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Human Body Composition

Author : Timothy Lohman
ISBN : 0736046550
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 70 MB
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The 2nd edition of Human Body Composition includes updated information and new chapters. The editors and 35 contributors are well respected researchers in the field of body composition science. This is one of few texts that provides comprehensive coverage of body composition research. The primary intent is to present current information on research methods. This book can serve as a textbook for those who are students or new researchers. Descriptions of various methods and background information are imparted in great detail with numerous references. New chapters address energy expenditure, animal body composition, molecular genetics and body composition as it relates to disease states of cancer, HIV, obesity and certain inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This book is recommended for students and new researchers in the field of body composition research who need to learn various methods, histories and practical applications--Publisher's description.

Body Composition Assessment In Children And Adolescents

Author : T. Jürimäe
ISBN : 9783805571319
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38. 74 MB
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Stimulating and up to date, this book is a distinctive reference for pediatricians, nutritionists, anthropologists, exercise and sport scientists as well as sport medicine specialists.

Body Composition

Author : Henry C. Lukaski
ISBN : 9781498731683
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 55. 46 MB
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Interest in the relationships between body structure and function in physical activity has persisted for centuries. Body Composition: Health and Performance in Exercise and Sport advances understanding beyond simple descriptions of body physique and composition of athletes and fills gaps in our understanding of the important role of muscle, fat, and bone in facilitating physical performance and health in sports and physically demanding occupations. lt addresses basic, practical, and applied topics in body composition, performance, and health with comprehensive reviews organized in four logical parts: Body Composition Assessment; Physical Activity and Body Composition; Body Composition in Sports and Occupations; and Moderating Factors. This book integrates state-of-the-art knowledge by international experts in the field and produces an evidence-based practical guide for a balanced understanding of the role and use of body composition assessment in physical performance and health for youth and adults. It also provides a needed link between the practice of body composition assessment and its application by members of public health advisory committees that develop national guidelines for diet, physical activity, and health. This book is suitable for students and professionals in sports nutrition, exercise science, kinesiology, and athletic training. Sport administrators and policy-makers for international and national sport federations and organizations, and national intercollegiate and scholastic federations, would also benefit from this book.

Acsm S Body Composition Assessment

Author : American College of Sports Medicine
ISBN : 9781492586760
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 29 MB
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In partnership with the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), pioneer body composition experts Timothy G. Lohman and Laurie A. Milliken, along with a team of highly regarded contributors, have compiled a practical guide to performing body composition assessments. With an easy-to-follow format and straightforward writing, ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment provides readers foundational information and scientific research with applications in the fields of medicine, exercise science, nutrition, growth and development, and geriatrics. ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment delves into the methodology for a number of techniques, including DXA, BIA, ultrasound, underwater weighing, ADP, total body water, multicomponent models, anthropometry (including skinfolds and circumferences), and BMI. The text uncovers the sources of error inherent in each measurement technique, and it identifies populations to whom these techniques can be applied with accuracy. Researchers and clinicians alike will benefit from descriptions of methods for use in both laboratory and field settings, protocols for the standardization of each method, and advantages and limitations for each method. The text thoroughly examines the health implications of body composition by looking at the relationships between chronic disease and total body fat, fat distribution, muscle mass, and bone density. It also facilitates the reader’s ability to assess changes in body composition over time and to understand special considerations in assessing body composition in athletes, children, older adults, the overweight population, and clinical populations. ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment is supplemented with a web resource containing audio-narrated PowerPoint slides to support a deep understanding of the content. The slides walk readers through key points and assessments in each chapter, and select photos and tables from the book are included to facilitate learning and retention. ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment will help alleviate errors in body composition assessment, making it an ideal reference for practicing fitness, health, and medical professionals; nutrition specialists; and exercise physiologists. CE exam available! For certified professionals, a companion continuing education exam can be completed after reading this book. ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment Online CE Exam may be purchased separately or as part of the ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment With CE Exam package, which includes both the book and the exam.

Human Body Composition

Author : Josef Brožek
ISBN : 9781483282695
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 34 MB
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Human Body Composition: Approaches and Applications focuses on approaches to the description of human physique; clarification of the role of factors determining and modifying body composition; and assessment of biological and medical significance of individual differences in body composition. The selection first discusses advances and developments in the methods for the study of body composition and chemical analysis of the body. Discussions focus on direct and roentgenographic studies of bone mineralization; caliper and roentgenogrammetric values of the thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue; and soft tissue roentgenography. The text also looks at determination of specific gravity of live sheep and its correlation with fat percentage and interpretation of whole body potassium measurements. The manuscript evaluates research on body composition and its relevance for human biology, including sex, growth, and aging, physical activity, loss and gain of body weight, and body composition in animals. The book also elaborates on sex difference in body composition, physical activity and body composition, hydrometry of growth and aging, and body composition and appraisal of nutriture. The selection is a reliable reference for readers interested in the composition of the human body.

Body Composition In Sport Exercise And Health

Author : Arthur D Stewart
ISBN : 9781136478291
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 69 MB
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The analysis of body composition (fat, bone and muscle) is an important process throughout the biomedical sciences. This is the first book to offer a clear and detailed introduction to the key methods and techniques in body composition analysis and to explain the importance of body composition data in the context of sport, exercise and health. With contributions from some of the world’s leading body composition specialists, the book goes further than any other in demonstrating the practical and applied value of body composition analysis in areas such as performance sport and weight control in clinical populations. The book pays particular attention to the important concept of change in body composition, and includes discussion of ethical issues in the collection, interpretation and presentation of data, and considerations when working with special populations. Bridging the gap between research methods and practical application, this book is important reading for advanced students and practitioners working in sport and exercise science, health science, anatomy, nutrition, physical therapy or ergonomics.

Analysis Of Body Composition And Emotional Quotient Of Athletics And Combative Sports Men

Author : Dr. Sanjeev S Patil
ISBN : 9781387620500
Genre :
File Size : 39. 48 MB
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Development Of Body Composition And Its Relationship With Physical Activity In Healthy Swedish Children

Author : Hanna Henriksson
ISBN : 9789175190938
Genre : Physical fitness for children
File Size : 57. 68 MB
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Childhood obesity according to the World Health Organization is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The proportion of childhood obesity is high both globally and in Sweden. This is of great concern since obese children tend to stay obese in adulthood. In order to develop strategies to prevent early childhood obesity more knowledge is needed regarding factors explaining why children become overweight and obese. Preventive strategies require accurate and easy-to-use methods to assess physical activity in response to energy expenditure as well as energy intake in young children, but such methods are largely lacking or have shown limited accuracy. The aims of this thesis were: 1) to describe the longitudinal development of body composition from 1 week to 4.5 years of age; 2) to study relationships between measures of body composition and the physical activity level (PAL) at 1.5 and 3 years of age; 3) to evaluate if heart rate recording and movement registration using Actiheart can capture variations in total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity energy expenditure (AEE) at 1.5 and 3 years; 4) to evaluate the potential of a 7-day activity diary to assess PAL at 1.5 and 3 years of age; 5) to evaluate a new tool (TECH) using mobile phones for assessing energy intake at 3 years of age. Healthy children were investigated at 1 and 12 weeks (n=44), at 1.5 (n=44), 3 (n=33) and 4.5 (n=26) years of age. Body composition was measured using air-displacement plethysmography at 1 and 12 weeks and at 4.5 years of age. At 1.5 and 3 years, body composition, TEE, PAL and AEE were assessed using the doubly labelled water method and indirect calorimetry. Heart rate and movements were recorded using Actiheart (four days) and physical activities were registered using the 7-day diary. Energy intake was assessed using TECH during one complete 24-hour period. Average percentage of total body fat (TBF) and average fat mass index (FMI) were higher (+3 to +81 %), while fat-free mass index (FFMI) was slightly lower (-2 to -9 %), in children in the study from 12 weeks until 4.5 years of age when compared to corresponding reference values. A relationship between TBF% and PAL was found both at 1.5 and 3 years of age. At 3 years, but not at 1.5 years, this could be explained by a relationship between PAL and FFMI. Actiheart recordings explained a significant but small fraction (8%) of the variation in free-living TEE at 1.5 and 3 years, and in AEE (6 %) at 3 years, above that explained by body composition variables. At 1.5 and 3 years of age, PAL estimated by means of the activity diary using metabolic equivalent (MET) values by Ainsworth et al. was not significantly different from reference PAL, but the accuracy for individuals was low. Average energy intake assessed by TECH was not significantly different from TEE. However, the accuracy for individuals was poor. The results of this thesis suggest that 1) The higher body fatness of the children in the study compared to the corresponding reference values may indicate the presence of a secular trend in body composition development characterized by a high body fatness. 2) Body fatness might counteract physical activity at 1.5 years of age when the capacity to perform physical activity is limited, but not at 3 years of age when such a capacity has been developed. 3) Actiheart recordings explained a significant but small fraction of the variation in TEE at 1.5 and 3 years, and in AEE at 3 years of age, above that explained by body composition variables. 4) The activity diary and TECH produced mean values in agreement with reference PAL and TEE, respectively, but the accuracy for individual children was low. In conclusion, the results of this thesis suggest the presence of a secular trend in body composition development in healthy Swedish children, from infancy up to 4.5 years of age, which is characterized by a high body fatness. Methods to assess physical activity and energy intake at 1.5 and 3 years of age provided some promising results on a group level, although further research is needed to increase the accuracy of these methods in individual children.

Nutrition In The Prevention And Treatment Of Disease

Author : Ann M. Coulston
ISBN : 9780123741189
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43. 59 MB
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This reference addresses basic principles and concepts that are central to the major clinical nutrition-related activities, such as nutritional assessment and monitoring, current theoretical base and knowledge of efficacious interventions, interactions between genetic and nutritional factors, and the use and interpretation of population-based or clinical epidemiological evidence.


Author : J. E. L. Carter
ISBN : 0521351170
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 99 MB
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Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy (relative fatness), mesomorphy (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy (relative linearity). This book (the first major account of the field for thirty years) presents a comprehensive history of somatotyping, beginning with W. J. Sheldon's introduction of the method in 1940. The controversies regarding the validity of Sheldon's method are described, as are the various attempts to modify the technique, particularly the Heath-Carter method, which has come into widespread use. The book reviews present knowledge of somatotypes around the world, how they change with growth, ageing and exercise, and the contributions of genetics and environment to the rating. Also reviewed are the relationships between somatotypes and sport, physical performance, health and behaviour. Students and research workers in human biology, physical and biological anthropology and physical education will all find valuable information in this book.

Fitness And Wellness In Canada

Author : Sarah J. Woodruff Atkinson
ISBN : 9781492592389
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 61. 72 MB
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With content targeted specifically toward higher education students in Canada, Fitness and Wellness in Canada: A Way of Life With Web Study Guide presents evidence-based physical and mental health guidance to point students toward healthy choices that will develop into healthy lifestyles. Authors Sarah J. Woodruff Atkinson, Carol K. Armbruster, and Ellen M. Evans have more than 80 years of combined professional experience in health and wellness, the majority of which has focused on the higher education population. This enables them to present the material in a contemporary manner that is relatable and easily understood by students. Relevant information on topics such as cardiorespiratory exercise, strength training, stretching, nutrition, weight management, stress management, substance abuse and addiction, and sexual health will start students on the path to developing a healthy mind and body, which can lead to a better quality of life. Additionally, because Fitness and Wellness in Canada: A Way of Life emphasizes behaviour modification to develop desired habits, students are armed with the tools they need to make healthy lifestyle changes—for both the present and future: A web study guide offers more than 50 video clips and practical learning activities to provide real-life context for the material. Behaviour Check sidebars help students integrate health and wellness concepts into their daily lives. Now and Later sidebars encourage students to consider how their actions today will affect them in the future. The Functional Movement Training section shows exercises to strengthen specific muscles and explains their importance for everyday activities. Infographics, research-based tables, and figures illustrate and reinforce key concepts so they are easy to understand. Canada’s Food Guide is included to assist students in making healthy nutritional choices. The companion web study guide offers students the unique opportunity to engage directly with the content and practice the exercises and strategies presented. Lab activities for each chapter will guide students in completing individual assessments, setting goals, and identifying the pros and cons of modifying their behaviour. Video clips of 48 exercises demonstrate proper exercise technique, and additional learning activities and quizzes gauge student comprehension of the content. In addition, students will benefit from learning aids such as key terms, a glossary, and review questions for each chapter. Instructors will benefit from an abundance of online ancillaries: a presentation package plus image bank, test package, chapter quizzes, and an instructor guide that includes chapter summaries, chapter objectives, class outlines, sample answers to the chapter review questions, and suggested class activities. The primary goal of Fitness and Wellness in Canada: A Way of Life is to provide evidence-based guidance to help students embrace living well. Students will learn how to make healthy choices and positive behaviour changes to lead healthier, happier, and more productive lives, now and in the future.

Neurobiology In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders

Author : Hans Wijbrand Hoek
ISBN : 0471981028
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 34 MB
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It is often difficult to blend the knowledge from scientific research with the experience of clinical practice. This book does exactly that. By incorporating recent advances in biological sciences with the concept of aetiology and treatment of eating disorders, the editors have successfully produced an authoritative, state-of-the-art text. The internationally renowned authors suggest ways of integrating the latest findings within a treatment setting. Topics covered include: ? Phenomenology ? Measurement of Psychopathology ? Stress, Neurobiology and Eating ? Eating Behaviour and Weight Control ? Emotional States and Bulimic Psychopathology ? Neuroimaging ? Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa ? Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder ? Pharmacotherapy ? Nutritional Management ? Medical Complications. This book will be of value to all psychiatrists, psychologists, psychopharmacologists and clinical neuroscientists. From pre-publication reviews: "This book provides a masterly synthesis of the basic and the clinical, in a form that should prove useful to both practicing clinicians and researchers in the field. I know of no other book of comparable scope that has attempted so successfully this integration." James E. Mitchell Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurosciences, UND, Fargo, USA "Neurobiology in the Treatment of Eating Disorders is a major achievement and I predict that it will become an instant classic." Ruth Striegel-Moore Professor and Chair, Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, CT, USA "A significant addition to the literature on eating disorders. This book is notable for its depth and breadth, the emphasis on neurobiology being particularly distinctive and welcome. It deserves to be widely read." Christopher Fairburn Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford UK "I found this book absolutely outstanding and was very pleased to read it. This invaluable and authoritative overview represents an outstanding reference for the study of the three major disorders of eating behaviour. This book represents an extraordinary background for future developments of neurobiological and genetic investigations, clinical applications, epidemiological studies; therapeutic approaches and prevention programs." Francesca Brambilla Professor, Department of Neuropsychiatric Sciences, H. S. Raffaele, Milan, Italy

Encyclopedia Of Animal Science Two Volume Set

Author : Duane E. Ullrey
ISBN : 9781000006599
Genre : Nature
File Size : 27. 85 MB
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PRINT/ONLINE PRICING OPTIONS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST AT [email protected] Containing case studies that complement material presented in the text, the vast range of this definitive Encyclopediaencompasses animal physiology, animal growth and development, animal behavior, animal reproduction and breeding, alternative approaches to animal maintenance, meat science and muscle biology, farmed animal welfare and bioethics, and food safety. With contributions from top researchers in their discipline, the book addresses new research and advancements in this burgeoning field and provides quick and reader-friendly descriptions of technologies critical to professionals in animal and food science, food production and processing, livestock management, and nutrition.

Sports Nutrition

Author : Marie Dunford
ISBN : 9780880914116
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 69. 78 MB
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The newest edition of this classic reference has been thoroughly re-designed to deliver the essential information health and fitness professionals need in order to work with athletes of all ages and proficiency levels. Topics are represented in four sections: Sports Nutrition Basics, Screening and Assessment, Sports Nutrition Across the Life Cycle and Sport Specific Guidelines. The "At-A-Glance" feature provides sport-specific information for 18 sports.

Overweight And The Metabolic Syndrome

Author : George A. Bray
ISBN : 9780387321646
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 90 MB
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This timely book provides an overview of topics related to obesity. These include associated health risks, childhood obesity, genetics, evaluation, treatment, behavioral strategies, and successes and failures in preventing obesity. The volume covers evaluation guidelines, different approaches to treatment, including diet, exercise, behavior, drugs, and surgery to deal with the current world-wide obesity epidemic.

Nutrition In Early Life

Author : Jane B. Morgan
ISBN : 9780470857922
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 36. 42 MB
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The publication of the Department of Health White Paper "The Health of the Nation" (1992) and "Our Healthier Nation" (1998) gave emphasis to the importance of nutritional health of the nation at all ages. It is clear that the achievement of specific targets for pregnancy and infancy as set out in the White Paper will involve the training of all health care professionals in nutrition education. This book responds to the challenge and focuses on good nutrition for and during pregnancy, in low birth-weight infants, and during infancy. It has a strong public health emphasis, dealing with health prevention issues for the Nation's younger population. The text is written as a scientific reference book for those seeking to apply science in the support of a successful pregnancy and in the prevention of nutritional problems during foetal and early post-natal life. The importance of optimal nutrition during these periods of life is emphasised by the overwhelming evidence that nutritional problems in early embryonic life may cause congenital malformations and during late foetal life and early post natal life may set the molecular programme for later disease development.

Handbook Of Pediatric Obesity

Author : Michael I. Goran
ISBN : 9781420026634
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 84 MB
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Understanding the numerous factors involved with body weight regulation and identifying interventions to prevent or treat the problem is an enormous task in and of itself. Addressing this issue in growing children is further complicated by the diverse challenges specific to children. Because of this, the field of childhood obesity is both extremely

Cumulated Index Medicus

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112065975150
Genre : Medicine
File Size : 33. 48 MB
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Recent Advances In Pediatrics Volume 20 Hot Topics

Author : Suraj Gupte
ISBN : 9789350252475
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 93 MB
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This is the 20th Annual volume of the noted international series, Recent Advances in Pediatrics. The series has the distinction of uninterrupted appearance ever since 1990-91 when the it was launched . To date, over and above the 20 Annual volumes, the series has to its credit 21 special volumes on various subspecialities in pediatrics. The present volume aims at covering the currently outstanding hot topics in pediatrics of special relevance to resource-limited countries .The approach is multidisciplinary with an eye on future. The 33 peer-reviewed, evidence-based and state-of-the-art chapters contributed by as many as 46 experts drawn from India and other countries provide depth and breadth of the expanding knowledge in the field of contemporary pediatrics. Also incorporated along with the recent and current advances is the time-honored art of pediatric practice as and when applicable. The treatise presents threadbare discussions on a plethora of hot topics ranging from nanomedicine, community care of the newborn, respiratory distress syndrome and neonatal cholestasis, through non-Hodkin lymphoma, and febrile and transient neutropenia, to pediatric emergencies and blood component therapy. Overviews on two offbeat topics, “Epigenetics” and “Translational Medicine and Research” provide a refreshing flavor of the advances that are set to make strides in the near future. Each and every chapter is remarkable by its excellence, providing a stimulating and, not infrequently, even provocative, mature and informal update. Today, such an approach is considered the backbone for information, motivation of discussion, interaction, research and innovation.

Mini Nutritional Assessment Mna

Author : Bruno J. Vellas
ISBN : 9783805568036
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 44 MB
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This book is the first of a new series which will present the proceedings of the newly established Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Programme aimed at adult nutrition. Undernutrition is a common phenomenon in elderly people, and malnutrition reaches significant levels in those being in hospital, nursing homes or home care programs. Consequences of malnutrition often go unrecognised owing to the lack of specific validated instruments to assess nutritional status in frail elderly persons. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) provides a single, rapid assessment of nutritional status in the elderly of different degrees of independence, allowing the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition to be determined and to evaluate the efficacy of nutritional intervention and strategies. Easy, quick and economical to perform, it enables staff to check the nutritional status of elderly people when they enter hospitals or institutions and to monitor changes occurring during their stay. Moreover, the MNA is predictive of the cost of care and length of stay in hospital. This publication will be of immense assistance to heads of geriatric teaching units, teachers in nutrition, clinicians general practitioners and dieticians, enabling them to better detect, recognise and start treatment of malnutrition in the elderly.

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