gaia a new look at life on earth oxford landmark science

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Gaia

Author : James Lovelock
ISBN : 0192860305
Genre : Nature
File Size : 27. 68 MB
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The Gaia hypothesis, first put forth in the mid-1960s, and published in book form in 1975, has had a radical effect on scientific views of evolution and the environment. Fiercely debated by biologists, chemists, and cyberneticists, it has been the subject of numerous conferences and a BBC special which aired on public TV's "Nova" series. Green Peace and other environmental groups have embraced the theory, and Isaac Asimov incorporated it into two his science fiction novels. Now, James Lovelock provides a new preface to his his seminal work, confronting his critics, and, addressing the current advances in science and technology, demonstrates how his predictions have already begun to be fulfilled. According to the Gaia hypothesis, the environment does not coincidentally support life on earth; rather the two interact much the way a bird and its nest interact. "The Earth's living matter," writes Lovelock, "air, oceans, and land surface form a complex system which can be seen as a single organism and which has the capacity to keep our planet a fit place for life." This revolutionary book offers the clearest explanation of the interaction of life and the environment.

Gaia A New Look At Life On Earth

Author : James Lovelock
ISBN : 0192862189
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 11 MB
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In this classic work that continues to inspire its many readers, Jim Lovelock puts forward his idea that life on earth functions as a single organism. Written for non-scientists, Gaia is a journey through time and space in search of evidence with which to support a new and radically different model of our planet. In contrast to conventional belief that living matter is passive in the face of threats to its existence, the book explores the hypothesis that the earth's livingmatter air, ocean, and land surfaces forms a complex system that has the capacity to keep the Earth a fit place for life.Since Gaia was first published, many of Jim Lovelock's predictions have come true and his theory has become a hotly argued topic in scientific circles. In a new Preface to this reissued title, he outlines his present state of the debate.

Gaia A New Look At Life On Earth

Author : James Lovelock
ISBN : UOM:39015000306889
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 99 MB
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The Gaia hypothesis, first put forth in the mid-1960s, and published in book form in 1975, explores the idea that the life of earth functions as a single organism which actually defines and maintains conditions necessary for its survival. Disclaiming the conventional belief that living matter reacts passively in the face of threats to its existence, Lovelock argues that the earth's living matter - air, ocean, and land surfaces - forms a complex system which has the capacity to keep our planet a fit place for life. Now reissued with an updated preface which discusses how Lovelock's predictions have already begun to hold true, Gaia has dramatically altered the way scientists view evolution and the environment.

The Routledge Handbook Of Postsecularity

Author : Justin Beaumont
ISBN : 9781315307817
Genre : Religion
File Size : 82. 17 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Postsecularity offers an internationally significant and comprehensive interdisciplinary collection which provides a series of critical reviews of the current state of the art and future trends in philosophical, theoretical, and conceptual terms. The volume likewise presents a range of empirical knowledges and engagements with postsecularity. A critical yet sympathetic dialogue across disciplinary divides in an international context ensures that the volume covers a wide and interrelated intellectual and geographical scope. The editor’s introduction with Klaus Eder offers a robust foundation for the volume, setting out the central aims and objectives, the rationale for the contributions, and an outline of the structure. Thorny issues of normativity and empirical challenges are highlighted for the reader. The handbook comprises four interrelated sections. Part I: Philosophical meditations discusses postsecularity from philosophical standpoints, and Part II: Theological perspectives presents contributions from a variety of theological viewpoints. Part III: Theory, space, social relations contains pieces from geography, planning, sociology, and religious studies that delve into theoretically informed empirical implications of postsecularity. Part IV: Political and social engagement offers chapters that emphasize the political and social implications of the debate. In the Afterword, Eduardo Mendieta joins the editor to reflect on the notion of reflexive secularization across the volume as a whole, alluding to new lines of inquiry. The handbook is an invaluable guide for graduate and advanced undergraduate teaching, and a key reference for students and scholars of human geography, sociology, political science, applied philosophy, urban and public theology, planning, and urban studies.

Ireland And Ecocriticism

Author : Eóin Flannery
ISBN : 9781135108991
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 64. 61 MB
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This book is the first truly interdisciplinary intervention into the burgeoning field of Irish ecological criticism. Providing original and nuanced readings of Irish cultural texts and personalities in terms of contemporary ecological criticism, Flannery’s readings of Irish literary fiction, poetry, travel writing, non-fiction, and essay writing are ground-breaking in their depth and scope. Explorations of figures and texts from Irish cultural and political history, including John McGahern, Derek Mahon, Roger Casement, and Tim Robinson, among many others, enable and invigorate the discipline of Irish cultural studies, and international ecocriticism on the whole. This book addresses the need to impress the urgency of lateral ecological awareness and responsibility among Irish cultural and political commentators; to highlight continuities and disparities between Irish ecological thought, writing, and praxis, and those of differential international writers, critics, and activists; and to establish both the singularity and contiguity of Irish ecological criticism to the wider international field of ecological criticism. With the introduction of concepts such as ecocosmopolitanism, "deep" history, ethics of proximity, Gaia Theory, urban ecology, and postcolonial environmentalism to Irish cultural studies, it takes Irish cultural studies in bracing new directions. Flannery furnishes working examples of the necessary interdisciplinarity of ecological criticism, and impresses the relevance of the Irish context to the broader debates within international ecological criticism. Crucially, the volume imports ecological critical paradigms into the field of Irish studies, and demonstrates the value of such conceptual dialogue for the future of Irish cultural and political criticism. This pioneering intervention exhibits the complexity of different Irish cultural and historical responses to ecological exploitation, degradation, and social justice.

Terraforming

Author : Chris Pak
ISBN : 9781781382844
Genre : Environmentalism
File Size : 69. 73 MB
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Terraforming is the process of making other worlds habitable for human life. Its counterpart on Earth - geoengineering - is receiving serious consideration as a way to address climate change. Contemporary environmental awareness and our understanding of climate change is influenced by science fiction, and terraforming in particular has offered scientists, philosophers, and others a motif for thinking in complex ways about our impact on planetary environments. This book asks how science fiction has imagined how we shape both our world and other planets and how stories of terraforming reflect on science, society and environmentalism. It traces the growth of the motif of terraforming in science fiction from H.G. Wells's The War of the Worlds (1898) to James Cameron's blockbuster Avatar (2009), in stories by such writers as Olaf Stapledon, Ray Bradbury, Robert Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, Frank Herbert, Ursula K. Le Guin, Ernest Callenbach, Pamela Sargent, Frederick Turner and Kim Stanley Robinson. It argues for terraforming as a nexus for environmental philosophy, the pastoral, ecology, the Gaia hypothesis, and the politics of colonisation and habitation. Amidst contemporary anxieties about climate change, terraforming offers an important vantage from which to consider the ways humankind shapes and is shaped by their world.

A Companion To Science Fiction

Author : David Seed
ISBN : 9781405144582
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 32. 35 MB
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A Companion to Science Fiction assembles essays by aninternational range of scholars which discuss the contexts, themesand methods used by science fiction writers. This Companion conveys the scale and variety of sciencefiction. Shows how science fiction has been used as a means of debatingcultural issues. Essays by an international range of scholars discuss thecontexts, themes and methods used by science fiction writers. Addresses general topics, such as the history and origins ofthe genre, its engagement with science and gender, and nationalvariations of science fiction around the English-speakingworld. Maps out connections between science fiction, television, thecinema, virtual reality technology, and other aspects of theculture. Includes a section focusing on major figures, such as H.G.Wells, Arthur C. Clarke, and Ursula Le Guin. Offers close readings of particular novels, from MaryShelley’s Frankenstein to Margaret Atwood’sThe Handmaid’s Tale.

Hpb

Author : S. L. Cranston
ISBN : PSU:000055352598
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 89. 73 MB
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The Elements Of Earth Mysteries

Author : Philip Heselton
ISBN : 1852302283
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 63. 84 MB
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What is involved in the study of Earth mysteries? Does an Earth energy really exist? How did the ancient people use this energy for fertility and healing at those places that were considered sacred? This text urges the reader to recognize the Earth as a living being and claims that insights revealed by Earth mysteries may be vital for survival. Topics covered include: leys; dowsing; folklore; visiting ancient sites; and the use of both analytical and intuitive methods to investigate the existence of energy running through the Earth.

Author : Jane Goodall
ISBN : 9789960542607
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 68 MB
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"إن كنت ترغب في أن تعي مجدداً متعة الأكل، معجزة الطعام، والقوة التي يملكها كل واحد منا من خلال الطريقة التي نحيا بها حياتنا، قدم لنفسك خدمة. احصل على نسخة من كتاب (حصاد من أجل الأمل)؛ أنا أعدك بأن حياتك سوف تتغير بطرق لا تحصى، وجميعها للأفضل... إنه أحد تلك الكتب العظيمة النادرة بحق والتي بإمكانها تغيير العالم. - جون روبنز، مؤلف كتاب (ثورة الطعام) وكتاب (غذاء من أجل أميركا جديدة). تقوم جين غودول في كتاب (حصاد من أجل الأمل) بإقناعنا بأنه يتوجب علينا أن نقيم علاقة جديدة مع الطعام، علاقة تكون ملهمة ولذيذة، وتحافظ في الوقت ذاته على التقاليد وتشكل عملاً من أعمال الحماية. - أليس ووترز، مؤلفة كتاب (فاكهة شي بانيس) وكتاب (خضراوات شي بانيس). أُحب هذا الكتاب؛ إن روح جين غودول السخية والمرحة تطغى على كل صفحة آسرة منه. (حصاد من أجل الأمل) حافل بالملاحظات التي توسع آفاق العقل... إنه نداء شخصي لطيف لإيقاظنا وهو يقول لنا أن بإمكاننا استعادة حكمة أجسادنا. - فرانسيس مورلاپي، مؤلفة كتاب (حد الأمل) و(غذاء من أجل كوكب صغير). إن لم تكن قد فكرت في الطعام الذي تتناوله والخيارات التي تقوم بها - وحتى وإن كنت قد فعلت - فهذا كتاب مهم يجب أن تقرأه. - ديبورا ماديسون، مؤلفة كتاب (الطهي النباتي للجميع) و(نكهات محلية: الطهي والأكل من أسواق مزارعي أميركا). مدخل شفاف إلى عالم الطعام، حافل بالحكايا، يكشف كيف يؤثر إنتاج طعامنا علينا وكيف تؤثر خياراتنا على البيئة... اعتبر هذا الكتاب قائمة التسوق الخاصة بك. - بول هوكن، مؤلف كتاب (علم بيئة التجارة) أنت تسنح لك الفرصة لتغيير كوكب الأرض ثلاث مرات يومياً. أنت بوسعك أن تغيره باعتماد طرق مهمة، إذا ما اتبعت فقط بعض النصائح الحكيمة لهذا الكتاب. - بيل ماكبين، مؤلف كتاب (البيت المتجول: مسيرة طويلة عبر أكثر المشاهد الطبيعية مدعاة للتفاؤل) جين غودول: هي المرجع الأول في العالم لقردة الشمبانزي. وشخصية عالمية معروفة من دعاة المحافظة على الموارد الطبيعية. أنشأت مؤسسة جين غودول، وحازت على جوائز متميزة عدة في المجالات العلمية. والدكتورة غودول هي أيضاً مؤلفة كتب كثيرة لاقت استحساناً بما فيها الكتاب الأكثر رواجاً (داعٍ للأمل). المؤلفة الرئيسة لهذا الكتاب هي ( جين غودول) المعروفة دوليًّا بأم الشمبانزي؛ نظرًا لدراستها المتعمقة له ولاهتمامها الكبير بمصيره. وإذا كان الشمبانزي هو مدخل هذه الناشطة والعالمة الكبيرة للاهتمام بالبيئة والغذاء، إلا أنها في هذا الكتاب ـ ومعها مؤلفان مشاركان ـ تتقدم خطوات أبعد لتطرح السؤال البيئي الأشمل: (كيف يمكننا تغيير عالم تُتَّخَذ فيه القرارات التي تؤثر في صحتنا وصحة كوكبنا من أجل أن تقدم الشركات الجشعة بيان النمو الاقتصادي في الاجتماع القادم لحملة الأسهم؟). والكتاب بأسلوبه البسيط، المفعم بالمشاعر، وعبر 19 فصلاً، هو محاولة للإجابة عن هذا السؤال المهم وعن عشرات غيره، وهو نداء صارخ للملايين من اللامبالين. وبرنامج عمل عام، أو نافذة وعي لنا جميعًا؛ لعلنا نستطيع أن نعيد ارتباطنا بالطبيعة التي نحن جزء منها، وبالطعام الذي نأكله بوصفه نظامًا غذائيًا يعتمد بصورة أكبر على الطبيعة، ولاسيما في هذه المرحلة الحرجة من التاريخ البشري حيث نوشك على تبديد أو تسميم جميع الموارد الغذائية التي تمدنا بالحياة خلال نصف القرن المقبل. العبيكان للنشر

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