the collapse of the common good how america s lawsuit culture undermines our freedom

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The Collapse Of The Common Good

Author : Philip K. Howard
ISBN : 9780307416988
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 37 MB
Format : PDF
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In pursuit of fairness at any cost, we have created a society paralyzed by legal fear: Doctors are paranoid and principals powerless. Little league coaches, scared of liability, stop volunteering. Schools and hospitals start to crumble. The common good fades, replaced by a cacophony of people claiming their “individual rights.” By turns funny and infuriating, this startling book dissects the dogmas of fairness that allow self-interested individuals to bully the rest of society. Philip K. Howard explains how, trying to honor individual rights, we removed the authority needed to maintain a free society. Teachers don’t even have authority to maintain order in the classroom. With no one in charge, the safe course is to avoid any possible risk. Seesaws and diving boards are removed. Ridiculous warning labels litter the American landscape: “Caution: Contents Are Hot.” Striving to protect “individual rights,” we ended up losing much of our freedom. When almost any decision that someone disagrees with is a possible lawsuit, no one knows where he stands. A huge monument to the unknown plaintiff looms high above America, casting a dark shadow across our daily choices. Today, in the land of free speech, you’d have to be a fool to say what you really think. This provocative book not only attacks the sacred cows of political correctness, but takes a breathtakingly bold stand on how to reinvigorate our common good. Only by restoring personal authority can schools begin to work again. Only by judges and legislatures taking back the authority to decide who can sue for what can doctors feel comfortable using their best judgment and American be liberated to say and do what they know is right. Lucid, honest, and hard hitting, The Collapse of the Common Good shows how Americans can bring back freedom and common sense to a society disabled by lawyers and legal fear. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Das Recht Der Freiheit

Author : Axel Honneth
ISBN : 9783518746806
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 38 MB
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Die Theorie der Gerechtigkeit gehört zu den am intensivsten bestellten Feldern der zeitgenössischen Philosophie. Allerdings haben die meisten Gerechtigkeitstheorien ihr hohes Begründungsniveau nur um den Preis eines schweren Defizits erreicht, denn mit ihrer Fixierung auf rein normative, abstrakte Prinzipien geraten sie in beträchtliche Distanz zu jener Sphäre, die ihr »Anwendungsbereich« ist: der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit. Axel Honneth schlägt einen anderen Weg ein und gewinnt die heute maßgeblichen Kriterien sozialer Gerechtigkeit direkt aus jenen normativen Ansprüchen, die sich innerhalb der westlichen, liberaldemokratischen Gesellschaften herausgebildet haben. Zusammen machen sie das aus, was er »demokratische Sittlichkeit« nennt: ein System nicht nur rechtlich verankerter, sondern auch institutionell eingespielter Handlungsnormen, die moralische Legitimität besitzen. Zur Begründung dieses weitreichenden Unterfangens weist Honneth zunächst nach, daß alle wesentlichen Handlungssphären westlicher Gesellschaften ein Merkmal teilen: Sie haben den Anspruch, einen jeweils besonderen Aspekt von individueller Freiheit zu verwirklichen. Im Geiste von Hegels Rechtsphilosophie und unter anerkennungstheoretischen Vorzeichen zeigt das zentrale Kapitel, wie in konkreten gesellschaftlichen Bereichen – in persönlichen Beziehungen, im marktvermittelten Wirtschaftshandeln und in der politischen Öffentlichkeit – die Prinzipien individueller Freiheit generiert werden, die die Richtschnur für Gerechtigkeit bilden. Das Ziel des Buches ist ein höchst anspruchsvolles: die Gerechtigkeitstheorie als Gesellschaftsanalyse neu zu begründen.

The Public Order And The Sacred Order

Author : Stephen M. Krason
ISBN : 9780810863972
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30. 92 MB
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The Public Order and the Sacred Order evaluates a range of contemporary social and political questions in light of Catholic social teaching, philosophy, great political thinkers, and America's founding tradition. It treats a wide range of topics, including · economics · education · free speech · abortion · church-state relations · American legal trends · international politics Through discussions of these and other issues confronting contemporary American society, author Stephen M. Krason offers a scholarly social commentary, suggests means for a reconstruction of sound social and political thought, and calls for a renewal of American institutions, politics, and culture. The book is structured in three parts: Part I sets out foundational principles guided by Catholic social teaching, philosophical reasoning, Western political thought, and the American founding; Part II examines and evaluates the numerous issues in light of the principles set out in Part I; and Part III provides approaches to the issues-both general and specific policy ideas-consonant with the foundational principles set out in Part I. There is also a volume of important Catholic Church documents, Supreme Court cases, and excerpts of important writings in the history of Western and American political thought that let the reader examine directly many documents discussed in the text of the book. Along with being a strong and focused defense of traditional Catholic approaches to the questions of our time, the vast array of material covered makes this book an invaluable reference for anyone interested in contemporary politics.

Mass Flourishing

Author : Edmund S. Phelps
ISBN : 9781400848294
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50. 32 MB
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In this book, Nobel Prize-winning economist Edmund Phelps draws on a lifetime of thinking to make a sweeping new argument about what makes nations prosper--and why the sources of that prosperity are under threat today. Why did prosperity explode in some nations between the 1820s and 1960s, creating not just unprecedented material wealth but "flourishing"--meaningful work, self-expression, and personal growth for more people than ever before? Phelps makes the case that the wellspring of this flourishing was modern values such as the desire to create, explore, and meet challenges. These values fueled the grassroots dynamism that was necessary for widespread, indigenous innovation. Most innovation wasn't driven by a few isolated visionaries like Henry Ford and Steve Jobs; rather, it was driven by millions of people empowered to think of, develop, and market innumerable new products and processes, and improvements to existing ones. Mass flourishing--a combination of material well-being and the "good life" in a broader sense--was created by this mass innovation. Yet indigenous innovation and flourishing weakened decades ago. In America, evidence indicates that innovation and job satisfaction have decreased since the late 1960s, while postwar Europe has never recaptured its former dynamism. The reason, Phelps argues, is that the modern values underlying the modern economy are under threat by a resurgence of traditional, corporatist values that put the community and state over the individual. The ultimate fate of modern values is now the most pressing question for the West: will Western nations recommit themselves to modernity, grassroots dynamism, indigenous innovation, and widespread personal fulfillment, or will we go on with a narrowed innovation that limits flourishing to a few? A book of immense practical and intellectual importance, Mass Flourishing is essential reading for anyone who cares about the sources of prosperity and the future of the West.

Civil Justice Reconsidered

Author : Steven P. Croley
ISBN : 9781479855001
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 93 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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"In Civil Justice Reconsidered, Steven Croley demonstrates that civil litigation is, for the most part, socially beneficial. An effective civil litigation system is accessible to parties who have suffered legal wrongs, and it is reliable in the sense that those with stronger claims tend to prevail over those with weaker claims. However, while most of the system's failures are overstated, they are not wholly off base; civil litigation often imposes excessive costs that, among other unfortunate consequences, impede access to the courts, and Croley offers ways to reform civil litigation in the interest of justice for potential plaintiffs and defendants, and for the rule of law itself"--Publisher's web site, viewed February 10, 2017.

The Parenting Journey

Author : Gregory K. Moffatt
ISBN : 0275979032
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 44. 84 MB
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Provides prospective parents with a guide for child rearing by examining the cognitive, emotional, and physical development stages of childhood.

Friend V Friend

Author : Ethan J. Leib
ISBN : 9780199739608
Genre : Law
File Size : 36. 94 MB
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In Friend v. Friend, Ethan J. Leib takes stock of this most ancient of social institutions and its ongoing transformations, and contends that it could benefit from better and more sensitive public policies. Leib shows that the law has not kept up with changes in our society: it sanctifies traditional family structures but has no thoughtful approach to other aspects of our private lives. Leib contrasts our excessive legal sensitivity to marriage and families with the lack of legal attention to friendship, and shows why more legal attention to friendship could actually improve our public institutions and our civil society. He offers a number of practical proposals that can support new patterns of interpersonal affinity without making friendship an onerous legal burden. --

The Liability Century

Author : Kenneth S. Abraham
ISBN : 0674033779
Genre : Law
File Size : 68. 27 MB
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Kenneth Abraham explores the development and interdependency of the tort liability regime and the insurance system in the United States during the twentieth century and beyond, including the events of September 11, 2001. From its beginning late in the nineteenth century, the availability of liability insurance led to the creation of new forms of liability, heavily influenced expansion of the liabilities that already existed, and continually promoted increases in the amount of money that was awarded in tort suits. A "liability-and-insurance spiral" emerged, in which the availability of liability insurance encouraged the imposition of more liability, and, in turn, the imposition of liability encouraged the further spread of insurance. Liability insurance was not merely a source of funding for ever-greater amounts of tort liability. Liability insurers came to dominate tort litigation. They defended lawsuits against their policyholders, and they decided which cases to settle, fight, or appeal. The very idea behind insurance--that spreading losses among large numbers of policyholders is desirable--came to influence the ideology of tort law. To serve the aim of loss spreading, liability had to expand. Today the tort liability and insurance systems constantly interact, and to reform one the role of the other must be fully understood.

Nafta Neocolonialism

Author : Laurence French
ISBN : 0761828907
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 96 MB
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This work is a study of the impacts of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). By focusing on the issue of justice in the contexts of globalization and neo-colonialism, the book contributes to a broader discussion of the significance of NAFTA. Authors Laurence French and Magdaleno ManzanOrez emphasize cultural and ethnic issues in the relations of NAFTA partners and enrich treatment of the topic by bringing to bear sociology, political science, justice studies, psychology, and educational theory. The authors relate classical sociological theory to contemporary issues of social and criminal justice.

Retired With Husband

Author : Mary Louise Floyd
ISBN : 1889242268
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 51. 88 MB
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A reference for ambitious and high-energy married women on the brink of retirement outlines specific recommendations for incorporating lifestyle changes to ease the transition out of the working world, in a reference that outlines a retirement plan in the style of a goal-oriented mission statement.

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