climate and the oceans princeton primers in climate

Download Book Climate And The Oceans Princeton Primers In Climate in PDF format. You can Read Online Climate And The Oceans Princeton Primers In Climate here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Climate And The Oceans

Author : Geoffrey K. Vallis
ISBN : 9780691150284
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 95 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 259
Read : 916

Get This Book


Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.

The Global Carbon Cycle

Author : David Archer
ISBN : 1400837073
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 88 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 415
Read : 313

Get This Book


The Global Carbon Cycle is a short introduction to this essential geochemical driver of the Earth's climate system, written by one of the world's leading climate-science experts. In this one-of-a-kind primer, David Archer engages readers in clear and simple terms about the many ways the global carbon cycle is woven into our climate system. He begins with a concise overview of the subject, and then looks at the carbon cycle on three different time scales, describing how the cycle interacts with climate in very distinct ways in each. On million-year time scales, feedbacks in the carbon cycle stabilize Earth's climate and oxygen concentrations. Archer explains how on hundred-thousand-year glacial/interglacial time scales, the carbon cycle in the ocean amplifies climate change, and how, on the human time scale of decades, the carbon cycle has been dampening climate change by absorbing fossil-fuel carbon dioxide into the oceans and land biosphere. A central question of the book is whether the carbon cycle could once again act to amplify climate change in centuries to come, for example through melting permafrost peatlands and methane hydrates. The Global Carbon Cycle features a glossary of terms, suggestions for further reading, and explanations of equations, as well as a forward-looking discussion of open questions about the global carbon cycle.

Paleoclimate

Author : Michael L. Bender
ISBN : 9781400846375
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 470
Read : 884

Get This Book


Earth's climate has undergone dramatic changes over the geologic timescale. At one extreme, Earth has been glaciated from the poles to the equator for periods that may have lasted millions of years. At another, temperatures were once so warm that the Canadian Arctic was heavily forested and large dinosaurs lived on Antarctica. Paleoclimatology is the study of such changes and their causes. Studying Earth's long-term climate history gives scientists vital clues about anthropogenic global warming and how climate is affected by human endeavor. In this book, Michael Bender, an internationally recognized authority on paleoclimate, provides a concise, comprehensive, and sophisticated introduction to the subject. After briefly describing the major periods in Earth history to provide geologic context, he discusses controls on climate and how the record of past climate is determined. The heart of the book then proceeds chronologically, introducing the history of climate changes over millions of years--its patterns and major transitions, and why average global temperature has varied so much. The book ends with a discussion of the Holocene (the past 10,000 years) and by putting manmade climate change in the context of paleoclimate. The most up-to-date overview on the subject, Paleoclimate provides an ideal introduction to undergraduates, nonspecialist scientists, and general readers with a scientific background.

Der Mensch Und Das Meer

Author : Callum Roberts
ISBN : 9783641100063
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79. 23 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 138
Read : 1252

Get This Book


Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.

Comparative Climatology Of Terrestrial Planets

Author : Stephen J. Mackwell
ISBN : 9780816530595
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 94 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 544
Read : 1125

Get This Book


"Through the contributions of more than sixty leading experts in the field, Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets sets forth the foundations for this emerging new science and brings the reader to the forefront of our current understanding of atmospheric formation and climate evolution"--Provided by publisher.

Climate And Ecosystems

Author : David Schimel
ISBN : 9781400846030
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 5 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 755
Read : 846

Get This Book


How does life on our planet respond to--and shape--climate? This question has never been more urgent than it is today, when humans are faced with the daunting task of guiding adaptation to an inexorably changing climate. This concise, accessible, and authoritative book provides an unmatched introduction to the most reliable current knowledge about the complex relationship between living things and climate. Using an Earth System framework, David Schimel describes how organisms, communities of organisms, and the planetary biosphere itself react to and influence environmental change. While much about the biosphere and its interactions with the rest of the Earth System remains a mystery, this book explains what is known about how physical and chemical climate affect organisms, how those physical changes influence how organisms function as individuals and in communities of organisms, and ultimately how climate-triggered ecosystem changes feed back to the physical and chemical parts of the Earth System. An essential introduction, Climate and Ecosystems shows how Earth's living systems profoundly shape the physical world.

A Climate Modelling Primer

Author : Kendal McGuffie
ISBN : 9781118687857
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 74 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 117
Read : 841

Get This Book


As a consequence of recent increased awareness of the social and political dimensions of climate, many non-specialists discover a need for information about the variety of available climate models. A Climate Modelling Primer, Third Edition explains the basis and mechanisms of all types of current physically-based climate models. A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book assists the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models. Topics covered include the latest techniques for modelling the coupled biosphere-ocean-atmosphere system, information on current practical aspects of climate modelling and ways to evaluate and exploit the results, discussion of Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs), and interactive exercises based on Energy Balance Model (EBM) and the Daisyworld model. Source codes and results from a range of model types allows readers to make their own climate simulations and to view the results of the latest high resolution models. The accompanying CD contains: A suite of resources for those wishing to learn more about climate modelling. A range of model visualisations. Data from climate models for use in the classroom. Windows and Macintosh programs for an Energy Balance Model. Selected figures from the book for inclusion in presentations and lectures. Suitable for 3rd/4th year undergraduates taking courses in climate modelling, economic forecasting, computer science, environmental science, geography and oceanography. Also of relevance to researchers and professionals working in related disciplines with climate models or who need accessible technical background to climate modelling predictions.

The Cryosphere

Author : Shawn Marshall
ISBN : 9780691145266
Genre : Nature
File Size : 36. 18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 829
Read : 1320

Get This Book


The cryosphere encompasses the Earth's snow and ice masses. It is a critical part of our planet's climate system, one that is especially at risk from climate change and global warming. The Cryosphere provides an essential introduction to the subject, written by one of the world's leading experts in Earth-system science. In this primer, glaciologist Shawn Marshall introduces readers to the cryosphere and the broader role it plays in our global climate system. After giving a concise overview, he fully explains each component of the cryosphere and how it works--seasonal snow, permafrost, river and lake ice, sea ice, glaciers, ice sheets, and ice shelves. Marshall describes how snow and ice interact with our atmosphere and oceans and how they influence climate, sea level, and ocean circulation. He looks at the cryosphere's role in past ice ages and considers the changing cryosphere's future impact on our landscape, oceans, and climate. Accessible and authoritative, this primer also features a glossary of key terms, suggestions for further reading, explanations of equations, and a discussion of open research questions in the field.

Planetary Climates

Author : Andrew Ingersoll
ISBN : 9781400848232
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 789
Read : 682

Get This Book


This concise, sophisticated introduction to planetary climates explains the global physical and chemical processes that determine climate on any planet or major planetary satellite--from Mercury to Neptune and even large moons such as Saturn's Titan. Although the climates of other worlds are extremely diverse, the chemical and physical processes that shape their dynamics are the same. As this book makes clear, the better we can understand how various planetary climates formed and evolved, the better we can understand Earth's climate history and future.

Meteorologie Und Klimatologie

Author : Horst Malberg
ISBN : 9783662087008
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 994
Read : 600

Get This Book


Auf der Basis der physikalischen Grundlagen (Strahlung, Luftbewegung, Wolken- und Niederschlagsbildung) sowie der verschiedenen Methoden der Wetterbeobachtung (Boden, Radiosonde, Satelliten, Radar) werden Wettersysteme und Wettervorhersage verständlich erläutert. Die allgemeine atmosphärische Zirkulation verknüpft das kurzlebige Wettergeschehen mit dem großräumigen Klima auf der Erde. Ausführungen über Klimaänderungen, orographische Windsysteme, Stadtklima, Luftverunreinigungen und Wetterbeeinflussung runden die Einführung in den aktuellen Stand der Meteorologie und Klimatologie ab. Die 4. Aufl. beinhaltet zahlreiche Aktualisierungen und Ergänzungen, so z.B. zu den lufthygienischen Bedingungen in Tälern, und wurde um ein Kapitel über El Nino bzw. ENSO erweitert.

Top Download:

Best Books