sodium fast reactors with closed fuel cycle

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Sodium Fast Reactors With Closed Fuel Cycle

Author : Baldev Raj
ISBN : 9781466587694
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 79 MB
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Sodium Fast Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle delivers a detailed discussion of an important technology that is being harnessed for commercial energy production in many parts of the world. Presenting the state of the art of sodium-cooled fast reactors with closed fuel cycles, this book: Offers in-depth coverage of reactor physics, materials, design, safety analysis, validations, engineering, construction, and commissioning aspects Features a special chapter on allied sciences to highlight advanced reactor core materials, specialized manufacturing technologies, chemical sensors, in-service inspection, and simulators Addresses design essentials with a focus on reactor assembly including core and coolant circuits, fuel handling, instrumentation and control, energy conversion, and containment systems Provides design codes and standards with sufficient background information to ensure a solid understanding of the underlying mechanics Supplies guidelines for concept selection, design, analysis, and validation Sodium Fast Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle is a valuable reference for industry professionals involved in the construction of fast-reactor power plants, as well as graduate-level engineering students of the design and development of sodium-cooled fast-reactor systems and components.

Minor Actinide Transmutation Physics For Low Conversion Ratio Sodium Fast Reactors

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:727349129
Genre :
File Size : 66. 54 MB
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The effects of varying the reprocessing strategy used in the closed cycle of a Sodium Fast Reactor (SNF) prototype are presented in this paper. The isotopic vector from the aqueous separation of transuranic (TRU) elements in Light Water Reactor (LWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is assumed to also vary according to the reprocessing strategy of the closed fuel cycle. The decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission of the fuel discharge at equilibrium are found to vary depending on the separation strategy. The SFR core used in this study corresponds to a burner configuration with a conversion ratio of ~0.5 based on the Super-PRISM design. The reprocessing strategies stemming from the choice of either metal or oxide fuel for the SFR are found to have a large impact on the equilibrium discharge decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission. Specifically, metal fuel SFR with pyroprocessing of the discharge produces the largest amount of TRU consumption (166 kg per Effective Full Power Year or EFPY), but also the highest decay heat, gamma energy, and neutron emission. On the other hand, an oxide fuel SFR with PUREX reprocessing minimizes the decay heat and related parameters of interest to a minimum, even when compared to thermal Mixed Oxide (MOX) or Inert Matrix Fuel (IMF) on a per mass basis. On an assembly basis, however, the metal SFR discharge has a lower decay heat than an equivalent oxide SFR assembly for similar minor actinide consumptions (~160 kg/EFPY.) Another disadvantage in the oxide PUREX reprocessing scenario is that there is no consumption of americium and curium, since PUREX reprocessing separates these minor actinides (MA) and requires them to be disposed of externally.

Basic Research Needs For Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems

Author : J. B. Roberto
ISBN : CORNELL:31924107989323
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 4 MB
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Asia S Energy Challenge

Author : Minsoo Lee
ISBN : 9781317666738
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 22 MB
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Of policy recommendations3 Energy security, sustainability, and affordability in Asia and the Pacific; Introduction; Indicators; Indexes from 2010 to 2035; The benefits of integration; International benchmarking; Alternative scenarios; Conclusions and policy recommendations; 4 Energy access and energy security in Asia and the Pacific; Introduction; Defining energy poverty and access; Energy access as an energy security concern; Financing sustainable energy for all; Policy recommendations; Part III Energy and the environment.

Issues In Water And Power Engineering 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464965807
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 49 MB
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Issues in Water and Power Engineering / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Water and Power Engineering. The editors have built Issues in Water and Power Engineering: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Water and Power Engineering in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Water and Power Engineering: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Beyond Oil And Gas

Author : George A. Olah
ISBN : 9783527644636
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 67 MB
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The world is currently consuming about 85 million barrels of oil a day, and about two-thirds as much natural gas equivalent, both derived from non-renewable natural sources. In the foreseeable future, our energy needs will come from any available alternate source. Methanol is one such viable alternative, and also offers a convenient solution for efficient energy storage on a large scale. In this updated and enlarged edition, renowned chemists discuss in a clear and readily accessible manner the pros and cons of humankind's current main energy sources, while providing new ways to overcome obstacles. Following an introduction, the authors look at the interrelationship of fuels and energy, and at the extent of our non-renewable fossil fuels. They also discuss the hydrogen economy and its significant shortcomings. The main focus is on the conversion of CO2 from industrial as well as natural sources into liquid methanol and related DME, a diesel fuel substitute that can replace LNG and LPG. The book is rounded off with an optimistic look at future possibilities. A forward-looking and inspiring work that vividly illustrates potential solutions to our energy and environmental problems.

Partitionierung Und Transmutation

Author : Ortwin Renn
ISBN : 9783831643806
Genre :
File Size : 39. 97 MB
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Als die deutsche Bundesregierung im Juni 2011 die Energiewende verkündete, läutete sie damit gleichzeitig das Ende der Kernenergienutzung zur Stromproduktion ein. Bis zum Jahr 2022 soll kein deutsches Kernkraftwerk mehr Strom produzieren. Allerdings ist die Frage nach der Endlagerung radioaktiver Abfälle nicht beantwortet. Bislang ist weltweit noch kein Endlager für wärmeentwickelnde Abfälle in Betrieb. Hinsichtlich der Langzeitsicherheit eines Endlagers ist neben Art und Menge der Abfälle auch die Dauer entscheidend, über die die Abfälle sicher aufbewahrt werden müssen. Eine Möglichkeit, das Langzeit-Gefährdungspotenzial wärmeentwickelnder Abfälle zu verringern, könnte Partitionierung und Transmutation (P&T) sein, eine Technik, die sich derzeit in Forschung und Entwicklung befindet. In einem interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekt wurden die technischen und gesellschaftlichen Chancen und Risiken von P&T anhand von Szenarien untersucht. Das übergeordnete Ziel war es, eine sachgerechte und ausgewogene Grundlage zu erarbeiten, anhand derer entschieden werden kann, wie sich Deutschland in Fragen der P&T-Forschung zukünftig positionieren möchte. Die vorliegende acatech STUDIE fasst die Ergebnisse des Forschungsprojekts zusammen und gibt Aufschluss über die Möglichkeiten und Perspektiven von P&T in Deutschland.

Superfuel

Author : Richard Martin
ISBN : 9780230341913
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 63 MB
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A riveting look at how an alternative source of energy is revoluntionising nuclear power, promising a safe and clean future for millions, and why thorium was sidelined at the height of the Cold War In this groundbreaking account of an energy revolution in the making, award-winning science writer Richard Martin introduces us to thorium, a radioactive element and alternative nuclear fuel that is far safer, cleaner, and more abundant than uranium. At the dawn of the Atomic Age, thorium and uranium seemed to be in close competition as the fuel of the future. Uranium, with its ability to undergo fission and produce explosive material for atomic weapons, won out over its more pacific sister element, relegating thorium to the dustbin of science. Now, as we grapple with the perils of nuclear energy and rogue atomic weapons, and mankind confronts the specter of global climate change, thorium is re-emerging as the overlooked energy source as a small group of activists and outsiders is working, with the help of Silicon Valley investors, to build a thorium-power industry. In the first book mainstream book to tackle these issues, Superfuel is a story of rediscovery of a long lost technology that has the power to transform the world's future, and the story of the pacifists, who were sidelined in favour of atomic weapon hawks, but who can wean us off our fossil-fuel addiction and avert the risk of nuclear meltdown for ever.

Nuclear Systems

Author : Neil E. Todreas
ISBN : 9780415802871
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 92 MB
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Nuclear power is in the midst of a generational change—with new reactor designs, plant subsystems, fuel concepts, and other information that must be explained and explored—and after the 2011 Japan disaster, nuclear reactor technologies are, of course, front and center in the public eye. Written by leading experts from MIT, Nuclear Systems Volume I: Thermal Hydraulic Fundamentals, Second Edition provides an in-depth introduction to nuclear power, with a focus on thermal hydraulic design and analysis of the nuclear core. A close examination of new developments in nuclear systems, this book will help readers—particularly students—to develop the knowledge and design skills required to improve the next generation of nuclear reactors. Includes a CD-ROM with Extensive Tables for Computation Intended for experts and senior undergraduate/early-stage graduate students, the material addresses: Different types of reactors Core and plant performance measures Fission energy generation and deposition Conservation equations Thermodynamics Fluid flow Heat transfer Imparting a wealth of knowledge, including their longtime experience with the safety aspects of nuclear installations, authors Todreas and Kazimi stress the integration of fluid flow and heat transfer, various reactor types, and energy source distribution. They cover recent nuclear reactor concepts and systems, including Generation III+ and IV reactors, as well as new power cycles. The book features new chapter problems and examples using concept parameters, and a solutions manual is available with qualifying course adoption.

Physics Of Plutonium Recycling Plutonium Recycling In Fast Reactors

Author : NEA Nuclear Science Committee. Working Party on Physics of Plutonium Recycling
ISBN : UOM:39015035738783
Genre : Plutonium as fuel
File Size : 48. 39 MB
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