basic discrete mathematics logic set theory and probability

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Basic Discrete Mathematics

Author : Richard Kohar
ISBN : 9789814730419
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 68 MB
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This lively introductory text exposes the student in the humanities to the world of discrete mathematics. A problem-solving based approach grounded in the ideas of George Pólya are at the heart of this book. Students learn to handle and solve new problems on their own. A straightforward, clear writing style and well-crafted examples with diagrams invite the students to develop into precise and critical thinkers. Particular attention has been given to the material that some students find challenging, such as proofs. This book illustrates how to spot invalid arguments, to enumerate possibilities, and to construct probabilities. It also presents case studies to students about the possible detrimental effects of ignoring these basic principles. The book is invaluable for a discrete and finite mathematics course at the freshman undergraduate level or for self-study since there are full solutions to the exercises in an appendix. "Written with clarity, humor and relevant real-world examples, Basic Discrete Mathematics is a wonderful introduction to discrete mathematical reasoning."- Arthur Benjamin, Professor of Mathematics at Harvey Mudd College, and author of The Magic of Math

Basic Discrete Mathematics

Author : Richard Kohar
ISBN : 9814730394
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66. 42 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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This lively introductory text exposes the student in the humanities to the world of discrete mathematics. A problem-solving based approach grounded in the ideas of George Pólya are at the heart of this book. Students learn to handle and solve new problems on their own. A straightforward, clear writing style and well-crafted examples with diagrams invite the students to develop into precise and critical thinkers. Particular attention has been given to the material that some students find challenging, such as proofs. This book illustrates how to spot invalid arguments, to enumerate possibilities, and to construct probabilities. It also presents case studies to students about the possible detrimental effects of ignoring these basic principles. The book is invaluable for a discrete and finite mathematics course at the freshman undergraduate level or for self-study since there are full solutions to the exercises in an appendix.

A Beginner S Guide To Discrete Mathematics

Author : W.D. Wallis
ISBN : 0817682864
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 15 MB
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Wallis's book on discrete mathematics is a resource for an introductory course in a subject fundamental to both mathematics and computer science, a course that is expected not only to cover certain specific topics but also to introduce students to important modes of thought specific to each discipline . . . Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students. —Choice reviews (Review of the First Edition) Very appropriately entitled as a 'beginner's guide', this textbook presents itself as the first exposure to discrete mathematics and rigorous proof for the mathematics or computer science student. —Zentralblatt Math (Review of the First Edition) This second edition of A Beginner’s Guide to Discrete Mathematics presents a detailed guide to discrete mathematics and its relationship to other mathematical subjects including set theory, probability, cryptography, graph theory, and number theory. This textbook has a distinctly applied orientation and explores a variety of applications. Key Features of the second edition: * Includes a new chapter on the theory of voting as well as numerous new examples and exercises throughout the book * Introduces functions, vectors, matrices, number systems, scientific notations, and the representation of numbers in computers * Provides examples which then lead into easy practice problems throughout the text and full exercise at the end of each chapter * Full solutions for practice problems are provided at the end of the book This text is intended for undergraduates in mathematics and computer science, however, featured special topics and applications may also interest graduate students.

Fundamentals Of Discrete Mathematical Structures

Author : K. R. CHOWDHARY
ISBN : 9788120350748
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 32 MB
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This updated text, now in its Third Edition, continues to provide the basic concepts of discrete mathematics and its applications at an appropriate level of rigour. The text teaches mathematical logic, discusses how to work with discrete structures, analyzes combinatorial approach to problem-solving and develops an ability to create and understand mathematical models and algorithms essentials for writing computer programs. Every concept introduced in the text is first explained from the point of view of mathematics, followed by its relation to Computer Science. In addition, it offers excellent coverage of graph theory, mathematical reasoning, foundational material on set theory, relations and their computer representation, supported by a number of worked-out examples and exercises to reinforce the students’ skill. Primarily intended for undergraduate students of Computer Science and Engineering, and Information Technology, this text will also be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Computer Applications. New to this Edition Incorporates many new sections and subsections such as recurrence relations with constant coefficients, linear recurrence relations with and without constant coefficients, rules for counting and shorting, Peano axioms, graph connecting, graph scanning algorithm, lexicographic shorting, chains, antichains and order-isomorphism, complemented lattices, isomorphic order sets, cyclic groups, automorphism groups, Abelian groups, group homomorphism, subgroups, permutation groups, cosets, and quotient subgroups. Includes many new worked-out examples, definitions, theorems, exercises, and GATE level MCQs with answers.

Discrete Mathematics

Author : Jean Gallier
ISBN : 1441980474
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 64. 48 MB
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This books gives an introduction to discrete mathematics for beginning undergraduates. One of original features of this book is that it begins with a presentation of the rules of logic as used in mathematics. Many examples of formal and informal proofs are given. With this logical framework firmly in place, the book describes the major axioms of set theory and introduces the natural numbers. The rest of the book is more standard. It deals with functions and relations, directed and undirected graphs, and an introduction to combinatorics. There is a section on public key cryptography and RSA, with complete proofs of Fermat's little theorem and the correctness of the RSA scheme, as well as explicit algorithms to perform modular arithmetic. The last chapter provides more graph theory. Eulerian and Hamiltonian cycles are discussed. Then, we study flows and tensions and state and prove the max flow min-cut theorem. We also discuss matchings, covering, bipartite graphs.

Probability Theory

Author : E. T. Jaynes
ISBN : 0521592712
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45. 6 MB
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Mathematics Of Fuzzy Sets

Author : Ulrich Höhle
ISBN : 0792383885
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 61 MB
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Mathematics of Fuzzy Sets: Logic, Topology and Measure Theory is a major attempt to provide much-needed coherence for the mathematics of fuzzy sets. Much of this book is new material required to standardize this mathematics, making this volume a reference tool with broad appeal as well as a platform for future research. Fourteen chapters are organized into three parts: mathematical logic and foundations (Chapters 1-2), general topology (Chapters 3-10), and measure and probability theory (Chapters 11-14). Chapter 1 deals with non-classical logics and their syntactic and semantic foundations. Chapter 2 details the lattice-theoretic foundations of image and preimage powerset operators. Chapters 3 and 4 lay down the axiomatic and categorical foundations of general topology using lattice-valued mappings as a fundamental tool. Chapter 3 focuses on the fixed-basis case, including a convergence theory demonstrating the utility of the underlying axioms. Chapter 4 focuses on the more general variable-basis case, providing a categorical unification of locales, fixed-basis topological spaces, and variable-basis compactifications. Chapter 5 relates lattice-valued topologies to probabilistic topological spaces and fuzzy neighborhood spaces. Chapter 6 investigates the important role of separation axioms in lattice-valued topology from the perspective of space embedding and mapping extension problems, while Chapter 7 examines separation axioms from the perspective of Stone-Cech-compactification and Stone-representation theorems. Chapters 8 and 9 introduce the most important concepts and properties of uniformities, including the covering and entourage approaches and the basic theory of precompact or complete [0,1]-valued uniform spaces. Chapter 10 sets out the algebraic, topological, and uniform structures of the fundamentally important fuzzy real line and fuzzy unit interval. Chapter 11 lays the foundations of generalized measure theory and representation by Markov kernels. Chapter 12 develops the important theory of conditioning operators with applications to measure-free conditioning. Chapter 13 presents elements of pseudo-analysis with applications to the Hamilton–Jacobi equation and optimization problems. Chapter 14 surveys briefly the fundamentals of fuzzy random variables which are [0,1]-valued interpretations of random sets.

A Beginner S Guide To Finite Mathematics

Author : W.D. Wallis
ISBN : 9780817683191
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 42. 81 MB
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This second edition of A Beginner’s Guide to Finite Mathematics takes a distinctly applied approach to finite mathematics at the freshman and sophomore level. Topics are presented sequentially: the book opens with a brief review of sets and numbers, followed by an introduction to data sets, histograms, means and medians. Counting techniques and the Binomial Theorem are covered, which provides the foundation for elementary probability theory; this, in turn, leads to basic statistics. This new edition includes chapters on game theory and financial mathematics. Requiring little mathematical background beyond high school algebra, the text will be especially useful for business and liberal arts majors.

Discrete Mathematics

Author : Amanda Chetwynd
ISBN : 9780080928609
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 66 MB
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As an introduction to discrete mathematics, this text provides a straightforward overview of the range of mathematical techniques available to students. Assuming very little prior knowledge, and with the minimum of technical complication, it gives an account of the foundations of modern mathematics: logic; sets; relations and functions. It then develops these ideas in the context of three particular topics: combinatorics (the mathematics of counting); probability (the mathematics of chance) and graph theory (the mathematics of connections in networks). Worked examples and graded exercises are used throughout to develop ideas and concepts. The format of this book is such that it can be easily used as the basis for a complete modular course in discrete mathematics.

Schaum S Outline Of Discrete Mathematics Revised Third Edition

Author : Seymour Lipschutz
ISBN : 9780071615877
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 24 MB
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Tough Test Questions? Missed Lectures? Not Enough Time? Fortunately for you, there's Schaum's Outlines. More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills. This Schaum's Outline gives you: Practice problems with full explanations that reinforce knowledge Coverage of the most up-to-date developments in your course field In-depth review of practices and applications Fully compatible with your classroom text, Schaum's highlights all the important facts you need to know. Use Schaum's to shorten your study time-and get your best test scores! Schaum's Outlines-Problem Solved.

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