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Doubly Labelled Water

Author : J. Speakman
ISBN : 0412637804
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 21 MB
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Divided into three parts, Doubly Labelled Water presents a clear and accessible account of this technique. Part One presents a general introduction to the study of animal energetics: Part Two discusses the theory behind use of doubled labellled water and Part Three evaluates the practical aspects of its use and the methodlologies required for its application.

Nutrition And Sport

Author : Don MacLaren
ISBN : 9780443103414
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 45 MB
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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It addresses the key issues relating to sport and exercise nutrition by employing a critical review perspective. Sport and exercise nutrition has been recognised as a major component of any sports science/studies course for many years now. In this book, Don Mclaren has bought together many of the key issues in the field, written by recognised experts, to provide an outstanding sports nutrition treatise. The chapters focus on the key areas endemic to any sports nutrition programme.

Field And Laboratory Methods In Primatology

Author : Joanna M. Setchell
ISBN : 9781139496063
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 76 MB
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Building on the success of the first edition and bringing together contributions from a range of experts in the field, the second edition of this guide to research on wild primates covers the latest advances in the field, including new information on field experiments and measuring behaviour. It provides essential information and advice on the technical and practical aspects of both field and laboratory methods, covering topics such as ethnoprimatology; remote sensing; GPS and radio-tracking; trapping and handling; dietary ecology; and non-invasive genetics and endocrinology. This integrated approach opens up new opportunities to study the behavioural ecology of some of the most endangered primates and to collect information on previously studied populations. Chapters include methodological techniques; instructions on collecting, processing and preserving samples/data for later analysis; ethical considerations; comparative costs; and further reading, making this an invaluable tool for postgraduate students and researchers in primatology, behavioural ecology and zoology.

Human Body Composition

Author : Timothy Lohman
ISBN : 0736046550
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 71 MB
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The 2nd edition of Human Body Composition includes updated information and new chapters. The editors and 35 contributors are well respected researchers in the field of body composition science. This is one of few texts that provides comprehensive coverage of body composition research. The primary intent is to present current information on research methods. This book can serve as a textbook for those who are students or new researchers. Descriptions of various methods and background information are imparted in great detail with numerous references. New chapters address energy expenditure, animal body composition, molecular genetics and body composition as it relates to disease states of cancer, HIV, obesity and certain inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This book is recommended for students and new researchers in the field of body composition research who need to learn various methods, histories and practical applications--Publisher's description.

Advances In The Assessment Of Dietary Intake

Author : Dale A. Schoeller
ISBN : 9781498749343
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 58 MB
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Diet is a major factor in health and disease. Controlled, long-term studies in humans are impractical, and investigators have utilized long-term epidemiological investigations to study the contributions of diet to the human condition. Such studies, while valuable, have often been limited by contradictory findings; a limitation secondary to systematic errors in traditional self-reported dietary assessment tools that limit the percentage of variances in diseases explained by diet. New approaches are available to help overcome these limitations, and Advances in the Assessment of Dietary Intake is focused on these advances in an effort to provide more accurate dietary data to understand human health. Chapters cover the benefits and limitations of traditional self-report tools; strategies for improving the validity of dietary recall and food recording methods; objective methods to assess food and nutrient intake; assessment of timing and meal patterns using glucose sensors; and physical activity patterns using validated accelerometers. Advances in the Assessment of Dietary Intake describes new avenues to investigate the role of diet in human health and serves as the most up-to-date reference and teaching tool for these methods that will improve the accuracy of dietary assessment and lay the ground work for future studies.

New Techniques In Nutritional Research

Author : Roger Whitehead
ISBN : 9780323149631
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 2 MB
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New Techniques in Nutritional Research contains the proceedings of the Ninth Annual Bristol-Myers Squibb/Mead Johnson Symposium on Nutrition Research held on September 11-13, 1989 in Cambridge, England. The papers highlight a number of novel techniques that are currently used in nutritional research, including the doubly labeled water method; the labeled bicarbonate method; X-ray computed tomography; neutron activation analysis; magnetic resonance imaging; and the application of stable isotope tracers. Divided into four sections encompassing 20 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of stable isotopes and their applications in nutrition science, including vitamin research, and in the investigation of mineral metabolism. It then discusses modern approaches for measuring energy expenditure and body composition, classical and modern methods of anthropometry, measurement of bone mineral content in vivo, and imaging techniques in analysis of bone status. Nutritional scientists will find this book a useful source of information related to the field.

Best Practice Protocols For Physique Assessment In Sport

Author : Patria A. Hume
ISBN : 9789811054181
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 90 MB
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This book outlines best practice protocols for body composition analysis of high-performance athletes and provides guidance on the use of new technologies for anthropometry. While surface anthropometry has traditionally been used to assess body composition through the internationally recognised methodology of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), the recent commercialisation of devices, such as bioelectrical impedance technologies, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), ultrasound, 3D photometry and air-displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod), has led to the non-standardised adoption of new measurement techniques. In this textbook, leading researchers detail standardisation procedures for each technology: in terms of athlete preparation, test protocols, test reporting, equipment calibration and data interpretation. Each chapter covers a different tool: how it works, what it is used to measure, and what the issues are surrounding its validity, practicality and reliability. This book provides an essential reference for device technicians and sport practitioners, ensuring that high-performance athletes are afforded accurate and comparable body composition information to guide their training routines.

New Scientist

Author :
Genre :
File Size : 25. 48 MB
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New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.

Research Methods In Physical Education And Youth Sport

Author : Kathleen Armour
ISBN : 9781136660597
Genre : Education
File Size : 57. 77 MB
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This is the first research methods book to focus entirely on physical education and youth sport. It guides the reader through the whole research process; from the first steps to completion of a dissertation or practice-based project, and introduces key topics such as:formulating a research questionqualitative approachesquantitative approachesmixed method researchliterature reviewcase studiessurvey, interviews and focus groupsdata analysiswriting the dissertation.Each chapter includes a.

Handbook Of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Author : Pier A. de Groot
ISBN : 9780080930114
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 57 MB
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This two-volume reference serves as a handbook containing a wealth of information for all isotope chemists working in a wide range of disciplines including anthropology to ecology; drug detection methodology to toxicology; nutrition to food science; and the atmospheric sciences to geochemistry. Complementing the first volume, Volume II includes matters that are not strictly confined to the analytical techniques themselves, but relate to analysis of stable isotopes, such as the views on the development of mass spectrometers, isotopic scales, standards and references, and directives for setting up a laboratory. ALSO AVAILABLE: Volume I: Dec. 2004, 0444511148/9780444511140, $176.00 Volume I and II (set): Oct. 2007, 0444511164/9780444511164, $205.00 * Presents an encyclopedic overview of stable isotope analytical techniques in an objective way * Includes descriptions of methods and diagrams of analytical devices * Addresses how older techniques formed the basis for present-day techniques, which can be useful in constructing modern analytical systems * Completments Volume I of the set

Toward A More Exact Ecology

Author : Peter J. Grubb
ISBN : 0521839971
Genre : Nature
File Size : 23. 41 MB
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Ecology has grown from being a predominantly descriptive subject into one with a strong quantitative orientation. Improved technology has undoubtedly played a significant role in this advance, and many branches of the subject now require very sophisticated instrumentation. Greater precision in the formation of hypotheses, the search for integration with other disciplines, and increasing demands for applications have also grown, and these developments are described in the contributions to this volume.

Basic Protocols In Foods And Nutrition

Author : Cinthia Baú Betim Cazarin
ISBN : 9781071623459
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 66 MB
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This book provides comprehensive knowledge and a detailed step by step description of experimental protocols for the determination of food intake, body weight changes, and some metabolic markers. Chapters are split into two parts detailing experimental diets, monitor food intake, weight gain, evaluate biological samples, predict physiological changes, evaluate bioavailability of bioactive, anamnesis, measure the metabolic rate, assessing the body composition, assessing glucose homeostasis, and monitoring the metabolomic pathways. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Basic Protocols in Foods and Nutrition aims to be a foundation for future studies and to be a source of inspiration for new investigations in the field.

Artificial Nutrition And Support In Clinical Practice

Author : Jason Payne-James
ISBN : 9781107609655
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 73 MB
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Any healthcare professional with, or developing an interest in, clinical nutrition will be able to use this textbook, first published in 2001, as a source of information for the formation of a clinical nutrition support service of excellence. The first three parts of the book will enable a clear perspective of the metabolism and physiology of clinical nutrition to be related to the practical application of support techniques. The fourth part of the book highlights the role of nutrition support in specific disease groups. A number of additional chapters have been added for this second edition, and modifications made to the content of chapters from the first edition to cover newer areas or areas of omission.

Current Ornithology

Author : Val Nolan Jr.
ISBN : 9781461512110
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 34 MB
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Current Ornithology publishes authoritative, up-to-date, scholarly reviews of topics selected from the full range of current research in avian biology. Topics cover the spectrum from the molecular level of organization to population biology and community ecology. The series seeks especially to review 1) fields in which abundant recent literature will benefit from synthesis and organization, 2) newly emerging fields that are gaining recognition as the result of recent discoveries or shifts in perspective, and 3) fields in which students of vertebrates may benefit from comparisons of birds with other classes. All chapters are invited, and authors are chosen for their leadership in the subjects under review.

Food Diet And Obesity

Author : D Mela
ISBN : 9781845690540
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 50 MB
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The global obesity epidemic is arguably the most serious health issue facing the food industry today. Food manufacturers are under increasing pressure over both the degree to which they are seen as contributing to the problem, and the role they should play in solving it. Drawing on the expertise of many of the world’s leading experts in this area, Food, diet and obesity summarises the key research on the links between obesity and diet. Topics discussed include trends in obesity, the evidence behind popular diets and meal replacers, the effectiveness of fat and sugar replacers in food, emerging issues such as the value of the glycemic index, protein content and calcium in weight control, and potential functional food targets and ingredients for weight control. After an introductory chapter on global trends in obesity, part one looks at the range of contributing factors to obesity, from nutrient-gene interactions, energy metabolism and physical activity to sensory responses to food, portion size and the psychology of overeating. Part two looks at macronutrients and their role in weight gain or loss, with chapters on topics such as energy density, dietary fat, carbohydrates, protein and dietary fibre. The final part of the book discusses issues in developing effective strategies for weight control, from gaining consumer acceptance of weight-control food products, through functional food ingredients, to community-based public health approaches in preventing obesity. With its distinguished editor and contributors, Food, diet and obesity is a standard work for health professionals, nutritionists and R&D staff throughout the food industry, as well as all those concerned with understanding and reducing obesity. Summarises key research which links diet and obesity Trends in obesity are examined Contributory factors to obesity are investigated, including lifestyle and genetics


Author : Lori A. Smolin
ISBN : 9781119577546
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 44 MB
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Nutrition: Science and Applications, 3rd Canadian Edition, provides students with a strong foundational knowledge of human nutrition, covering all essential nutrients, their functions in the body, and their sources and dietary components. Presenting an innovative critical-thinking approach to the subject, this leading textbook goes beyond the basics to explore underlying nutrition processes while discussing the latest research, debates, and controversies related to nutrition and health. The text offers an accessible, visually-rich presentation of topics designed to be highly relevant and relatable to Canadian readers. The ideal text for college-level nutrition courses, this new edition features extensively revised and updated content throughout — aligning with the latest nutrition research, recommendations, guidelines, and Canadian government regulations. The authors real-world approach enables students to apply concepts of nutrition science in their own lives as consumers, and in their future careers as scientists and health professionals. Balanced coverage of fundamental nutrition topics integrates with comprehensive discussion of nutrient metabolism, health and disease relationships, dietary patterns, Canadian and global nutrition issues, and much more.

Thyroid Obesity And Metabolism

Author : Livio Luzi
ISBN : 9783030802677
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 82 MB
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This book will provide readers with up-to-date information on thyroid diseases, obesity and metabolic syndrome. The innovative element is the presentation and exploration of possible connections linking thyroid diseases and metabolism dysfunction. Starting from the classification and diagnosis of thyroid diseases, obesity and metabolic syndrome, techniques to study and treat each of the mentioned diseases are given in an easy-to-use way. This volume will be a useful tool for endocrinologists, diabetologists, dieticians, and any professionals involved in the treatment of thyroid diseases.

Nutrition And Performance In Masters Athletes

Author : Peter R.J. Reaburn
ISBN : 9781439871881
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 25. 76 MB
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Addresses the Aging Process and Its Effect on Sports Performance Age-related changes influence all physiological systems, including those used during exercise and sport. Highlighting masters athletes—older adults who train and compete in organized sports—Nutrition and Performance in Masters Athletes examines the extent to which regular physical training can impact these changes. This book bridges the gap between theory and practice, addressing nutritional, exercise and sport sciences, and the actual performance of masters athletes and older exercisers. It reviews in detail many age-related changes that occur in the physiological systems, provides implications of these changes for masters athletes, coaches and clinicians, explores scientifically-based methods to maximize sprint, strength and power, team sport players, endurance and ultra-endurance performance, and focuses on the unique nutritional needs of master athletes. Examines the Growing Body of Knowledge on Masters Athletes Each chapter has been written by a world-leading authority in their field. Contributors focus on a specific topic and discuss available research. Incorporating information from studies on younger and older athletes and healthy older non-athletes, they help determine the training and nutrition implications for sports medicine professionals and clinicians, masters athletes and coaches, and future research directions for academic and postgraduate students. The book includes material on endurance, ultra-endurance, speed, strength and power, and team sports athletes. Sections cover macronutrients (carbohydrate, fat and protein needs), micronutrients (vitamin and mineral needs), fluids and hydration; supplements and ergogenic aids, nutrition for chronic disease, and the training/nutrition needs of every type of masters athletes. Nutrition and Performance in Masters Athletes is highly recommended for medical and health professionals, fellow academics, postgraduates with an interest in masters athletes, as well as masters athlete coaches and masters athletes, and administrators wanting to assist their members.

Handbook Of Sports Medicine And Science

Author : Ronald J. Maughan
ISBN : 9781405140553
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 86 MB
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Sports Nutrition, which focuses on the importance of proper nutritional preparation for athletes, provides a practical supplement to Nutrition in Sport. It provides an essential reference on all aspects of sports nutrition for the team coach, athletic trainer, physical therapist and allied health-related professional working with athletes and sports teams, and the knowledgeable athlete.

Translational Research Methods In Diabetes Obesity And Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Author : Andrew J. Krentz
ISBN : 9783030117481
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83. 16 MB
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This book aims to aid the selection of the most appropriate methods for use in early phase (1 and 2) clinical studies of new drugs for diabetes, obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and related cardiometabolic disorders. Clinical research methods to assess the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of new diabetes drugs, e.g. the euglycemic clamp technique, have become well-established in proof-of-mechanism studies. However, selection of the most appropriate techniques is by no means straightforward. Moreover, the application of such methods must conform to the regulatory requirements for new drugs. This book discusses the need for new pharmacotherapies for diabetes, obesity and NAFLD and the molecular targets of drugs currently in development. Emerging technologies including functional imaging, circulating biomarkers and omics are considered together with practical and ethical issues pertaining to early phase clinical trials in subjects with cardiometabolic disorders. Translational Research Methods in Diabetes, Obesity, and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease is of interest to biomedical scientists, pharmacologists, academics involved in metabolic research and clinicians practicing in these specialties.

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