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From Akhenaten To Moses

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9789774166310
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 54 MB
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The shift from polytheism to monotheism changed the world radically. Akhenaten and Moses-a figure of history and a figure of tradition-symbolize this shift in its incipient, revolutionary stages and represent two civilizations that were brought into the closest connection as early as the Book of Exodus, where Egypt stands for the old world to be rejected and abandoned in order to enter the new one. The seven chapters of this seminal study shed light on the great transformation from different angles. Between Egypt in the first chapter and monotheism in the last, five chapters deal in various ways with the transition from one to the other, analyzing the Exodus myth, understanding the shift in terms of evolution and revolution, confronting Akhenaten and Moses in a new way, discussing Karl Jaspers' theory of the Axial Age, and dealing with the eighteenth-century view of the Egyptian mysteries as a cultural model.

Moses And Akhenaten

Author : Ahmed Osman
ISBN : 9781591438847
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 49 MB
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A reinterpretation of biblical and Egyptian history that shows Moses and the Pharaoh Akhenaten to be one and the same. • Provides dramatic evidence from both archaeological and documentary sources. • A radical challenge to long-established beliefs on the origin of Semitic religion. During his reign, the Pharaoh Akhenaten was able to abolish the complex pantheon of the ancient Egyptian religion and replace it with a single god, the Aten, who had no image or form. Seizing on the striking similarities between the religious vision of this “heretic” pharaoh and the teachings of Moses, Sigmund Freud was the first to argue that Moses was in fact an Egyptian. Now Ahmed Osman, using recent archaeological discoveries and historical documents, contends that Akhenaten and Moses were one and the same man. In a stunning retelling of the Exodus story, Osman details the events of Moses/Akhenaten's life: how he was brought up by Israelite relatives, ruled Egypt for seventeen years, angered many of his subjects by replacing the traditional Egyptian pantheon with worship of the Aten, and was forced to abdicate the throne. Retreating to the Sinai with his Egyptian and Israelite supporters, he died out of the sight of his followers, presumably at the hands of Seti I, after an unsuccessful attempt to regain his throne. Osman reveals the Egyptian components in the monotheism preached by Moses as well as his use of Egyptian royal ritual and Egyptian religious expression. He shows that even the Ten Commandments betray the direct influence of Spell 125 in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Moses and Akhenaten provides a radical challenge to long-standing beliefs concerning the origin of Semitic religion and the puzzle of Akhenaten's deviation from ancient Egyptian tradition. In fact, if Osman's contentions are correct, many major Old Testament figures would be of Egyptian origin.

Moses The Egyptian

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9780674020306
Genre : Religion
File Size : 90. 3 MB
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Moses And Akhenaten

Author : Ted Loukes
ISBN : 1505688132
Genre : Egypt
File Size : 51. 53 MB
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Could Moses have been a real person and could that person have been the Crown Prince Tuthmose, son of Amenhotep III and brother to Akhenaten? Two of the ancient world's most enigmatic characters: Moses, who led the Israelites from bondage in Egypt to the Promised Land, yet 'archaeologically' didn't exist, and Akhenaten, the heretical Pharaoh who overturned the religion of Egypt and was deliberately erased from history. Who were these two men and what was the legacy they left behind? To understand Moses and Akhenaten, it is necessary to understand the times they lived in, to establish how Moses came to be raised in a royal household, where he went when he left Egypt, what happened when he returned, how the circumstances of the Exodus occurred, and in which Pharaoh's reign did it take place. It is time to take a fresh look at whatever inscriptional evidence there is and re-evaluate the various texts that have survived. But before we do that, we need to understand why what we read in textbooks and encyclopedias today, is not really 'cast in stone'. This book is for the people who don't know Ancient Egypt, or who only have recollections from history lessons at school mixed with Hollywood's take on the whole thing, rather than for academics. It is written to be understood and enjoyed by everybody.

Akhenaten And The Origins Of Monotheism

Author : James Karl Hoffmeier
ISBN : 9780199792085
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 10 MB
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Pharaoh Akhenaten, who reigned for seventeen years in the fourteenth century B.C.E, is one of the most intriguing rulers of ancient Egypt. His odd appearance and his preoccupation with worshiping the sun disc Aten have stimulated academic discussion and controversy for more than a century. Despite the numerous books and articles about this enigmatic figure, many questions about Akhenaten and the Atenism religion remain unanswered. In Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism, James K. Hoffmeier argues that Akhenaten was not, as is often said, a radical advocating a new religion, but rather a primitivist: that is, one who reaches back to a golden age and emulates it. Akhenaten's inspiration was the Old Kingdom (2650-2400 B.C.E.), when the sun-god Re/Atum ruled as the unrivaled head of the Egyptian pantheon. Hoffmeier finds that Akhenaten was a genuine convert to the worship of Aten, the sole creator God, based on the Pharoah's own testimony of a theophany, a divine encounter that launched his monotheistic religious odyssey. The book also explores the Atenist religion's possible relationship to Israel's religion, offering a close comparison of the hymn to the Aten to Psalm 104, which has been identified by scholars as influenced by the Egyptian hymn. Through a careful reading of key texts, artworks, and archaeological studies, Hoffmeier provides compelling new insights into a religion that predated Moses and Hebrew monotheism, the impact of Atenism on Egyptian religion and politics, and the aftermath of Akhenaten's reign.

Moses And Monotheism

Author : Sigmund Freud
ISBN : 9788898301799
Genre : History
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The book consists of three essays and is an extension of Freud’s work on psychoanalytic theory as a means of generating hypotheses about historical events. Freud hypothesizes that Moses was not Hebrew, but actually born into Ancient Egyptian nobility and was probably a follower of Akhenaten, an ancient Egyptian monotheist. Freud contradicts the biblical story of Moses with his own retelling of events, claiming that Moses only led his close followers into freedom during an unstable period in Egyptian history after Akhenaten (ca. 1350 BCE) and that they subsequently killed Moses in rebellion and later combined with another monotheistic tribe in Midian based on a volcanic God, Jahweh. Freud explains that years after the murder of Moses, the rebels regretted their action, thus forming the concept of the Messiah as a hope for the return of Moses as the Saviour of the Israelites. Freud said that the guilt from the murder of Moses is inherited through the generations; this guilt then drives the Jews to religion to make them feel better.

The Moses Mystery

Author : Gary Greenberg
ISBN : 0981496601
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 52 MB
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Using extensive research into biblical and Egyptian history, archaeology, literature, and mythology, Greenberg argues that the first Israelites were Egyptians, followers of the monotheistic teachings of Pharaoh Akhenaten.

Gegenwelten

Author : Tonio Hölscher
ISBN : UVA:X004628609
Genre : Civilization, Ancient
File Size : 42. 73 MB
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Inhalt: Voraussetzungen und Umfeld: Alter Orient und Ägypten - Von der Antike in die Neuzeit und zurück - Kulturelle Geographie - Gegenwelten in Bildern: Griechenland - Gegenwelten in Bildern: Rom Die Griechen haben, seit der frühen archaischen Zeit, ihre Welt in einem eminenten Maß in Bildern begriffen. In Bildern von sich selbst und Gegenbildern zu sich selbst. Die Selbstbilder sind seit Jahrhunderten bewundert und analysiert worden. Hier geht es um die Gegenbilder. Weitgehend waren es Wertvorsstellungen der eigenen Kultur, die dann durch neue Normen und Verhaltensmuster in die Gegenwelt der großen Antipoden projiziert wurden. Gerade weil es abgedrängte Ideale und latente Möglichkeiten der eigenen Kultur waren, gewannen sie solche Faszination und Aktualität.

Moses

Author : Ahmed Osman
ISBN : UCAL:B3701950
Genre : Egypt
File Size : 66. 76 MB
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Moses And Akhenaten A Child S Tale

Author : Sharon Janet Hague
ISBN : 9780995132252
Genre : Young Adult Fiction
File Size : 77. 83 MB
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Pharaoh Akhenaten sent shock waves through history when he decided to worship one god. His sweeping reforms changed religion, language, art and politics. In fact, his poem to the Aten is compared to Moses' Psalm 104 of the Bible. This is the first novel to set the great king in his childhood. Embarking on a series of romps he keeps his parents occupied with his precocious talents. Join Nefertiti, Ay, Horemheb and Tutankhamen in the adventure of a boy genius who grew up into a king who changed the world.

Akhenaten

Author : Dominic Montserrat
ISBN : 9781134690343
Genre : Social Science
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The pharaoh Akhenaten, who ruled Egypt in the mid-fourteenth century BCE, has been the subject of more speculation than any other character in Egyptian history. This provocative new biography examines both the real Akhenaten and the myths that have been created around him. It scrutinises the history of the pharaoh and his reign, which has been continually written in Eurocentric terms inapplicable to ancient Egypt, and the archaeology of Akhenaten's capital city, Amarna. It goes on to explore the pharaoh's extraordinary cultural afterlife, and the way he has been invoked to validate everything from psychoanalysis to racial equality to Fascism.

Moses In Ancient Egypt The Hidden Story Of The Bible

Author : Richard Darlow
ISBN : 9781430300533
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64. 82 MB
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A non-fictional account explaining why the author believes Moses was a prince of Thebes called Ramose. Born c.1500 BC, Prince Ramose was heir to Pharaoh Thutmose III, being his ""Great Army Commander"" - both roles ascribed to Moses by Hebrew tradition. Moreover, Ramose & Moses both led victorious military campaigns against Ethiopia (Cush), then married the king's daughter, becoming Egypt's Viceroy there. A short time later, Prince Ramose was mysteriously struck out of Egyptian records, while the Bible hints Moses was cast into exile. Exploring some of the more esoteric aspects of the prophet's life, this book finds threads firmly connecting him to Egypt's 18th Dynasty 3500 years ago... The book uncovers the Hermetic star knowledge (Astrology) which Moses gleaned from the White Brotherhood, a secretive Egyptian mystery school who met in the halls of Karnak. This knowledge was cryptically infused into the early Biblical scriptures, revealing the Israelite ancestors were once devoted Astrologers.

Gods Of Our Fathers

Author : Richard A. Gabriel
ISBN : 0313312869
Genre : Religion
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Locates the roots of Judaism and Christianity in the theologies of ancient Egypt.

?gyptische Mysterien?

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : STANFORD:36105112584003
Genre : Egypt
File Size : 44. 37 MB
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An Introduction To Classical African Civilazations Sic

Author : Joseph E. Holloway
ISBN : STANFORD:36105112326330
Genre : Africa
File Size : 90. 42 MB
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Christianity An Ancient Egyptian Religion

Author : Ahmed Osman
ISBN : 9781591438854
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 56 MB
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Contends that the roots of Christian belief come not from Judaea but from Egypt • Shows that the Romans fabricated their own version of Christianity and burned the Alexandrian library as a way of maintaining political power • Builds on the arguments of the author's previous books The Hebrew Pharaohs of Egypt, Moses and Akhenaten, and Jesus in the House of the Pharaohs In Christianity: An Ancient Egyptian Religion author Ahmed Osman contends that the roots of Christian belief spring not from Judaea but from Egypt. He compares the chronology of the Old Testament and its factual content with ancient Egyptian records to show that the major characters of the Hebrew scriptures--including Solomon, David, Moses, and Joshua--are based on Egyptian historical figures. He further suggests that not only were these personalities and the stories associated with them cultivated on the banks of the Nile, but the major tenets of Christian belief--the One God, the Trinity, the hierarchy of heaven, life after death, and the virgin birth--are all Egyptian in origin. He likewise provides a convincing argument that Jesus himself came out of Egypt. With the help of modern archaeological findings, Osman shows that Christianity survived as an Egyptian mystery cult until the fourth century A.D., when the Romans embarked on a mission of suppression and persecution. In A.D. 391 the Roman-appointed Bishop Theophilus led a mob into the Serapeum quarter of Alexandria and burned the Alexandrian library, destroying all records of the true Egyptian roots of Christianity. The Romans' version of Christianity, manufactured to maintain political power, claimed that Christianity originated in Judaea. In Christianity: An Ancient Egyptian Religion Osman restores Egypt to its rightful place in the history of Christianity.

Moses

Author : Les Whitten
ISBN : UVA:X004434415
Genre : Fiction
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Zetes of Mycenae, an arms trader who is appointed by the Hebrew leader Moses as his people's historian, narrates the story of Moses from his infancy in Egypt to his parting with the Israelites in Heshbon

The Invention Of Religion

Author : Jan Assmann
ISBN : 9781400889235
Genre : Religion
File Size : 39. 88 MB
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A groundbreaking account of how the Book of Exodus shaped fundamental aspects of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam The Book of Exodus may be the most consequential story ever told. But its spectacular moments of heaven-sent plagues and parting seas overshadow its true significance, says Jan Assmann, a leading historian of ancient religion. The story of Moses guiding the enslaved children of Israel out of captivity to become God's chosen people is the foundation of an entirely new idea of religion, one that lives on today in many of the world's faiths. The Invention of Religion sheds new light on ancient scriptures to show how Exodus has shaped fundamental understandings of monotheistic practice and belief. Assmann delves into the enduring mythic power of the Exodus narrative, examining the text's compositional history and calling attention to distinctive motifs and dichotomies: enslavement and redemption; belief and doubt; proper worship and idolatry; loyalty and betrayal. Revelation is a central theme--the revelation of God's power in miracles, of God's presence in the burning bush, and of God's chosen dwelling among the Israelites in the vision of the tabernacle. Above all, it is God's covenant with Israel—the binding obligation of the Israelites to acknowledge God as their redeemer and obey His law—that is Exodus's most encompassing and transformative idea, one that challenged basic assumptions about humankind's relationship to the divine in the ancient world. The Invention of Religion is a powerful account of how ideas of faith, revelation, and covenant, first introduced in Exodus, shaped Judaism and were later adopted by Christianity and Islam to form the bedrock of the world's Abrahamic religions.

The Heretic Pharaoh

Author : Joy Collier
ISBN : PSU:000019365855
Genre :
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Monotheism And Moses

Author : Robert J. Christen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105038396110
Genre : Judaism
File Size : 79. 69 MB
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