pathways to language from fetus to adolescent developing child the developing child

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Pathways To Language

Author : Kyra KARMILOFF
ISBN : 0674039327
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79. 58 MB
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Our journey to language begins before birth, as babies in the womb hear clearly enough to distinguish their mother's voice. Canvassing a broad span of experimental and theoretical approaches, this book introduces new ways of looking at language development. A remarkable mother-daughter collaboration, "Pathways to Language" balances the respected views of a well-known scholar with the fresh perspective of a younger colleague prepared to challenge current popular positions in these debates. The result is an unusually subtle, even-handed, and comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of language acquisition, from fetal speech processing to the development of child grammar to the sophisticated linguistic accomplishments of adolescence, such as engaging in conversation and telling a story. With examples from the real world as well as from the psychology laboratory, Kyra Karmiloff and Annette Karmiloff-Smith look in detail at the way language users appropriate words and grammar. They present in-depth evaluations of different theories of language acquisition. They show how adolescent usage has changed the meaning of certain phrases, and how modern living has led to alterations in the lexicon. They also consider the phenomenon of atypical language development, as well as theoretical issues of nativism and empiricism and the specificity of human language. Their nuanced and open-minded approach allows readers to survey the complexity and breadth of the fascinating pathways to language acquisition.

Understanding Human Development

Author : Stephanie Thornton
ISBN : 9781137294494
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54. 26 MB
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How does a fertilized egg become a person? How do the processes which shape the common features of human development also produce the rich variety of individual diversity? Understanding Human Development explores these questions in a lively and wide-ranging survey of the subject, offering both a topical and a chronological view of development. The author critically reviews research on human development from the earliest studies to the theories and issues of the 21st century, including recent breakthroughs in neuropsychology, cross-cultural psychology and in the application of dynamic systems theory. Coverage of methodology and ethics combined with thorough revision summaries in each chapter make this an invaluable introduction for students of developmental psychology. STUDENT SUPPLEMENTS * Companion Website at www.palgrave.com/psychology/thornton: Offers a range of study tools such as Chapter Summaries, Study Skills FAQ with links to useful websites, and an interview with the author. LECTURER SUPPLEMENTS * Companion Website at www.palgrave.com/psychology/thornton: Includes notes on how to use this book in your course, a complete bibliography as a resource for reading list construction, Teaching Aids section with links to other useful websites, Research Updates section, and access to all student resources.

Narrative Development In Young Children

Author : Elena T. Levy
ISBN : 9781316298848
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78. 69 MB
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As children begin to use language in early childhood, they produce increasingly large units of coherent speech, including narrative descriptions of events. This book examines the process of narrative development in young children, focusing on the development of 'cohesion' - the use of speech and gesture to create coherent perspectives on events. Surveying early narrative development in which gesture plays an integral part, the book explores the development of cohesive, clause-linking devices during the period from age two to three. Illustrated with longitudinal cases studies, the book examines the crib-talk of two-year-old Emily and compares it to the discourse patterns of storybooks and nursery rhymes, and to her father's pre-bedtime routines. In a second case study, the authors trace the changing relationships between speech and gesture in the spontaneous narratives of two-year-old Ella. This book will be invaluable to students and researchers in language acquisition, developmental psychology and gesture studies.

Sprachtherapie Mit Kindern

Author : Andreas Mayer
ISBN : 9783825287146
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 97 MB
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Kinder im Vor- und Grundschulalter können von vielfältigen Sprachstörungen in den Bereichen Phonologie, Semantik, Grammatik, Pragmatik, Schrift, Sprechflüssigkeit und Kommunikation betroffen sein. Mit diesem Lehrbuch geben die AutorInnen einen umfassenden Überblick über die theoretischen Hintergründe und praktischen Möglichkeiten der Sprachtherapie mit Kindern. Sie erläutern den Verlauf der ungestörten Entwicklung, Störungsbilder, diagnostische und therapeutische Methoden sowie unterrichtsintegrierte Fördermöglichkeiten bei kindlichen Sprach-, Sprech-, Redefluss- und Kommunikationsstörungen. Ein umfangreiches Kompendium der Sprachtherapie.

From Action To Cognition

Author : Claes Von Hofsten
ISBN : 0080553435
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 92 MB
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Extensive neurophysiological and neuropsychological evidence show that perception, action, and cognition are closely related in the brain and develop in parallel to one another. Thus, perception, cognition, and social functioning are all anchored in the actions of the child. Actions reflect the motives, the problems to be solved, and the constraints and possibilities of the child’s body and sensory-motor system. The developing brain accumulates experiences, which it translates into knowledge used in planning future actions. Such knowledge is available because events are governed by rules and regulations. The present volume discusses all these aspects of how action and cognition are related in development.

On Wings Of Faith And Reason

Author : Craig Steven Titus
ISBN : 0977310337
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 41 MB
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The distinctive contribution that Christianity makes to investigations of culture and science is that of a coherent vision of truth--a unifying truth that takes flight on the two wings of faith and reason. Against methodological reductionism, philosophical nihilism, and postmodern skepticism, such a vision affirms that the unity of truth is ultimate and personal and that science and culture participate therein according to their own geniuses. On Wings of Faith and Reason provides reasons for a unified vision of truth, while giving examples of the roles that faith and reason play in scientific activities and cultural expressions. Contributing authors from the fields of medicine, ethics, philosophy, and theology argue that Christianity makes a difference, not only in providing an understanding of the ultimate origin and end of the human person, but in contributing to practical applications. Christianity offers assurance about the course of scientific and cultural inquiry, while encouraging creative expression and personal excellence in its execution. Against fideists, it is argued that reason has a differentiated role to play in Christian efforts and theological investigations. Against rationalists, it is argued not only that faith builds up reason without making it a-rational or irrational, but also that it is a source of knowledge, the denial of which restricts not only our passive reception and active observation of reality, but also our creative responses to it. The image of two wings affirms that faith and reason exercise distinct roles, not the same role, in a unified flight of knowledge. It refutes the idea that isolated one-dimensional theories of truth will satisfy. The contributors are Jude Dougherty, Kevin L. Flannery, John Haas, Peter Kreeft, Richard John Neuhaus, Edmund Pellegrino, and Robert Sokolowski. ABOUT THE EDITOR: Craig Steven Titus is research professor at the Institute for the Psychological Sciences, as well as lecturer and researcher at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. He is coeditor of The Pinckaers Reader and author of Resilience and the Virtue of Fortitude, both published by CUA Press. He is also editor of the first volume in the John Henry Cardinal Newman Lecture Series, titled The Person and the Polis. PRAISE FOR THE BOOK: "This wonderfully readable volume collects seven essays delivered by leading Catholic scholars in the 2002-2003 John Henry Cardinal Newman Lecture Series sponsored by the Institute for the Psychological Sciences."--Matthew Levering, National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly

Bios Instant Notes In Cognitive Psychology

Author : Jackie Andrade
ISBN : 0203488296
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 45 MB
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Instant Notes in Cognitive Psychology is a concise summary of the key theoretical and empirical topics in cognitive psychology, providing easy access to the core information in the field. The book can serve as a core text, supplemented by readings in the original literature, as a reference guide for students and lecturers alike, or as an ideal revision guide prior to exams. Instant Notes in Cognitive Psychology is intended primarily for students taking a first course in the subject, but can also be used as an introduction to the field for undergraduates and graduates from other subject areas.

Handbuch Spracherwerb Und Sprachentwicklungsst Rungen

Author : Steffi Sachse
ISBN : 9783437168727
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 63. 5 MB
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Je früher Anzeichen für eine verzögerte Sprachentwicklung erkannt werden, umso besser! Wie weit ist der Stand der Wissenschaft, was weiß man über frühe Prädiktoren, wer kann wann welche Diagnostik einsetzen und welche therapeutischen Maßnahmen haben erwiesenermaßen einen Nutzen? Alle insgesamt 5 Bänder der Reihe folgen einer einheitlichen inhaltlichen Struktur: Ungestörter Spracherwerb: Der ungestörte Spracherwerb wird für die jeweils behandelte Altersgruppe dargestellt – mit einer Einordnung zu Grundannahmen sowie theoretischen Ansätzen zum Spracherwerb. Gestörter Spracherwerb: Wie erkennen Sie ihn? Beschreibungen zu altersgruppenbezogenen Symptomatiken von Sprachentwicklungsstörungen geben Ihnen die entscheidenen Hinweise. Fall- und Therapiebeschreibungen: Therapieansätze samt ihrer Evidenzbasierung und/oder Fallbeschreibungen unterstützen Sie in Ihrer täglichen Arbeit. In der Reihe sind bisher erschienen: Kindergartenphase (ISBN 978-3-437-44526-2), Schuleingangsphase (ISBN 978-3-437-44422-7), Jugend- und Erwachsenenalter (ISBN 978-3-437-44536-1) Mehrsprachigkeit (ISBN 978-3-437-44506-4)

Cognitive Developmental Change

Author : Andreas Demetriou
ISBN : 113944221X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20. 89 MB
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Cognitive Developmental Change makes a fascinating contribution to the fields of developmental, cognitive and educational science by bringing together a uniquely diverse range of perspectives for analysing the dynamics of change. Connecting traditional Piagetian, information processing, and psychometric approaches with newer frameworks for the analysis of developmental change it provides the reader with an account of the latest theory and research at the time of publication. The contributors to the volume, all internationally respected experts, were asked when writing to consider three main aspects of cognitive change. Its object (what changes in the mind during development), its nature (how does change occur?) and its causes (why does change occur? Or, what are the internal and external factors responsible for cognitive change?). As a result chapters cover key theories of cognitive change, the factors that affect change including neurological, emotional and socio-cultural factors and methods for measuring and modelling change.

Literacy Development In Early Childhood

Author : Beverly Otto
ISBN : 9781478631125
Genre : Education
File Size : 62. 95 MB
Format : PDF
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Written by an author with more than 25 years of experience in the emergent literacy field, this popular text provides a comprehensive overview of literacy development from infancy through the primary grades, emphasizing the role of oral language as a foundation for literacy, home–school connections, and cultural influences on literacy development. Chapters follow a logical sequence, from identification of the signs of early literacy behaviors to developmentally appropriate strategies for enhancing those behaviors. Observation and assessment forms for classroom use are integrated throughout. This highly regarded guide helps teachers become thoughtful mediators in children’s transactions with literacy. Additional features: Provides teachers with tools for reflective literacy instruction. The text’s organization and narrative encourages pre-service teachers to become effective decision makers who select and implement instructional strategies based on their knowledge of individual children’s emergent literacy behaviors and needs. Explores literacy strategies through classroom- and home-based examples and vignettes. Numerous vignettes and examples of teacher–child interactions demonstrate literacy scaffolding in an applied and authentic manner. Supports teachers in multicultural and urban settings. An emphasis on linguistic and cultural diversity—including an array of strategies for English language learners—provides today’s teachers with the knowledge to help all children succeed.

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