a-history-of-international-research-networking

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A History Of International Research Networking

Author : Howard Davies
ISBN : 9783527327102
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 26 MB
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As the first book about the internet to be written and edited by engineers who developed it, this book deals with the history of defining universal protocols and of building a series of global data transfer networks of ever increasing reach and capacity. The result is THE authoritative source on the topic, providing a vast amount of insider knowledge unavailable elsewhere. It is of interest to every scientist and a must-have for all network developers as well as agencies dealing with the Net.

History Educators International Research Network Heirnet

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1028615579
Genre :
File Size : 35. 83 MB
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The Hidden Prehistory Of European Research Networking

Author : Olivier Martin
ISBN : 9781466938724
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 51 MB
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The main purpose of this book, which mostly covers the period 19841993, is about the history of European research networking. In particular, it strives to throw some light on some lesser known, sometimes forgotten, aspects of the European research networking history, as the EARN and EASInet initiatives from IBM but also DEC (EARN/OSI), thanks to operational pan-European networks, which were built during the period 19841990 thus allowing the start of operational European academic and research networking services in a very effective and swift manner. A secondary purpose of this article is to make a critical assessment of the political and technical achievements of the European NRENs and especially those of DANTE, the company set up by these same NRENs to build and operate a pan-European backbone interconnecting their national networking infrastructures as well as establishing international connections to other NRENs worldwide.

Networking The International System

Author : Madeleine Herren
ISBN : 9783319042114
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 88 MB
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The book critically investigates the local impact of international organizations beyond a Western rationale and aims to overcome Eurocentric patterns of analysis. Considering Asian and Western examples, the contributions originate from different disciplines and study areas and discuss a global approach, which has been a blind spot in scholarly research on international organizations until now. Using the 1930s as a historical reference, the contributions question role of international organizations during conflicts, war and crises, gaining insights into their function as peacekeeping forces in the 21st century. While chapter one discusses the historicity of international organizations and the availability of sources, the second chapter deliberates on Eurocentrism and science policy, considering the converging of newly created epistemic communities and old diplomatic elites. Chapter 3 sheds light on international organizations as platforms, expanding the field of research from the diversity of organizations to the patterns of global governance. The final chapter turns to the question of how international organizations invented and introduced new fields of action, pointing to the antithetic role of standardization, the preservation of cultural heritage and the difficulties in reaching a non-Western approach.

Banking On Knowledge

Author : Diane Stone
ISBN : 9781134536948
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 57 MB
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Banking on Knowledge is one of the first studies of how the World Bank is reinventing itself as the 'Knowledge Bank'. The book addresses how international organizations and governments are developing partnerships with think tanks, research institutes and other knowledge institutions in the hope of informing and improving policies for reform and development around the world. The book focuses on the recently established Global Development Network (GDN). The GDN is a new and ambitious initiative, sponsored by the World Bank, which is possibly the largest worldwide non-governmental enterprise aimed at producing knowledge as a public good on a global scale. Timely, original and provocative, this book is essential reading for students, researchers, policy makers and professionals with an interest in the future of the World Bank, the strategies of think tanks and the changing nature of development.

Teaching History Creatively

Author : Hilary Cooper
ISBN : 9781135115494
Genre : Education
File Size : 69. 98 MB
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Fresh and innovative, Teaching History Creatively will foster creativity in both learners and practitioners alike. By introducing teachers to a wealth of available approaches to historical enquiry, this book ensures creative, active and effective learning which includes plenty of challenges, clear goals and opportunity for progression. Underpinned by theory and research, it offers informed and practical support, illustrated throughout by examples of children’s work. Key themes addressed include: how good history education and creativity are inseparable; investigating sources: archaeology, visits and time capsules; using archives in your own research project; historical agents and history detectives!; drama for exploring events, myths and legends; communicating historical understanding creatively. Written by experienced authors with extensive experience of history teaching in the primary school, Teaching History Creatively is an essential purchase for any professional who wishes to embed creative approaches to teaching in their classroom.

East West Life Expectancy Gap In Europe

Author : C. Hertzman
ISBN : 0792342070
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 95 MB
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This volume presents the procedings of an "Advanced Research Workshop," held under the auspices of the NATO International Scientific Exchange Programme, on the Environmental and Non-environmental Determinants of the East-West Life Expectancy Gap in Europe. The workshop brought together individuals from Eastern and Western Europe and North America who had a common interest in understanding the evolution of the relative declines in life expectancy in Central and Eastern Europe, compared to the West, over the past 30 years. Between 1989 and 1993, I carried out a series of investigations into the effects of environmental pollution on human health in Central and Eastern Europe, at first, under the auspices of the World Bank, and later, under a broader multilateral, multi-agency arrangement known as the "Environment for Europe" Process. These investigations provided unparalleled access to environmental health data from the region, and offered a glimpse of what the contribution of pollution to health status was, and what it was not. At the same time, the Program in Population Health of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIAR) and the International Centre for Health and Society (ICHS) at University College, London, were embarking upon multi-disciplinary inquiries into the broad determinants of health in modern societies. The work of the CIAR provided a framework for conceptualizing the East-West life expectancy gap and its potential determinants; the work of the ICHS provided specific insights into the relative contributions of these determinants.

A History Of Farming Systems Research

Author : Michael P. Collinson
ISBN : 9780851994055
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 70 MB
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Farming Systems Research (FSR) may be defined as a diagnostic process, providing a collection of methods for researchers to understand farm households and their decision-making. Its applications use this understanding to increase efficiency in the use of human and budgetary resources for agricultural development, including research, extension and policy formulation. Initiated by the then International Association for Farming Systems Research and Extension (now International Farming Systems Association) and developed with support from FAO, this book provides a detailed history of FSR. While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small-scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries.

Ecology And Power

Author : Alf Hornborg
ISBN : 9781136335297
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 96 MB
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Power and social inequality shape patterns of land use and resource management. This book explores this relationship from different perspectives, illuminating the complexity of interactions between human societies and nature. Most of the contributors use the perspective of "political ecology" as a point of departure, recognizing that human relations to the environment and human social relations are not separate phenomena but inextricably intertwined. What makes this volume unique is that it sets this approach in a trans-disciplinary, global, and historical framework.

Internationalizing The Internet

Author : Byung-Keun Kim
ISBN : 1845426754
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 67 MB
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"This compelling book focuses on the global formation of the Internet system. It contests the common belief that the Internet's adoption was inevitable and instead examines the social and economic processes that allowed it to prevail over competing standards and methods for achieving a global information infrastructure." "Researchers and academics involved with science and technology policy, industrial and corporate change, and the information society will welcome this insightful, original and highly pertinent book. It will also be of value for anyone with an interest in how the backbone of the digital economy was formed."--BOOK JACKET.

Deploying Orientalism In Culture And History

Author : James R. Hodkinson
ISBN : 9781571135759
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 64. 58 MB
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Focuses on the cultural, philosophical, political, and scholarly uses of "orientalism" in the German-speaking and Central and Eastern European worlds from the late eighteenth century to the present day.

Orientalism Gender And The Jews

Author : Ulrike Brunotte
ISBN : 9783110339109
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 89 MB
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Originating in the collaboration of the international Research Network “Gender in Antisemitism, Orientalism and Occidentalism” (RENGOO), this collection of essays proposes to intervene in current debates about historical constructions of Jewish identity in relation to colonialism and Orientalism. The network‌’s collaborative research addresses imaginative and aesthetic rather than sociological questions with particular focus on the function of gender and sexuality in literary, scholarly and artistic transformations of Orientalist images. RENGOO’s first publication explores the ways in which stereotypes of the external and internal Other intertwine. With its interrogation of the roles assumed in this interplay by gender, processes of sexualization, and aesthetic formations, the volume suggests new directions to the interdisciplinary study of gender, antisemitism, and Orientalism.

Regional Cooperation And International Organizations

Author : Norbert Götz
ISBN : 9781134045969
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 11 MB
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This book explores the roles of national actors within international organizations, with particular emphasis on the collaborative approach adopted by Nordic governments and associations. Analyzing Nordic regional cooperation within international organizations, this volume seeks to shed light on the politics of alignment and distinct macro-regional identity-building in international arenas. Exploring the middle ground between the national and the international, contributors discuss how Nordic governments and associations have successfully created and used the image of a distinct group within the international system and where they have failed. Presenting a richer picture of international and transnational relations, the volume’s features include: a key focus on the ‘Nordic model’ with its schism in regard to the EU studies on cooperation between governments and within civil society, including trade unions and anti-EU movements contributions from Nordic and international experts highly respected in their fields Seeking to move beyond neo-realist and cosmopolitan approaches in international studies, Regional Cooperation and International Organizations will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, regionalism, Nordic studies, and Transnationalism.

Structures And Contingencies In Computerized Historical Research

Author : Association for History and Computing. International Conference
ISBN : 9065501428
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 86 MB
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The International Handbook Of Labour Unions

Author : Gregor Gall
ISBN : 9780857938053
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 15 MB
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This insightful Handbook examines how labour unions across the world have experienced and responded to the growth of neo-liberalism. Since the 1970s, the spread of neo-liberalism across the world has radically reconfigured the relationship between unions, employers and the state. The contributors highlight that this is the major cause and effect of union decline and argue that if there is to be any union revitalisation and return to former levels of influence, then unions need to respond in appropriate political and practical ways. Written in a clear and accessible style, the Handbook examines unions' efforts to date in many of the major economies of the world, providing foundations for understanding each country. Policymakers, analysts, academics, researchers and advanced students in employment, industrial and labour relations as well as political economy will find this unique Handbook an important resource to understanding the contemporary plight and activity of labour unions.

Post Cold War Identity Politics

Author : Marko Lehti
ISBN : 9781135760502
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39. 64 MB
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During the past decade northern Europe has started to assume an identity of its own. Categories of East and West have become blurred, challenging as well the idea of what it means to be Nordic. Post-Cold War Identity Politics maps this process in Scandinavia. Looking at projects designed to help regional development in the Nordic countires, it assesses whether a new way of defining 'Northern-ness' is emerging. The book highlights the existence of co-existing and - to some extent - competing region-building projects in northern Europe. It demonstrates how they are all efforts by existing nations to redefine their role in Europe at a time of change, and points to how they might develop in the future.

Who Is The European?

Author : Michael Kuhn
ISBN : 0820478954
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 27 MB
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The Hidden History Of International Law In The Americas

Author : Juan Pablo Scarfi
ISBN : 9780190622343
Genre : International law
File Size : 62. 83 MB
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International law has played a crucial role in the construction of imperial projects. Yet within the growing field of studies about the history of international law and empire, scholars have seldom considered this complicit relationship in the Americas. The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas offers the first exploration of the deployment of international law for the legitimization of U.S. ascendancy as an informal empire in Latin America. This book explores the intellectual history of a distinctive idea of American international law in the Americas, focusing principally on the evolution of the American Institute of International Law (AIIL). This organization was created by U.S. and Chilean jurists James Brown Scott and Alejandro Alvarez in Washington D.C. for the construction, development, and codification of international law across the Americas. Juan Pablo Scarfi examines the debates sparked by the AIIL over American international law, intervention and non-intervention, Pan-Americanism, the codification of public and private international law and the nature and scope of the Monroe Doctrine, as well as the international legal thought of Scott, Alvarez, and a number of jurists, diplomats, politicians, and intellectuals from the Americas. Professor Scarfi argues that American international law, as advanced primarily by the AIIL, was driven by a U.S.-led imperial aspiration of civilizing Latin America through the promotion of the international rule of law. By providing a convincing critical account of the legal and historical foundations of the Inter-American System, this book will stimulate debate among international lawyers, IR scholars, political scientists, and intellectual historians.

Crossing Borders And Shifting Boundaries

Author : Ilse Lenz
ISBN : 9783663095279
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 53 MB
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This volume introduces a gender dimension and provides new insights in the issues like nationalism and racism, identity building, transnational networking, citizenship and democracy.

International Institute Of Tropical Agriculture 1967 1997

Author : Jack Reeves
ISBN : 9781311444
Genre : Sustainable agriculture
File Size : 74. 19 MB
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Maize production; Cassava production; Yam flowering achieved to produce seeds; Cowpea production tripled worldwide; Soybean: becoming a major food in West Africa; Plantain banana.

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