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A Century Of Eugenics In America

Author : Paul A. Lombardo
ISBN : 9780253222695
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 82 MB
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In 1907, Indiana passed the world's first involuntary sterilization law based on the theory of eugenics. In time, more than 30 states and a dozen foreign countries followed suit. Although the Indiana statute was later declared unconstitutional, other laws restricting immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds were still in effect in the U.S. as late as the 1970s. A Century of Eugenics in America assesses the history of eugenics in the United States and its status in the age of the Human Genome Project. The essays explore the early support of compulsory sterilization by doctors and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the legal and social challenges to sterilization; and the prospects for a eugenics movement basing its claims on modern genetic science.

American Eugenics

Author : Nancy Ordover
ISBN : 0816635595
Genre : Medical
File Size : 70. 53 MB
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Traces the history of eugenics ideology in the United States and its ongoing presence in contemporary life. The Nazis may have given eugenics its negative connotations, but the practice--and the "science" that supports it--is still disturbingly alive in America in anti-immigration initiatives, the quest for a "gay gene, " and theories of collective intelligence. Tracing the historical roots and persistence of eugenics in the United States, Nancy Ordover explores the political and cultural climate that has endowed these campaigns with mass appeal and scientific legitimacy. American Eugenics demonstrates how biological theories of race, gender, and sexuality are crucially linked through a concern with regulating the "unfit." These links emerge in Ordover's examination of three separate but ultimately related American eugenics campaigns: early twentieth-century anti-immigration crusades; medical models and interventions imposed on (and sometimes embraced by) lesbians, gays, transgendered people, and bisexuals; and the compulsory sterilization of poor women and women of color. Throughout, her work reveals how constructed notions of race, gender, sexuality, and nation are put to ideological uses and how "faith in science" can undermine progressive social movements, drawing liberals and conservatives alike into eugenics-based discourse and policies.

Scientific Papers Of The Second International Congress Of Eugenics Eugenics In Race And State

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ISBN : IOWA:31858023000007
Genre : Eugenics
File Size : 76. 58 MB
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Eugenics And Education In America

Author : Ann Gibson Winfield
ISBN : 0820481467
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 19 MB
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Education in America was designed to organize, classify, and sort students according to a definition of ability and human worth provided by a racialized scientism known as eugenics - an ideology whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a superior White race. Eugenicists targeted entire ethnic groups, the urban poor, rural «White trash, » the sexually «deviant, » Blacks, Jews, Native Americans, Asians, Latino/as, and anyone who did not fit with the pseudo-scientifically established «superior» Nordic race. Education leaders, complaining of children of «worm-eaten stock, » established an enduring system to organize and sort students according to perceived societal worth. In exposing and addressing eugenics' place in our educational system, this book provides a groundbreaking addition to, and exceptional correction of, the history of curriculum in America.

American Journal Of Eugenics

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ISBN : WISC:89082493206
Genre : Eugenics
File Size : 53. 7 MB
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Eugenic Design

Author : Christina Cogdell
ISBN : 9780812221220
Genre : Art
File Size : 38. 79 MB
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In 1939, Vogue magazine invited commercial designer Raymond Loewy and eight of his contemporaries—including Walter Dorwin Teague, Egmont Arens, and Henry Dreyfuss—to design a dress for the "Woman of the Future" as part of its special issue promoting the New York World's Fair and its theme, "The World of Tomorrow." While focusing primarily on her clothing and accessories, many commented as well on the future woman's physique, predicting that her body and mind would be perfected through the implementation of eugenics. Industrial designers' fascination with eugenics—especially that of Norman Bel Geddes—began during the previous decade, and its principles permeated their theories of the modern design style known as "streamlining." In Eugenic Design, Christina Cogdell charts new territory in the history of industrial design, popular science, and American culture in the 1930s by uncovering the links between streamline design and eugenics, the pseudoscientific belief that the best human traits could—and should—be cultivated through selective breeding. Streamline designers approached products the same way eugenicists approached bodies. Both considered themselves to be reformers advancing evolutionary progress through increased efficiency, hygiene and the creation of a utopian "ideal type." Cogdell reconsiders the popular streamline style in U.S. industrial design and proposes that in theory, rhetoric, and context the style served as a material embodiment of eugenic ideology. With careful analysis and abundant illustrations, Eugenic Design is an ambitious reinterpretation of one of America's most significant and popular design forms, ultimately grappling with the question of how ideology influences design.

American Eugenics

Author : American Eugenics Society
ISBN : CORNELL:31924003078841
Genre : Eugenics
File Size : 63. 82 MB
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Sterilized By The State

Author : Randall Hansen
ISBN : 9781107032927
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 98 MB
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This book shows how eugenic sterilization policies were maintained after the 1940s in the United States and Canada despite the discrediting of such theories by comparable Nazi Germany policies. It focuses on the individual experience of victims of sterilization, the doctors concerned, and the mental health institutions that protected the system.

The Oxford Encyclopedia Of The Modern World

Author : Peter N. Stearns
ISBN : UCSC:32106019293023
Genre : Civilization, Modern
File Size : 56. 12 MB
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American Eugenics

Author : Mark H. Haller
ISBN : WISC:89077549194
Genre : Eugenics
File Size : 58. 54 MB
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Preaching Eugenics

Author : Christine Rosen
ISBN : 0198035640
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58. 21 MB
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With our success in mapping the human genome, the possibility of altering our genetic futures has given rise to difficult ethical questions. Although opponents of genetic manipulation frequently raise the specter of eugenics, our contemporary debates about bioethics often take place in a historical vacuum. In fact, American religious leaders raised similarly challenging ethical questions in the first half of the twentieth century. Preaching Eugenics tells how Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish leaders confronted and, in many cases, enthusiastically embraced eugenics-a movement that embodied progressive attitudes about modern science at the time. Christine Rosen argues that religious leaders pursued eugenics precisely when they moved away from traditional religious tenets. The liberals and modernists-those who challenged their churches to embrace modernity-became the eugenics movement's most enthusiastic supporters. Their participation played an important part in the success of the American eugenics movement. In the early twentieth century, leaders of churches and synagogues were forced to defend their faiths on many fronts. They faced new challenges from scientists and intellectuals; they struggled to adapt to the dramatic social changes wrought by immigration and urbanization; and they were often internally divided by doctrinal controversies among modernists, liberals, and fundamentalists. Rosen draws on previously unexplored archival material from the records of the American Eugenics Society, religious and scientific books and periodicals of the day, and the personal papers of religious leaders such as Rev. John Haynes Holmes, Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick, Rev. John M. Cooper, Rev. John A. Ryan, and biologists Charles Davenport and Ellsworth Huntington, to produce an intellectual history of these figures that is both lively and illuminating. The story of how religious leaders confronted one of the era's newest "sciences," eugenics, sheds important new light on a time much like our own, when religion and science are engaged in critical and sometimes bitter dialogue.

In The Name Of Eugenics

Author : Daniel J. Kevles
ISBN : 0674445570
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 19 MB
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A rich narrative about the science of "improving" the human race, from the 19th century to genetic engineering today.

The Unesco Courier

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ISBN : MINN:31951P00679200E
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 31. 7 MB
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Breeding And Eugenics In The American Literary Imagination

Author : Ewa Barbara Luczak
ISBN : 9781137545794
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 41. 84 MB
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A disturbing but ultimately discredited strain in American thought, eugenics was a crucial ideological force in the early twentieth century. Luczak investigates the work of writers like Jack London and Charlotte Perkins Gilman, to consider the impact of eugenic racial discourse on American literary production from 1900-1940.

The World Of Transnational Asian Americans

Author : Daizaburō Yui
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122667285
Genre : Asia
File Size : 37. 99 MB
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Eugenic Fictions

Author : Jessica Hays Baldanzi
ISBN : IND:30000082023817
Genre :
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Dysgenics

Author : Richard Lynn
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019215271
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27. 87 MB
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A review of the history of the eugenics movement and an argument for the rehabilitation of the concept.

Race Nature And Culture

Author : Peter Wade
ISBN : UOM:39015055589751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 47 MB
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A rethinking of popular political movements, this book looks at new, emerging, mass visions and analyses their impact and potential in new ways.

Eugenics

Author : Philippa Levine
ISBN : 9780199385904
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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In 1883, Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, coined the word "eugenics" to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Adapting Darwin's theory of evolution to human society, eugenics soon became a powerful, international movement, committed to using the principles of heredity and statistics to encourage healthy and discourage unhealthy reproduction. Early in the twentieth century and across the world, doctors, social reformers, and politicians turned to the new science of eugenics as a means to improve and strengthen their populations. Eugenics advocates claimed their methods would result in healthier, fitter babies and would dramatically limit human suffering. The reality was a different story. In the name of scientific progress and of human improvement, eugenicists targeted the weak and the sick, triggering coercive legislation on issues as disparate as race, gender, immigration, euthanasia, abortion, sterilization, intelligence, mental illness, and disease control. Nationalists eagerly embraced eugenics as a means to legitimize their countries' superiority and racialized assumptions, and the Nazis notoriously used eugenics to shape their "final solution." In this lucid volume, Philippa Levine tackles the intricate and controversial history of eugenics, masterfully synthesizing the enormous range of policies and experiments carried out in the name of eugenics around the world throughout the twentieth century. She questions the widespread belief that eugenics disappeared after World War II and evaluates the impact of eugenics on current reproductive and genetic sciences. Charting the development of such controversial practices as artificial insemination, sperm donation, and population control, this book offers a powerful, extraordinarily timely reflection on the frequent interplay between genetics and ethics. Eugenics may no longer be a household word, but we feel its effects even today.

Metamodern Leadership

Author : James Surwillo
ISBN : 9781635682205
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 20 MB
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The great liberal arts tradition of leadership is dead, and our twentieth-century leaders have killed it. Around the eighteenth century, the world began to revive the ancient wisdom of mankind in a period called the Enlightenment. By the late twentieth century, the truth and wisdom learned in the Enlightenment was in remission due to the fragmentation caused by new insights and complexities developed in the postmodern period. In recent years, metamodernism as a cultural era claims that thanks

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