endless-frontier

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Politics On The Endless Frontier

Author : Daniel Lee Kleinman
ISBN : 082231598X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 36 MB
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Toward what end does the U.S. government support science and technology? How do the legacies and institutions of the past constrain current efforts to restructure federal research policy? Not since the end of World War II have these questions been so pressing, as scientists and policymakers debate anew the desirability and purpose of a federal agenda for funding research. Probing the values that have become embodied in the postwar federal research establishment, Politics on the Endless Frontier clarifies the terms of these debates and reveals what is at stake in attempts to reorganize that establishment. Although it ended up as only one among a host of federal research policymaking agencies, the National Science Foundation was originally conceived as central to the federal research policymaking system. Kleinman’s historical examination of the National Science Foundation exposes the sociological and political workings of the system, particularly the way in which a small group of elite scientists shaped the policymaking process and defined the foundation’s structure and future. Beginning with Vannevar Bush’s 1945 manifesto The Endless Frontier, Kleinman explores elite and populist visions for a postwar research policy agency and shows how the structure of the American state led to the establishment of a fragmented and uncoordinated system for federal research policymaking. His book concludes with an analysis of recent efforts to reorient research policy and to remake federal policymaking institutions in light of the current "crisis" of economic competitiveness. A particularly timely study, Politics on the Endless Frontier will be of interest to historians and sociologists of science and technology and to science policy analysts.

Endless Frontier

Author : G. Pascal Zachary
ISBN : 9781501196461
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 90. 16 MB
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A prodigiously researched biography of Vannevar Bush, one of America’s most awe-inspiring polymaths and the secret force behind the biggest technological breakthroughs of the twentieth century. As the inventor and public entrepreneur who launched the Manhattan Project, helped to create the military-industrial complex, conceived a permanent system of government support for science and engineering, and anticipated both the personal computer and the Internet, Vannevar Bush is the twentieth century’s Ben Franklin. In this engaging look at one of America’s most awe-inspiring polymaths, writer G. Pascal Zachary brings to life an American original—a man of his time, ours, and beyond. Zachary details how Bush cofounded Raytheon and helped build one of the most powerful early computers in the world at MIT. During World War II, he served as Roosevelt’s adviser and chief contact on all matters of military technology, including the atomic bomb. He launched the Manhattan Project and oversaw a collection of 6,000 civilian scientists who designed scores of new weapons. After the war, his attention turned to the future. He wrote essays that anticipated the rise of the Internet and boldly equated national security with research strength, outlining a system of permanent federal funding for university research that endures to this day. However, Bush’s hopeful vision of science and technology was leavened by an understanding of the darker possibilities. While cheering after witnessing the Trinity atomic test, he warned against the perils of a nuclear arms race. He led a secret appeal to convince President Truman not to test the Hydrogen Bomb and campaigned against the Red Scare. Elegantly and expertly relayed by Zachary, Vannevar’s story is a grand tour of the digital leviathan we know as the modern American life.

Science The Endless Frontier

Author : Vannevar Bush
ISBN : UCSD:31822031143431
Genre : Research
File Size : 68. 6 MB
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Groping Toward The Endless Frontier

Author : Daniel Lee Kleinman
ISBN : WISC:89048379648
Genre : Research
File Size : 31. 43 MB
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Society The Endless Frontier

Author : Paraskevas Caracostas
ISBN : UOM:39015042759780
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 52 MB
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IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Trouble On The Endless Frontier

Author : Seth Shulman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134443105
Genre : Communication in science
File Size : 59. 35 MB
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Endless Frontier Limited Resources

Author : Council on Competitiveness (U.S.)
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110091456
Genre : Research, Industrial
File Size : 46. 40 MB
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Endless Frontier

Author : G. Pascal Zachary
ISBN : 1501196456
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 90. 59 MB
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A prodigiously researched biography of Vannevar Bush, one of America’s most awe-inspiring polymaths and the secret force behind the biggest technological breakthroughs of the twentieth century. As the inventor and public entrepreneur who launched the Manhattan Project, helped to create the military-industrial complex, conceived a permanent system of government support for science and engineering, and anticipated both the personal computer and the Internet, Vannevar Bush is the twentieth century’s Ben Franklin. In this engaging look at one of America’s most awe-inspiring polymaths, writer G. Pascal Zachary brings to life an American original—a man of his time, ours, and beyond. Zachary details how Bush cofounded Raytheon and helped build one of the most powerful early computers in the world at MIT. During World War II, he served as Roosevelt’s adviser and chief contact on all matters of military technology, including the atomic bomb. He launched the Manhattan Project and oversaw a collection of 6,000 civilian scientists who designed scores of new weapons. After the war, his attention turned to the future. He wrote essays that anticipated the rise of the Internet and boldly equated national security with research strength, outlining a system of permanent federal funding for university research that endures to this day. However, Bush’s hopeful vision of science and technology was leavened by an understanding of the darker possibilities. While cheering after witnessing the Trinity atomic test, he warned against the perils of a nuclear arms race. He led a secret appeal to convince President Truman not to test the Hydrogen Bomb and campaigned against the Red Scare. Elegantly and expertly relayed by Zachary, Vannevar’s story is a grand tour of the digital leviathan we know as the modern American life.

Die Ueber Universit?ten In Deutschland Besonders In Den Konigl Preussischen Staaten Mit Ausf?hrbaren Vorschl?gen Wie Sie Vom Grunde Aus Verbessert Werden K?nnen Von Einem Sachkundigen Manne

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:181666810
Genre :
File Size : 24. 67 MB
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Science

Author : Vannevar Bush
ISBN : OCLC:928779978
Genre :
File Size : 73. 80 MB
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Science The Endless Frontier

Author : United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development
ISBN : UOM:39015010806480
Genre : Research
File Size : 64. 65 MB
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This influential report described science as "a largely unexplored hinterland" that would provide the "essential key" to the economic prosperity of the post World War II years.

Pursuing The Endless Frontier

Author : Charles M. Vest
ISBN : 0262250608
Genre : Education
File Size : 37. 98 MB
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The former president of MIT discusses challenges and policy issues confronting academia, science and technology, and the world at large. In his fourteen years as president of MIT, Charles Vest worked continuously to realize his vision of rebuilding America's trust in science and technology. In a time when the federal government dramatically reduced its funding of academic research programs and industry shifted its R&D resources into the short-term product-development process, Vest called for new partnerships with business and government. He called for universities to meet the intellectual challenges posed by the innovation-driven, globally connected needs of industry even as he reaffirmed basic academic values and the continuing need for longer-term scientific inquiry. In Pursuing the Endless Frontier, Vest addresses these and other issues in a series of essays written during his tenure as president of MIT. He discusses the research university's need to shift to a broader, more international outlook, the value of diversity in the academic community, the greater leadership role for faculty outside the classroom, and the boundless opportunity of new scientific and technological developments even when coupled with financial constraints. In the provocative essay "What We Don't Know," Vest reminds us of what he calls "the most critical point of all," that science is driven by a deep human need to understand nature, to answer the "big questions"—that what we don't know is more important than what we do. In another essay, on the future of MIT, he celebrates MIT's strengths as being extraordinarily well-suited to the needs of an era of unprecedented change in science and technology. In "Disturbing the Educational Universe: Universities in the Digital Age—Dinosaurs or Prometheans," he describes MIT's innovative OpenCourseWare initiative, which builds on the fundamental nature of the Internet as an enabling and liberating technology. Vest, who is stepping down from MIT's presidency in the fall of 2004, writes with clarity and insight about the issues facing academic institutions in the twenty-first century. His essays in Pursuing the Endless Frontier offer inspiration to educators and researchers seeking the way forward.

Science The Endless Frontier

Author : United States. Scientific Research and Development Office
ISBN : MINN:30000011058785
Genre :
File Size : 37. 52 MB
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Toward The Endless Frontier

Author : Ken Hechler
ISBN : SRLF:D0000126631
Genre :
File Size : 39. 59 MB
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The Endless Frontier

Author : Health Information Foundation
ISBN : OCLC:493971693
Genre : Health planning
File Size : 69. 13 MB
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Sciencev

Author : Vanner Bush
ISBN : OCLC:793697912
Genre :
File Size : 74. 48 MB
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Lost At The Frontier

Author : Deborah Shapley
ISBN : 0894950428
Genre : Politique scientifique et technique - États-Unis
File Size : 66. 98 MB
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Engineering An Endless Frontier

Author : Sunny Y. AUYANG
ISBN : 9780674261525
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 13 MB
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Genetic engineering, nanotechnology, astrophysics, particle physics: We live in an engineered world, one where the distinctions between science and engineering, technology and research, are fast disappearing. This book shows how, at the dawn of the twenty-first century, the goals of natural scientists--to discover what was not known--and that of engineers--to create what did not exist--are undergoing an unprecedented convergence. Sunny Y. Auyang ranges widely in demonstrating that engineering today is not only a collaborator with science but its equal. In concise accounts of the emergence of industrial laboratories and chemical and electrical engineering, and in whirlwind histories of the machine tools and automobile industries and the rise of nuclear energy and information technology, her book presents a broad picture of modern engineering: its history, structure, technological achievements, and social responsibilities; its relation to natural science, business administration, and public policies. Auyang uses case studies such as the development of the F-117A Nighthawk and Boeing 777 aircraft, as well as the experiences of engineer-scientists such as Oliver Heaviside, engineer-entrepreneurs such as Henry Ford and Bill Gates, and engineer-managers such as Alfred Sloan and Jack Welch to give readers a clear sense of engineering's essential role in the future of scientific research. Table of Contents: Preface 1. Introduction 2 . Technology Takes Off 2.1 From Practical Art to Technology 2.2 Construction Becomes Mathematical 2.3 Experimenting with Machines 2.4 Science and Chemical Industries 2.5 Power and Communication 3. Engineering for Information 3.1 From Microelectronics to Nanotechnology 3.2 Computer Hardware and Software 3.3 Wireless, Satellites, and the Internet 4. Engineering in Society 4.1 Social Ascent and Images of Engineers 4.2 Partnership in Research and Development 4.3 Contributions to Sectors of the Economy 5. Innovation by Design 5.1 Inventive Thinking in Negative Feedback 5.2 Design Processes in Systems Engineering 5.3 “Working Together� in Aircraft Development 5.4 From Onboard Computers to Door Hinges 6. Sciences of Useful Systems 6.1 Mathematics in Engineering and Science 6.2 Information and Control Theories 6.3 Wind Tunnels and Internet Simulation 6.4 Integrative Materials Engineering 6.5 Biological Engineering Frontiers 7. Leaders Who Are Engineers 7.1 Business Leaders in the Car Industry 7.2 Public Policies and Nuclear Power 7.3 Managing Technological Risks Appendix A. Statistical Profiles of Engineers Appendix B. U.S. Research and Development Notes Index I am impressed by the scope of Engineering - An Endless Frontier, and fascinated by Sunny Auyang's comprehensive knowledge of the subject. This is just the kind of book the National Academy of Engineering has been encouraging to promote the importance of engineering to the public. It will have a long shelf-life in that it pulls together material that is not readily accessible, and will serve as a reference for anyone interested in engineering as a profession. Engineering needs this book! --John Hutchinson, Harvard University Engineering - An Endless Frontier is extraordinary in scope. Sunny Auyang describes the different kinds of contemporary engineering practices and productions, attempts to provide historical background, explains the scientific basis for engineering innovation in different fields, and addresses the broad, systems level managerial, entrepreneurial, and design activities of professionals. It's rare to find a single author who can grasp and explain the essential features of modern technologies across such an array of industrial sectors and engineering disciplines and explain how they work, why they work they way they do, and what is required for their innovation, development and, yes, even maintenance. --Louis L. Bucciarelli, Professor Emeritus of Engineering and Technology Studies, MIT

Science The Endless Frontier

Author : Vannevar Bush
ISBN : 1974205398
Genre :
File Size : 29. 39 MB
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FOREWORD The National Science Foundation has rendered a useful Science in reprinting Science, the Endless Frontier as part ot its tenth anniversary observance. The Report, as well as the studies that supported it, represents the collective efforts ot a group of distinguished scientists and other scholars who brought their special experience and knowledge to bear on the problem of establishing a strong research and development effort in the postwar period. Their hndings with respect to the relations of government to science and education merit a re-reading in the light of todav's events. Dr. Waterman's Introduction constitutes an effective summary of the extent t(j which the recommendations of Science, the Endless Frontier have been realized during the Fifteen )'ears since it first appeared. I welcome the republication and hope that it will be a genuine serxice to all who have responsibilities for the national effort in scientific research and development. Vannevar Bush

Toward The Endless Frontier

Author : Ken Hechler
ISBN : 1528330102
Genre : Reference
File Size : 80. 42 MB
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Excerpt from Toward the Endless Frontier: History of the Committee on Science and Technology, 1959-79 The history draws upon rich sources not often available to an outsider, such as extensive personal interviews and the private records of the committee. These add a level of detail and reality to the account that makes it not only valid history but interesting reading. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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