distributed-decision-making

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Distributed Decision Making

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309041997
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 93 MB
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Decision making in today's organizations is often distributed widely and usually supported by such technologies as satellite communications, electronic messaging, teleconferencing, and shared data bases. Distributed Decision Making outlines the process and problems involved in dispersed decision making, draws on current academic and case history information, and highlights the need for better theories, improved research methods and more interdisciplinary studies on the individual and organizational issues associated with distributed decision making. An appendix provides additional background reading on this socially and economically important problem area.

Distributed Decision Making

Author : Berndt Brehmer
ISBN : LCCN:lc90012462
Genre : Decision support systems
File Size : 38. 81 MB
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Distributed Decision Making

Author : Christoph Schneeweiss
ISBN : 9783540247241
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 83 MB
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Distributed decision making (DDM) has become of increasing importance in quantitative decision analysis. In applications like supply chain management, service operations, or managerial accounting, DDM has led to a paradigm shift. The book provides a unified approach to such seemingly diverse fields as multi-level stochastic programming, hierarchical production planning, principal agent theory, negotiations or contract theory. Different settings like multi-level one-person decision problems, multi-person antagonistic planning, and leadership situations are covered. Numerous examples and real-life planning cases illustrate the concepts. The new edition has been considerably expanded by additional chapters on supply chain management, service operations and multi-agent systems.

Hierarchies In Distributed Decision Making

Author : Christoph Schneeweiss
ISBN : 9783662038307
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 7 MB
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Distributed decision making is described in this book from a hierarchical perspective. A unified approach allows to treat such seemingly diverse fields as multi-level decision making, hierarchical production planning, principal agent theory, hierarchical negotiations, and dynamic games within the framework of a general pair of functional equations. In doing so, the book covers the range from a multi-level one-person decision problem to a multi-person antagonistic planning and leadership situation. These general ideas are illustrated with numerous examples and real-life planning situations. In addition, the treatise provides a theoretical foundation for important problem areas in business administration such as hierarchical production planning, the problems of design and implementation, modern concepts in managerial accounting, and supply chain management.

Distributed Decision Making And Control

Author : Rolf Johansson
ISBN : 9781447122654
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 38 MB
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Distributed Decision Making and Control is a mathematical treatment of relevant problems in distributed control, decision and multiagent systems, The research reported was prompted by the recent rapid development in large-scale networked and embedded systems and communications. One of the main reasons for the growing complexity in such systems is the dynamics introduced by computation and communication delays. Reliability, predictability, and efficient utilization of processing power and network resources are central issues and the new theory and design methods presented here are needed to analyze and optimize the complex interactions that arise between controllers, plants and networks. The text also helps to meet requirements arising from industrial practice for a more systematic approach to the design of distributed control structures and corresponding information interfaces Theory for coordination of many different control units is closely related to economics and game theory network uses being dictated by congestion-based pricing of a given pathway. The text extends existing methods which represent pricing mechanisms as Lagrange multipliers to distributed optimization in a dynamic setting. In Distributed Decision Making and Control, the main theme is distributed decision making and control with contributions to a general theory and methodology for control of complex engineering systems in engineering, economics and logistics. This includes scalable methods and tools for modeling, analysis and control synthesis, as well as reliable implementations using networked embedded systems. Academic researchers and graduate students in control science, system theory, and mathematical economics and logistics will find mcu to interest them in this collection, first presented orally by the contributors during a sequence of workshops organized in Spring 2010 by the Lund Center for Control of Complex Engineering Systems, a Linnaeus Center at Lund University, Sweden.>

Distributed Decision Making

Author : Committee on Human Factors
ISBN : 9780309582490
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 94 MB
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Decision making in today's organizations is often distributed widely and usually supported by such technologies as satellite communications, electronic messaging, teleconferencing, and shared data bases. Distributed Decision Making outlines the process and problems involved in dispersed decision making, draws on current academic and case history information, and highlights the need for better theories, improved research methods and more interdisciplinary studies on the individual and organizational issues associated with distributed decision making. An appendix provides additional background reading on this socially and economically important problem area.

Distributed Decision Making For Metaschedulers

Author : Janko Heilgeist
ISBN : OCLC:1185560205
Genre :
File Size : 44. 62 MB
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Organizational Decision Making

Author : Zur Shapira
ISBN : 0521890500
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 86 MB
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Explores decision making in organizations, highlighting the roles of incentive, conflict, power and politics.

Effects Of Cognitive Biases On Distributed Team Decision Making

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051918222
Genre :
File Size : 87. 32 MB
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Over the last several years, teams that collaborate across geographic, temporal and cultural boundaries are becoming common in the modern workplace. While these "distributed teams" provide organizations with numerous benefits from an operational and cost standpoint, there are still numerous challenges associated with them. One such issue that has yet to be explored is how well-known cognitive biases may impact distributed decision making. In this paper, we present an initial exploration of confirmation bias and its propagation in distributed team collaborations. Using the ELICIT task environment, we manipulated the order of information provided to teams. Our hypothesis was that serial order would influence the significance teams placed on information, such that they would overweigh incorrect information presented early in the task, thus inducing a team cognitive bias. Our results conformed to that hypothesis, i.e., when incorrect information was presented early, teams appeared to apply greater focus on that information in subsequent discussions, and they reported incorrect answers more often, suggesting the influence of a confirmation bias in their deliberations. These results highlight the need for continued research on team cognition and team cognitive biases, particularly in complex, distributed environments.

Infonomics For Distributed Business And Decision Making Environments Creating Information System Ecology

Author : Pankowska, Malgorzata
ISBN : 9781605668918
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52. 69 MB
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Provides a greater understanding of issues, challenges, trends, and technologies effecting the overall utilization and management of information in modern organizations around the world.

Distributed And Reliable Decision Making For Cloud Enabled Mobile Service Platforms

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051941785
Genre :
File Size : 78. 69 MB
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This article proposes distributed decision-making algorithms for reliable operation in cloud-assisted social network architectures. The considered architecture consists of three types of units: a cloud platform, access units, and mobile units (MUs). For reliable operations in such architectures, two distributed decision-making algorithms are proposed: (1) decision-making for fair connection at MUs and (2) decision-making for dynamic buffering at access units. For the decision-making in fair connection at MUs, the deployed MUs find their new access units to be associated with them when currently associated access units are out of order. The proposed algorithm works considering buffer backlog in access units, achievable rates with access units, and the number of associated MUs in access units. For the decision-making in dynamic buffering at access units, the buffers in access units are dynamically controlled for time-average expected power consumption minimization (i.e. energy-efficiency maximization) subjected to buffer stability.

Process Planning And Scheduling For Distributed Manufacturing

Author : Lihui Wang
ISBN : 9781846287527
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 90 MB
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This is the first book to focus on emerging technologies for distributed intelligent decision-making in process planning and dynamic scheduling. It has two sections: a review of several key areas of research, and an in-depth treatment of particular techniques. Each chapter addresses a specific problem domain and offers practical solutions to solve it. The book provides a better understanding of the present state and future trends of research in this area.

Decision Support For Global Enterprises

Author : Uday Kulkarni
ISBN : 0387481370
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 57 MB
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India is becoming the "global back office" to international supply chains. This book consists of peer-reviewed and invited papers with two primary goals: (1) Stimulate creative discussion between academic researchers and the practitioner IS community to improve the research and practice in the area. (2) Increase awareness of the problems and challenges faced by global enterprises that can be met with innovative decision support systems.

Knowledge Based Intelligent Information And Engineering Systems

Author : Bogdan Gabrys
ISBN : 9783540465379
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 99 MB
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The three volume set LNAI 4251, LNAI 4252, and LNAI 4253 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2006, held in Bournemouth, UK, in October 2006. The 480 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from about 1400 submissions. The papers present a wealth of original research results from the field of intelligent information processing.

Computational Intelligence In Complex Decision Making Systems

Author : Ruan Da
ISBN : 9789491216299
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34. 96 MB
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In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the need for designing intelligent systems to address complex decision systems. One of the most challenging issues for the intelligent system is to effectively handle real-world uncertainties that cannot be eliminated. These uncertainties include various types of information that are incomplete, imprecise, fragmentary, not fully reliable, vague, contradictory, deficient, and overloading. The uncertainties result in a lack of the full and precise knowledge of the decision system, including the determining and selection of evaluation criteria, alternatives, weights, assignment scores, and the final integrated decision result. Computational intelligent techniques (including fuzzy logic, neural networks, and genetic algorithms etc.), which are complimentary to the existing traditional techniques, have shown great potential to solve these demanding, real-world decision problems that exist in uncertain and unpredictable environments. These technologies have formed the foundation for intelligent systems.

Decision Making And Imperfection

Author : Tatiana V Guy
ISBN : 9783642364068
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 89 MB
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Decision making (DM) is ubiquitous in both natural and artificial systems. The decisions made often differ from those recommended by the axiomatically well-grounded normative Bayesian decision theory, in a large part due to limited cognitive and computational resources of decision makers (either artificial units or humans). This state of a airs is often described by saying that decision makers are imperfect and exhibit bounded rationality. The neglected influence of emotional state and personality traits is an additional reason why normative theory fails to model human DM process. The book is a joint effort of the top researchers from different disciplines to identify sources of imperfection and ways how to decrease discrepancies between the prescriptive theory and real-life DM. The contributions consider: · how a crowd of imperfect decision makers outperforms experts' decisions; · how to decrease decision makers' imperfection by reducing knowledge available; · how to decrease imperfection via automated elicitation of DM preferences; · a human's limited willingness to master the available decision-support tools as an additional source of imperfection; · how the decision maker's emotional state influences the rationality; a DM support of edutainment robot based on its system of values and respecting emotions. The book will appeal to anyone interested in the challenging topic of DM theory and its applications.

Group Decision And Negotiation A Process Oriented View

Author : Pascale Zaraté
ISBN : 9783319071794
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 34 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference on Group Decision and Negotiation (GDN), held in Toulouse, France, during June 10–13, 2014. The GDN meetings aim to bring together researchers and practitioners from a wide spectrum of fields, including economics, management, computer science, engineering and decision science. The contributions report on research on individual and group decision support, negotiation and auction support and the design of systems and agents supporting such processes. From a total of 88 submissions, 31 papers were accepted for publication in this volume. The papers are organized into topical sections on collaborative decision making, auctions, knowledge decision support systems, multi-criteria decision making, multi-agent systems, negotiation analysis, preference analysis, data analysis, DSS / GDSS use, network analysis and semantic tools for group decision making.

Decision Making Social And Creative Dimensions

Author : C.M. Allwood
ISBN : 9789401598279
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80. 52 MB
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Decision making is a complex phenomenon which normally is deeply integrated into social life. At the same time the decision making process often gives the decision maker an opportunity for conscious planning and for taking a reflective stance with respect to the action considered. This suggests that decision making allows creative solutions with a potential to change the course of events both on an individual and a collective level. Given these considerations, we argue that in order to more fully understand decision making the perspectives of different disciplines are needed. In this volume we have attempted to draw together contributions that would provide a broad view of decision making. Much work has been carried out in the writing and editing of this volume. First of all we would like to thank the contributors for their efforts in producing interesting and important texts and for their patience in the editorial process. Each chapter was edited by two or three reviewers. These reviewers are listed on a separate page in this book. Our heartfelt thanks go to them for their time and for their incisive and constructive reviews! We are also grateful to the publishing editors at Kluwer Academic Publishers, Christiane Roll and Dorien Francissen, who have been generous with their encouragement and patience throughout the editorial process.

A Concise Introduction To Multiagent Systems And Distributed Artificial Intelligence

Author : Nikos Vlassis
ISBN : 9781598295269
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 8 MB
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Multiagent systems is an expanding field that blends classical fields like game theory and decentralized control with modern fields like computer science and machine learning. This monograph provides a concise introduction to the subject, covering the theoretical foundations as well as more recent developments in a coherent and readable manner. The text is centered on the concept of an agent as decision maker. Chapter 1 is a short introduction to the field of multiagent systems. Chapter 2 covers the basic theory of singleagent decision making under uncertainty. Chapter 3 is a brief introduction to game theory, explaining classical concepts like Nash equilibrium. Chapter 4 deals with the fundamental problem of coordinating a team of collaborative agents. Chapter 5 studies the problem of multiagent reasoning and decision making under partial observability. Chapter 6 focuses on the design of protocols that are stable against manipulations by self-interested agents. Chapter 7 provides a short introduction to the rapidly expanding field of multiagent reinforcement learning. The material can be used for teaching a half-semester course on multiagent systems covering, roughly, one chapter per lecture.

A Distributed Coordination Approach To Reconfigurable Process Control

Author : Nirav Chokshi
ISBN : 9781848000605
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 1 MB
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Success in the continuous process industries depends upon the ability to adapt to the demands of global supply chains in real-time. Thus, process plants must be designed to be easily reconfigured as and when necessary. “A Distributed Coordination Approach to Reconfigurable Process Control” presents research that addresses this issue, via developing a new distributed framework that will enable the building of a process control system that is capable of reconfigurability. This framework views the process as a set of readily-integrated, modular process elements, which operate relatively independently and are each supported by a degree of stand-alone decision-making capability. The rationale and benefits of moving towards the new approach is demonstrated by means of a worked example of a real process plant. The research will also help end-users to gain an understanding of the economic aspects of material flows across their plants, and the ways in which their processes can be integrated across the enterprise.

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