applied hydrodynamics an introduction to ideal and real fluid flows

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Applied Hydrodynamics

Author : Hubert Chanson
ISBN : 9781315863047
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 84 MB
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This textbook treats Hydro- and Fluid Dynamics, the engineering science dealing with forces and energies generated by fluids in motion, playing a vital role in everyday life. Practical examples include the flow motion in the kitchen sink, the exhaust fan above the stove, and the air conditioning system in our home. When driving a car, the air flow around the vehicle body induces some drag which increases with the square of the car speed and contributes to excess fuel consumption. Engineering applications encompass fluid transport in pipes and canals, energy generation, environmental processes and transportation (cars, ships, aircrafts). This book deals with the topic of applied hydrodynamics. The lecture material is grouped into two complementary sections: ideal fluid flow and real fluid flow. The former deals with two- and possibly three-dimensional fluid motions that are not subject to boundary friction effects, while the latter considers the flow regions affected by boundary friction and turbulent shear. The lecture material is designed as an intermediate course in fluid dynamics for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in Civil, Environmental, Hydraulic and Mechanical Engineering. It is supported by notes, applications, remarks and discussions in each chapter. Moreover a series of appendices is added, while some major homework assignments are developed at the end of the book, before the bibliographic references.

Applied Hydrodynamics

Author : Hubert Chanson
ISBN : 9780203876268
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 60 MB
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Fluid dynamics is the engineering science dealing with forces and energies generated by fluids in motion. Fluid dynamics and hydrodynamics play a vital role in everyday life. Practical examples include the flow motion in the kitchen sink, the exhaust fan above the stove, and the air conditioning system in our home. When driving a car, the air flow around the vehicle body induces some drag which increases with the square of the car speed and contributes to excess fuel consumption. Engineering applications encompass fluid transport in pipes and canals, energy generation, environmental processes and transportation (cars, ships, aircrafts). Other applications include coastal structures, wind flow around buildings, fluid circulations in lakes, oceans and atmosphere, and even fluid motion in the human body. This textbook deals with the topic of applied hydrodynamics. The lecture material is grouped into two complementary sections: ideal fluid flow and real fluid flow. The former deals with two- and possibly three-dimensional fluid motions that are not subject to boundary friction effects, while the latter considers the flow regions affected by boundary friction and turbulent shear. The lecture material is designed as an intermediate course in fluid dynamics for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in Civil, Environmental, Hydraulic and Mechanical Engineering. It is supported by notes, applications, remarks and discussions in each chapter. Moreover a series of appendices is added, while some major homework assignments are developed at the end of the book, before the bibliographic references.

Applied Hydrodynamics

Author : H. R. Vallentine
ISBN : 9781489965868
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 43 MB
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Instabilities Of Flows And Transition To Turbulence

Author : Tapan K. Sengupta
ISBN : 9781439879443
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 18 MB
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Addressing classical material as well as new perspectives, Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence presents a concise, up-to-date treatment of theory and applications of viscous flow instability. It covers materials from classical instability to contemporary research areas including bluff body flow instability, mixed convection flows, and application areas of aerospace and other branches of engineering. Transforms and perturbation techniques are used to link linear instability with receptivity of flows, as developed by the author. The book: Provides complete coverage of transition concepts, including receptivity and flow instability Introduces linear receptivity using bi-lateral Fourier-Laplace transform techniques Presents natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoil analysis and design as a practical application of classical and bypass transition Distinguishes strictly between instability and receptivity, which leads to identification of wall- and free stream-modes Describes energy-based receptivity theory for the description of bypass transitions Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence has evolved into an account of the personal research interests of the author over the years. A conscious effort has been made to keep the treatment at an elementary level requiring rudimentary knowledge of calculus, the Fourier-Laplace transform, and complex analysis. The book is equally amenable to undergraduate students, as well as researchers in the field.

Fluvial Hydrodynamics

Author : Subhasish Dey
ISBN : 9783642190629
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 60 MB
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The state-of-the-art in fluvial hydrodynamics can be examined only through a careful exploration of the theoretical development and applied engineering technology. The book is primarily focused, since most up-to-date research findings in the field are presented, on the research aspects that involve a comprehensive knowledge of sediment dynamics in turbulent flows. It begins with the fundamentals of hydrodynamics and particle motion followed by turbulence characteristics related to sediment motion. Then, the sediment dynamics is analysed from a classical perspective by applying the mean bed shear approach and additionally incorporating a statistical description for the role of turbulence. The work finally examines the local scour problems at hydraulic structures and scale models. It is intended to design as a course textbook in graduate / research level and a guide for the field engineers as well, keeping up with modern technological developments. Therefore, as a simple prerequisite, the background of the readers should have a basic knowledge in hydraulics in undergraduate level and an understanding of fundamentals of calculus.

Elementary Fluid Dynamics

Author : D. J. Acheson
ISBN : 9780198596790
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 30 MB
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This textbook provides a clear and concise introduction to both theory and application of fluid dynamics, suitable for all undergraduates coming to the subject for the first time. It has a wide scope, with frequent references to experiments, and numerous exercises illustrating the main ideas.

Introduction To Theoretical And Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author : Constantine Pozrikidis
ISBN : 9780199752072
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35. 14 MB
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This book discusses the fundamental principles and equations governing the motion of incompressible Newtonian fluids, and simultaneously introduces analytical and numerical methods for solving a broad range of pertinent problems. Topics include an in-depth discussion of kinematics, elements of differential geometry of lines and surfaces, vortex dynamics, properties and computation of interfacial shapes in hydrostatics, exact solutions, flow at low Reynolds numbers, interfacial flows, hydrodynamic stability, boundary-layer analysis, vortex motion, boundary-integral methods for potential and Stokes flow, principles of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and finite-difference methods for Navier-Stokes flow. The discourse includes classical and original topics, as well as derivations accompanied by solved and unsolved problems that illustrate the theoretical results and explain the implementation of the numerical methods. Appendices provide a wealth of information and establish the necessary mathematical and numerical framework. A unique and comprehensive synthesis of the essential aspects of the discipline, this volume serves as an ideal textbook in several graduate courses on theoretical and computational fluid dynamics, applied mathematics, and scientific computing. The material is an indispensable resource for professionals and researchers in various fields of science, chemical, mechanical, biomechanical, civil and aerospace engineering.

Physical Hydrodynamics

Author : Etienne Guyon
ISBN : 9780198702443
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 3 MB
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This second edition of Physical Hydrodynamics is a deeply enriched version of a classical textbook on fluid dynamics. It retains the same pedagogical spirit, based on the authors' experience of teaching university students in the physical sciences, and emphasizes an experimental (inductive) approach rather than the more formal approach found in many textbooks in the field. Today the field is more widely open to other experimental sciences: materials,environmental, life, and earth sciences, as well as the engineering sciences. Representative examples from these fields have been included where possible, while retaining a general presentation in each case.

A First Course In Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author : H. Aref
ISBN : 9781107178519
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 52 MB
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Fluid mechanics is a branch of classical physics that has a rich tradition in applied mathematics and numerical methods. It is at work virtually everywhere, from nature to technology. This broad and fundamental coverage of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) begins with a presentation of basic numerical methods and flows into a rigorous introduction to the subject. A heavy emphasis is placed on the exploration of fluid mechanical physics through CFD, making this book an ideal text for any new course that simultaneously covers intermediate fluid mechanics and computation. Ample examples, problems and computer exercises are provided to allow students to test their understanding of a variety of numerical methods for solving flow physics problems, including the point-vortex method, numerical methods for hydrodynamic stability analysis, spectral methods and traditional CFD topics.

Hydraulics Of Stepped Chutes And Spillways

Author : Hubert Chanson
ISBN : 9058093522
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 64 MB
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Stepped channel design has been in use for more than 3,500 years. Recent advances in technology have triggered a regained interest in stepped design, although much expertise has been lost in the last 80 years. The steps significantly increase the rate of energy dissipation taking place along the chute and reduce the size of the required downstream energy dissipation basin. Stepped cascades are also used in water treatment plants to enhance the air-water transfer of atmospheric gases (e.g. oxygen, nitrogen) and of volatile organic components (VOC). Results from more than forty-five laboratory studies and four prototype investigations were re-analysed and compared. The book provides a new understanding of stepped channel hydraulics, and is aimed both at researchers and professionals.

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