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Enzymes And Their Biotechnological Applications

Author : Pabulo H. Rampelotto
ISBN : 9783038421481
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 17 MB
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" that was published in Biomolecules

Enzymes

Author : Selim Kermasha
ISBN : 9780128005071
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 49 MB
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Enzymes: Novel Biotechnological Approaches for the Food Industry provides an in-depth background of the most up-to-date scientific research and information related to food biotechnology and offers a wide spectrum of biological applications. This book addresses novel biotechnological approaches for the use of enzymes in the food industry to help readers understand the potential uses of biological applications to advance research. This is an essential resource to researchers and both undergraduate and graduate students in the biotechnological industries. Provides fundamental and rigorous scientific information on enzymes Illustrates enzymes as tools to achieve value and quality to a product, either in vitro or in vivo Presents the most updated knowledge in the area of food biotechnology Demonstrates novel horizons and potential for the use of enzymes in industrial applications

Microbial Diversity In Ecosystem Sustainability And Biotechnological Applications

Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana
ISBN : 9789811383151
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 77 MB
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This book discusses microbial diversity in various habitats and environments, its role in ecosystem maintenance, and its potential applications (e.g. biofertilizers, biocatalysts, antibiotics, other bioactive compounds, exopolysaccharides etc.). The respective chapters, all contributed by renowned experts, offer cutting-edge information in the fields of microbial ecology and biogeography. The book explains the reasons behind the occurrence of various biogeographies and highlights recent tools (e.g. metagenomics) that can aid in biogeography studies by providing information on nucleic acid sequence data, thereby directly identifying microorganisms in various habitats and environments. In turn, the book describes how human intervention results in depletion of biodiversity, and how numerous hotspots are now losing their endemic biodiversity, resulting in the loss of many ecologically important microorganisms. In closing, the book underscores the importance of microbial diversity for sustainable ecosystems.

Biotechnological Applications Of Proteins And Enzymes

Author : Zvi Bohak
ISBN : 9780323151337
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 77 MB
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Biotechnological Applications of Proteins and Enzymes contains the proceedings of a conference honoring the 60th birthday of Israeli scientist Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir, held at Kiryat Anavim, Israel, on May 23-27, 1976. The papers focus on the applications of proteins and enzymes in biotechnology, medicine, and nutrition. It provides an extensive biography of Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir and a discussion of his pioneering efforts in biotechnological applications of proteins and enzymes. Organized into four sections comprised of 20 chapters, this compilation begins with an overview of applied research in non-industrial laboratories. Then, it discusses the enzymes and their production, exploitation of soluble and insolubilized enzymes, medical applications of enzymes and proteins, and use of proteins as food. Individual chapters look at protein immobilization and affinity chromatography, cells and enzymes as industrial catalysts, exploitation of multienzyme systems for synthesis, biotransformation of steroid hormones and antibiotics, and the role of zinc in normal and abnormal growth processes. It explains the applications of antibodies, use of immobilized enzymes in analysis, some medical applications of immobilized proteins and enzymes, and interaction of food proteins with water and lipids. The book concludes with a chapter on muscle and connective tissue proteins as food. This book will be of interest to biochemists, biologists and microbiologists, biotechnologists, food technologists, and others involved in research on the biotechnological applications of proteins and enzymes.

Enzyme Technologies For Pharmaceutical And Biotechnological Applications

Author : Herbert A Kirst
ISBN : 1420002341
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 15 MB
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A review of enzyme function in human and animal health, this book covers basic principles and applications in antibiotic biosynthesis, biocatalysis, and screening and assay optimization, as well as new and emerging technologies in the biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. It offers real-world examples of timely laboratory, pharmaceutical and manufacturing processes, including large-scale applications of enzyme manipulations.

Lignocellulose Biotechnology

Author : Ramesh Chander Kuhad
ISBN : 9788188237586
Genre : Cellulase
File Size : 77. 59 MB
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The agricultural and forestry processing wastes (lignocellulosics) are an important material resource and energy source. However, if untreated they can pose a danger to the environment and potentially valuable resources. Microorganisms contribute significantly to the problem of biomass degradation, its recycling and conservation. In the recent years, an increasing interest shown by the textile, food, feed & pulp and paper industries in the microbial and enzymatic processes has triggered in-depth studies of lignocellulolytic microorganisms and their enzymes. Moreover, the advent of recombinant DNA technology in the late 1970s further paved the way for developing technologies based on lignocellulolytic microbes and enzymes. Lignocellulose Biotechnology presents a comprehensive review of the research directed towards potential and environment friendly agricultural and forest byproducts. The book comprises 22 chapters, divided in four sections. It deals with a wide range of topics including biodiversity of lignocellulose degrading microorganisms and their enzymes, molecular biology of biodegradation of lignin, characterization of lignocellulolytic enzymes, bioconversion of plant biomass to produce enzymes, animal feed, bioethanol and industrial applications of lignocellulolytic enzymes. The chapters dealing with industrial applications also address current biotechnological approaches in lignocellulose bioconversion to value added products. This book is essential reading for students, researchers, scientists and engineers working in the areas of environmental microbiology, environmental biotechnology, life sciences, waste management and biomaterials.

Biotechnological Applications Of Microbes

Author : Ajit Varma
ISBN : 9788188237319
Genre : Microbial biotechnology
File Size : 36. 27 MB
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Understanding Microbes is vital to understand the past and the future of mankind and our planet. These are the oldest form of life on the earth. Microbes provide us with oxygen to breathe and food to eat. Without microbes life is impossible on the earth. Microbes cause as well as prevent diseases, hence are highly relevant to medicine and other related health sciences too. Research and biotechnological applications of Microbes is a fascinating field of science and increasingly being seen as a mainstream tenet of biology. The present book focuses on diverse areas of microbial research and provides a wealth of information on the microbial world: biochemistry of the molecules, their functions, syntheses, and regulation activity; microbial genetics, immunology, biotechnology, control of microbial growth, interactions between humans, insects and microorganisms and public health, microbial ecology, terrestrial microbiology, microbiology of waste treatment and so on.

Handbook Of Fungal Biotechnology

Author : Dilip K. Arora
ISBN : 9780824758684
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 7 MB
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The Handbook of Fungal Biotechnology offers the newest developments from the frontiers of fungal biochemical and molecular processes and industrial and semi-industrial applications of fungi. This second edition highlights the need for the integration of a number of scientific disciplines and technologies in modern fungal biotechnology and reigns as the top source on current molecular, biochemical, and medical technologies and commercial usages for fungi. Authored by 81 world-renowned scientists from both industry and academia, it addresses contemporary issues pertaining to intellectual property rights, biodiversity, and biosafety, and devotes an entire section to medical biotechnology.

Biotechnological Applications Of The Yeast Yarrowia Lipolytica

Author : Farshad Darvishi Harzevili
ISBN : 9783319064376
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 24 MB
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​ Due to its ability to degrade hydrophobic substrates highly efficiently, the non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica offers various applications in the food, feed, pharmaceutical, and fine chemistry industries, as well as in environmental protection contexts such as waste treatment and bioremediation. The yeast breaks down hydrophobic substrates such as n-alkanes, fatty acids, fats, and oils, yielding valuable biotechnological products such as organic acids, extracellular enzymes, aroma compounds, bioemulsifiers, polyols, single-cell proteins, and single-cell oils. Further, Y. lipolytica is an efficient platform for the production of various heterologous proteins; more than a hundred heterologous proteins – including those of viruses, bacteria and fungi, as well as plant, animal and human proteins – have already been produced in Y. lipolytica. Since its genome has been sequenced, it is now possible to use new recombinant technology and metabolic engineering in order to improve the metabolic pathways involved in the creation of desirable metabolites and products.

Biotechnology Applications

Author : C. S. K. Mishra
ISBN : 9789380026299
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 63. 43 MB
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The book is an excellent compilation of chapters on fruitful applications of Biotechnology. The chapters have been authored by eminent scholars from India and abroad working on diverse disciplines related to Biotechnology. The book is an invaluable source of information on biosensors, microbial surfactants, enzyme immobilization, disease diagnosis, probiotics, protein biotechnology, bioleaching, photonic applications and other biotechnology applications. The book will be very useful for Undergraduate and Postgraduate students, research scholars and faculties in biotechnology, microbiology medical sciences and life sciences.

Current Developments In Biotechnology And Bioengineering

Author : Ashok Pandey
ISBN : 9780444639912
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 61 MB
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Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Current Advances in Solid-State Fermentation provides knowledge and information on solid-state fermentation involving the basics of microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics and principles of genetic engineering, metabolic engineering and biochemical engineering. This volume of the series is on Solid-State fermentation (SSF), which would cover the basic and applied aspects of SSF processes, including engineering aspects such as design of bioreactors in SSF. The book offers a pool of knowledge on biochemical and microbiological aspects as well as chemical and biological engineering aspects of SSF to provide an integrated knowledge and version to the readers. Provides state-of-the-art information on basic and fundamental principles of solid-state fermentation Includes key features for the education and understanding of biotechnology education and R&D, in particular on SSF Lists fermentation methods for the production of a wide variety of enzymes and metabolites Provides examples of the various industrial applications of enzymes in solid state fermentation

Physiological And Biotechnological Aspects Of Extremophiles

Author : Richa Salwan
ISBN : 9780128183236
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 91 MB
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Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles highlights the current and topical areas of research in this rapidly growing field. Expert authors from around the world provide the latest insights into the mechanisms of these fascinating organisms use to survive. The vast majority of extremophiles are microbes which include archaea, bacteria and some eukaryotes. These microbes live under chemical and physical extremes that are usually lethal to cellular molecules, yet they manage to survive and even thrive. Extremophiles have important practical uses. They are a valuable source of industrially important enzymes and recent research has revealed novel mechanisms and biomolecular structures with a broad range of potential applications in biotechnology, biomining, and bioremediation. Aimed at research scientists, students, microbiologists, and biotechnologists, this book is an essential reading for scientists working with extremophiles and a recommended reference text for anyone interested in the microbiology, bioprospecting, biomining, biofuels, and extremozymes of these organisms. Shows the implications of the physiological adaptations of microbes from extreme habitats that are largely contributed by their biomolecules from basic to applied research Provides in-depth knowledge of genomic plasticity and proteome of different extremophiles Gives detailed and comprehensive insight about use of genetic engineering as well as genome editing for industrial applications

Enzyme Technologies

Author : Wu-Kuang Yeh
ISBN : 9781118125038
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 86 MB
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An authoritative review of the latest developments in thechemical biology of enzymes In the first decade of the twenty-first century, enzymes andtheir multiple applications have played a critical role in thediscovery and development of many new therapeutic agents.This bookis a coordinated compilation of research expertise and currentopinion uniquely focused on enzymes and their properties andapplications. Compiled by editors with a combined pharmaceutical experience ofover sixty years, the text provides in-depth reviews of recentdevelopments in selective topics on biosynthesis, biocatalysis, andchemical biology of enzymes as it applies to drug discovery,development, and manufacture. The first in a multi-part series on enzymes, this volumefeatures three sections: New Approaches to Find and Modify Enzymes describes the emergingfield of metagenomics, presents the practical applications ofdirected evolution to enzymes and pathways, and explores approachesfor the discovery and design of biocatalysts Biocatalytic Applications reviews specific applications ofdifferent reactions in producing active pharmaceutical ingredientsand surveys recent developments employing enzymes in organicsynthesis Biosynthetic Applications goes over successful drug discoveriesand developments by combinatorial biosynthesis and reviews theapplication of combinatorial biosynthesis among multiple compatiblehosts These timely discussions, which cover everything from chemicalbiology of enzymes, to the redesign of binding and catalyticspecificities of enzymes, make this volume a valuable tool forkeeping up to date. As such, it is an important read forresearchers, students, and professors in the study ofbiotechnology, life sciences, biochemistry, enzymology, medicinalchemistry, and natural products.

Carbonic Anhydrases As Biocatalysts

Author : Claudiu T Supuran
ISBN : 9780444632630
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 7 MB
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Carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) are ubiquitous metalloenzymes, present throughout most living organisms and encoded by five evolutionarily unrelated gene families. The Carbonic Anhydrases as Biocatalysts: From Theory to Medical and Industrial Applications presents information on the growing interest in the study of this enzyme family and their applications to both medicine and biotechnology. Offers comprehensive coverage of the carbonic anhydrases enzyme family and their properties as biocatalysts Includes current applications of carbonic anhydrases in biotechnology on the basis of their catalytic efficiency, including new technologies for CO2 capture processes Identifies new targets for drug design studies Provides a selectivity profile for the different carbonic anhydrases and their related biomedical applications

Fungal Enzymes

Author : Maria de Lourdes T. M. Polizeli
ISBN : 9781466594555
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 33 MB
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This book presents a detailed account of different enzymes including pectinolytic and amylolytic systems, invertases, cellulases and hemicellulases, pectinases, proteases, laccases, phytases, alpha-glucuronidases, mannanases, lipases produced by different fungi. It also deals with many applications, including the transesterification and biodiesel p

Fermentation Microbiology And Biotechnology Second Edition

Author : E. M. T. El-Mansi
ISBN : 0849353343
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 32 MB
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The pace of progress in fermentation microbiology and biotechnology is fast and furious, with new applications being implemented that are resulting in a spectrum of new products, from renewable energy to solvents and pharmaceuticals Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Second Edition builds on the foundation of the original seminal work, extending its reach to reflect the multidisciplinary and expansive nature of fermentation research and advancements. While retaining valuable information from the previous edition including a brief history of the industry, as well as an overview of instrumentation and fermentor design, fermentation kinetics, and flux control analysis, the second edition addresses numerous topics that have risen to prominence in the past few years. New chapters explore the diverse array of microbial biosynthetic pathways currently used by the fermentation and pharmaceutical industries for the production of primary and secondary metabolites such as amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, and anti-tumor agents. The authors also examine recent advances in enzyme and co-factor engineering and cell immobilization with respect to both novel drug development and improved yields from microbial processes. Beyond pharmaceuticals, this volume considers the emerging role of fermentation in the conversion of renewable resources to fine chemicals, as well as its potential use in converting lignocellulosic waste to ethanol. In addition, readers will also discover new chapters devoted to discussions of industrial issues such as modeling and sensor technology, as well as supervision and control in the fermentation process. The text is packed with examples and case studies from the industry, carefully chosen to illuminate and reinforce principles and methodology discussed in the chapters. Organized and written in a concise and lucid manner that requires only a general background in microbiology, this volume meets the needs

Biotechnological Applications Of Photosynthetic Proteins

Author : Maria Teresa Giardi
ISBN : 9780387366722
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 74 MB
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Biotechnological Applications of Photosynthetic Proteins: Biochips, Biosensors and Biodevices provides an overview of the recent photosystem II research and the systems available for the bioassay of pollutants using biosensors that are based on the photochemical activity. The data presented in this book serves as a basis for the development of a commercial biosensor for use in rapid pre-screening analyses of photosystem II pollutants, minimising costly and time-consuming laboratory analyses.

New Developments In Marine Biotechnology

Author : Y. Le Gal
ISBN : 0306459078
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 60 MB
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Past efforts to colonize the environment and domesticate living species, coupled with scientific research, have resulted in the possession (but not always the real control) by humans of any available terrestrial space. However, oceans, which represent up to two thirds of the surface of the planet, had not been really approached until the middle of this century. As oceanographic science develops, the picture of a rich, diverse, complex and also, in many respects, specific marine life, is coming into view. In a broad sense, marine biotechnologies can be understood as the various means or techniques of managing marine living systems for the benefit of mankind. The first goal we have is for marine life to provide biomass for food. However, today it is not certain that a significant increase of total world fisheries' catches will be possible in the future. There are several ways to address this. First, we need to generate better, more complete, or different uses of the biomass actually fished. This is mainly a matter of upgrading fish and fish wastes. Second, we need to artificially grow the living species. This falls within the scope of cell cultivation and of aquaculture. Both approaches have to be appreciated si multaneously in terms of biology, ecology, and economy. In both approaches, profit improvements are linked to the introduction of biotechnological methods and to the use of biotechnological processes.

Applications Of Enzyme Biotechnology

Author : Jeffrey W. Kelly
ISBN : 0306440954
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 6 MB
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The Industry-University Cooperative Chemistry Program (IUCCP) has sponsored eight previous international symposia covering a range of topics of interest to industrial and academic chemists. The ninth IUCCP Symposium, held March 18-21, 1991 at Texas A&M University was the second in a two part series focusing on Biotechnology. The title for this Symposium "Applications of Enzyme Biotechnology" was by design a rather all encompassing title, similar in some respects to the discipline. Biotechnology refers to the application of biochemistry for the development of a commercial product. Persons employed in or interested in biotechnology may be chemists, molecular biologists, biophysicists, or physicians. The breadth of biotech research projects requires close collaboration between scientists of a variety of backgrounds, prejudices, and interests. Biotechnology is a comparatively new discipline closely tied to new developments in the fields of chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology and medicine. The primary function of Texas A&M University is to educate students who will be appropriately trained to carry out the mission of biotechnology. The IUCCP Symposium serves as an important forum for fostering closer ties between academia and industry and exchanging ideas so important to this evolving area.

Thermophilic Microbes In Environmental And Industrial Biotechnology

Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana
ISBN : 9789400758995
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 61 MB
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The existence of life at high temperatures is quiet fascinating. At elevated temperatures, only microorganisms are capable of growth and survival. Many thermophilic microbial genera have been isolated from man-made (washing machines, factory effluents, waste streams and acid mine effluents) and natural (volcanic areas, geothermal areas, terrestrial hot springs, submarine hydrothermal vents, geothermally heated oil reserves and oil wells, sun-heated litter and soils/sediments) thermal habitats throughout the world. Both culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches have been employed for understanding the diversity of microbes in hot environments. Interest in their diversity, ecology, and physiology has increased enormously during the past few decades as indicated by the deliberations in international conferences on extremophiles and thermophiles held every alternate year and papers published in journals such as Extremophiles. Thermophilic moulds and bacteria have been extensively studied in plant biomass bioconversion processes as sources of industrial enzymes and as gene donors. In the development of third generation biofuels such as bioethanol, thermophilic fungal and bacterial enzymes are of particular interest. The book is aimed at bringing together scattered up-to-date information on various aspects of thermophiles such as the diversity of thermophiles and viruses of thermophiles, their potential roles in pollution control and bioremediation, and composting.

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