innovations that have taken place in these areas. Advanced concepts such as look-ahead, pipelining, RISC architectures, and multi-programming are fully analyzed. The text concludes with a discussion on such topical subjects as computer networks, microprocessors and microcomputers, microprocessor families, Intel Pentium series, and newer high-power processors. HALLMARKS OF THE BOOK The text fully reflects Professor P.V.S. Rao’s long experience as an eminent academic and his professional experience as an adviser to leading telecommunications/software companies. Gives a systematic account of the evolution of computers Provides a large number of exercises to drill the students in self-study. The five Appendices at the end of the text, cover the basic concepts to enable the students to have a better understanding of the subject. Besides students, practising engineers should also find this book to be of immense value to them.

Solutions And Innovations In Web Based Technologies For Augmented Learning Improved Platforms Tools And Applications

Author : Karacapilidis, Nikos
ISBN : 9781605662398
Genre : Education
File Size : 50. 96 MB
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"This book covers a wide range of the most current research in the development of innovative web-based learning solutions, specifically facilitating and augmenting learning in diverse contemporary organizational settings"--Provided by publisher.

Innovation Systems In Small Catching Up Economies

Author : Elias G. Carayannis
ISBN : 9781461415480
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 54 MB
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In several parts of the world, countries are undergoing economic, social, and political transitions, enhanced and accelerated by the forces of globalization. These transition economies can serve as laboratories for understanding the innovation process. This volume features original theoretical and empirical research. It offers the first comprehensive view of innovation system development in the context of small catching-up economies. Smallness, path dependency, and latecomer status of such economies create some inherent limitations for their innovation systems, but these special characteristics can offer advantages as well. For example, smallness is often related with increased flexibility and shorter reaction times, while latecomers can benefit from earlier experiences of their more advanced neighbors. Path-dependency highlights the fact that the innovation system development processes are considerably influenced by the past experience of a particular country or region. By incorporating these features into an integrated analysis, the authors address such questions as: · What special features characterize the innovation system development in small catching-up economies? · What are the causes for innovation success or failure? · How do organizational capabilities and internationalization tendencies relate to company level innovations? · What is the role of human capital and social factors in the innovation process? · How can various policies support innovation in an integrated manner? Drawing from research about Europe, Asia, and Latin America, the authors provide readers with a systemic view of the innovation system development in small catching-up economies. They discuss the unique features of this development and contribute to an in-depth understanding of various determinants and their impacts on the innovation process. The policy implications will offer a set of normative guidelines for enhancing innovation system development.

High Speed Memory Systems

Author : A. V. Pohm
ISBN : UOM:39015006079993
Genre : Cache memory
File Size : 83. 53 MB
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Innovations And Advances In Computing Informatics Systems Sciences Networking And Engineering

Author : Tarek Sobh
ISBN : 9783319067735
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 83 MB
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Innovations and Advances in Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, Networking and Engineering This book includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of Computer Science, Informatics, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering. It includes selected papers from the conference proceedings of the Eighth and some selected papers of the Ninth International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE 2012 & CISSE 2013). Coverage includes topics in: Industrial Electronics, Technology & Automation, Telecommunications and Networking, Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering, Engineering Education, Instructional Technology, Assessment, and E-learning. · Provides the latest in a series of books growing out of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Includes chapters in the most advanced areas of Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Accessible to a wide range of readership, including professors, researchers, practitioners and students.

Memory Systems Design And Applications

Author : Dave Bursky
ISBN : UOM:39015000509623
Genre : Computer storage devices
File Size : 31. 21 MB
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Innovations In Art Neural Networks

Author : Beatrice Lazzerini
ISBN : 3790812706
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26. 82 MB
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In the last two decades the artificial neural networks have been refined and widely used by the researchers and application engineers. We have not witnessed such a large degree of evolution in any other artificial neural network as in the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) neural network. The ART network remains plastic, or adaptive, in response to significant events and yet remains stable in response to irrelevant events. This stability-plasticity property is a great step towards realizing intelligent machines capable of autonomous learning in real time environment. The main aim of this book is to report a very small sample of the research on the evolution of ART neural network and its applications. Interested readers may refer literature for many more innovations in ART such as Fuzzy ART, ART2, ART2-a, ARTMAP, ARTMAP-PI, ARTMAP-DS, Gaussian ARTMAP, EXACT ART, and ART-EMAP.

Innovations In Switching Technology

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924050839392
Genre : Telecommunication
File Size : 33. 5 MB
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Applications And Innovations In Expert Systems

Author : British Computer Society. Specialist Group on Expert Systems. International Conference
ISBN : PSU:000043292561
Genre : Expert systems (Computer science)
File Size : 88. 66 MB
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Flash Memories

Author : Detlev Richter
ISBN : 9789400760820
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 82 MB
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The subject of this book is to introduce a model-based quantitative performance indicator methodology applicable for performance, cost and reliability optimization of non-volatile memories. The complex example of flash memories is used to introduce and apply the methodology. It has been developed by the author based on an industrial 2-bit to 4-bit per cell flash development project. For the first time, design and cost aspects of 3D integration of flash memory are treated in this book. Cell, array, performance and reliability effects of flash memories are introduced and analyzed. Key performance parameters are derived to handle the flash complexity. A performance and array memory model is developed and a set of performance indicators characterizing architecture, cost and durability is defined. Flash memories are selected to apply the Performance Indicator Methodology to quantify design and technology innovation. A graphical representation based on trend lines is introduced to support a requirement based product development process. The Performance Indicator methodology is applied to demonstrate the importance of hidden memory parameters for a successful product and system development roadmap. Flash Memories offers an opportunity to enhance your understanding of product development key topics such as: · Reliability optimization of flash memories is all about threshold voltage margin understanding and definition; · Product performance parameter are analyzed in-depth in all aspects in relation to the threshold voltage operation window; · Technical characteristics are translated into quantitative performance indicators; · Performance indicators are applied to identify and quantify product and technology innovation within adjacent areas to fulfill the application requirements with an overall cost optimized solution; · Cost, density, performance and durability values are combined into a common factor – performance indicator - which fulfills the application requirements

Innovations In Biomolecular Modeling And Simulations

Author : Tamar Schlick
ISBN : 9781849734615
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 63 MB
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The chemical and biological sciences face unprecedented opportunities in the 21st century. A confluence of factors from parallel universes - advances in experimental techniques in biomolecular structure determination, progress in theoretical modeling and simulation for large biological systems, and breakthroughs in computer technology - has opened new avenues of opportunity as never before. Now, experimental data can be interpreted and further analysed by modeling, and predictions from any approach can be tested and advanced through companion methodologies and technologies. This two volume set describes innovations in biomolecular modeling and simulation, in both the algorithmic and application fronts. With contributions from experts in the field, the books describe progress and innovation in areas including: simulation algorithms for dynamics and enhanced configurational sampling, force field development, implicit solvation models, coarse-grained models, quantum-mechanical simulations, protein folding, DNA polymerase mechanisms, nucleic acid complexes and simulations, RNA structure analysis and design and other important topics in structural biology modeling. The books are aimed at graduate students and experts in structural biology and chemistry and the emphasis is on reporting innovative new approaches rather than providing comprehensive reviews on each subject.

Best Practices And Conceptual Innovations In Information Resources Management Utilizing Technologies To Enable Global Progressions

Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
ISBN : 9781605661292
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 97 MB
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"This book offers insight into emerging developments in information resources management and how these technologies are shaping the way the world does business, creates policies, and advances organizational practices"--Provided by publisher.

Diffusion Of Educational Innovations In The Government Secondary Schools Of Thailand

Author : Frederic James Mortimore
ISBN : MSU:31293102846353
Genre : Diffusion of innovations
File Size : 66. 12 MB
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Building Organizational Memories Will You Know What You Knew?

Author : Girard, John P.
ISBN : 9781599045429
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52. 15 MB
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Provides relevant theoretical frameworks, latest empirical research findings, and practitioners' best practices in the area of organizational memory.

Innovations In Instructional Technology

Author : J. Michael Spector
ISBN : 9781135616366
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 96 MB
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M. David Merrill has been active in the field of instructional technology for almost 40 years. His contributions range from basic instructional principles and instructional design theory to development and implementation of learning environments. Innovations in Instructional Technology is a collection of original essays written by leading scholars and practitioners who have worked with and been inspired by Professor Merrill. The chapters in this book represent a sampling of key innovations in the instructional technology field and include knowledge of how people learn, how people solve problems, how designers conceptualize learning spaces, how teachers implement learning activities, and how evaluators assess outcomes. This volume is divided into five basic areas of research in instructional technology, mirroring the diverse contributions of Dr. Merrill's work: *four chapters on learning objects and the notion of reusable components; *three chapters that discuss fundamental aspects of learning and the design of instruction; *three chapters that address innovations in the area of assessment, evaluation, and model validation; *three chapters that concern theories of learning and instruction; and *three chapters on instructional design practice. The book concludes with a chapter outlining Dr. Merrill's responses to challenges, comments, and questions on the future of the field--ranging from the notion of initial passions with regard to instructional technology to connections between theory and practice to questions of conscience--from an expert panel comprised of many of the contributors to the book. As Dave Merrill's work will continue to be required reading for students of instructional technology, Innovations in Instructional Technology is a book that will appeal to students, researchers, and practitioners in the field.

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