biomechanics-of-joints

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Introduction To The Biomechanics Of Joints And Joint Replacement

Author : Duncan Dowson
ISBN : STANFORD:36105007202281
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 85 MB
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This text provides the basis of information on the biomechanics of joints and joint replacement for those engineers who are increasingly called upon to co-operate with the medical profession, as well as medical personnel.

Biomechanics Of Joints

Author : Shyam D. Ganvir
ISBN : 9350904942
Genre : Biomechanics
File Size : 76. 21 MB
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Biomechanics Of Normal And Pathological Human Articulating Joints

Author : N. Berme
ISBN : 902473164X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48. 58 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Biomechanics of Normal and Pathological Human Articulating Joints, Estoril, Portugal, 20 June-1 July, 1983

Basic Biomechanics Of The Musculoskeletal System

Author : Margareta Nordin
ISBN : 0683302477
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29. 31 MB
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This title presents an overview of biomechanical principles for use in the evaluation and treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction.

Biomechanics Of Diarthrodial Joints

Author : Van C. Mow
ISBN : 9781461234487
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 2 MB
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Historical folklore indicates that Asklepios (circa 900 BC), the fir~t western doctor of ancient Greece, treated many patients with rheumatic diseases of 1 joints ,2. Later, Hippocrates (circa 400 BC), who claimed to have learned from Asklepios, used the term arthritis in reference to joint diseases: "When the disease of arthritis strikes, acute inflammation and pain attacks the joints of the body ... ". Indeed, arthritic joint disease dates much farther back into antiquity than Asklepios. Many modern anthropologists have noted degenerative joint disease in the fossils of Neanderthal man (archanthropus europeus petraloniensis) and even in those of dinosaurs. More recent scientific studies on joints date back to the work of the great English anatomist Hunter who wrote "The Structure and Diseases of Articular Cartilage" in the Philosophical Transactions of London in 1743. The notion that osteoarthritis results from the wearing away of cartilage was copiously documented by the histological observations of the German physician Ecker in 1843. This idea was further supported by Pommer (1927) who felt that mechanical stresses played important roles in the initiation and propagation of cartilage lesions leading to osteoarthritis. This same conclusion was reached by the assembled distinguished experts at a National Institutes of Health Workshop 3 held in 1986 .

Biomechanics Bones And Joints

Author : Randall Calloway
ISBN : 1632414503
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 97 MB
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Biomechanics is the study and research of biological systems. This book on biomechanics discusses the mechanisms under work in the musculoskeletal system when faced with various stimuli. Biomechanics is applied in the fields of sports and exercise physiology to study movement and muscle development. Procedures in this field are also applied in engineering. The topics covered in this book offer the readers new insights in the field of biomechanics. It covers in detail some existent theories and innovative concepts revolving around this discipline. The various advancements in biomechanics are glanced at and their applications as well as ramifications are discussed. This book will prove to be immensely beneficial to students and researchers in this field.

Biomechanics Of The Knee

Author : P.G.J. Maquet
ISBN : 9783642617317
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75. 38 MB
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Pathological conditions affecting the hip and knee joints occupy a particular place amongst the important orthopaedic entities affect ing the extremities. On the one hand they are relatively frequent and on the other they mean for the patient limitation of his ability to walk, because of their considerable detrimental effects. A purposeful basic treatment of these joint diseases (and here osteoarthritis takes pride of place) is only possible if it stems from a reliable biomechanical analysis of the normal and pathological stressing of the joint in question. Whilst the situation in the hip can be considered to be fundamentally clarified, a comprehensive representation of the knee is still lacking, particularly when taking into account the latest knowledge of biomechanics. Recently our concepts of the kinematics of the knee have been completely changed, but the clinically important question of articular stressing remains unanswered. Dr. Maquet has carried out pioneer work in this field for some years in adapting, by analogy, to the knee joint principles already accepted for the hip joint. Since the knee is not a ball and socket joint, a complicated problem arises for which new thoughts are necessary. The results of the numerous operations carried out by Dr. Maquet according to the biomechanical considerations demon strate that his thinking is fundamentally correct. Above all, it is here again proven (as earlier in the case of the hip) that healing of osteoarthritis depends decisively on reducing and evenly dis tributing joint pressure.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author : Donald L. Bartel
ISBN : UOM:39015063362829
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 59 MB
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This book addresses the mechanical and structural aspects of the skeletal system - along with the analysis and design of orthopaedic implants that are used to repair the system when it is damaged. KEY TOPICS: Focuses on applications of mechanical engineering in orthopaedic biomechanics, quantitatative modeling, and improving the reader's understanding of mechanics. Introduces the musculoskeletal system, determining loads and motions, the structure and properties of bone and soft tissue, and stress analysis of biomechanical systems), as well as introducing applications of the material (including a basic introduction to bone-implant systems, fracture fixation devices, hip replacements, knee replacements, and articulating surfaces). MARKET: For those interested in orthopaedic biomechanics, as well as orthopedic surgeons who wish to learn more about mechanics and design in the musculoskeletal system.

Hypermobility Of Joints

Author : Peter Beighton
ISBN : UOM:39015048939337
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 90 MB
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This edition follows the same format as its successful predecessors. The aim of those editions was to provide an overview of hyperlaxity of joints, and this edition follows that aim by describing research and new developments in biochemistry as well as providing practical advice on clinical features and management. Further chapters provide illustrative case histories, a review of hypermobility in the performing arts and sports and an outline of heritable hypermobility syndromes. It has implications for a wide number of specialties although it should be of particular interest to rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons and medical geneticists.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author : Beth A. Winkelstein
ISBN : 9781439860946
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 26 MB
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Given the strong current attention of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research on translational capabilities for the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of clinical disease states, the need for reviews of the state-of-art and current needs in orthopaedics is very timely. Orthopaedic Biomechanics provides an in-depth review of the current knowledge of orthopaedic biomechanics across all tissues in the musculoskeletal system, at all size scales, and with direct relevance to engineering and clinical applications. Discussing the relationship between mechanical loading, function, and biological performance, it first reviews basic structure-function relationships for most major orthopedic tissue types followed by the most-relevant structures of the body. It then addresses multiscale modeling and biologic considerations. It concludes with a look at applications of biomechanics, focusing on recent advances in theory, technology and applied engineering approaches. With contributions from leaders in the field, the book presents state-of-the-art findings, techniques, and perspectives. Much of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research is directed at the translational capabilities for the "real world". Addressing this from the perspective of diagnostics, prevention, and treatment in orthopaedic biomechanics, the book supplies novel perspectives for the interdisciplinary approaches required to translate orthopaedic biomechanics to today’s real world.

Biology And Biomechanics Of The Traumatized Synovial Joint

Author : American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
ISBN : UOM:39015029518696
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 26 MB
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Biomechanics In The Musculoskeletal System

Author : Manohar M. Panjabi
ISBN : UOM:39015049685426
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 90 MB
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Learn the principles of biomechanics that will help you improve patient care and further your understanding of the various aspects of musculoskeletal systems. This book examines the principles of mechanical engineering essential to the musculoskeletal system, and makes these concepts relevant to medical professionals and others who may not have the mathematical background of an engineer. Each biomechanical principle is described in five basic steps: definition; description; lay examples; clinical examples; and explanatory notes. Through this well-illustrated, cohesive discussion of biomechanics, you'll find an understandable and logical approach to the musculoskeletal system that will enhance any practice. Logical organization makes the material easy to understand, and terms and principles can be easily located for review or reference. Each term and principle is presented with a clear, consistent, 5-step format: definition; description; lay examples; clinical examples; and explanatory notes. Important principles are presented and explained through examples, giving the reader a concrete understanding of key concepts. High-quality figures make principles accessible to readers with a non-technical background. Covers a wide range of subjects, from traditional biomechanics to material and vibrations, for relevant information in a single source. A small author team, rather than a large number of contributors, brings coherence and consistency

Biomechanics Of Musculoskeletal Injury

Author : Eric R. Gozna
ISBN : UOM:39015000313513
Genre : Appareil locomoteur - Lésions et blessures
File Size : 72. 1 MB
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Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Author : Paul Brinckmann
ISBN : 1588900800
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 98 MB
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Orthopedic Biomechanics sheds light on an important and interesting discipline at the interface between medical and natural sciences. Understanding the effects of mechanical influences on the human body is the first step toward developing innovative treatment and rehabilitation concepts for orthopedic disorders. This book provides valuable information on the forces acting on muscles, tendons, and bones. Beginning with the step-by-step fundamentals of physics and mechanics, it goes on to cover the function and loading of joints, movement in two- and three-dimensions, and the properties of biological tissues. This book explains the practical importance of biomechanics, including special chapters addressing the mechanical causes of disk prolapse, load on the spine in sitting and standing positions, and the correlation between mechanical loading and bone density. Key Features: Limited use of complex vector equations while providing in-depth treatment analysis Exquisitely illustrated, detailed descriptions of the mechanical aspects of every major joint in the body: hip, shoulder, knee, and lumbar spine Extensive references for further information Valuable appendixes describing the interaction between mechanical and biological functions as well as mathematical tools necessary to understand technically demanding concepts This book also analyzes techniques for changing the effects on bones and joints through therapy, training, external aids, modified behavior, and ergonomic improvements. An essential resource for orthopedists and physical therapists alike, it will help you understand past and current scientific work in the field and how to apply state-of-the-art solutions to the problems you'll encounter on a daily basis.

1979 Biomechanics Symposium

Author : William C. Van Buskirk
ISBN : UOM:39015017932792
Genre : Biomechanics
File Size : 28. 79 MB
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Studies On Diarthrodial Joint Biomechanics With Special Reference To The Shoulder

Author : Louis Jeffrey Soslowsky
ISBN : UCSD:31822031172588
Genre : Articular cartilage
File Size : 70. 16 MB
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Biomechanics Of The Musculo Skeletal System

Author : Benno M. Nigg
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123274495
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 20 MB
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The latest edition of this classic in the field presents a unique and comprehensive account of the mechanics of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Written for students and researchers of biomechanics, the book covers key areas including the properties of biomaterials, common measuring techniques and modeling. As with the previous edition there are numerous applications and extensive questions and answers at the end of sections. Specific changes for this edition include: Major revision of the section on biological materials including bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, muscle and joints and new discussion of failure and healing Extensive updating of material covering force, pressure distribution, optical methods and simulation An increase in the number and type of applications across a broad range of disciplines Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition will prove invaluable for undergraduate students in mechanics and physics; medical students and graduate students in engineering, exercise and sport science and kinesiology; and for all those with an interest in the biomechanical aspects of the human or animal body.

Practical Biomechanics For The Orthopedic Surgeon

Author : Eric L. Radin
ISBN : UOM:39015024903182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 68 MB
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Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author : Van C. Mow
ISBN : 0397516843
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 63 MB
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This classic text has been completely revised and updated to reflect the latest advances in orthopaedic biomechanics, and the successful application of mechanical laws to the locomotor system of the human body. The Second Edition features new chapters on cell-matrix interactions in articular cartilage and on the quantitative anatomy of diarthrodial joints, as well as expanded coverage of the biomechanics of artificial hip and knee joints.

Biomechanics Of The Hand

Author : E. Y. Chao
ISBN : 997150104X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 85 MB
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This book contains selected works on the biomechanics of the hand accumulated in the Biomechanics Laboratory of Mayo Clinic over the past eleven years. It attempts to apply a composite approach to normal and pathological functions of the hand by utilizing mechanical modeling, anatomical testing and clinical verification. A collaborative effort of the disciplines of orthopedics and engineering science has been put forward in this research. Attention is focused on the understanding of the function of the hand in relation to force and motion potentials observed in normal and pathological cases.

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