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High Resolution Laser Photoionization And Photoelectron Studies

Author : Ivan Powis
ISBN : STANFORD:36105018455084
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 37 MB
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Recent advances in both experimental techniques and theoretical methodologies have meant that increasingly sophisticated studies concerning the formation, structures, energetics, and reaction dynamics of state- or energy-selected molecular ions can now be performed. In order to better serve the ion chemistry and physics community, each volume of this series will be dedicated to reviewing a specific topic, emphasizing new experimental and theoretical developments in the study of ions. The Wiley Series in Ion Chemistry and Physics will help stimulate new research directions and point to future opportunities in the field of ion chemistry and physics. This fourth volume is devoted to developments associated with the high resolution study of molecular photoionization, presented from both experimental and theoretical viewpoints. This field has been revolutionized in recent years through the rapid development of zero kinetic energy (ZEKE) photoelectron spectroscopy, which is featured prominently within this volume. These advances have expanded the researcher' s ability to probe not just structural features, but also the detailed dynamics of a system, resulting in the interest and applicability of the technique being broadened to areas of chemical physics extending beyond the traditional study of photoionization per se. Each of the twelve chapters making up this volume is written by leading researchers in their respective fields.

Photoionization And Photodetachment

Author : Cheuk-Yiu Ng
ISBN : 9789810238926
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 81 MB
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Owing to the advances of vacuum ultraviolet and ultrafast lasers and third generation synchrotron sources, the research on photoionization, photoelectrons, and photodetachment has gained much vitality in recent years. These new light sources, together with ingenious experimental techniques, such as the coincidence imaging, molecular beam, pulsed field ionization photoelectron, mass-analyzed threshold ion, and pulsed field ion pair schemes, have allowed spectroscopic, dynamic, and energetic studies of gaseous species to a new level of detail and accuracy. Profitable applications of these methods to liquids are emerging.This invaluable two-volume review consists of twenty-two chapters, focusing on recent developments in photoionization and photodetachment studies of atoms; molecules, transient species, clusters, and liquids.

Optical Electric And Magnetic Properties Of Molecules

Author : D.C. Clary
ISBN : 0080538061
Genre : Science
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This book celebrates the career and scientific accomplishments of Professor David Buckingham, who is due to retire from his Chair at Cambridge University in 1997. The adopted format comprises reprints of a number of David Buckingham's key scientific papers, each one or two of these preceded by a review of the corresponding area of David's wide-ranging research interest. Each reviewer is recognised as an expert in that field of interest and has some close association with David Buckingham, as a scientific colleague and/or a former research student. The book should serve as a distinctive reference source, both retrospective and prospective, for the field of chemical physics with which the name A.D. Buckingham is associated. The editors opted to reprint a majority of early classic Buckingham papers, balanced by some of David Buckingham's more recent publications. Reprinted papers have been placed into a general scientific context that covers prior influences on, and later impacts by, the work nominated for review.

Frontiers And Advances In Molecular Spectroscopy

Author : Jaan Laane
ISBN : 9780128112212
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 53 MB
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Frontiers and Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy once again brings together the most eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting-edge of molecular spectroscopy. Much of what we know about atoms, molecules and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. Going far beyond the topics discussed in Jaan Laane’s earlier book on the subject, these chapters describe new methodologies and applications, instrumental developments and theory, which are taking spectroscopy into still new frontiers. The robust range of topics once again demonstrates the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. New topics include ultrafast spectroscopy of the transition state, SERS/far-uv spectroscopy, femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and biosensors, vibrational optical activity, ultrafast two-dimensional spectroscopy, biology with x-ray lasers, isomerization dynamics and hydrogen bonding, single molecule imaging, spectra of intermediates, matrix isolation spectroscopy and more. Covers spectroscopic investigations on the cutting edge of science Written and edited by leading experts in their respective fields Allows researchers to access a broad range of essential modern spectroscopy content from a single source rather than wading through hundreds of scattered journal articles

Encyclopedia Of Spectroscopy And Spectrometry

Author :
ISBN : 9780128032251
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 59 MB
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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

High Resolution Photoelectron And Photoion Spectroscopic Studies Of Ammonia Using Two Color Infrared Vacuum Ultraviolet Laser Systems

Author : Mi-Kyung Bahng
ISBN : UCAL:X70634
Genre :
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The Role Of Rydberg States In Spectroscopy And Photochemistry

Author : C. Sándorfy
ISBN : 9780306469381
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 59 MB
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The aim of this volume is to offer a balanced overview of molecular Rydberg spectroscopy as it has developed over recent decades. Recent evolution has split Rydberg spectroscopy into two apparently distinct fields: the one concerns the low (n=3-5) Rydberg states, the other the very high (typically EMn/EM”150) Rydberg states. The former is aimed at spectral levels where Rydberg, valence-shell, and intermediate-type states interact, with a variety of photochemical consequences. The latter considers states extremely close to the ionization limit, from whereionization is possible with a very slight amount of additional energy. Recently developed techniques make it possible to produce ions in well-defined electronic, vibrational and rotational states, including states resulting from spin-orbit or Jahn-Teller splitting. It is then possible to study the structure and reactions of such state-selected ions as well as those of the corresponding neutral molecules. These techniques amount to badly needed high resolution photoelectron spectroscopy.

Laser In Environmental And Life Sciences

Author : Peter Hering
ISBN : 3540402608
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 6 MB
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This comprehensive reference work illustrates the state of the art of laser-induced analytical methods in environmental and life sciences via an interdisciplinary approach. Ky techniques for remote sensing in the atmosphere as well as diagnostic methods for soil, water and air contamination and exhaled breath are described. Each a prominent scientist, the authors report on their current research; demonstrate that multi-disciplinary applications are possible; and employ examples on how existing environmental diagnostic methods have found their way into the life sciences.

Advances In Chemical Physics

Author : Ilya Prigogine
ISBN : 9780470142295
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 65 MB
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Providing the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations in every area of the discipline, the latest volume of Advances in Chemical Physics continues to provide significant, up-to-date chapters written by internationally recognized researchers. This volume is essentially devoted to helping the reader obtain general information about a wide variety of topics in chemical physics. Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 117 includes chapters addressing laser photoelectron spectroscopy, nonadiabatic transitions due to curve crossings, multidimensional raman spectroscopy, birefringence and dielectric relaxation in strong electric fields, and crossover formulae for Kramers Theory of thermally activated escape rates.

Advances In Photochemistry

Author : Douglas C. Neckers
ISBN : 9780470133835
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 86 MB
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Setting the pace for progress and innovation . . . "[Provides] a wealth of information on frontier photochemistry . . . could easily serve as a definitive source of background information for future researchers." —Journal of the American Chemical Society "The overall quality of the series and the timeliness of selections and authors warrants continuation of the series by any library wishing to maintain a first-rate reference series to the literature." —Physics Today ADVANCES IN PHOTOCHEMISTRY More than a simple survey of the current literature, Advances in Photochemistry offers critical evaluations written by internationally recognized experts. These pioneering scientists offer unique and varied points of view of the existing data. Their articles are challenging as well as provocative and are intended to stimulate discussion, promote further research, and encourage new developments in the field.

The Spectra And Dynamics Of Diatomic Molecules

Author : Hélène Lefebvre-Brion
ISBN : 9780124414556
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 41 MB
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And concluding with some examples of polyatomic molecule dynamics. P Students will discover that there is a fascinating world of cause-and-effect localized dynamics concealed beyond the reduction of spectra to archival molecular constants and the exact ab initio computation of molecular properties.-

Modern Trends In Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Author : Xueming Yang
ISBN : 9789814485265
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 33 MB
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' The field of chemical reaction dynamics has made tremendous progress during the last decade or so. This is due largely to the development of many new, state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical techniques during that period. It is beneficial to present these advances, both theoretical and experimental, in a review volume published in two parts (Parts I and II). The primary purpose of this review volume is to provide graduate students and experts in the field with a rather detailed picture of the current status of advanced experimental and theoretical research in chemical reaction dynamics. All chapters in these two parts have been written by world-renowned experts active in such research. Contents:Multiple Channel Reaction Dynamics Using Universal Crossed Molecular Beam Techniques (X-M Yang)Ion Imaging Applied to the Study of Chemical Dynamics (D W Chandler & J I Cline)The Dynamics of Hydrogen Atom Abstraction from Polyatomic Molecules (X-H Liu & A G Suits)Ab Initio Potential Energy Surfaces of Large Reaction Systems (A M Mebel)Theoretical Dynamics Treatment of Chemical Reactions (J Z H Zhang et al.)Quasiclassical Trajectory Studies of Four-Atom Reactions (D Troya et al.)Recent Developments in Statistical Rate Theory for Unimolecular and Complex-Forming Reactions (S C Smith)Non-Born-Oppenheimer Chemistry: Potential Surfaces, Couplings, and Dynamics (A W Jasper et al.)Semiclassical Theory of Nonadiabatic Transition and Tunneling (C-Y Zhu)Transition State Spectroscopy (D M Neumark)Coincidence Imaging Techniques (R E Continetti & C C Hayden)Time-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Imaging (T Suzuki)Manipulating Cold Molecules with Nonresonant Fields (B Friedrich) Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry as well as atomic and molecular physics; researchers in physical chemistry. Keywords:Physical Chemistry;Chemical Physics;Molecular Physics;Chemical Reaction Dynamics;Molecular Dynamics;Quantum Dynamics;Photochemistry;Theoretical ChemistryReviews:“This volume will be an important resource for a diverse community of scholars for some time to come. Equations, schemes, and figures are of high quality and free of typographical errors. Each chapter is extensively referenced, with the bulk of the references occurring from 1998 to 2002. The problems chosen for study in this volume span a range of new and exciting intellectual pursuits at the forefront of research in chemical reaction dynamics.”Journal of the American Chemical Society '

Modern Trends In Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Author : Xueming Yang
ISBN : 9789812385680
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 86 MB
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The field of chemical reaction dynamics has made huge progress during the last decade or so. The aim of these volumes is to provide graduate students and experts in the field with a picture of the current status of advanced experimental and theoretical research in chemical reaction dynamics.

Mass Spectrometry Bulletin

Author :
ISBN : CHI:52103432
Genre : Mass spectrometry
File Size : 45. 36 MB
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Plastics Additives

Author : Jan C. J. Bart
ISBN : 9781586035334
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 2 MB
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Contains an outline of the principles and characteristics of relevant instrumental techniques, provides an overview of various aspects of direct additive analysis by focusing on an array of applications in R ampD, production, quality control, and technical service.

Quantum Control Mathematical And Numerical Challenges

Author : André D. Bandrauk
ISBN : 0821833308
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 34 MB
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It brought together mathematicians, theoretical chemists, and physicists working in the area of control and optimization of systems to address the outstanding numerical and mathematical problems."

Vuv Laser Photoionization Studies Of Selected Flames

Author : James Henry Werner
ISBN : CORNELL:31924083624621
Genre :
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A total of 14 radical and stable chemical species (six of these phosphorus bearing) were detected and modeled in a $\rm H\sb2/O\sb2$ flame doped with trace amounts of DMMP. Over 30 radical and stable species were detected, identified, and modeled in studies of a $\rm CH\sb4/O\sb2$ flame doped with 2% TCE.

Dissociative Recombination Theory Experiments And Applications Iv

Author : Larsson Mats
ISBN : 9789814543354
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 46 MB
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Dissociative recombination is a complex molecular process that occurs in any plasma cold enough to contain molecular constituents. It is the dominant recombination process in planetary ionospheres and interstellar clouds. In this book, recent developments in the fields of molecular ion physics, atomic and molecular theory, astrochemistry, aeronomy and plasma physics are discussed.

Handbook Of High Resolution Spectroscopy

Author : Martin Quack
ISBN : 9780470066539
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 49 MB
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The field of High-Resolution Spectroscopy has been considerably extended and even redefined in some areas. Combining the knowledge of spectroscopy, laser technology, chemical computation, and experiments, Handbook of High-Resolution Spectroscopy provides a comprehensive survey of the whole field as it presents itself today, with emphasis on the recent developments. This essential handbook for advanced research students, graduate students, and researchers takes a systematic approach through the range of wavelengths and includes the latest advances in experiment and theory that will help and guide future applications. The first comprehensive survey in high-resolution molecular spectroscopy for over 15 years Brings together the knowledge of spectroscopy, laser technology, chemical computation and experiments Brings the reader up-to-date with the many advances that have been made in recent times Takes the reader through the range of wavelengths, covering all possible techniques such as Microwave Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, VIS, UV and VUV Combines theoretical, computational and experimental aspects Has numerous applications in a wide range of scientific domains Edited by two leaders in this field Provides an overview of rotational, vibration, electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy Volume 1 - Introduction: Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy Volume 2 - High-Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy: Methods and Results Volume 3 - Special Methods & Applications

R?ntgen Centennial

Author : A Haase
ISBN : 9789814497596
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 44 MB
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To honour W C Röntgen and review the entire area of X-ray development in the various fields of natural, technical, and life sciences, his successors at the Physikalisches Institut of the Universität Würzburg organized a conference, named “Röntgen Centennial”. It took place at the new “Physikalisches Institut” not far from the historical site shortly before the actual 100th anniversary of the discovery. Over forty renowned scientists were invited as representative speakers in the various subfields of X-ray activities. They reviewed the development, gave examples, and described the present status. Most of them provided survey articles, which are gathered in this book. Since most X-ray-related activities are somehow represented, an almost complete overview of the entire field is provided. This book thus represents the enormous breadth of X-ray activities and allows one to recognize the potential and quality of today's X-ray research. Contents:Historical IntroductionX-Ray SourcesX-Rays in MedicineX-Rays in BiologyMicroscopic X-Ray TechniquesX-Ray Absorption and EmissionX-Ray-Induced Electron SpectroscopyX-Ray ScatteringApplications in Material Science Readership: Anyone using X-rays in physics, synchrotron radiation research, radiology, structural biology, crystallography, chemistry, materials science and astronomy. keywords:Rontgen;Centennial;X-Ray;Spectroscopy;Scattering;Material

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